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usefulness includes Attica and Breotia, neration, and thus, to no small extent,
with the neighbouring isles of Eubea, promote the kingdom of Christ in the
Salamis, Egina, and others. The Direc- earth.”
tors seem impressed with the necessity
and utility of making the modern Greek NEGRO EDUCATION IN
Testament a school-book, and of sup-

SENEGAL.
plying the clergy, who are greatly in The following is an extract from a let-
want of the Scriptures, both for their ter written by M. Dard, the superin-
churches and their people, with the an- tendant of the school established at
cient and modern Greek Testament.Senegal, on the system of mutual in-
Extract from a Speech delivered by his struction, to M. Jomard, the secretary to

Excellency Prioce Galitzin, at the the Society formed in Paris for encon-
Sixth Anniversary of the RussianBible raging that system throughout the
Society, October 9, 1819.

French dominions. Some of the parti. “ There is exhibited to the attentive culars will be found highly interesting; eye of the Christian, a singular, and but what will a British-rather what most striking feature in the accounts will a Christian-reader say to the derespecting that vast field in which the secration of the day of sacred rest, by Word of Life is now sowing; namely, a teaching the Negroes “elementary phymost indefatigable zeal in preparing sics; caloric, light, space, porosity, atversions of the holy Scriptures in the traction, and repulsion;" instead of the languages of all the unenlightened na. principles and duties of the Gospel of tions scattered upon the face of the Christ? If our French neighbours will earth. And in our own country this is condescend to take a lesson on the best no less manifest. In the different go mode of raising the Atrican character, vernments, both near and remote, in the let them look at the state of the recapdesert and in the village, in snow-clad tored Negroes under Mr. Johnson's Siberia, and upon the mountains of Cau- truly pastoral care. There they will casus and Uralia, are to be found lovers witness natives of almost every variety of the Word of God, who, of their own -men who have been rescued but reaccord, and withont any earthly selfish cently, in all their barbarism, from the views of gain, are engaged in the work holds of slave vessels-beginning to cul. of translating the Gospels, and other tịvate the arts of social life, and not only parts of the Bible, into the various lan- “not slothful in business,” but very maguages and dialects spoken by the ny of them “ fervent in spirit serving tribes who inbabit Russia-people who the Lord.” It would be difficult to find never before even heard of this Divine any spot in the world upon which ChrisWord.

tiap benevolence may fix its eye at the " The reading of the holy Scriptures present moment with higher satisfaction is also becoming more general among us and brighter hope than Regent's Town, and among our villagers, who, in many the chief scene of these disinterested and places, assemble together, on the Sab. successful exertions. We are far from be. bath, and other holy days, to spend them ing insensible to the benevolent labours in ading their Bibles; and in some of M. Dard and his employers; and are places, even the yonth are occupied in rejoiced to see persous, of whatever the instruction of their parents who name or nation, zealous for the cause of have not before been taught to read.- suffering Africa. But unless knowledge The soldiers and sailors are likewise of and civilization are made the handmaids their own accord seeking this spiritual to Christianity; unless the word of God food. They experience that, in their is introduced, and a strict regard to his families, the Bible supplies them with Sabbaths inculcated; the best part of jessons for the reguiation of their lives, the boon, and that which chiefly renders and with an abundant source of daily the remainder valuable, will be omitted. comfort and editication.

“ Nearly three years have elapsed," *“ But, in addition to all this, a still says the writer, “ since my departnre more gratifying prospect of usefulness from Paris for this place; and I have is now presented to our Society. In now the heartfelt satisfaction of being conformity with the will of the monarch, able to inform you, that already two the reading of the holy Scriptures is now hundred native children, instructed up. introduced into all our seminaries of in- der my own eyes, at Saint Louis, read struction; and this will doubtless lay a with great correctness and facility, The foundation for the piety of the sisiog ge- total number of scholars since my ap

pointment, amounts to 254 ; of these metry, and algebra to the second degree nineteen have disappeared without pro- inclusive. fiting in any manner by their lessons ; " In order to neglect nothing that can one hundred and thirty have completed contribute to the improvement of my their elementary courses, and a hundred monitors, I determined to make them and five regularly freqneut the school. acquainted with the principles of naroom. But the small-pox has struck a tore: for this purpose, Sundays and dreadful blow at our institution ; eighty Thursdays have been appropriated to children were attacked by it iu less than the study of elementary physics : we a fortnight, so that for a short time the have treated on caloric, light, the ditschool was reduced to twenty-five pupils. ferent state of bodies, space, divisibility, Thank God, however, that the nialady porosity, and on attraction and repulsion. is drawing to an end; but we have to re. We have also touched on the principal gret the loss of two inonitors general, phenomena presented by the atmosphere, who were the chief ornaments of our water, and electricity ; but our charger little establishment.

