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the following passage, which is clear up any remaining obscurities. however, somewhat obscurely ex- We gave, in a recent Number, some pressed.

weighty remarks of the late Dean “ And though, in the service just re

of Carlisle ou this subject. We ferred to, there are one or two expres- suspect that much more may be sions which have led some to suppose it collected, in support of the hypoto be her doctrine, that all who receive thetical meaning of our church in “the outward and visible sign,' receive the general and charitable language with it'the inward and spiritual grace,' of her office for infants, from the Ca-a supposition directly contrary to the techism, as well as from the bapprinciples laid down in her Articles

tismal service itself. The rising faopon the sacraments-yet certainly, as, I trust, all will admit, it would be nt. shion, to which the new and strange terly unwarranted, and most injurious, hypothesis of Bishop Marsh gave to impute it to the church, that she al. occasion, of ascribing justification, lows us, on the ground of any blessings as well as regeneration, to baptism, bestowed upon us in baptism, to be se. may lead to some further elucidacnre and negligent, in after-life, about tion of the whole question. But being, what our profession obliges us we have not time at present to to be, in Christ new creatures.”

pp. dwell upon it. 38, 39.

We proceed to observe, that the In touching so lightly on this im- statements of the Church on the portant point, Mr. Scott was proba- doctrine of justification are admirbly influenced by a very commend-ably displayed by our autbor. We able desire to avoid what is still in should gladly quote a considerable many quarters a subject of contro

part of this able argument; but versy-although, by the late agita- we can only find room to say, that tions of the question, considerable there are few expositions of this funprogress has doubtless been made damental doctrine to which we could in vindicating the true scriptural more satisfactorily recommend an doctrine of baptism from the er. inquirer than to that of Mr. Scott's roneous views of this sacrament sermon, from p. 41 to p. 60. to which some divines, agreeing in The substance of what our church that respect with the church of has delivered on the subject of the Rome, have endeavoured to give Divine predestination, is too importcurrency among us. This at least, ant for us to pass it over without a we think, has been clearly shewn, specimen of our author's manner namely, that the great moral change, of discussing it. After reducing by which fallen man is made par- the seventeenth Article into five taker of a Divine nature, is not distinct propositions, and consider: communicated exclusively and uni. ing the first four, he thus admirably formly in baptism; and that this comments on the fifth or concludchange is, by the Scriptures, and by ing sentence: the greatest divines of our church, called regeneration, and new-birth, adds: “Furthermore, we must receive

“ Fifthly, The church most wisely interchangeably with conversion, God's promises, in such wise as they renovation, &c., whenever, and by be generally set forth to us in holy whatever means, it may bave been scripture : and in our doings, that will eflected. The precise and ade- of God is to be followed, which we have quale explication, however, of the expressly declared unto us in the word whole sentiments of our Reformers of God.'-Here, I conceive, the church on the sacrament of baptism, espe- strikingly shews ber conformity with cially as it regards infants, has not

THE ORACLEB of God, and her accord

ance with the view above taken of their yet perhaps been satisfactorily

contents. given. In the mean time, all the

“We must receive God's promises practical points are secured ; and

as they be generally set forth to us'- in a furtber investigation may possibly that general, unrestrained, and unlimit.

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ed manner, in which it is matter of fact vealed must govern our conduct, not that they are presented to us 'in holy what the Most High may have kept sescripture. That is, in effect, as if she cret, as belonging to himself, not to us. should say, Whatever else be true, It were the height of impiety and folly, these promises, “Ask, and ye shall re- combined together, to pretend to exceive; seek, and ye shall find; knock, cuse the neglect of known commands, and it shall be opened unto you— Him by a reference to what are, by the supthat cometh unto me I will in no wise position, utterly unknown-secret de. cast out-Your heavenly Father will crees. No, when we hear the Almighty give the Holy Spirit to them that ask command all men every where to rehim ;'-these are verities, never for one pent and believe the Gospel-and bring moment to be called in question. These forth fruits meet for repentance-we invitations,‘Ho, every one that thirsteth, learn our duty; by following which we come ye to the waters—Whosoever shall come to heaven, and by neglecting will, let him take of the water of life it to hell.” pp. 64–66. freely-Come unto me, all ye that labour, and are heavy laden, and I will

There is a warmth and sincerity give you rest'-are sincere, and without in this passage which raise it to all reservation. These protestations; the language of genuine eloquence.

