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of Łodi.-Insurrections.-Seizure of Leghorn by Bona-

parte-His Arrival at Brescia-Action at Borghetta—

Blockade of Mantua —Battle of Castiglione.—Second

Blockade of Mantua.-Battles of Roveredo, of Bassano,

and of Arcole - - - - - - - - - - - -

CHAP. VII.-Campaign in Germany.—General Kleber's

Victory and Defeat.—Various Engagements.-Successes

of the Republicans.—Gallantry of the Archduke Charles.

—Moreau crosses the Rhine.—Freibourg carried.—Ac-

tions at Renchen, Rastadt, and Ettlingen.—Movements

of the hostile Armies.—Battle of Sultzbach.-Battle of

Teming.—Jourdan put to flight.—Again defeated.—

Death of Marceau—Battles at Biberach and Schliengen.

—Siege and Surrender of Fort Kehl . . . . . .

CHAP. VIII.-Naval Occurrences.—Situation of Genoa.-

Seizure of Elba.-Evacuation of Corsica.-Expedition

against Ireland, under Vice-admiral Bouvet—Its Fai-

lure.—Cruize of Commodore Warren.—Captain Nelson's

Achievements in the Mediterranean.—Captures.—At-

tempt to re-capture the Cape of Good Hope by a Dutch

Squadron.—Surrender of the Dutch Fleet.—Captures in

the East Indies.—Expedition to the West Indies.—

Consequent Captures.—Attack on the French Batteries.

—Surrender of St. Lucia.-Expedition to St. Vincent's.

—Surrender of the Enemy.—Attack on the Island of

Grenada.--Surrender of the French.-State of St. Do-

mingo . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

CHAP. IX.-Renewal of the Campaign in Italy.—The Aus-

trian Commander reinforced.—Corona stormed.—Bona-

parte's Measures.—St. Michael carried.—Obstinate En-

gagement at Rivoli.-The Austrians defeated.—General

Provera forced to surrender—Retreat of Alvinzy.—War

with the Pope.—Letters on the Occasion.—The Aus-

trians again take the Field, under the Archduke Charles.

—Battles of Cainin and Lavis—Capture of Gradisca-

Various Actions.—Peace of Leoben. . . . . . .

CHAP, X-Campaign in Germany.—Hoche and Moreau

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Assassination of Duphot.—Renewel of War in Italy.—

Critical Situation of the Pope.—Triumph of Berthier.—

Deposition of the Pontiff--The Directory sends an Army
to Switzerland.—War with the Swiss-Capture of Dor-
noch and of Berne.—Battle of Standtz.-The Pederal
States changed into a united Republic -

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—Battle of the Nile.—Happy Effects of the Victory.—

The Porte declares War against France.—Russia sends

a Fleet into the Mediterranean.—Declaration of the King
of Naples, who marches against the French.-Defeat of
the Neapolitans.—Abdication of the King of Sardinia

of Minorca.-Evacuation of Port-au-Prince, in St. Do-

mingo.—Naval Exertions, and Observations . . .



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- - - . 20.1
CHAP XIV.-Campaign of Italy.—Scherer invested with


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CHAP. I.--Domestic Situation of France.—The Directorial

Revolution.—Another Revolution.—The Consular Go-

vernment established, and Bonaparte created First Con-

sul—His Letter to the King of Great Britain.-A spi-

rited Reply.—Declaration of the French Government.--

Debates in Parliament.—Union of England and Ireland

CHAP. II.-State of the deserted Army in Egypt.—Charges

against the First Consul, of deliberate Murder, and of

poisoning his sick Soldiers.-Kleber's Indignation at

Bonaparte's Departure.—The Consul's Proclamation to

the Army of the East.—Capture and Treaty of El-Arisch.

—Renewal of Hostilities.—Murder of Kleber . .

