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MCXXV. An alderman is a peer of the city, and a member of their upper house; who, as soon as he arrives at so many thousand pounds, is bound by the charter to serve the public with so much understanding, what shift soever be make to raise it, and wear a chain about his neck like a rein-deer, or in default to commute, and make satisfaction in ready money, the best reason of the place; for which he has the name only, like a titular prince, and is an alderman-extraordinary. But if his wife can prevail with him to stand, he becomes one of the city supporters; and like the unicorn in the king's arms, wears a chain about his neck very right-worshipfully.

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When he sits as a judge in his court, he is absolute, and uses arbie trary power; for he is not bound to understand what he does, nor render an account why he gives judgment on one side rather than another; but his will is sufficient to stand for his reason, to all intents and purposes. He does no public business without eating and drinking; and when he comes to be lord-mayor he does not keep a great house, but a very great house-warming for a whole year; for though he invites all the companies in the city, he does not treat them, but they club to entertain him, and pay the reckoning beforehand. His fur gown makes him look a great deal bigger than he is, like the feathers of an owl; and when he pulls it off, he looks as if he were fallen away, or like a rabbit, had his skin pulled off.— Butler.

MCXXVI. He that first started the doctrine, that bravery was the best defence against a knave, was but an ill teacher, advising us to commit wickedness to secure ourselves. But for such as presume upon our modesty, to keep them off with their owh weapons, and not gratify their unreasonable impudence with an easy compliance, it is but just and good, and the duty of every honest man. Neither is it a hard matter to put off some mean and ordinary people, who will be apt to prove troublesome to you in

that nature. Some shift them off with a jest or smart repartee: as Theocritus being asked in the bagnio to lend his napkins, by two persons, whereof one was a stranger to him, and t'other à notorious felon; he made answer: You, sir, I know not well enough, and you I know too well.-Plutarch.

MCXXVII.

The prince that pardons
The first affront offer'd to majesty,
Invites a second, rendering that power,
Subjects should tremble at, contemptible.
Ingratitude is a monster, -

Massinger. MCXXVIII. Security diminishes the passions; the mind, when left to itself, immediately languishes; and, in order to preserve its ardour, must be every moment supported by a new flow of passion. For the same reason despair, though contrary to security, has a like influence.--Hume.

MCXXIX. So far is it from being true that men are naturally equal, that no two people can be half an hour together but one shall acquire an evident superiority over the other.- Johnson.

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INDEX.

441, 701

ABUSES, 107

Brauty, 136, 264, 387, 653, 885,
Activity, 489, 969, 1067, 1084

1001
Actors, 245, 280, 546, 934, 1072 Birth, 163, 775
Adam and Eve, 798, 840, 862 Bindness, (Milton's,) 240, 613,
Admiration, 426

832
Advancement, 383, 507

Books, 11, 89, 298, 763, 771, 911,
Adversity, 227, 367, 522, 508, 574, 1020, 1021, 1074
589

Botany, 925
Advice, 207, 350, 414, 524, 984, | Brain, the, 73

1076
Affectation, 374, 901
Age, 229, 262, 513, 539, 624, 628 Candour, 483, 852, 1050
Alderman, 1125

Care, 824, 929, 968, 1047
Alehouse, 920

Caution, 255, 289, 178, 809
Ambition, 81, 101, 151, 204, 436, Character, 271,672,698

Charity, , 33, 782, 945, 1032,
American war, 97, 161, 205, 219 1049
Amiability, 51

Cheatery, 108,
Amusements, 754, 797, 831 Cheerfulness, 109, 268
Ancestry, 451

Chess, game of, 228
Anger, 94, 168, 181, 382, 471, 596, Civilization, 933
745

Clergy, 411
Anticipation, 889

Colonies, 368
Applause, 720, 734

Company, 210, 224, 334, 541, 627

Comparison, 79
Attorney, 791

Comus, 757, 786
Avarice, 40, 196, 479,485,526, 527, Conceit, 519, 946
563, 569, 851

Confidence, 508
Authority, 1098

Conjecture, 55
Authors, 114, 359, 542, 779, 793, Conscience, 220, 258, 593, 867
821, 1009, 1013

Consolation, 771
Conspiracy, 427

Constable, 241
Backgammon, 649

Constancy, 538
Bankers, run upon in, 120, 621 Contemplation, 733
Baptism, 256

Content, 458, 536, 1016
Bashfulness, 618

Controversy, 482, 942, 1010, 1017,
Bathos, the, 972

1024, 1034, 1071

Ee2

Art, 12

Conversation, 378, 591, 595, 695, Ennui, 1089
772, 776, 837, 1006

Epicurism, 861
Corruption, 176, 221, 424, 452, Epilogue to “ As You Like It,"
882, 1061

592
Counsellor, unworthy, 250 Equality, 281
Counsel, 345, 947

Equanimity, 295
Country Life, 85, 211, 232, 450, Envy, 40, 253, 321, 551
553, 585

Epitaph on a Lady, 664
Courage, 41

by Milton, 687
Court and City, 1041

Eternity, 635
Credit, 924, 955, 960

Etymology, 905
Critics, 104, 354, 847, 1065, 858, Eve's Dream, 747
1092

Every Day Accomplishments,
Cruelty, 1117
Cunning, 202, 308, 655, 1026 Evil, 36, 148, 333
Curiosity, 179, 508, 672

Exainpie, 13, 176, 194,642, 1019
Custom, 160, 462,665, 1055 Experience, 438
Cyder, stanzas on, 684

Eye, 182, 884

652

880

Daughter, advice to, 800

Faction, 142, 690
Death, 195, 412, 572, 648, 839, Fairies, 587,706

Faith, 126
Debt, 316, 544

Fame, 6, 130, 133, 140, 462, 555,
Debtor and Creditor, 899

604, 661, 686,696, 697, 715, 728,
Deceit, 668, 742

794, 807, 816,830, 865, 919, 958
Definition, 913

Fan, stanzas on, 269
Delay, 930

Favaticism, 83, 283, 433, 937
Delusion, 42, 446

Fasbion, 203, 543, 546
Desire, 61

Fate, 277, 337, 722
Des pair, 193, 216, 225, 765

Fear, 388
Difficulty, 276

Fellow, the term, 878
Discontent, 878

Flattery, 209, 290, 309, 326, 351,
Discretion, 127,323, 494,500, 518, 360, 372, 875,891, 935
605

Fiecknoe, the wit, 651
Dissimulation, 666

Folly, 191, 366
Divines, 785,799, 1073

Fools, 548
Divorce, 712, 922, 957

Fortune, 116, 246, 565, 843, 1023,
Dress, 688

1097
Drinking, 39

French, character of, 883
Drunkenness, 32, 52, 90, 137, 549

- language, 504
Duelling, 155

women, 294
Dulness, 756, 939

Freethinkers, 637, 863
Duns, 371

Friendship, 28, 37, 82, 132, 173,

189, 238, 254, 270, 285, 305, 356,

397, 398, 423, 429, 667, 669, 855
Echo, 792

926, 954, 959, 982, 1022, 1096
Education, 173, 886, 965, 993, Frugality, 93

1057
Elections, 42
Elegy, Love, 902

Gaming, 102
Eloquence, 215,704

Gardening, 274, 322, 740
English Character, 27, 358, 691 Garrick, 545
Enjoyment, 361, 893

Generosity, 115, 448

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