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consequence of such“ scandalous, nation into an investigation of it disgraceful, and vicious conduct," by without the sanction of a parliawhich her Majesty has “violated her mentary committee, which committee duty to his Majesty, and rendered would occupy the place of arbiters herself unworthy of the exalted rank between the parties, and be, as it were, and station of Queen Consort of this in the place of a grand jury; that realm,” she be deprived of her title there were no precedents to sanction of Queeu, with all the rights annexed the adoption of such a measure as the to it, and that her marriage be dis- present, without previous parliamensolved and annulled. The bill was tary inquiry; and that with regard read a first time, and the second read- to the objection of proceeding by ing is proposed for the 17th of August, bill rather than by impeachment, it when ihe witnesses will be solemnly had no force, as the latter course examined, and time be afforded for could not, under the circumstances of the defence. The House of Commons the case, be adopted, however clear has in consequence discharged the the Queen's guilt might be; as, to conorder for considering the documents stitute it a crime according to the law, laid before it. Copies of the bill were the partner in her misconduct must furnished to the King, the Queen, and be a subject of Great Britain; and as their respective law-officers.
for referring the matter to the ecclesiasThe whole of these proceedings have tical courts, it was admitted on all given rise to warm debates in every hands that it could not be done. Bestage. The appointment of a secret sides, the whole affair lay rather becommittee, in the first place, was con- tween the Queen and the public, than tended against as an ex parte and in- between the royal parties themselves. quisitorial proceeding, and as at vari- We confess we think these arguance with the general system of our
ments satisfactory, under all the percriminal jurisprudence. It was fur- plexing circumstances of this unther argued, that if ministers believed happy case; and we are so much in the charges which they alleged, it was favour of a private compromise, that their duty to have brought the subject we should even now, after all that has forward in the first instance, on their passed, prefer it, on every ground of own responsibility; and that all their public interest, to the approaching attempts to compromise the matter parliamentary investigation; and nuwere highly criininal. It was also thing would rejoice us more than to maintained, that at all events the hear that the Queen had been induced proceeding ought to have been by to spare herself and the nation the impeachment, and not by a bill of pain, as well as the mischief, of such an pains and penalties, which partook exposure.-We are not now assuming of the injustice of an ex post fucto either the guilt or the innocence of law.–To all this it was replied, that the Queen. It is our duty, and that ministers, decisive as they conceived of the public in general, to siispend the evidence to be against the Queen, all judgment upon this point till the . did not think it expedient to endanger evidence shall be produced upon which the peace aud coniaminate the morals the preamble of the bill is founded. of the country, by the public investi- Till that time we feel it incumbent gation of such a subject, as long as upon us to refrain from expressing the The possibility of a private compromise opinions which we have been led to appeared within their reach; that no formn upon the subject. The same benefit could have resulted from their reserve we would earnestly recommend making the circumstances public, to our readers.-We are sorry to have which might not have been sccured seen in some of the public prints, by a private arrangement; that not (especially the provincial ones) some only bad parliament sanctioned such remarks relative to her Majesty, which a procedure hy its own votes, but are exceedingly unbecoming and rethere was not a single well-disposed prehensible, These, however, may be person in the kingdom, even of those considered as intinitely outweighed who were fully persuaded of her by public statements of a contrary deMajesty's guilt, who did not feel the scription; and by corporate addresses utnost solicitude for a private como presented to her Majesty, which not proniise;. that the grave and un- only assume her complete innocence, precedented nature of the case would but vilify, in the strongest terms, her have rendered it rash indeed for any alleged calumniators. The replies of set of ministers to have plunged the the Queen on some of these occasions
have bee! far from being so measured for the meridian of St. Giles's and Totas a regard to the delicacy of her own hill-fields, with a still more daring detisituation, and to the public, peace, ance both of law and decency. Some of seemed to require. The populace, in them point more directly to the sol. addition to hard words, have proceeded diery, and leave no means uniried to so far as to maltreat, and even vio- poison their minds, both by exhibiting lently to assault, a number of persons strong pictures of their own allegeri seon their landing at Dover, who were based and degrading servitude, and hy intended to give evidence on the dwelling on the facilities which they pending charges, but whom it became possess of achieving their own deli. necessary, with a view to their per- verance, and that of their country. sonal safety, to send back to the con- And what is there to counteract all linept until they should be wanted. this accumulation of mischief; lo This is clearly not the way to secure