which is nothing more than a large bot“At present our roll-eall jocreases tle well plaistered with Spanish wax, has daily: joy is depicted on every counte- not always answered our wishes. We nance, on revisiting the asylum in which have,' notwithstanding, succeeded by they tasted the first fruits of civilization: dipt of patience: and now, so indiffereot they themselves participate in those seri. have my pupils become to the sound of timents of affection which I have uni. thunder, whose approach formerly made formly manifested towards them, op re- them tremble in every joint, that it fecting that they are the first natives of only furnishes them with a philosophical Senegal who are destined to spread the experiment; and while the lightings blessiugs of instruction amongst their are playing over their beads, they are more remote compatriots.

merely discussing their salutary effeets!" “Our little Black academy has recom- After some minor details, M. Dard menced its evening sittings: we are about thus concludes his communication : “I to begin the translation of Simor de Nan- have omitted no exertion or precaution tna, and shall also put the last band to that was likely to increase the number our version of the School Pictures. We of Lancasterian schools in Africa ; and have already found a great number of in spite of the obstacles which I have Wolof, proverbs, which are well worthy frequently liad to encounter, notwithof being transmitted to Europe. Geo- standing the pamphlets circulated by graphy has not been neglected ; the selfish individuals to depreciate the new greatest part of our monitors possess method, I am bappy to assure you of its globes which they have traced them- entire success, as well as that of the hoselves on the eggs of ostriches. Several pourable mission confided to me; since understand the use of the quadrant, and I can add, in proof of the assertion, that know how to calculate the latitude and twelve monitors are ready and willing longitude: finally, four of the most ad- to proceed forthwith into the interior, vanced, and to whom I have given les for the laudable purpose of enlightening sons in particular since my arrival, are their ignorant brethren. So that it only versed in arithmetic, elementary geo- remains for government to issue their metry,rectangular and spherical trigono. orders on the subject.”.

VIEW OF PUBLIC AFFAIRS.

SPAIN.

resolved to bend before it He has Tue reports and conjectures which proclaimed the re-establishment of have prevailed for some time, relative the Constitution of 1812, which, on to the affairs of Spain, are at length his return to Spain, he had been led supersedled by the unexpected termina- totally to annul; has taken an oath tion of the whole, in a complete and publicly before the Council of State, almost bloodless Revolution. The to observe and maintain it; and has king, feeling it to be impossible to issued orders for immediately asresist the gathering storm, prudently sembling the Cortes, in order to doCHRIST. OBSERV. No. 219.

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liberate upon the best means of “ heal- berated. The patriot leaders, who, ing the wounds of the country," and after having so gallantly maintained consolidating the new system of go- . and vindicated the rights of their king, vernment. Ilad he had the wisdom, and the independence of their nation, on his restoration to the throne, to against the insidious wiles, and the have consented to such modifications powerful and ferocious aggression, of of the royal power, as the altered Bonaparte, were basely

, and ungratecircumstances of Spain called for, a fully banished from their native land, constitution might then have been have been recalled from their exile, framed under happier auspices than and are hastening back to share in

now be expected. He might this second triumph of freedom. have so blended with the ancient pre- But in the midst of the satisfaction rogatives of the crown, and the pri- with which it is impossible for us nut vileges of the aristocracy, the new- to hail these happy changes, we canborn rights of the people, as to have not conceal that that satisfaction is united in his cause the universal mingled with some serious misgivings. Spanish Nation, and to have erected To some of these, arising from the his throne on the only safe and stable very nature of the new Constitution, basis-the affections and interests of we have already adverted. But what, his subjects. That opportunity was it may be asked, is likely to be the unhappily lost: a period of misgovern- aspect of this Revolution on the future ment, and oppression has succeeded : fates of South America ? Republican distrust, and hatred, and resentment Governments, though they have had for unmerited injury, have taken the credit given them, by speculative poplace of confidence, and esteem, and liticiaus, for a larger portion of virtue loyalty; and it is greatly to he feared, than monarchies, have never shewn that in the compact which may be that, in fact and in practice, they are entered into between a humiliated less actuated by the evils of national monarch and an indignant and victo- ambition, and of the love of power and rious people, the gratification of the aggrandizement. We are far, there, feelings of the moment may be pre- fore, from expecting that the Cortes ferred to the solid and permanent ad- will be disposed to concede to the Spavantage of the kingdom. The Con- nislı provinces their claim of indepenstitution of 1812, indeed, was of far dence, or even to consent to any great too democratic a cast, and proceeded relaxation of the former commercial too much on the abstract dogmas of restrictions. They may offer, indeed, the French school, to permit us to a seat in the Cortes to deputies from hope that it could ever be rendered Suuth America; but without a thorough consistent with the stability of monar- change in the principles which have chical government; and in the pre- hitherto governed the relations of the sent state of men's minds, it is to be parent state with her colonies, the latapprehended that, instead of correct- ter will hardly be seduced, even by that ing this defect, there will be a strong offer, again to recognise the sovereignty disposition still farther to abridge the of the former

