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" In ibe other Vatican Ms. I fragment in Milan, together with have discovered various works, the Sage of Ulfila. equally precious; but what is most “ Thus these authors, anciently singular, ibis second Vatican MS. inverted in Bobbio, and divided incontains those parts of the same, discriminately iulo two volumes, authors which were wanting in the for the purpose of writing on them Milanese MS. The occurrence de- the materials of Jater ages, were mands an explanation which lite- sent, strangely altered and dismena rary history here suggests. Part of bered, part to Milan, and part to, the MSS. of the celebrated monas- Rome; and now, through my care, tery of St. Colombano, in Bobbio*, they shall be seen reunited in the went to Rome in the beginoing of Roman edition, which I will make the 16th century, and part to Mi- no delay in producing. lan, in the beginning of ihe follow- “I will not now request your ating: the remaining part of these tention, most holy father, towards MSS. was dispersed in the last re- other minor fragments, which I volutions. There is a memoran
have observed in the same manudum on the title page of the two scripts, although worthy of being Vatican MSS. above-mentioned, that mentioned and brought to light. I they belonged to St. Colombano, in have been graciously permitted to Bobbio. There is the same memo- express, at the foot of your throne, randum on the Milanese MSS. which my satisfaction in fulfilling, accordI published. This is the manuer in ing to my feeble powers, the wise dewhich these identical works, buried signs of your sovereign clemency. in the Palinsesti (twice written), "I humbly pray for the Apohave been found part in Milan and stolic Benediction.' part in Rome.
" This second Mş. of the Vatican contains, 1.The correspondence Tothe Editor of the ChristianObserver. of Frogto with Marcus Aurelius, as « Observe how flat these occasional Cæsar and Emperor : it is instrucs prayers are that are now composed, live, interesting, and very affectiog. in comparison with the old ones."In Milan, ibe two first books of the “ There were giants in the earth in
Gso. III, Epistles to Marcus Aurelius were
those days.”—Ibid. published: we meet with the 3d, 4th, and 5th, in the Roman MS. as I TRUST, Mr. Editor, it is not from well as the supplements of the 2d, uncharitableness, or bigotry, that I and some other Greek and Latin feel inclined to reiterate the above writings, by Fronto.
remarks of our late revered Mo“2. The beautiful, unpublişhed narch. It seems as if there were a commentary of the ancient Scho fatality in our modern state prayers; liast, wbich I begun to publista in for it so happens that there is Milan, and which now extends to scarcely one composed, for years the other five orations of Cicero, together, that will bear the test of with the two supplements alreally the most friendly criticism, Some printed in Milan,
have already been animadverted “ 3. Part of an unknown Speech upon in your pages*; and I fear of Q. Aurelius Simmacus, with that some of those which have esthe supplements 10 two others, by caped, have done so rather from acthe same orator, which I have alcident than because they merited ready published.
commendation. "4. The Supplements to the
My attention has been called to Omilia, or Comment, Gotico-Ulf- this subject, on the present occalone, of which there is a similar sion, by the “ Form of Prayer and
. See your volume for 1812, p. 636; . On the Trebia, 30' N. E. of Genoa. and for 1814, p. 774, &c.
Thanksgiving to Almighty God," offerers of the prayers of others ; for the recovery of the king from and we pray God to accept the his short, but severe, indisposition. thanks of the king as if we had no This formulary runs as follows :- concern in him ourselves. Did an
“ Accept, we beseech thee, Al- affectionate child, grateful for the mighty God, the praises and recovery of his parent, ever offer thanksgivings of our Sovereign up his petitions in such terms as, Lord the King, for thy great mer- “ Accept the praises and thankscies recently vouchsafed to him. givings (not of myself, but] of my
“ In the hour of sickness, and father, for thy great mercies reunder the severest domestic afflic- cently vouchsased to him ?" And tions, his trust was in Thee, O God; wby should his Majesty's faithful and thou hast holpen him.
subjects be forced to utter their “Let thy protecting hand, we gratitude 10 God in this constrained implore Thee, ever be over him; and unmeaning manner ? let thy Holy Spirit ever be with The second sentence enunciates him: and so lengthen his days, O a fact which, however well it may God, that they may bring down be known to the writer of the upon bim and his people, the prayer, must necessarily be beyond abundance of thy blessings and the personal knowledge of the mercies, through Jesus Christ, our great body of his majesty's subLord ; 10 whom, with Thee aod jects; who are, nevertheless, rethe Holy Ghost, be all honour and quired solemnly to affirm it, as if it glory, now, and for ever. Amen." were perfectly known to them. I
Now, among all the defective will not, however, dwell upon this modern formularies which every -as it may have beeu consoling to sincere well-wisher to the church many to be informed, even in this has had to lament, scarcely one is irregular and unsuitable way, that more defective, or more incorrect, his majesty, in his deep affliction, than the foregoing.