As I live, saith the Lord, I will not We need not be told that they flow the death of a sinner, but rather that he from the heart-a heart imbued should turn and live-I have no plea- with holy faith in Scripture and exusure in the death of him that dieth, berant love to its fellow-creature saith the Lord God'-involve no subterfuge. The regrets implied in those ened and comprehensive knowledge

-a heart governed by an enlightsentences, “ Ye will not come unto me, of the Bible, and raised above the that ye might have life, that there were such a heart in them!-0 that my shackles of an over-curious theo. people had hearkened unto me!'-con logy. vey to us just representations of the Di- From the third principal bead of vine Mind towards us. Whatever truths the discourse we have only room there may be, in addition to those which to make two extracts, which we are conveyed by these passages, and, think of great moment. The first blessed be God! by a thousand others

follows some good observations on of like import, there are none contrary

the stability of the Church of Eng. to them. These' general’ promises and declarations of the Divine will, we are

land as depending, under God's to receive with unwavering reliance, blessing, on her scriptural doc

as they are set forth’ to 18 : none trines, and is as follows: ever trusted in them, and acted upon “ I caunot, however, persuade myself them, and was ashamed. They are in- to quit so momentous, and, at the same dubitable certainties for us to believe; time, so truly gratifying a topic, as the they are practical truths for us to act present, without humbly, yet earnestly, upon, whatever others there may be of suggesting, of what vital importance it a more abstract nature; they come is, that all, who have the honour to bear within our reach-home to our busi. the sacred office of the ministry in our ness and our bosoms’-whatever secret church, should be most careful to teach things there may be that are too high and preach as she hath required them for us. These are the thivgs revealed, to do, and set them the example of dofor us and for our children, that we may ing. The great doctrines of the church hear them and do them. Let us never are the life's blood of her existence: in distrust the promises of God, thus 'GEproportion as their free circulation is NERALLY set forth to us in holy scrip- checked, her vigour must decline; and, ture.' The secret will of God, let us should it ever be totally stopped, nobe assured, is no contradiction of his re

thing less than her extinction must be vealed will no reserve upon it, tending expected to ensue.- We are ready, to frustrate and nullify its purport. at times, to tremble for the safety of • In our doings, let us ever remember the church, and various expedients are it, that will of God is to be followed, resorted to for securing it. Without which we have expressly declared unto neglecting or undervaluing any others, us in the word of God.' To obey is which it may be proper to adopt, we our part, not to speculate. What is re. may be bold to affirm, that the most effi.



cacious of all, and, at the same time, we differ? In what, that need excite one that is entirely above exception, any thing more than temperate browill be, that all her ministers should therly discussion ? We may hold somespeak as she hath spoken--for she' what more or somewhat less concerning speaketh as the oracles of God ;' that predestination and perseverance; somewe inculcate her truths, in her earnest, what more or somewhat less concerning devout, practical, comprehensive, and the imputation of guilt and of rightetraly, charitable manner, and — which ousness; somewliat more or somewhat God enable us all to do!- that we adorn less concerning the blessings conferred our doctrine by a becoming life and ip baptism; and yet may be so substanspirit, evermore calling down the bless. tially agreed, that our differences need ing of Heaven upon our labours, upon never disnpite us, or impair our cordial the church to which we belong, upon sympathy and affection." pp. 77–79. the church of Christ universal, and upon Such is an outline of one of the the whole world of mankind, by our

most appropriate and able disconstant, fervent prayers.” pp. 76, 77. courses which has for some time The second regards, as our

issued from the press.

We hail it Teaders will perceive, the claims of not only on account of its inthe Church as a centre of union to

trinsic merit, but also as a harbinwise and moderate men.

ger of the advancing fervour of

piely, of the increased soundness “ It cannot be denied that we live in of mind, and of the true Scriptutimes, in which, as religion excites much ral moderation which are of so attention and discussion, so great diver. much real moment at every period, sities of opinion exist; much error

and more especially during abounds; even good men, in contend

vival of religion. Let the temper ing for what they esteem' the faith once delivered to the saints,' are tempt

of Mr. Scott's sermon and Mr. ed to push particular sentiments to ex.