. If we are right in this power

of the executive branch, and to conjecture, is it not to be feared that degrade, if not to extinguish, the aris- hostilities will continue, and that the tocracy as a separate order in the state. Cortes will have it in their power to It were greatly to be desired, that the carry them on with much more vigour leaders of the popular party, profiting and effect than Ferdinand was able to by the experience to be derived from do? They will have the resources of the page of history, and from the living the country more entirely at their comlessons which the different govern- mand, and may, after they have been ments of Europe exbibit at this mo- fully invested with the authority of ment, would exercise that wise and the state, be desirous of finding emprudent caution in the work of reform ployment at a distance, for a large which the peculiar circumstances of part of that army which has achieved Spain eminently require. In the mean the Revolution. No government can time, it is impossible not to exult in contemplate with perfect complacency some of the effects which have already an armed body, elated with a sense of proceeded from this singular Revolu. its own strength, and which has learnt tion. The inquisition has beensuppress- to regard the efficient controul of the ed; its dungeons have been laid bare to state as placed in their hands. the light of day, and its captives li- Another momentous question re

spects the Slave Trade. Spain has even somewhat tamely. The only place bound herself to this country to abolish where symptoms of riot shewed themthat trade, universally and finally, in selves was Coventry, where the notothe approaching month of May. rious Cobbett presented himself as a What course will the Cortes be dis- candidate; and, strange to tell, the posed to pursue on this point? We violence of the mob was here directed are not without our fears respecting against this radical writer, so as even it. We would, however, hope, that to endanger his personal safety a they will embrace the opportunity of happy illustration of the proverbial shewing their real value for liberty, as fickleness of mobs. His ridiculous well as their gratitude to him who has partiality for the bones of Tom Paine, broken the chains which bound them- which he had doubtless expected to selves, by taking adequate care that have enshrined with pomp and poputhe nominal, shall also prove a real, lar acclamation in this country, seems extinction of this traffic; and that the to have disgusted even the Radicals of year, from which dates the commencing Coventry—a circumstance which affreedom of the Spanish Nation, shall fords ground, we hope, for the consorecord their unanimous concurrence latory inference, that reverence for rein promoting, as far as depends on ligion maintains a stronger hold on them, the liberation of Africa.

the minds of the lower classes than

many are inclined to believe. FRANCE.

It is conceived, that upon the whole, The murderer of the duc de Berri ministers have been losers by the prehas not yet been brought to trial. It sent elections as far as they have hiis supposed that many others will be therto proceeded. In the city of Lonfound to be implicated in his guilt.- don, indeed, they have been gainers ; Laws are likely to be passed by the Mr. Waithman and Mr. Thorp having chambers, for restraining the liberty beeu forced to give way to the lord of the press, and for giving to the mayor, Bridges, and Sir William Curtis. government additional powers of arrest In Devonshire also, and in Leicesterin certain cases.

shire, the two Whig members have been

displaced ;-Lord Ebrington in the AMERICA.

former by Sir Thomas Acland, and In the Congress of the United States Mr. Phillips in the latter by Mr. strong efforts have been made, which Keek. The Opposition, however, have we trust will prove successful, for had the advantage in Buckinghampreventing the admission of any new shire, Staffordshire, Bedfordshire, NotState into the Union which does not tingham, Northampton, Ipswich, IL consent to relinquish the right of al- chester, Portsmouth, and in a few lowing slaves to be imported into its other places. The radical leaders territory. The Government seems also have not been very successful. The to have applied itself to the effec- attempt of Cobbett at Coventry, and fual suppression of the American con- that of Hunt at Preston, have failed: traband Slave Trade. A national ves- but it must be recorded to the disgrace sel has been sent to the coast of Africa, of these boroughs, that Cobbeti obto cruize against the contrabandists; tained several hundred votes, and and measures have been taken to Hunt upwards of a thousand. - Mr. form a colony of free Blacks on that Hubhouse has displaced Mr. Lamb in coast, into which liberated captives Westminster,after a protracted contest. may be incorporated, on the plan of An effort, made by the second son of Sierra Leone.

the late Mr. Whitbread, to displace Mr.

