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temperance*, but confine myself at intervals of public business were principally to the delineation of his devoted to sacred literature, and character during the period of his especially to the study of the Chrispublic life, since the decease of his tian Religion. To this he gave illustrious brother. Amidst a thou- his principal attention during the sand difficulties, the genuine piety latter period of bis life; and I know of the Elector John, his firmness, from indubitable authority, that he moderation, peaceful intentions, abounded in the exercises of deand every other virtue which can votion. No one is ignorant of the constitute a good prince, were dangers be incurred through his conspicuous. It is a glorious attachment to evangelical truth ; trophy characteristic of his reign, and God eminently honoured his and demands our gratitude, thai exalted virtue by protecting him in a most turbulent period these through so many years, and liberrealms, by the interposing mercy of ating him from so many dangers, by Providence, have been preserved in interposing, as he did for Hezekiah comparative tranquillity. He was when blockaded by the Assyrian a prince favoured by Heaven, and army in Jerusalem."--The reader his authority, moderation, and zeal cannot fail to recollect here the have eminently conduced to these several striking instances in which ends." “ When he could have the ægis of a protecting Arm apgained most decisive advantages peared to ward off the assaults of over his most invelcrate enemies, public fury at one time, and private who were at that moment plotting assassination at another, from our bis ruin, he spared them - How beloved Monarch; on each of often has he shewn a mind impreg. which occasions he recognized the nable to sentiments of private cu

Divine interference for his defence. pidity! After composing strife, he The concluding passage of Menever cherished revenge.”

lancthon's oration is affectingly “What shall I say of his domestic apposite to our own loss and our administration, which was replete own circumstances; and it contains with clemency and humanity?

a devotional sentiment in which I Homer represents Ulysses as ruling feel persuaded that every Christian the Thracians like a good father; subject will most heartily join. and Xenophon, who proposes Cyrus

“ In whatever dangers and misas a perfect pattern for a prince, fortunes the state may hereafter be says, that a good prince resembles involved, I will not pretend to premost a good parent ; and who ever dict, but most humbly implore the had it in his power to say any thing supreme Jehovah, while our departworse of our departed prince, who ed Elector rests in peace, to look was incapable of acting with cruelty upon the family of his subjects, or pride? To me he appeared to to bestow his mercies on his son cherish the most paternal feelings and successor, that he may prove for all his subjects, and I have often our protector amidst impending noticed the most striking indica- dangers, and give peace to the tions of it both in private discourse state for the advancement of his and in public transactions." truth and the glory of Jesus Christ. “ His private life was most up

We acknowledge that God is the ostentatious; free from all disgrace- only sufficient Preserver of the ful excess and dissipation; and all state : to him we fly; from him we the leisure hours he could command implore assistance, who has pro

mised to hear the supplications of * See Dr. Ayscough's Letter to Dr. The afflicted. Let me exhort all Doddridge. King George's abstinence, (concludes this pious reformer) with regard to the gratifications of the earnestly to unite in this prayer to table, is well known,

God to bless the prince under whose


protection we are now placed, that which such amendments were made he may preserve the peace of the in our civil polity as compel univerchurch, maintain the doctrines of sal praise, and a reign too of unthe Gospel, and promote every de- exampled Christian benevolence, scription of useful learning !"

must surely be blessed: and such Thus properly is this dignified a monarch must live long in the meeulogy on the departed Monarch mories, and hearts, and habits of completed by a petition for bis suc- his subjects. The epitaph of John cessor to Him who reigns over all 1. the illustrious Elector, would rule, and authority, and dominion, well apply to him. and who, having given his judgments to the King, was able also to im- Asseruit Christi lingua professa fidem. part his righteousness to the King's Notior ut fieret divini gloria Verbi, The importance of such a

Temporibus fulsit quæ rediviva suis : prayer will rise in our esteem in

UtqueEvangelii studium deponere vellet proportion as we admit the remark Ista sibi incendit constantia pectoris,

Flectere illum nullæ potuere miuæ. of Lord Bacon on the influence of

hostes sovereigns over their people, that Attulit, et passim multa pericla sibi. “ princes are like the heavenly Sed illum protexit difficili tempore Christus, bodies which cause good or evil Et gratam pacem pro pietate dedit. times.” Eminently does experience attest the soundness of this obser

He was found firm to his country vation. The reigns of the two and to his God: open in the avował Electors, and their influence on of his religious principles, consisttheir Saxon subjects amply prove ent in the performance of his reliit; and may I'not add that the gious duties, and happy in the poscoincidence and parallel between session of his religious hopes. 'Litheirs and our venerated King's iscentiousness and vice were frowned pot less complete in this than in away from his presence and his other conspicuous instances ? A

court: slander was overcome by reign of unprecedented duration, well-doing, and sarcasm disarned and of unexampled cousistency, bybenevolence. Morality was every in which the ruler himself exhibited


encouraged under bis auspithe most submissive deference to cious smile, and the whole country those laws, buman or divine, which

was the better for his example as he commended to the observance of well as his dominion ; perhaps prehis subjects,-a reign in the dawn served, under God, in a considerof which youthful temptations were able degree by it from the contasubdued, and in the progress of gion of demoralizing habits and rewhich personal and social virtue was volutionary sentiments, and rejoiccultivated, and this on Christian ing in its security and exemption principle, and with a perpetual refe- from many of the calamities which rence to his Creator, Redeemer, and other nations bave suffered. Judge; a reign in which mildness

