Global Change and the Earth System: A Planet Under Pressure
Will Steffen, Regina Angelina Sanderson, Peter D. Tyson, Jill Jäger, Pamela A. Matson, Berrien Moore III, Frank Oldfield, Katherine Richardson, Hans-Joachim Schellnhuber, Billie L. Turner, Robert J. Wasson
Springer Science & Business Media, Jan 27, 2006 - Science - 336 pages
The interactions between environmental change and human societies have a long, complex history spanning many millennia, but these have changed fundamentally in the last century. Human activities are now so pervasive and profound that they are altering the Earth in ways which threaten the very life support system upon which humans depend. This book describes what is known about the Earth System and the impact of changes caused by humans. It considers the consequences of these changes with respect to the stability of the Earth System and the well-being of humankind; as well as exploring future paths towards Earth System science in support of global sustainability.
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16 2.2.4 Temporal Variability in the Biota . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23 New Insights into the Role of Biology in Earth System Functioning .
115 3.3.5 Biological Diversity as Transformed by Human Activities . . . . . . . . . 118 3.3.6 Alteration of Carbon, Nitrogen, Phosphorus and Sulphur Fluxes .
... Diane Department of Biology, University of Utah, USA Petschel-Held, Gerhard Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research, ... Michael L. Cooperative Research Centre for Greenhouse Accounting, Research School of Biological Sciences, ...
In fact, the record from Vostok confirms that there has been a close coupling between the climate proxies and both trace gas and aerosol (dust and sulphate) concentrations, all of which are linked in part to biological processes.
... consequences for biodiversity, nutrient cycling, soil structure, soil biology and climate (Vitousek et al. ... first one caused by the activities of a biological species, in this case Homo sapiens (Lawton and May 1995; Pimm et al.
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