CHAP. III.-Account of Abbé Sieyes and his Cotempo-

raries.—Effects of the Consular Government.-Distur-

bances in the Western Departments.-Bonaparte's Pro-

clamation on the Occasion.—Surrender of the Chiefs—

Character of Count Louis de Frotté.—His Execution. .

Chap. IV.-American History.—Conduct of the Govern-

ment of the United States during the French Revolu-

tions.—General Washington's remarkable Declaration

to his fellow-citizens, on his Resignation.—Chicanery

of France.—Death and Character of Washington.-

Arrival of the American Ambassadors in France . .

CHAP. W.-State of Europe.—Preparations for another

Campaign.—Changes in the Armies.—The English Fleet

blockades Genoa, while the Austrian Army, under Gene-

ral Melas, besiege it by Land.—Capture of Vado.—Gene-

ral Attack on Genoa.-Successes of the Austrians.—The

Town of Sasello carried.—The French gain some tem-

porary Advantages.—A Series of bloody Actions—Dis-
tress of the French.-A treaty concluded.—Genoa eva-
cuated by the ish . . . . . . . . . . .

CHAP. VI.-Bonaparte determines to march the Army of

Reserve to Italy.—Motions of the Army.—Joined at

igny by the First Consul.—Description of the

Mount St. Bernard and its Monastry.—Universal Bene-

volence of the Monks.-The Army pass St. Bernard.—

Difficulties encountered by the French.--Capture of the

Town of Aoste.—Description of the l'ortress of Bard.-

Its difficult Capture.—The Towns of Ivrea and Romagna

taken.—Bonaparte enters Milan.—Battles of Montebello

and Maringo.—Death of Dessaix.-An Armistice

Chap. VII.-Campaign in Germany.—The French, under

Moreau, cross the Rhine.—General Kray deceived.—

Actions at Stockach, Maeskirch, Biberach, and Memin-

gen.—The Austrians retire to Ulm.—Are followed by

the French.-Moreau changes his Plan of Operations.—

Crosses the Danube.—A Series of Actions.—General

Kray leaves Ulm, which is blockaded by a Division of

the French Army.—Contributions in Bavaria.-Munich

taken.—An Armistice.—Seizure of Tuscany.—Prolonga-

tion of the Armistice.—Benewal of the War.—Battle of

Hohenlinden.—Armistice concluded at Steyer . -

CHAP. VIII.-Negociation between Great Britain and

France.—Broken off.-Mr. Sheridan's consequent Mo-

tion in the House of Commons.—Excessive Scarcity in

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Complaints and Convention with Denmark.-Declara-

tion of Russia.--Disputes with the Northern Powers—

Chap. VII.-Naval History of this Period.—Lord Nelson's

CHAP. V.-Inferiority of the British Army to the French.

—Their total Ignorance of the Interior of Egypt.—Sud-

den Loss of Major M'Kerras, one of the Engineers.-

Order of Sailing from Marmorice Bay.—The English

effect a Landing.—Action of the 13th of March.--Sur-

render of Aboukir Castle.—Battle of Aboukir, and De-

feat of the INvincibles.—Capture of the INviNcible.

Standard.-Death and Character of Sir Ralph Aber-

cromby.—Arrival of a Body of Turks.-Capture of Ro-

setta and Rhamanich.-The British Army receivo his

Majesty's Thanks.-Defeat of the French by the Turks.

—Surrender of Cairo.—Failure of the Expedition under

Admiral Gantheaume.—Surrender of Alexandria . . 323

CHAP. VI.-Great Object of Bonaparte in the War.—Me-

maces of invading England.—By whom such Invasion was

first projected.—Policy of the Consul's Threats.--Inade-

quacy of his boasted Preparations.—Essects of the same

on the British Nation.—Preparations for repelling the in-

tended Invasion.—Wain-glorying of the Consular Govern-

ment.—Martial-Law proclaimed in Ireland . . . . 337

Bombardment of the Flotilla at Boulogne.—Description

of the Harbour.—Operations.—A second Attack.-Its

unfortunate Failure.—Exultation of France.—Surrender

of Swedish, Danish, and Dutch Settlements.-Capture of

Ternate.—Severe Actions in the Mediterranean.-Vari-

ous Captures.—Sally from Porto Ferrajo-Loss of the

Swiftsure.—Miscellaneous Services . 344

CHAP. VFII.-Affairs in the West Indies—foussaint an

over-match for the French Conmissioners.-His Letters

to the First Consul, and Proclamation to his Countrymen.

