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8. If Reason discovered them, that would not prove them
innate. 9-11. It is false, that Reason discovers them. 12. The coming to the Use of Reason, not the Time we
come to know these Maxims. 13. By this, they are not distinguished from other knowable
Truths. 14. If coming to the Use of Reaso were the Time of their
Discovery, it would not prove them innate. 15, 16. The Steps by which the Mind attains several Truths. 17. Affenting as soon as proposed and understood, proves
them not innate. 18. If such an Affent be a Mark of innate, then that One
and Two are equal to Three; that Sweetness is not
Bitterness; and a thousand the like, must be innaté. 19. Such less general Propofitions known before these uni
versal Maxims. 20. One and One equal to Two, &c. not general nor use-,
ful, answered. 21. These Maxims not being known sometimes till proposed,
proves them not innate. 22. Implicitly known before proposing, fignifies that the
Mind is capable of understanding them, or else fig
nifies nothing 23. The Argument of assenting on first hearing, is upon a
false fuppofition of no precedent teaching. 24. Not innate, because not universally assented to. 25. These Maxims not the first known. 26. And so not innate. 27. Not innate, because they appear least, where what is int
nate shows itself clearest. 28. Recapitulation.
No Innate Practical Principles. SECT. 1. No moral Principles fo clear and fo generally received,
as the forementioned fpeculative Maxims. 2. Faith and Justice not owned as Principles by all Men. 3. Obj. Though Men deny them in their Practice, yet
they admit them in their Thoughts, answered.
4. Moral Rules need a Proof, ergo not innate. 5. Instance in keeping Compacts. 6. Virtue generally approved, not because innate, but be
cause profitable. 7. Mens actions convince us, that the Rule of Virtue is
not their Internal Principle. 8. Conscience no Proof of any innate moral Rule. 9. Instances of Enormities practised without Remorse. 10. Men have contrary practical Principles. 11-13. Whole Nations reject several moral Rules. 14. Those who maintain innate practical Principles, tell us
not what they are. 15-19. Lord Herbert's innate Principles examined. 20. Obj. Innate Principles may be corrupted, answered. 21. Contrary Principles in the World. 22-26. How Men commonly come by their Principles 27. Principles must be examined.
Other Confiderations about innate Principles, both speculative
and practical. Sect. 1. Principles not innate, unless their Ideas be innate. 2, 3. Ideas, especially thofe belonging to Principles, not
born with children. 4, 5. Identity, an Idea not innate. 6. Whole and Part, not innate Ideas. 7. Idea of Worship, not innate. 8-11. Idea of God, not innate. 12. Suitable to God's goodness, that all men should have an
Idea of him, therefore naturally imprinted by him;
answered. 13-16. Ideas of God various in different men. 17. If the Idea of God be not innate, no other can be fup.
posed innate. 18. Idea of Subitance, not innate. 19. No Propositions can be innate, since no ideas are innate. 20. No Ideas are remembered till after they have been in
troduced. 21. Principles not innate, because of little Use or little Certainty.
22. Difference of Mens Discoveries depends upon the dif
ferent Application of their Faculties. 23. Men must think and know for themselves. 24. Whence the Opinion of innate Principles. 25. Conclusion.
BOOK II.-CHAP. I.
Of Ideas in general. Secr. 1. Idea is the Object of Thinking. 2. All Ideas come from Sensation or Reflection. 3. The Objects of Sensation, one Source of ideas. 4. The Operations of our Minds, the other Source of
them. 5. All our Ideas are of the one or the other of these. 6. Observable in Children. 7. Men are differently furnished with these, according to
the different Objects they converse with. 8. Ideas of reflection later, because they need attention. 9. The Soul begins to have Ideas, when it begins to per
ceive. 10. The Soul thinks not always ; for this wants Proofs. 11. It is not always conscious of it. 12. If a sleeping Man thinks without knowing it, the sleep
ing and waking Man are two Persons. 13. Impossible to convince those that Sleep without dream.
ing, that they think. 14. That Men dream without remembering it, in vaim
urged. 15. Upon this Hypothesis, the thoughts of a Neeping Man
ought to be moft rational. 16. On this Hypothesis the Soul must have Ideas not de
rived from Sensation or Reflection, of which there is
no Appearance. 17. If I think when I know it not, nobody else can know
For if it be not a felf-evident Propofition, it needs
19. That a man should be busy in thinking, and yet not
retain it the next moment, very improbable. 20-24. No Ideas but from Sensation or Reflection, evident,
if we observe children. 25. In the reception of simple Ideas, the Understanding is
most of all paflive.
Of Simple Ideasa SECT. 1. Uncompounded Appearances. 2, 3. The Mind can neither make nor destroy them.
Of Ideas of one Sense. Sect. 1. As Colours of Seeing, Sounds of Hearing2. Few simple Ideas have Names.
Of Solidity. Sect. 1. We receive this Idea from Touch. 2. Solidity fills Space. 3. Distinct from Space. 4. From Hardness. 5. On Solidity depends Impulse, Resistance, and Protrus
fion. 6. What it is.
of fimple Ideas by more than one Singer
Of simple Ideas of Refledion. Sect. 1. Are the Operations of the Mind about its other Ideas ? 2. The Idea of Perception, and Idea of Willing, we have
from the Reflection.
Of simple Ideas, both of Sensation and Reflection. Sect. 1-6. Pleasure and Pain. 7. Existence and Unitya 8. Power. 9. Succeffion. 30. Simple Ideas, the Materials of all our Knowledge.
Other confiderations concerning
simple Ideas. Secr. 3-6. Pofitive Ideas from privative Causes. 7, 8. Ideas in the Mind, Qualities in Bodies.. 9, 10. Primary and secondary Qualities. 11, 12. How primary Qualities produce their Ideas. 13, 14. How fecondary. 15-23. Ideas of primary Qualities, are resemblances; of
fecondary, not. 24, 25. Reason of our mistake in this. 26. Secondary Qualities twofold; first, immediately per
ceivable ; fecondly, mediately perceivable.
Of Perception. Sect. 1. It is the first fimple Idea of Reflection. 2-4. Perception is only when the Mind receives the Im
preflion. 5, 6. Children, though they have ideas in the Womb, have
none innate. 7. Which Ideas first, are not evident. 8-10. Ideas of Seitlation often changed by the judgment. 11-14. Perception puts the Difference between Animals and
inferior beings. 15. Perception the Inlet of Knowledge.