nabled to place his trust where One defect, in the very first sen- alone true joys are to be foundtence, is, that po intimation is given except to remark, that a fact, inof what the mercies are for which tended to be affirmed before the thanksgivings are returned. It is Almighty by every tongue in the true, that the fly-leaf of the paper nation, should be one rather of tells us, what neither the prayer nor public notoriety than of private its title distinctly does, that it is for anecdote. I here take it for granthis majesty's recovery: but this ed, that the words are intended 10 ought to have been explicitly men. record the precise fact; for it would tioned in the prayer itself; and, if it be most indecent 10 suppose that had been so, it would have prevent- they were inserted merely for a ed the misconception of many of the compliment. poor (and I believe some of the
The use of the epithet "severest," rich also), who actually mistook it in this sentence, seems to me to be for a thanksgiving 10 God for his also objectionable. In an address majesty's accession to the throne ! to the Almighty, we ought uot, I
But, a still greater defect in this think, to speak of any of bis dissentence is, that it only prays God pensations towards his créatures as to accept his majesty's thanks; not severe," however innocently we à word is said of the nation joining may use the term in our intercourse in them. We are not taught to with each other. Our Father in thank God for restoring bis majesty heaven doth not willingly afflict, or as a public blessing; but we simply grieve the children of men: he cortake the place assigned in the recteth us for our profit, and, in the Romish Church to the saints and midst of judgment, remembers the Virgin Mary, of mediators or mercy. Before Him, therefore,
our language should be, “ I was wants a specific application to its dumb; 1 opened not my mouth, be- object. In returning thanks to cause it was thy doing.” “ Shall God for mercies received, it is not we receive good at the band of the the mere circumstance of his being Lord, and shall we not receive evil ?" “ Almighty" that should have been But I object further to this epithet, adverted to. The thanksgivings because it is used in the superlative in our regular service, usually run degree. Deeply painful as were in some such form as
Almighty bis majesty's afflictions — his bro- God, Father of all mercies," "Ó ther and his venerated parent lying God, our heavenly Father," dead, and his own life in danger- most merciful Father," " O eternal still the superlative epithet is not God, our heavenly Father." The allowable, at least in prayer, where exceptions to this rule may genethere should be no appearance of rally be accounted for, from the exaggeration. Whai, if the late circumstances of the case; as O afflictive dispensation at Claremont Lord God, who hast justly humbled had been reserved to the same day us,"“O Lord God, who last woundthat deprived his majesty of his ed us for our sins, &c.” The writer revered parent, would not this bave of the formulary in question does been a still more aggravated cala- pot seem to have sufficiently conmity? I do not insist upon the ob- sidered that the invocations used jection; but I merely mention it in prayer and praise, should vary because the sentence, as it stands, according to the nature and cirseems rather an oblique panegyric cumstances of the thanksgiving or on the king, for his trust in God petition". in the midst of such afflictions, than The involution of phrase which a direct thanksgiving to God him- runs through this prayer, deviates sell.
widely from the simplicity wbich In the concludiog sentence, the becomes such compositions. Howfirst and the last clauses of which ever familiar this practice in orseem liable to po particular excep- dinary writing, it is to be but spartion, we are taught to pray, "singly admitted in prayer, especiallengthen his days, O God, that they ly as it renders the uneducated less may bring down upon him and his capable of understanding the strucpeople the abundance of thy bless- ture of the period. I might obings and mercies.” But what are we ject also, as inconsistent with simto understand by praying that the plicity, to the sing-song style even king's days may bring down bless- of the clauses which in other reings, and then that they are so to spects are ihe least exceptionable. be lengthened as to do this? I really
“Let thy protecting hand ever be over can affix 110 clear meaving to the
bim. words. They appear, in fact, to “Let thy Holy Spirit ever be with him." convey none.
The foregoing strictures are con- * I might say the same of the epithets fined to particular faults; but, in applied to our earthly monarch.“ Our fact, the whole structure of The sovereign lord the king” is a phrase so prayer is singularly unhappy. The much oftener heard at the bar than in Almighty is twice addressed, out the reading desk, that it is strange it of three times, in the words “O should have been selected by the writer God;" a form of invocation, which, for the present occasion. Surely it is * from its abruptness, ought to be
an offence against “our sovereign lord but sparingly employed. The other the king,” his crown and dignity, to exinvocation, Almighty God,” is a loving subjects” to repeat, such a
pose him to hear and sanction, and his unexceptionable in itself, but, like form of words as this misnamed Thanksalmost every part of this prayer, it giving.
A man truly in earnest in prayer a Dissenting or Methodist Preacher will scarcely affect this libratory in the kingdom, who would not species of collocation.
have produced extemporaneously The mixture of classical and col- a more suitable prayer for the ocloquial, of Latin and Saxon words casion, than that which is launtingin ibis prayer, bas moreover an awk- ly but doubtless most unfairly reward effect. Take, for an example, presented as embodying the united the phrase " in the severest domes wisdom and piety of the Church of tic afflictions thou hast holpen him.” England.-1 am, &c. Here the obsolele Saxon word
AN EPISCOPALIAN: holpen " falls like a discord upon the ear after the Roman words
ON INJUDICIOUS ADVERTISE“ severest” and “ domestic;"
MESTS. ut nec pes, nec caput uni (We readily admit the following Reddatur formæ.