Simeon's Horæ Homileticæ genetremes; and some are eren carried rally prevail, and God will assurinto no small degree of extravagance. edly be with us. Such statements Now where may we look, under circum- will commend themselves to every stances like these, for repose to our conscience : those who impugu the own minds; for the correction of ex doctrines of grace, must and will isting errors ; for the prevention of be ashamed: the chief misreprethreatening evils; for the preservation sentations of evangelical truth will of 'harmony and godly love?' May we not hope to attain these most desirable either be silenced or disarmed: the objects

, in proportion as-content with instructions given to the people ! speaking as the oracles of God'-we will be holy and scriptural: the adhere to such wise and temperate younger clergy will increasingly statements as the writings of our church imbibe ile genuine spirit of the exhibit; dwell chiefly, as she does, both Reformation: the influences of the in our meditations and in our teaching, Holy Ghost will, as we trust, be on the great things, in which all who

vouchsafed in larger abundance; think alike of Christ, of sin, of holiness, and our Church, once the giory of of the world, and of heaven, are agreed and which are actually the subjects

the reformed bodies, will be more dwelt upon, and that must be dwelt than ever, both in her internal upon, in the instruction of mankind; piety and in her efforts abroad, "a endeavour to hold these fast, in faith praise in the earth.” and love which are in Christ Jesus ;'

Nor can

we conclude without considerivg how firm a ground, how both thanking and congratulating strong a bond of nnion, they form he

the Society before whom this sertween ourselves and many who differ

was preached, and under from us upon inferior points ? “ Can we indeed believe as the Arti.

whose auspices it is printed, for cles of our church pronounce? Would the just, candid, and scriptural we teach as her Homilies have set us

sentimenis, of which this and other the example? Do we pray, as her Li- discourses preached before them turgy leads us to do ?- In what then do are examples. We had occasion CHRIST, OBSERV. No. 224.

4 A


hand "

to speak in terms of high praise claims to assistance, than it would of the last apnual sermon, by the be possible for us to do on the preRev. D. Wilson, from which also we sent occasion; and to that Report gave copious extracts (see Christ. we beg leave to refer our readers. Obs. for 1819, pp. 854—858). We would not, indeed, identify the proceedings of the Society with Sermons et Prières. Par J. I.S. the character or the doctrines of

CELLERIER. its friends or agents; its object Discours familiers. Par le même being simply and exclusively the

Auteur. distribution of the formularies of the Church without note or com

(Concluded from p. 478.) mont - an object not subject to It is so rarely that we bave had vary with the opinions or predi- occasion to call the attention of lections of its members. 'It is, our readers to foreign divinity, and however, highly satisfactory to find the language in which these serthat those who have thus laid their mons are written is so generally

upon the ark of the mag- familiar, that we trust no apology nificent and awful cause" of the can be necessary for occupying a church of Christ established in part of the present Number with these realms, are influenced by so some additional notice of the vo. much of the spirit which animated lumes before us. Their intrinher reformers, --men as sober as sic excellence, and the peculiar they were pious; as conciliatory interest which has been excited reas they were decisive. We not specting the church of Geneva, only earnestly wish, but venture will, we are persuaded, amply justo predict, an increase of patron- tify us in thus extending our conage to this iustitution, in propor. sideration of them. tion as the value of such discourses The first sermon which occors as the two we have named (we in the third volume, though mention these as they happen to preached on an ordinary Sunday, be the last, and not out of dispa- might with great propriety have ragement to others) is felt by the been delivered on Christmas day. religious part of the public; and, Its subject is Redemption, from the what is of more importance still, we animated hymn of Zacharias, Luke doubt not the blessing of God, and i. 68, 69. The whole discourse the gratitude of the friends of the was evidently composed under a Church, will rest upon a Society lively impression of the importance whose exertions are so beneficial to and value of that unspeakable Religion, and so honourable to the blessing to a lost world. Living in Established Church. We would an age and in a country in which take this opportunity of recom- the spirit of a false and worldly mending it to the patronage and philosophy has thrown contempt support of every zealous friend of upon the great work of redempthe Church of England. Its pro- tion, M. Cellerier felt that he could spects of usefulness, not only at not prove its necessity in a more home, but abroad, are daily en-. powerful and unanswerable manlarging. But its funds are wholly ver, than by an appeal to the nainadequate to meet the increased tural condition and wants of mau. demands upon

ibem. The last kind. The true knowledge of Report of the Society, of which a ourselves is indeed indispensable brief abstract is given in our Num- to the formation of a right judg. ber for June, and which may be ment concerning any thing which obtained at The Society's office, relates to our welfare; and this in Salisbury-square, Fleet-street, alone is sufficient to point out the will more fully exhibit its powerful necessity of the Gospel.