Mellish in Middlesex, is still undecided. DOMESTIC.

In Westmoreland, the contest has also Parliament was dissolved on the been severe. The two sons of Lord Lons29th of February, and the new elections dale have been seated, thoughwith great have since been proceeding rapidly difficulty: the numbers were, Lord throughout the country. They have Lowther 1530, Col. Lowther 1412, Mr. not, we are happy to say, been pecu- Brougham 1949. At Liverpool Mr. liarly marked by tumult or party' Canning obtained an easy victory over violence; and indeed, considering the a Radical who attempted to disturb his great interest attached to questions of seat, and he appears to have founded internal policy at the present moment, his claim to the lavour of the numerous they may be said to have proceeded electors of that town, on the open and

undisguised avowal, not only of anti- is hard to be thus suddenly uprooted radical but of anti-reform principles. from the soil that reared them; to be flis speeches on the hustings deserve expelled from the seats of their proto be read as the ablest popular vindi- genitors, to which their hearts had cation which we have met with of been linked, by feelings and associathose who, like Mr. Canning, are de- tions of which none can estimate the cidedly hostile to what is called Parlia- force but those who have witnessed mentary-Reforın.

them; and to be driven to seek in It is now generally believed that the some foreign clime the asylum denied QUEEN. will not return to England, them in their own. The proprietor of and that she has acquiesced in an ar- an estate has a legal right, indeed, to rangement which is to secure to her eject from his farms their present an arlequate income for life, on the tenants, and to replace them by perunderstanding that she shall continue sons who will enter into his views to reside abroad.

of agricultural improvement. But In certain parts of Ireland there surely, in this case, a patient and perhave occurred very serious disturb- severing effort might first have been ances, which it proved necessary to made, to induce these poor people to employ a military force to repress. lend themselves to his plans, while Tranquillity, however, is said to have he kindly afforded them the instrucbeen restored; and some of the ring- tion necessary to that end. That they leaders having, heen apprehended, are sensible to the influence of mild trought to trial, and found guilty, and affectionate persuasion, is evident hopes are entertained that their early from the readiness with which they conviction will have a salutary influ- yielded to the friendly voice of their ence on the minds of their deluded pastor. And can it be doubted, that followers. The influence, however, of much might have been done to pretrials and executions can be but tem- vail with them to adopt the meditated porary. Expedients of a very dif- improvements, had the laird, as well as ferent description are necessary, in the minister, shewn himself disposed to order to eradicate the lawless spirit be their protector and friend ;-had he too prevalent in Ireland. We long to conducted himself towards them as a witness, in that hitherto neglected father, and exhibited to them, in his country, a wise and systematic effort own example or that of others, the to humanize the population by means nature and effects of the changes he of early moral and religious culture; desired to introduce? We sincerely and, while their minds are expanded hope that something of this kind may by education, to conciliate their affec. still be attempted. tions, by the union of kindness and One of the most interesting branches suavity with firmness and vigilance, of our domestic history during the preon the part of those who administer. sent month relates to the trials for the laws.

sedition which have taken place at the In Scotland, a momentary alarm was assizes in different places. excited by the appearance of tumult at Various persons have been convicted Culrain in Rosshire. The proprietor of vending seditious libels; -and it is of a large estate in that county had to be hoped, that the practice will be given notice to his native tenantry, tu checked by the determination, manithe number of five or six hundred, to fested by the government, to prosecute quit their farms. All who know any the offence, and by the courts and thing of Highlanders know their pas- juries to punish it.-Sixteen indivisionate and romantic attachment to duals who had been apprehended for their native soil. A shew of resist- a riot at Dewsbury, in Yorkshire, ance was at first made, by these poor pleaded guilty to the charge, and repeople, to the sheriff's officers who ceived a very lenient sentence. The came to serve the writs of ejectment; trial of Hunt and others, charged with but they required no other interference having conspired to call a meeting at than that of their revered clergyman, Manchester for illegal purposes, and to induce them to yield obedience to to the terror of his Majesty's peaceable the laws. He had no sooner repre- subjects, commenced at York, on the sented to them the impropriety of 16th, and had not yet terminated on the their conduct, than they submitted to 25th instant. On the 23d, Sir Francis their hard fate without opposition. Burdett was tried at Leicester for a We say, their hard fate: for surely it seditious libel, and was found guilty.

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