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of national education, we have many a superior enlargement of mind, or valuable remarks tending to esta- been followed by many attempts to blish the necessity, as well as the give that enlargement a right applicapropriety, of communicating to the tion, that therefore light and instruction young the blessings of scriptural themselves are to be charged, as in part instruction. The principal objec. It has pleased the All-wise Disposer to

at least, the authors of the mischief. tions usually advanced against the permit a series of events, of late, to take plan are briefly stated, and candid- place, which have of themselves tended ly discussed : and the reasoning, in to a new and untried state of things. support of a general attempt to He who does nothing in vaip, and makes improve the intellectual and moral even the wrath of men to praise him,' condition of the lower as well as seems, in the midst of unbeard-of trials the higher classes, is perfectly con

and vicissitudes, to have called mankind clusive. It is admitted indeed, that indifference and inactivity; and to have we have recently witnessed a con

forced them into reflection, and feeling, siderable increase of depravity, es

and exertion. In following this call, pecially among young persons in it is not to be questioned, but the bupopulous towns; that juvenile of. man mind has passed through a mighty fenders have been,' within the last change: and no wonder if, by a neglect three or four years, numerous be- of those right and sound principles, yond all example; and that we have which God has furnished for its conscarcely begun to shake off the trol, it may have taken the turn of a liapprehension of seditious commo

centious and ungoverned freedom. Dis-' tions. But to ascribe these evils to

tress has been added to other causes of the means which have been adopt- tunities for mischief, have abounded on

disorder : temptations, and the oppor.' ed to extend useful knowledge, and

every side: and it is not to be denied," especially religious and moral im

that the depravity of man has seemed provement, is to betray an extraor- to triumph over 'the goodness and the. dinary degree of ignorance of the severity of God.' Here, ther, has been relation of cause and effect. Bi- the true cause of our present circumshop Latimer intimates, that in the stances; and the iinprovement of the judgment of some persons, the re

human mind, and the various attempts' bellion of 1549 was owing to his made by true benevolence and an ensermons against covetousness : but lightened patriotism for its reformation,

have been but the consequences-shall we would hope that such reasoners

I not say, the happy consequences?-of belonged only to the times of King the disorder complained of. Edward VI.

“ I say, the consequences; for it is " I would ask,” says Mr. Hoare, to this point I would most particularly “ these two questions :-Is it possible, draw the attention of every reflecting in the very nature of things, that any mind. I would observe, that our preattempts made of late years to enlighten sent disorders were, in their principle, the public mind, and particularly to prior to our present endeavours to reform offer instruction to yonth on the grand and correct them. If too little success principles of holy Scripture, can be a- has bitherto attended the wishes and the mongst the causes of that apostacy? Is labours of the best friends of social orit not, on the contrary, to be hoped, that der, it may be because the poison is of too in proportion as those principles shall be virulent a nature to be speedily countermore widely disseminated and received acted; or because the remedy has not yet in all their purity, the evils of which been applied to a sufficient extent; or we complain shall find their legitimate because some errors may have crept inand effectual remedy.

to the mode of administering the cure. “Io reply to these questions, I cannot But to suppose, for a moment, that to but say, in the first instance, that it is improve the human understanding, and the greatest of all mistakes to confound to give it the appropriate food of moral the causes of evil with its accompaniments and religious instruction, can of itsell or consequences; or, in other words, to conduce to augment and to aggravata suppose, because our present departure what it is intended to remove, is to ade from good has been attended with vance a position which may suit with

CHRIST. OBSERV, No. 222.

3 E

indolence, or total inconsideration, but Christian faith and Christian pracwhich denies and Invalidatos our very tice, tbat they can scarcely fail to first notions of connection between be welcome to every class of readers cause and effect. It were as much as to deny, that the sun has power to fructi

