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niences afforded for using it as a bath. Even the feet long and nodding. The fruit which succeeds substitute of sponging the entire surface of the body the fertile flowers, is eight or nine inches long; it is with the sulphurous water of a convenient heat, can at first green but when ripe it has a pale yellow colnot well be done, on account of the limited room and our, and has a luscious taste. The tree is extremely want of privacy in the cabins; in which for the most useful, and as some of the plants are in bearing most pari persuris visiting the springs lodge. The neces of the year, it forms the entire sustenance of many sity of adding the bath to the internal use of this of the inhabitants of tropical climates. If intended mineral water is the more obvious from the fact, to be used as bread; it is roasted or boiled, when for that in all the diseases for the cure of which it has this purpose full grown plants are selected ; someacquired reputation, it is of the utmost importance to times the ripe fruit is made into tarts; or it is sliced restore and preserve the functions of the skin. and fried with butter, or preserved as a sweetmeat.

"There is, however, one great resource in this dif- It is estimated that thirty-six plantains will support ficulty; and it is one which is peculiar to this dis- a man a week. trict of country. At a distance easily passed over in a day's ride, the invalid finds thermal watersthe Hot springs, in the warm bath of which he can enjoy the luxury and benefit from bathing. The skin in this last place, and the internal organs, in the former, are each, in turn, placed in circumstances the most favourable to a restoration of their healthy

In chronick rheumatism and in cutaneous diseases, this alternate subjection to a period of warm bathing and a course of drinking sulpħurous water is imperatively required to insure permanency of cure.”




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Flax is an extensive genus of annual and perennial herbs, found in many different parts of the world. The most useful is the Linum usitatissimum of Linnæus ; an annual much cultivated in America and also in many parts of Europe. A most useful oil is expressed from the seeds, and the residue called linseed cake is used as one of the most fattening kinds of food for cattle. But the filaceous substance obtained from the stalk is the staple material of the linen manufacture. Lint is the common name and is an agricultural plant. It is sowed on clean and well prepared ground in the spring, flowers in te summer, and ripens its seed in the autumn. When

stripped of its capsules, the stalks are tied up in THE PLANTAIN.

bundles and steeped in water till the woody part be

comes fragile, so that it may be broken or bruised in The cut above represents one of those valuable a mill, to prepare it for the various processes of the trees which are found in most tropical climates ; be- flax dresser. ing a species of the banana, known by the botanical term of musa paradisiaca. The stem of this plant is soft and herbaceous : it is fifteen or twenty feet “ The power of empires, which does not avail itself high, while the leaves are extremely large being fre- of the best auxiliaries of knowledge which the ago quently six feet in length, and two in breadth. The supplies, will never abide the test of trial with naflowers are borne on a spike which is nearly four tions, which bring all such resources into the field.”

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We regret that we are unable to furnish a com- | sinister base quarters are lions passant, and the wholo plete history of the remarkable curiosity, a figure of is bordered with a wreath. Just within the wreath, which is presented above. The following descrip- you will see inscribed, "Charles the second, king of tion of it, is from the pen of an attentive correspon- England, Scotland, France, Ireland and Virginia. dent, to whom the proprietors of the Family Maga- The ornament was purchased of some Indians many zine are under many obligations, for his polite atten- years ago by Alexander Morson of Falmouth, the tion. He remarks, “There is now before me a silver grandfather of he present proprietor. frontlet, obviously I think part of a crown. The en-! You know that the Pamunkey tribe still occupies graving upon it is first the crest, a crown surmounted its old ground in King William County, exercising by a lion passant. The escutcheon as delineated, to a certain extent its own laws, an “imperium in field argent. Beneath this is a scroll containing the imperio."