—Bonaparte's Project.—Leclerc's hostile Proceedings.

—Interesting Meeting between Toussaint and his two

Sons.—Hostilities.—Peace made with the Negro.—He

and his. Family suddenly taken away.—Their rigid Con-

finement.—Character and Anecdote of the African Chief 351

Chap. IX.-Negociations for Peace between Great Britain

and France.—Preliminaries signed.—Violent Debates in

both Heuses of the Imperial Parliament upon the same.

—Congress at Amiens.—Definitive Treaty signed.—Ob-

servations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 357

CHAP. I.-Events which led to a Renewal of the War with

France.—Meeting of the Imperial Parliament.—Debates

on his Majesty's Speech-Sentiments of the War Party.

—Delays attending the Surrender of Malta to France.—

Complaints against the Liberty of the English Press-

An offensive Paper in the Moniteur-Fatal Consequences

of the same.—Lord Whitworth's Conversation with Bo-

naparte.—The Consular Address and its Effects.-Inso-

lence of Bonaparte, &c. &c. . . . . . . . . . .

Chap. II.-His Majesty's Declaration of War.—Copies of

the Correspondence between Great Britain and France

laid before Parliament.—Important Debates on the Ne-

gociation and Correspondence.—Resolutions for the Cen-

sure of Ministers negatived.—Observations - -

GHAP. III.-Irish Affairs.--Tumults in the South sup-

pressed.—New Conspiracy.—Characters of the Leaders.

—Grand Attempt on the Capital.—Commencement of the

Attack.-Assassination of Mr. Clarke.-Of Colonel

Brown, and others.-Massacre of the Lord-chief-justice

and his Nephew.—Character of Lord Kilwarden.—Em-
mett's remarkableAddress to the Court—Executions, &c.

Chap. IV.-State of both Countries at the Commencement

of Hostilities.—Mode of Warfare adopted by each.-

Attack of the lesser French West-India Islands by Eng-

land.—Attack of Hanover by the Army of General Mor-

tier, which is reduced, and occupied by the Armies of the

French Republic.—Navigation of English Vessels in the

Elbe and Weser impeded.—Consequent Blockade of the

Mouths of those Rivers by an English Squadron.—Fur-

ther Violations by the French.-Ambition of Bonaparte.

—His Preparations for invading England.—The Chal-

lenge fairly accepted by Great Britain.—France forces

the weaker Powers to assist her.—Unjustifiable Deten-

tion of English Subjects.-St. Domingo, and other

Islands, taken from the French.-Remarks . . . . .

CHAP. V.-Views of Bonaparte in a Rupture with Eng-

land.—Flattering Representation of the State of France.

–Plot against the Government of Bonaparte detected.

—Moreau and others arrested.—Consequent Agitation

and Alarm.—Arrest of General Pichegru.-Bonaparte

jealous of Morean-Affected Lenity.—Moreau trans-

orted.—Unjust Seizure and Condemnation of the Duc

d'Enghien.—General Indignation excited by his High-

mess's Murder.—Spirited Conduct of Russia.-Resent-

inent of Bonapartc.—-Frivolous and unjust Accusations

against the English Government.—Summary of the Cor-

respondence on the Occasion.—Mysterious Death of

General Pichegru.-Execution of Georges, &c.—Ambi-

tion of Bonaparte.—Is proposed to be hereditary Empe-

ror of France.—Carnot's Opposition to the Measure.—

Fayard's Support of it—Decree to that Effect.—Bona-

parte announces his Dignity.—Declarations of the Courts

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parte's Coronation, &c. . . . . . . . . . . .