shield the constitution from the comthe ends of justice, or to produce a bined effect of all the enginery of sefavourable impression of the cause dition which is continually playing on srbich it is meant to
Nor its walls, or undermining its foundawould we confine this remark to the tions in the very hearts of the people? savage outrages committed at Dover: As for the law, it seems to sleep.- The we think it equally applicable to the press does nothing, and perhaps can do framers of such addresses as those to little, if any thing, to arrest the evil. w bricht we have alluded, and which Among the millions of placards aud tenit so greatly to inflame the public halfpenny sheets which the last six sind. We would remind them, that weeks have called into existence; without assuming that the Queen is among the three or four hundred thouguilty, they can have no ground on sand Sunday newspapers which, durwhich to assert, in the unequivocal ing that time have passed into circuterms they generally employ, her in- lation; we have not found a single
The prima facie bearings solitary paragraph which pleads the of the case supply at least such preg- cause of order, or which endeavours to nant ground of suspicion, especially undeceive the minds of the uninformsince the presentation of the stronged, respecting the faets and reasonings and unequivocal report of the lords of the partizans of Radicalism.---The committee, that we might expect in pulpit, we fear, is almost equally inher Majesty's warmest friends, if not efficient as the press—but we stop. an absolute reserve in expressing their This last is a large subject, and we opinions, at least such a moderation fear to do it injustice by enlarging at of language and conduct as the actual present on this passing allusion to it. state of the case seems to require. But we must enter upon it in no long
The circumstance, however, which time. It is vital to the peace and we view with the deepest regret on safety of the country, and io the very tris unhappy occasion, is the inunda- existence of its best and most chetion of prints and writings of the most rished institutions. We will close libellous and seditious tendency with therefore with a single question, which which the country has been over- we wish our readers to lay to heart, spread. In every street of the metro- and which we would wish especially polis, and on every wall to which the to impress on every member of the le, bill-sticker is permitted to have ac- gislature and of the government, whose cess, the eye is met by placards of the eye may pass over ihese lines-What most inflammatory description; and rational hope can be indulged of long che ingenuity of the artist is taxed to mainiaining our internal tranquillity, produce devices calculated to degrade under such circumstances as have the king, and to render his govern- been adverted to, if we shall continue ment odious. Some of our principal to satisfy ourselves with a policy of journals pursue a siinilar course, and mere shifts and expedients, and shrink seem disposed to employ every safe from looking fairly at the whole of art of insinuation, mistatement, exag- our domestic situation, not merely as geration, and falsehood, which the ge- it regards the economical circummius of evil can suggest, to pander to stances of the labouring classes, and the worst passions of the multitude, the interests of manufactures and and to poison the very springs of alle- commerce, but as it involves the giance. Our Sunday newspapers, higher considerations of the intellecniersteen in number, join in this con- tual, moral, and spiritual condition of spiracy; and being framed expressly our whole population?
We are glad to state, that the coro- as one of the worst educated nations in nation, which was to have taken Europe prior to that period. In Scotplace on the 1st of August, has been land he found, in iwelve counties, wisely postponed.
the proportion to be one to nine; in The public business in the House of Wales, one to twenty: before 1803, Commons, though greatly impeded by it was one to twenty-six. In France, the discussions relative to the Queen, till lately, the average was only onehas by no means been unimportant: thirty-fifth of the population; but it but we have only time and space at pre- education proceeded in that country sent to allude to one subject; we mean, as it had done of late, there would Mr. Brougham's most important bill soon be not one uneducated person in for general education. The main pro- it. In Switzerland, the proportion was visions of this bill appear to us wise, one to ten; so that in that country, moderate, and conciliatory; and such there is not one person in sixty who as, if passed into a law, with the slight cannot read and write. In England, modifications which may be deemed taking the endowed and unendowed necessary, must be of the most essen- schools as before, and adding 50,000 tial benefit to the country. As the consi- for children belonging to persons who deration of the bill is deferred to next have the means of paying, and 100,000 session, for the purpose