Rwanda Before the Genocide: Catholic Politics and Ethnic Discourse in the Late Colonial Era
Winner of the Bethwell A. Ogot Book Prize of the African Studies Association Between 1920 and 1994, the Catholic Church was Rwanda's most dominant social and religious institution. In recent years, the church has been critiqued for its perceived complicity in the ethnic discourse and political corruption that culminated with the 1994 genocide. In analyzing the contested legacy of Catholicism in Rwanda, Rwanda Before the Genocide focuses on a critical decade, from 1952 to 1962, when Hutu and Tutsi identities became politicized, essentialized, and associated with political violence. This study--the first English-language church history on Rwanda in over 30 years--examines the reactions of Catholic leaders such as the Swiss White Father André Perraudin and Aloys Bigirumwami, Rwanda's first indigenous bishop. It evaluates Catholic leaders' controversial responses to ethnic violence during the revolutionary changes of 1959-62 and after Rwanda's ethnic massacres in 1963-64, 1973, and the early 1990s. In seeking to provide deeper insight into the many-threaded roots of the Rwandan genocide, Rwanda Before the Genocide offers constructive lessons for Christian ecclesiology and social ethics in Africa and beyond.
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A Brief History of Hutu and Tutsi
2 Building a Catholic Kingdom in Central Africa 19001950
3 Success Breeds Restlessness 19501955
4 The Irruption of HutuTutsi Tensions 19561959
5 The Catholic Church and Political Revolution in Rwanda 19591962
6 The Catholic Church and Postcolonial Ethnic Violence
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Aloys Bigirumwami André Perraudin April Aprosoma August Bahutu Banyarwanda Batutsi Belgian colonial Belgium Bigirumwami bishops Burundi Burundian Butare Byumba Catholic Church Catholic leaders Catholic social teaching Catholique Chrétien Christian Church and Revolution clergy Congo critiques December Déprimoz Diocese Durrieu early ethnic European exiles February Gahamanyi genocide Gikongoro Gisaka Gitarama Gitera Gregoire Kayibanda Harroy Hoof to Volker Hutu Hutu and Tutsi Hutu-Tutsi question indigenous January Joseph Sibomana July Kabgayi Kalibwami Kigali Kigeli Kinyamateka L’Ami late Lavigerie letter Linden Logiest major seminary Manyurane March massacres Musinga Muzungu Mwami Mwami Mutara Nkundabagenzi November Nyakibanda Nyundo October Parmehutu party pastoral Pouvoir et droit racial refugee Reyntjens Ruanda-Urundi Ruhengeri Rwanda and Burundi Rwanda Politique Rwandaise Rwandan politics Rwandan society seminarians Sibomana social justice southern Rwanda Temps Nouveaux d’Afrique tensions tion Trait d’Union Tutsi Tutsi chiefs Tutsi elites Tutsi priest U.N. Visiting Uganda UNAR UNAR’s Vicar Apostolic violence White Fathers