communication, especially as it I fear this petty criticism may gives us another opportunity of appear like trifling; but I am per- declaring what we have often mensuaded that much of the awkward- tioved before, and what our corness of our modern state prayers respondent wishes to be " distinctarises from this incongruous mix- ly understood," that we do not hold ture. The writer seems to compose ourselves responsible for the lanthe body of his prayer in the usual guage of the advertisements which language of modern literature, but appear on our cover. It requires in order to give it a more venerable some vigilance to keep clear of air, he throws in two or three an- those of an immoral kind, or wbich tiquated terms, which ill assort with offend against right principles; as, the texture of the piece. The ef- for instance, lottery puffs and quack fect is always bad : it is like a inedicines; but to exclude an adGothic window in a Corinthian vertisement on the mere score of saloon. To make a modern prayer bad taste or undue assumption resemble our regular services, it is would be impracticable, without not enough to adopt a few half-ob. closing this vehicle of intelligence solete words; there must be a much altogether. We take care, as far larger infusion than we have of lale as possible, not to admit any but witnessed of what the French call good coinpany in the inside of our onction; there must be the spirit pages; but our outside passengers as well as the mantle of Elijah. are less under our control. We
A question naturally arises here: shall be glad to find that the stricWho can have composed this extra- tures of AMICUS produce their due ordinary prayer? If the framer effect. Iu a majority of cases, howof it had wished to expose the ever, we believe, that the advertiseChurch to the derision of her ene- ments on our cover are as unexcepmies he could not have done it tionable as can well be expected, more effectually than by such a under all the circumstances of the form. We implore our bishops to case; and, we think, we may fairly exercise a more vigilant superinten- congratulate our readers on the gedance over this department of ec- veral good taste and modesty of clesiastical regulation, and to with our advertising correspondents. hold the sanction of their venerable Contrary to our usual custom, we names from such crude composic shall give our correspondent's lettions as these, wbich bave no other ter, compliments and all; not beeffect than to degrade our excellent cause we are sanguine in believingall Establishment in the eyes of the the kind things he thinks fit to utter, country and of ibe world. I have but partly because bis compliments heard it said, that there is scarcely are in some measure interwoven with his argument, and partly be- definite meaning; that, though it cause he migbt think, that by their might put a stop to the applications total excision, we had given an ob- of many a humble Christian, it jurgatory tone to his paper, which would be no check to those of a reit was not his intention to assume.] ligious empiric.
With regard to the other requi, To the Editor of the ChristianObserver. sition of the advertisement, that the I TRUST that your candour will in- wife of the curate must be both a duce you to receive as well meant Mary and a Dorcas, I can only say, a few remarks upou an advertise that I can conceive nothing more ment which appeared on the blue grating 10 the feelings of a woman cover of your monthly publication of real charity than to have her for January last. The advertise- virtues blazoned abroad in answer ment purports, that a curate is to a public call. The delicacy of wanled, and part of the qualifica- such persons, though it never oblions ibat it requires are,
is that he frudes on them acidst the most must be of decidedly evangelical disgusting.scenes of poverty, makes principles; and that, if he is married, them shrink from publicity, and his wife must be a Mary und a nauseale their own applause. So Dorcas.” I confess, sir, that I was far from being the heralds of their sorry to see such an advertisement good acts, their right hand may al. appear, in however remote a degree, most literally be said not to know as an appendage to your truly va- what their left hand doeth. Throughluable work; as the parts of is that out the whole of the advertisement I have above quoted appear to me
little attention appears to be paid to be highly exceptionable. In the to the honest feelings of a Chris first place, the term Evangelical, tian minister; but in this latter in its primary sense, signifies what paragraph there is peculiar indeliclergymen of every persuasion pro- cacy. fess themselves to be, namely, ex- "I am not, sir, aware, whether pounders of the Gospel as deliver your superintendance over the work ed by our Saviour ; while in the you conduct extends to the adversense in which it is usually under- tisements which are printed on its stood in these days, and in which it
Believe me, this letter is is evidently used in the advertise not in the least intended to call in ment that I have alluded 10, it is question the propriety of the cona mere party term, and, like other duct of the Editor of the Christian party terms, used in so indefinite a Observer, but merely to suggest, manner, that it is sometimes made that great advantage would accrue expressive of every thing that eno- to the public, if the writers of adbles man, and, at others, of every vertisements like the present were thing that degrades him. This is to desire the benefit of your good the term by which Piety is hailed sense, good taste, and good feelings. amid her labours of love, and the Nothing can be more unfair or more Antinomian in his work of destruc- unwise, than to form an opinion of tion. It is a term which all eagerly a work from the advertisements of claim, and all indignantly reject; which it is made the vehicle ; but for it has now so extensive a signi- nothing can be more certain, than fication, that it may be used in any that the generality of readers are seose which its utterer chooses. but too apt to do so. All monthly Under these circumstances, it ap- publications are liable to such unpears to me to be utterly incon- candid judgments; but yours is pe sistent with common sense and culiarly so, because it is considered Christian 'wisdom, to comprehend as the best specimen of the standard the required qualifications of . of taste, feelings, and principles, of curate under à term of such an in- what is denominated the Religious