H. and decision walked band in hand, and toleration on the one part, and prudence and regard to established To the Editor of the Christian Observcr. usages on the otber, were perpetually exercised; a reign in which ALLOW a stranger to the Christian some of the most fearful dangers, Observer, to send you an extract both secular and moral, threatened from a communication just receivus, but the turbulent rage of which ed from a friend in Massachusetts, was restrained till we heard them on a subject on which all sects and called off like the thunder clouds parties, who have any portion of of a lowering sky to utter their the spirit of their Divine Master, desolations elsewhere; a reign in must cordially unite ; namely, that

of the iniquity of the slave trade thus furnishing slave-traders and and its ruinous consequences, and kidnappers with inducemeuts to this whether as it respects the op- procure per fas aut nefas,' new pressor or the oppressed.

supplies by importation." My friend, speaking of the ap- My friend adds: “In connexion plication recently made to the with this lamentable result, is anoAmerican Congress for the admis- ther occurrence painful in the exsion of the Missouri Territory as treme. You have doubtless heard one of the United States, with the that the most distressing fire ever permission to hold Slaves, proceeds known in this country extended as follows:-" It was generally be- its ravages in Savannah, the capilieved that Congress would not tal of Georgia. A tender feeling grant such an indulgence ; that it for the sufferers called out very would be a violation of the Bill of liberal contributions for their reRights, on which our Constitution lief, particularly in the Northern was founded, as well as of the States. In the city of New York, principles of justice and humani-' the sum of twelve ihousand dollars ty. Both in the Senate and Con- was promptly subscribed and forgress, the question whether Mis- warded, with a request that such souri should be admitted with or People of Colour as were sufferers without the restriction, was agitat might participate in the distribued in warm debate, and in some tion. This gave umbrage to the most impressive speeches. All city council of Savannah, who that learning, humanity, a regard sent back the money to the dona. to sound policy, and a respect for tion committee of New York, bethe principles of our free govern- cause they considered it as encumment, could adduce in favour of bered with a condition with which restricting slavery in the new state, they were unwilling to comply. . exbibited with the most powerful How strange, how passing strange, and impressive eloquence, failed, that the pride of domination over alas! of effecting their benevolent a humbled race of wretched peopurpose. Their pleadings fell ple should so operate and prevail upon deafened ears, and moved as to produce the rejection of a not hearts indurated by selfish- charity, in which benevolence had ness. The bill for the admission hoped, that however cruelly deof Missouri into the Union passed graded, they might have equitably the House of Representatives with- shared! How apparent, that the out the restrictive clause prohibit possession of Slaves renders the ing slavery, though only by a ma- heart of the master not merely injority of four votes ; --against the sensible to the obligations of hurestriction 90, for the restriction manity, but even to the claims of 86;-so that Missouri is permitted compassion and mercy!" to become a slave-holding state!” It is some satisfaction, Mr. Edi

My correspondent thus proceeds: tor, to know assuredly, that among “ It is impossible to describe the the more enlightened part of our feelings of surprize and regret transatlantic bretbren, of whatever which this decision has occasion- sect or party, this most unchristian ed in all the New England States. transaction is so strongly reproThe friends of humanity and free- bated.- I am not at liberty, withdom are palsied with the shock. out his permission, to give the name Not only will this be the means of of my correspondent; but as continuing and extending the most proof of my full conviction of the upchristian and disgraceful prac- correctness of his account, I beg tice of keeping Slaves, but of open- leave to subscribe my own, ing a new mart for the sale, and




Travels in Nubia. By the late Lewis was a daily witness to the

John Lewis BURCKHARDT *. miseries inflicted by the republican Published by the Association for French, and grew up with a detespromoting the Discovery of the tation of their principles, and a reinterior Parts of Africa. With solution never to bend under their maps. London: Murray. pp. yoke. At the age of sixteen he 635.

was placed at the university of BEFORE we proceed to extract a

Leipsic, whence, in four years, he few passages from this interesting removed to that of Gottingen. In volume, it may be satisfactory to both places be maintained a high give a slight sketch of the personal character for frankness, cheerfulhistory of its lamented author. Dess, kindness, and evenness of temJ. L. Burckhardt was the son of a

per. His talents also were of a distinguished family of Basle in high order, and his zeal in the purSwitzerland, but was himself born suit of knowledge was unwearied. at Lausanne. His father began