: the argument, and have any taste

who are capable of comprehending fy, or the rain to refresh our fields, he- for the words of truth and sobercause some unkindly influences intercept their benefit; or some rugged soils

ness. If they appear to be addressresist, for a time, every art of cultiva- ed rather to the higher than the tion. Shall bad harvests, or barren fur lower classes of society, “ they rows, for ever check the labours of the are so," as Mr. Hoare tells us in his husbandman? And shall the disap- preface, “ under the conviction pointed hopes-let us rather say, the ihat times like the present impres. impatient desires of the eager philan; sively demand the attention of the thropist, pronounce, from their delayed higher orders to the grand princifulfilment, the inadequacy or the dag. gers of sound scriptural instruction ples of the Christian faith, as the No! · let God be true, and every man a

surest if not the only method of liar. Let us most rigidly and conscien- instilling them into the inferior ortiously distinguish between the wisdom ders, at once by the force of exof Divinely appointed means, and the ample, and by the diligent pursuit opposition arising from the passions, or of those means which will then be perverseness of man. Let us who are

felt to be necessary for their instrucChristians in more than in name, see, in tion. Strongly to feel the value of the principles of our belief, the best, the the Christian system, will most eftruest, and (if we await in patience the event) the surest remedy of every moral

fectually lead to strenuous endeaevil. Let as believe, and confidently vours for its promulgation." To act upou the dictates of infallible truth: the justice of this observation we

The law of the Lord is perfect, con- readily subscribe : and as we think verting the soul: the testimony of the that these discourses are admirably Lord is sure, making wise the simple : calculated to produce that effect, the statutes of the Lord are right, re- we trust that they will thus, through joicing the heart: the commandment of the Divine blessing, prove beneficial the Lord is pure, enlightening the eyes : the fear of the Lord is clean enduring by convincing their superiors of the

to multitudes among the poor also, for ever: the judgments of the Lord are true and righteous altogether.

real excellence of Christian truth, Moreover, by them is thy servant warn.

and of tbeir obligation, in conformied; and in keeping of them there is ty with the sacred principles of pp. 76-79.

Christian charity, to diffuse its inIn delivering our opinion briefly fluence as extensively as possible. of these discourses, we have no difficulty in ranking them among A Letter respectfully addressed to the best which have issued from the his Royal Highness the Prince press upon this important subject. Regent, on occasion of the Death The principles uniformly maintain- of her late lamented Majesty. By ed in them are the genuine prin

LYSIAS. London: Rivington. ciples of the word of God : and 1819. pp. 20. they are enforced with a strength of We glanced over this pamphlet reasoning, and an impressive earnest with much pleasure when it first apness of manner, calculated to give peared; but laid it by, with many them their full effect. The main other of the pumerous publications object of the preacher, as it re- which issue from the prolific press gards the national schools, is never of these kingdoms, not a fiftieth forgotten; but, in carrying forward part of which, nor a tithe even of his design he has introduced so those which have merit, have we it much valuable matter of a general in our power to notice, except pernature, and so happily interwover haps in the meagre acknowledge with his scheme the great points of ment of a List of New Publica

great reward.'

re

tions." The importance, however, stances in which the death of the of the subject of this truly

late

queen bad placed bis court. spectful" and well written letter to

The first of the occasions alluded his present majesty, on occasion of to, was in the year 1792, at the the death of the late queen, has time when the effects of the full ioduced us, upon re-perusal, to development of the French Revobring it before our readers, think- lution were felt in every country in ing as we do that the more correct- Europe ; and when in England, in Jy both the court and the public at particular, a fearful licence of senlarge learn to feel and act upon timent and language too widely the important topics to which it prevailed, and seemed to derive calls our attention, the more stable countenance from the conduct of will be the foundations of national the opposition party in parliament, welfare, and the more marked the who censured the seditious profavour of Almighty God.

ceedings of the day in language We trust none of our readers so measured and complacent as will have supposed from the title perhaps served indirectly to encouof this letter, that it relates to cer

rage it, while they scrupled not to tain painful occurrences, of which condemn the measures of governwe have lately heard too much; or ment with unmitigated severity, ibat we haie selected it with a view

u With the leaders of this party,re. to agitate questions which we could

marks Lysias,“ circumstances had early fervently have wished had never

led your Royal Highness to form close passed the precincts of select family habits of connection and confidence, and confidential intercourse. If They were men of brilliant parts and any of our readers should have sur. acquirements; of social qualifications mised such an idea, they will be in the highest degree rich and various : happy to be relieved from their em- they had frankness, kindness, and genebarrassment by being apprised that rosity, at least, they had these qualities The object of Lysias is simply to