of affording placed at Sunday-schools, the total time for mature deliberation, we shall would be about 700,000 children, only slightly notice at present the out- leaving about two millions of the poline of the proposed plan. Mr. Brouge pulation unprovided for. Middlesex, ham, in bringing forward his motion, Mr. Brougham stated, was three linies expressed his warmest thanks to the worse off than any other county in clergy, without whose aid (which had England, and more deficient than any been must cheerfully and cordially part of the Christian world, the avegiven) the friends of the measure rage being only as one to forty-six. would have been unable to proceed Mr. Brougham's bill proposes, that with effect in their necessary prelimi- the incumbent, or resident clergyman, nary inquiries. Many of them, he or two justices, or five householders, stated, with scanty benefices and nar- or the grand jury, may complain at row incomes, had instituted schools the quarter-sessions, of the want of at their own expense, and all had education in a parish. The complaint shewn so much zeal to promote the being substantiated, a school is to be general object as would have justified built, the public purse desraying the the appointment (even had it not been cost of building; and the local rates expedient on other and still stronger the master's salary. The caudidate for grounds) of the parochial resident this office is to be a churchman (Mr. clergy, as the superintendants of the Brougham, we are glad to say, subseparochial schools which it was the in- quently dispensed with the obligation tention of his bill to institute. Mr. to receive the sacrament as a test), who Brougham stated the number of child is to be recommended by a clergymaa dren instructed in England, exclusive and three householders, and to be leof those at endowed schools, tween the ages of twenty-fourand turls. 490,000, or about one-twentieth part 'The householders are to elect, but itse of the population. If 154,000 were clergyman is to have the power of readded for the endowed schools, and jection. Mr. Brougham, after consi11,000 for those instructed by other dering the subject maturely, had means, the whole would be 055,000 thought it right to give this power children, or about one-fourteenth or to the clergy, and to identity the fifteenth part of the population. De- whole system with the Established! ducting 53,000 for children placed at Church. The master's salary is to be dame's-schools, the average of children small, not generally exceeding 201. or having the means of education would 301. ; but, from two-pence to fourbe one in sixteen. But to form a cor- pence a week are to be contributed by rect estimate of the numbers to be cach scholar. The Scriptures are to educated, the children between seven be taught, and no other religious book, and thirteen years of age must be or book not religious, without the contaken at one tenth of the population. sent of the clergymai, except the Previous to the year 1803, only church catechisın, to which hali a day 456,000 were placed in the way of in the week is to be appropriated, the cducation; that is, only the twenty- children of Dissenters attending,or not,' first part of the populaiion. On the as their parents shall link proper. whole, Mr. Brougham considered this
ECCLESIASTICAL PREFERMENTS. Two of our venerable prelates, the Rev. Francis Bickley Astley, M. A. Bishops of Winchester and Bristol, Bishopstrow R. Wilts. have expired within the last few weeks. Rev. H. Pottinger, Compton V. Berks. The former is succeeded in bis diocese Rev. E. Law, nephew to the Lord Bi. hy the Bishop of Lincoln, and the latter shop of Chester, to be Chaplain to tlc by the Kev. Jolin Kaye, D.D. Master British Factory at St. Petersburg. of Christ College, Cambridge, and Re- Rev. C. J. Blomfield, St. Botolph R. gins Professor of Divinity in that Uni. Bishopsgate, vice Dr. Mant, promoted to versiiy.
the Bishoprick of Killaloe. The Rev. Richard Mant, D.D. (Do- Rev. E. Norihey, Great Ilsley, Berks. mestic Chaplain to the Abp. of Can. Rev. Thomas Gardner, A. M. Willen terbury,) to the Bishoprick of Killaloe. V. Berks.
Rev. R. Hodgson, V. D. (late Dean Rev. Wm. Verelst, Grayingham V. in of Chester), to the Deanery of Carlisle. Lincolnshire,
Rev. P. Vanghan, D. D. to the Dean. Rev. A. W. Roberts, M. A. Bnrghsted ery of Chester.
Parva R. near Billericay, Essex. Rev. John Harwood, A.M. Sherbourne Rev. John Briggs, M. A. St. Peter's V. St. John V. Wilts.
St. Alban's. Hon, and Rev. Wm. Eden, son of Lord Rev. Richard Baker, son of Sir RoHenly, Beakes bourn V. and Harbles. bert Baker, Chief Magistrate of Bow. down R. Kent,
street, Chaplain to the British Residents Rev W. Colby, Clippesby R. Norfolk. at Hamburgh.
Rev. Samuel D'Oyley Peshall, Morton Rev. W. Harrison (Vicar of Fare, Bagot R. Warwickshire.
ham). Prebend in Winchester CatheRev. D. Williams, A. M. Bleadon R. dral, vice Rev. F. Iremonger. Somerset.
Rev.J.Hooper, Stowell R. Somersetsh. Rev. John Hodgkin, Northmolton V. Rev. R. Marks, Great Missenden V. Devonshire.
Bucks. Rev. K. Peck, Ightfield R Shropshire. Rev. C. F. Bampfylde, LL. B. (Rer.
Rev. Charles Crane, D. D. of Pad. tor of Hemington and Hardington) Dundington, Perpetual Curacy, Middlesex, kerton R. near Bath.
Rev. W. S. Rufford, M. A. of Christ Rev. T. O. Bartlett (Rector of Swa. Church, Oxford, Bintou R. Warwicksh, nago) Sutton Montagn R. Somerset.