CHAP. VI.-Situation of the greater Part of Europe at

this Period.—Disputes in the Empire of Germany, rela-

tive to the Equestrian Order.—Austria assumes the

hereditary Dignity of Emperor.—Goree taken by the

French, and recovered by the English.-Loss of the

Appollo Frigate and her Convoy.-Mr. Addington's

Administration terminates.—Mr. Pitt returns to the

Office of Prime-minister.—Capture of Surinam by the

British Force.—Unsuccessful Attempts on the French

Flotilla.-Defeat of Admiral Linois.--Capture of the

Spanish Treasure-ships ... . . . . . . . . . .

CHAP. VII.-Spain declares War against England.—

Animosity of the French Emperor.—His Letter to the

King of Great Britain.—The Reply, and consequent

Anger, of Bonaparte-Preparations for the Invasion

of England.—Bonaparte's Journey to Milan, where he

is crowned King of Italy.—Genoa annexed to France.

—Return of Bonaparte to Paris.-Treaty between

Great Britain and Russia.-Accedence of Austria and

Sweden.—Remonstrances against the French foncroach-

ments.-The French Emperor abandons his Project of

invading England.—His Preparations for destroying the

Combination formed against him.—Conduct of Austria

towards Bavaria.-Bonaparte leaves Paris, and puts

himself at the Head of his Army . . . . . . . .

Corps to the

Scene of Action.—Passage of the Rhine by the French

Artillery.—Bonaparte's Proclamation and Address-

Strength of the Austrian Force.—The Austrian Army

deceived by the French, and their adopted Measures

consequently unavailing.—Success of the latter at Wer-

tingen and Augsburgh.-The Austrians defeated, and

driven from Aicha.-Action at Guntzburgh.-The Arch-

duke Ferdinand's Gallantry and ill Success.-His Re-

treat to Ulm.—Pursued by the French.-Memmingen

surrounded and taken by Marshal Soult.—Brave Con-

duct of Ferdinand.—His severe Loss.-Critical Situa-

tion of General Mack—His great Error.—The City of

Ulm completely invested by the French.-The Aus-

trian Army surrender to Bonaparte's Summons.—Mis-

conduct of General Mack.-Insolent Triumph of Bo-

naparte.—His judicious Decree.—The Austrian Pri-

soners sent to France, and the Fortifications of Ulm

and Memmingen demolished.—Bonaparte proceeds to

Munich.-Disposition of the French Army.—Passage

of the Inn.—Brannau taken.—Progress of the French.

—They cross the Ens.—Obstinate Action at Neustadt.

—A Deputation from Vienna sue for Mercy.—Vienna

taken without Opposition.—General Murat’s Artifice.

—Bonaparte enters Vienna.-Battles between the Rus-

sians and French.-Brunn taken, where Bonaparte re-

ceives a Deputation from Moravia " . . . . . . . . .

Chap. IX.-Position of the hostile Armies, General

Massena passes the Adige.—The Austrians make a gal-

lant but unavailing Resistance.—Battle of Caldiero-

Defeat of the Austrians.—The French capture Vicenza.

—Affairs of the Tyrol.—Inspruch taken by the French.

—The Archduke John effects a Junction with Prince

Charles.—Ineffectual Attempt to negociate for the Neu-

trality of Hungary.—State of the opposed Armies.--

The Emperor of Russia joins his Army.—Bonaparte's

Chicanery.—Battle of Austerlitz.-Disastrous to the

Allied Army.—Advance of the French-The Austrians

solicit an Armistice.—Humiliating Terms granted.-

The Emperor of Russia refuses to be a Party thereto.

—State of the Austrian Armies, &c. . . . . . . .

Chap. X.--Naval Affairs.-Charges against Viscount

Melville.—Votes of the House of Commons thereon.-

Sir Charles Middleton succeeds Lord Melville-De-

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