in that form and degree, in wbich they represent the high importance of are rather accomplishments than virmaintaining at court that conspi

tues. They were furnished, at the same cuous purity and decorum, wbich time, with such powers of dexterous

argument and imposing eloquence, as characterized the reign of George enabled them to recommend the most the Third, and which have justly questionable opinions, and to perplex called forth a large tribute of na- and dash maturest counsels. Considertional acknowledgment to the late ing the influence which the habits of King and Queen, and particularly companionship with a society like this, to the latter, as being more imme- could not fail to produce on a youthful, diately the guardian of the honour an ardent, and an ingenuous mind, it of her own sex, for her mode of might surely have been feared that your regulating their admission to her Royal Highness would insensibly be

led into a greater tolerance of French royal presence. The author commences his letter it have been surprizing if, in such cir.

principles than was desirable; nor would with a few prefatory paragraphs, cumstances, the Prince of Wales had intended to shew, that far from been betrayed into a fault, of which being an enemy to his royal high- more than one example was furnished by ness, he had observed with no or- crowned and coroneted heads of far dinary satisfaction, his exemplary maturer years and under far less seduc

tion. and decisive conduct on two most important occasions, each of which

“ In fact, this was feared; bnt, as the might be considered a crisis in the

event proved, withont foundation. In

the debate which took place in the House life of that illustrious personage, of Lords, on the 31st May, 1792, reand from which the author confi. specting the King's Proclamation against dently augurs an equally laudable seditious writings, your Royal Highness, decision under the new circum- availing yourself, for the first time, of

your privilege as a peer of Parliament, which you preside, to retain this envi. pronounced a speech cordially approv- able pre-eminence of character. ing the measures to which the govern- u I shall not, I am persuaded, be ment had recourse for the preservation thought to question the strength of this of the public peace and welfare; and sentiment in the mind of your Royal exhibiting, in admirable union with a Highness, if I attempt to remove some constitutional regard for the liberties of imaginary difficulties that may be the subject, a decided reprobation of thought to oppose its being carried into the principles, practices, and purposes, practice. There are those who appear of revolutionary France. That speech to conceive, that the court, while a fegave a lively satisfaction to the country's male sovereign presided overit,admitted truest friends.” pp. 6–8.

of a strictness and correctness of decoThe second occasion alluded to, rum, which it cannot be expected to was when his majesty was called exhibit under the superintendance of a upon to assume the reins of govern- tainly sanctions a degree of laxity in the

prince. The opinion of the world cerment as Regent. His retaining his

social habits of a house where there is father's ministers, particularly Mr. no female head; and it may be argued Perceval, who had arranged and that the same licence must, aoder the recommended the restrictions on

same circumstances, be allowed to a his authority as Regent, and this coart. too after those restrictions had “ The force of this reasoning I own expired, was, as Lysias justly re

that I am utterly unable to perceive. marks, an æra in his majesty's life. Let it be granted, for argument's sake, It virtually gave his royal sanction

that a prince, in his strictly private hato those views of national policy seen, and into which the public cannot

bits, in such parts of his life as are upwhich had saved the country in its

pry without impertinence, may claim to deepest depression, and have since himself that privilege of measured laxiraised it to an unexampled height ty, which opinion, (though, in my judg. among the community of nations; ment, most unjustifiably) grants to inviews, however, which were in di- dividuals of the same sex in stations less rect opposition to those of his ma- exalted. But a prince at the head of a jesty's early advisers, and which, court; a prince acting or appearing on under all the circumstances of the state-occasions ; a prince even on such

social occasions as are of a more formal case, it must have required cousiderable firmness to avow.