Rev. W. Forge, M. A. King's Stanley Rev. T. F. Green, Gravely with Chis: R. Gloncestershire.
field R. Herts. Rev. W. Veruon, B. A. Hanbury R. Rev. W. Killett, Keoninghall V. Norf. Worcestershire.
Rev. Dr. Gabell(Head Master of WinRev. F. Wrangham, M. A. F. R. S. chester College) Binfield R. Berks. Thorpbassct R. ncar Malton, Yorkshire. Rev. Dr. Moysey (Rector of Walcot)
Rev. Frederick Charles Spencer,M.A. Archdeacon of Bath. Wheatfield R. Oxon.
Rev. Mr. Baker, Minister of Christ Rev. Thomas Pearce, to the Perpe. Church, Bath. tual Cure of Tyward reath, Cornwall. Rev. R. H. Froude, M.A.(Rector of
Rev. F. Wm. Bayley (of St. John's V. Dattington, Devon), Archdc. of Totnes. Margate), to be Chaplain of the House Rev. Hugh Williams, M. A. (Scholar of Commons
of Jesus College, Oxford), Rhosilly R. Rev.F. Lyc, A.B. Raunds V.Northamp. Glamorganshire.
ANSWERS TO CORRESPONDENTS.
F. H. did not mention whether the Letter which he sent us for insertion was an anpublished one.
We are sorry to have "tantalized” J. S. with our extracts from Cellerier's Sera moris“ in an unknown tongne;" but perhaps he will be satisfied with the following reasons for not translating those extracts. In the first place, we concluded, that a large portion of our readers were acquainted with French, and that those who were not could readily find a friend at hand who would snpply their deficiency. It is not, we believe, the usual practice of Literary Journals to translate French extracts. We also thonght that an occasional admixture of this kind furnishes an agreeable variety to the general reader. We were further of opinion, that for young persons especially, it is desirable occasionally to present passages of a salutary and religions tendency, in a language which they are but too much accustomed to see employed as a vehicle for very different sentiments. To all which we should add, that the style and manner of French sermons is so different from English ones, that it is hardly fair to an anthor to convey his ideas in a mere translation. We will, however, take care in future to trespass as little as possible on the patience of those who are placed in the predicainent of our correspondent.
To the Editor of the Christian Observer.
of the age and country in which we
live, that the Gospel, as delivered MONG the duties incumbent by our Saviour, is widely promulA
upon the Christian minister, gated. But while I would devoutthere is no one more importantly thank God for the religious than that of exhibiting the media- knowledge which it pleases him to torial office of the Divine Author of diffuse over our country, I would our religion plainly and explicitly venture to point out what I cannot to his congregation. To do this, but consider as important defects is to preach Christ; for it is then in the preaching of many, who, I shewn, that His infinite merits and feel confident, are desirous to expropitiatory sacrifice are the sole hibit Christ as the way, the Truth, causes of our acceptance with God, and the Life. It is necessary for of our deliverance from the power the investigation of this subject, and condemnation of sin, and of to touch upon the errors even of the gift of the Holy Spirit, which well-meaning persons, as the reader enables us to call God our Father, will the more readily perceive what and gradually conforms us to the it is to preach Christ, if we first conimage of his Son. Those bright sider what it is not. I am far from ornaments of our church, who, to denying that a religious instructor, The humble and teachable spirit so though falling into some of the necessary for the right understand. errors which I am about to enumeing of divine truth, 'added a deep rate, may yet in the main build and critical knowledge of the holy upon the right foundation; but in Scriptures, were ever foremost to proportion as his discourses fail of proclaim Christ as " the end of being scriptural, he fails of preachthe law for righteousness to all ing Christ, who is essentially truth. them that believe ;' and men of In the first place, it is not unpiety in all ages, however abun. common to hear ministers earnestdanily they may have laboured in ly recommend the Saviour to their "the vineyard of their Divine Lord, congregations, and speak in the have with self-renouncing zeal laid strongest language of his excellentheir works and holiness at the foot cies, and yet exhibit great deficiency of their Saviour's Cross, and ac- in endeavouring to impress the minds knowledged that their only hope of of their people with that sense of salvation was through bis merito- their own individual sin and helprious sacrifice: So strongly do the lessness, which alone can make a ReScriptures testify of Jesus, that deemer valuable, and without duly even heresiarchs, whose doctrines, insisting upon repentance and a reif received, would sap the founda-novation of 'heart and conduct, as tions of the Christian's bope, gene- "the only scriptural evidence of their rally promulgate their unscriptural acceptance in Christ. Nay, are theories 'under the sanction of his there not some preachers, and writ
ers too, who seemn almost to reject It is one of the happiest features repentance, convictions of sin, and CHRIST, OBSERV, No, 224.