What, asks M. Cellerier, in reali- humanity, and taught him to seek ty is man? A being who presents his bappiness in sensual and trana thousand contrarieties difficult sient pleasures. It is the Gospel to be reconciled. He carries witb- of Christ which alone throws light in him tbe valuable consciousness upon these perplexities of buman of good and evil ; but this internal nature; which points out the introcounsellor, whose first suggestions duction of sin into the world, re

so just and so pure, suffers cals us to our original destination, itself to be intimidated by exam. and furnishes us with the means of ple, and to be seduced by the so- restoration to God and of a new phisms of passion; and the intelli- creation “in righteousness and true gence which was given to enlighten holiness." It is our Divine Sahim, is more frequently employed viour, who, discovering to us an in colouring error than in discern- eternity of happiness, sympathizes jog truth. He seems equal to the with the extent of our desires, apd angels by the energies of his sou, by such a hope balances the imand on a level with the brutes by pression of perishable objects. It the force of his passions, without is he who teaches us here, that the sentiment of his greatness being love of God which is hereafter to 'extinguished by his degradation, constitute our felicity. It is in or preserving him from sinking him that we find a Master full of into it. The universe is too par- grace and goodness, and who row for the immensity of his de- speaks to us, not as servants, but as sires, yet he suffers himself to be friends. It is he, who, taking us captivated by the most frivolous such as we have become, incapable and contemptible objects. We in ourselves of doing the will of may observe him delighted in spe. God, and offering us the all-powculation with the charis of moral erful aid of the Holy Spirit, prebeauty, and in practice perpe.

serves us at once from presumptually drawn aside by the deceitful tion and despair. attractions of vice. The image of

6 Ainsi M. F. Jésus seul parle à virtue is with difficulty effaced from l'homme nn langage parfaitement con• his soul*, but he cannot remain forme à sa nature. Il le conduit par faithful to it for a single day. un lien qui repond au ciel et à la terre.

The contrasts in the moral consti- Il l’élève, sans l'énorgueillir-il le fait tution of wan, thus exhibited by M. descendre, sans l'avilir-et, par un Cellerier, reminded us of a similar charme qui n'appartient qu'à lui, et train of thought in the Pensées de qui se fait sentir au cæur qu'il dirige, Pascal; and he inference of both il tempère son élévation par le sentiment writers is the same, -that pbiloso- tion par le sentiment de sa grandeur.

de sa foiblesse; il ennoblit son humiliaphy is utterly unable to explain tion par le sentiment de sa grandeur. and reconcile these contradictions. monie dans l'âme de celui qui s'attache The Stoics, on the one hand, look à ce céleste Doctenr! La convenance iog only at what is great and ex- qu'il trouve entre les leçons de l'Evanalted in man, traced out an imprac. gile et ses propres sentimens, ses désirs, ticable scheme of virtue, which ses besoins, sa foiblesse; cette convetended only in reality to nourish nance qu'il sent toutes les fois qu'il se pride; while the Epicureans, on the replie sur lui-même, lui donne une in. other, seeing nothing in him but time, une ravissante persuasion de la

divinité de cette doctriue. Non, il ve what was gross and terrestrial, de

sauroit douter qu'une telle religion ne graded him below the level of vienne de Celui qui a fait notre cæur,

• We presume, that in expressions of et qui sait ce qu'il lui faut. Il sent que this kind, and in a preceding one, on ni les hommes, ni les anges ne pouvoient the jnstness and purity of the sugges. lui en donner une plus utile, plus néces. tions of natural conscience, M. Cellerier saire, plus propre à nous garantir de speaks only comparatively.

l'erreur et du pêché."

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