nature, and which only half divest him

of his robes of state ; a prince, even in Having thus“ paid his court" in

such parts of his properly private and a manner both judicious and digni- domestic life, as are conspicuous to the fied, our author proceeds to state public eye, and must be infinential on the immediate business which had public fashion ; seems to me to be at least induced him to solicit an audience. as much bound by the laws of decency, “ I have already referred to the im- and by the obligation of paying respect

to appearances, as a private gentleman portant services of ber late lamented

at the head of a table at which females majesty, as the uniform and judicions of rank and character should be the guardian of our public manners. There can be no doubt that her character in guests.” pp. 12, 13. this point of view, is fully appreciated “ There is no one fact, past or pre--that it is venerated—that it is cherish- sent, more certain than that the attened-by the filial mind of her son. For tion and hopes of all that large propor. half a century, this country has been tion of your Royal Highness's subjects, permitted to exhibit to the world the whose affections are best worth having; unusual spectacle of a court distinguish- of all those who form, comparatively ed by irreproachable purity and deco. speaking, the moral strength of your rum, without any sacrifice of the taste "Royal Highness's throne; the faithful and elegance that belong to a civilized friends and loyal disciples of the church age, or of the splendour and magnific and state of England; are deeply incence that befit a throne. There can

terested in the conduct which your not be the smallest doubt that your Royal Royal Highness shall on this occasion Highness would wish the court over be pleased to adopt." pp. 14, 16.

see.

The difficulties at which Lysias Bishop Taylor quaiotly remarks, hiots bave by no means yet sub- that " a king's escutcheon is bla. sided, and may indeed be consider zoned otherwise than that of his ed, in consequence of recent events, subjects; the gentry by metals, to have increased. The channel the nobility by precious stones, through which ladies are to be re. but kings by planets; for in a king ceived at court, and the regula- there is nothing moderate. Theretions to be recognized and acted fore, • Cavere debet qualem famam upon as the standard rules of the habeat, qui, qualemcunque merueimperial drawing-room, are yet lit- rit, magnam habiturus est,' as said tle known to the public, and pos- Seneca.' sibly have not been definitively ma- In one momentous respect, howtored in higher quarters. Whether ever, the escutcheon of a king is the proceedings relative to the de. blazoned like that of other men; licate subject at present under dis- for he is responsible to a Higher cussion (June 20.) may incident- Power for the use of his influence ally lead to a development of the as well as of his other “ talents." plans intended to be pursued, or As the people are the subjects of may unexpectedly modify those a prince, the prince is, in common plans, we cannot pretend to fore- with them, the subject of God.

Nor indeed is it necessary to And if the beathen themselves, in do so; for the great point for which reference to their false gods, felt our author contends will remain the that same, whatever may be the result Regum timendorum in proprios greges, of the pending' discussions. We Reges in ipsos imperium est Jovis, confess that we have felt the very how much more must the Christian necessity for agitating questions admit the remark, as applied to like these as no slight stain upon Him who is the Sovereign and onus.

We feel humiliated that sub- ly Potentate, the King of kings jects such as some of those which and Lord of lords ? A monarch have lately been bandied about in is, or ought to be, the vicegerent every quarter, should have trans. of God in temporal, as a prelate pired in the vulgar atmosphere of in ecclesiastical, concerns; and we political controversy; and that our need not say what momentous duvery newspapers and current con

ties such a function necessarily inversation should bave an almost volves. If our readers can forgive necessary tendency to blunt the fine another quotation, we should be edge of Christian decorum, and to inclined to sum up the whole in minister to some of the worst pas- the words of an old writer :: sions of the thoughtless multitude. “ Cognoscant principes seculi Deo

But we forbear, for the present, se debere rationem reddere propto enter upon these afflicting to- ter ecclesiam quam a Christo tuenpics, and shall content ourselves dam suscipiunt. Nam sive augeawith a few remarks of a more ge- tur pax et disciplina ecclesiæ per neral nature,

fideles principes, sive solvatur, ille The power of a sovereign to in- ab eis rationem exigit qui eorum fuence the morals of his court, potestati suam ecclesiam credidit." and, through the court, those of Such is the duty of a Christian the nation, is one of the most va- king; and happily such also is orluable, and, we will add, one of the dinarily his best policy; and this most responsible parts of the royal even without taking into the acprerogative.

Laws, which look count (what, however, ought never like mere policy, to the people to be overlooked) ihat revealed when established only by penal- rule of the Divine proceedings toties, acquire a new sanction when wards mankind implied in the de. enforced by princely example. claration, " Them that honour MB,

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