Unable to find any nation on the life with auspicious prospects, but continent not under the sway of the French Revolution blighted all France, be repaired to England in

the his hopes, and it was with difficulty

year 1806, and introduced him. that his life was preserved from the self to the late Sir Joseph Banks, scaffold. Having entered a Swiss whose connexion with the associaregiment in English pay, he left his

tion for making discoveries in Afriwife and family at Basle, where

ca soou led Burckhardt to offer his

services as an explorer under its From the similarity of names, as patronage. A strong representawell as the scene of their travels, it

tion of the dangers of the service may be necessary to caution the reader against confounding J. L. Burckhardt having been made to him, and his with the Rev. Christopher Burkhardt. resolution still remaining unshakThe latter, like the author of the pre- en, bis offer was gladly accepted. sent work, was a well informed and Indeed, he was admirably adapted enterprising traveller : he performed ar for the project, as well by the quaarduous tour through Egypt, Palestine, lifications already mentioned, as by and Syria for the express purpose of great vigour of constitution, a powdistributing the holy Scriptures; and erful ascendency of mind, and an died in August 1818, at Aleppo, of a malignant fever, after a short but most edness to bis object. Having pre

inflexible perseverance and devotindefatigable career of only eight months devoted to the object of his be pared himself, both mentally and nevolent mission. He was supported physically, for his employment, by by the private contributions of a few the study of Arabic, chemistry, friends; but his labours were dedicated astronomny, mineralogy, medicine, to objects of public utility, and both and surgery, and by taking long the Bible Society and the Church Mis- journeys bare-headed in the sun, sionary Society will long regret his loss. sleeping upon the ground, and livLike John Lewis Burckhardt, he was ing on vegetables and water, he entinently qualified for his enterprize by sel sail from Cowes in March 1809, a spirit above fear; but he had other and arrived at Malta the following qualities, whiclı, as we shall see in the month. To facilitate the purposes course of our remarks, we iu vain look tor in the traveller whose posthumous of his mission, he not only assumedwork lies before us. He was “ full of

the oriental costume and language, the Holy Ghost and of faith;” and was but prosessed himself a Mohamwilling to bear his constant and nndaunt- medan; a circumstance to which ed testimony to the truth of the Gospel we shall have further occasion to of his Redeemer in scenes of the great- allude in the conclusion of our reest danger.

marks. From Malta he proceeded

His pro

to Aleppo, and remained two years ceeded to Medina, and finally reand a half in Syria, adding to his turned to Cairo, with a view to propractical knowledge of Arabic, and ceed on his ulterior designation. familiarising himself to Mohamme- In tbe mean time, he drew up and dan society and manners, in order transmitted to England an account to perfect himself in the part which of the whole of this extensive jourhe was 10 act, and which was con- ney. The portion of it, as far as sidered essential to his success Souakin, is now before us; the rein penetrating the north-eastern mainder is preparing for publicatracts of Africa, to which his jour, tion, and is stated to contain the ney was ultimately to be directed. most complete account ever traps, From Aleppo we find him making mitted to Europe of Arabian socievarions tours, and visiting, among ty and manners, and particularly of other places, Palmyra, Damascus, the district called the Hadjaz, inMouni Libanus and Anti-Libanus, cluding the cities of Mecca and and the unexplored country of the Medina, and of the Hadj or pilHaouran, or Auranitis. We again grimage; his appearance as a Mofind bim at Tiberias and Nazareth ; hammedan having afforded him unThence crossing the eastern side of equalled opportunities for acquirthe Jordan, and proceeding through ing information. His other manuthe countries to the east and south scripts also, relative to Syria and of the Dead Sea, until he arrived at the Holy Land, are in a course of Wady Mousa, whence be pursued publication, and are spoken of as a westerly course towards the capi- peculiarly interesting. sal of Egypt across the valley of jected journey into the interior of Arabia, From Cairo he was to Africa was never performed, this penetrate the northern countries of enterprising traveller having expirthe Great Desert, and thence to ed at Cairo on the 15th October proceed towards the Niger, in or. 1817. His constitution seems never der to explore the vast unknown to have recovered from the effects tracks of internal Africa. A variety of his Arabian journey, having sufof circumstances delayed this jour- fered severely from the climate of ney; it being the wish of his em. that country, which is almost proployers, as well as the dictate of verbially fatal to Europeans. The his own prudence, not to risk his account of his death we reserve to personal safety, and the final ob- our concluding remarks. ject of his enterprize, by proceed- Qur readers will not expect us ing till he was fully qualified to to follow the track of Mr. Burck, sustain bis part, and vill a favoura- hardt step by step ; and to abridge ble opportunity occurred of joining his narrative into a barren itinerary a caravan bound for the interior. would neither be profitable nor ei

lo the interval he performed tertaining. A few miscellaneous two arduous journeys into Nubia ; passages are all that we can profess the former in the direction of the to offer. Nile as far south as Dongola ; the The first class of extracts, and Jaiter still farther south, as far as those which we are sure will be Shendy, and from ibat place to most eagerly looked for by a conthe eastward towards the Red Sea siderable portion of our readers, at Souakin. These two journeys are such as illustrate biblical cusform the subject of the present toms and allusions. The passages volume. It may therefore only be of this kind which we selected from necessary to say further, for the Mr. Morier's second journey tu purpose of connecting the narra. Persia, (see Christian Observer for five, that be crossed the Red Sea, 1819, p. 798), we have reason to and performed the Mussulman pil- believe were perused with much grimage to Mecca, whence he pro- interest; and we think it a service


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