Ritual, Belief and the Dead in Early Modern Britain and Ireland
Drawing on archaeological, historical, theological, scientific and folkloric sources, Sarah Tarlow's interdisciplinary study examines belief as it relates to the dead body in early modern Britain and Ireland. From the theological discussion of bodily resurrection to the folkloric use of body parts as remedies, and from the judicial punishment of the corpse to the ceremonial interment of the social elite, this book discusses how seemingly incompatible beliefs about the dead body existed in parallel through this tumultuous period. This study, which is the first to incorporate archaeological evidence of early modern death and burial from across Britain and Ireland, addresses new questions about the materiality of death: what the dead body means, and how its physical substance could be attributed with sentience and even agency. It provides a sophisticated original interpretive framework for the growing quantities of archaeological and historical evidence about mortuary beliefs and practices in early modernity.
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anatomical dissection anatomists anatomy archaeological evidence autopsy belief discourses bereaved body’s bones Britain and Ireland burial burial grounds buried Catholic cemetery chapter Cherryson church churchyard cillīıni cofﬁn commemoration contexts corpse craniotomies Cromwell’s cultural dead body death decay deceased died discussed early modern Britain early modern period efﬁgy eighteenth century elite embalming emotional example excavated executed criminals Figure ﬁlled ﬁnd ﬁrst ﬂesh ﬂoor ﬂowers folklore funeral funerary ghost grave hand of glory head Hemingford Grey human body identity individual Inﬁrmary interred lead cofﬁn living man’s material metaphor microcosm monuments murder nineteenth century normal North Yorkshire ofﬁcial one’s Oxford Castle palingenesy particular person popular post-medieval period post-mortem post-Reformation practice preservation Protestant Purgatory Quaker Reformation Reginald Scot relationship religious removed scientiﬁc seventeenth century signiﬁcant sixteenth skull social soul speciﬁc spirit suggests suicides surgeon Tarlow theological traditional treatment unbaptised vault Weever Witch bottle