FREDERICSBURG, VA. • Those non descript things in the dexter chief and



without the aid of imagination or the colourings of It was in the year 183– that a gentleman distin- fancy. Twelve months from the period at which guished for his talents and intellectual abilities, sud- our story commences, on a cold winter evening, denly resolved to abandon the habit of intemperance might be seen in a beautiful and snug little parlour to which he had long been addicted. He was a sitting on a sofa, the same gentleman dressed in a remarkable and extraordinary man-his talents were costume which indicated that he had not fallen of the most extensive character. In person he was entirely a martyr to that poverty which always results handsome, and possessed of every exteriour grace that from the habit to which he had been addicted. His could please or attract the eye. His manners were brow was thoughtful, and an acute observer might of the most pleasing and fascinating kind, and his perceive a shade of melancholy pass over his counconversation was of that varied and eloquent nature, tenance. In the same room, seated at a centre table, that his company was in every condition of society was his wife, attired in a neat and tasteful dress, desired. No man was more deeply versed in classi- reading one of those beautiful annuals of the season. cal learning; and in the various branches of scholas- Several beautiful children were playing in the room, tick philosophy he was deeply profound. In the and their cheerful looks and comfortable clothing higher branches of polite literature he had consider- indicated that poverty had no residence there. This able acquirements, and indeed in every branch of little parlour displayed indeed no tokens of wealth, intellectual knowledge he was thoroughly read. He but evidently showed signs of comfortable enjoyinents. had been compared to Bolingbroke, who it was well Two beautiful vases adorned the mantle piece, and known by the profoundness of his philosophy and underneath was seen the vivid light of an animating the elegance of his manners, could grace and give a coal fire, before which, on a rug, lay a favourite dog, charm to the drawing-room, as well as teach lessons who seemed to participate in the happiness which of wisdom in the Academy or Lyceum. At an early seemed to pervade the apartment. The wife looked age he had married a beautiful and charming woman, up, and casting a glance at her husband, observed a and from the union of two persons so well adapted to gloominess of countenance which at once excited each other, it might readily be supposed that the her attention. She closed the book which she had stream of happiness would continue uninterruptedly just been reading, and going to him, threw her arms to flow; but alas ! it was soon discovered that the around his neck, and tenderly inquired if any thing possession of the highest attainments, and the most disturbed him. It was some time before he made exalted genius afforded no security against the en- any reply, and then he said, “my dear, I must have croachments of a vice whose course is marked by half a pint of brandy.” The wise became immedimisery, and whose end is death. For years he was ately agitated, and in solicitous accents, besought a complete victim to this degrading and unhappy him not to send for that poison which had formerly vice, and from a considerable loftiness of reputation, been nearly his ruin. She, who b. Ya few moments had sunk into the character of a common drunkard. before, had been realizing of perfeit security, was Poverty had entered his domicil, and he was fre- now convulsed with sorrowful anticipations that a quently the subject of the most pressing want. His renewal of her husband's former pernicious habits wife's jewelry had long disappeared at the pawn- was to take place. Her bosom heaved with alarm, broker's, and his own extensive and valuable library and as the tears gushed from her eyes, she implored had met with the same fate. Article after article him whom she had loved and adhered to with a deof the furniture had disappeared, and nothing now voted fidelity, through good and evil report, in disgrace remained but that which was secured by the law. and poverty, that he would not again tempt by a sinHis wife, who in her person had presented all that gle indulgence, a recurrence to habits which must desen-bon-point of appearance which marks health, had troy their present felicity, and forever annihilate their wasted away to a mere shadow. Her disposition, future hopes. The children partuok of the sorrow of which had formerly been lively and vivacious, was their mother; they left their innocent amusements, and now sorrowful and metancholy, and the children with tears in their little eyes begged their papa not to exhibited that raggedness of dress, which distin- get any more of that stuff which made them poor, and guishes the offspring of those who are intemperate. their mamma cry.

But the husband appeared to be A more affecting scene can hardly be imagined insensible to the affectionate remonstrances of his than that which occurred on a cold and bleak day wife and the artless persuasions of his children. in December, when the mother was seen pressing His eldest daughter, who on former occasions had an infant to her breast, crowding to a few embers gone on this errand, was now compelled to perform which still remained on the hearth. Several small this; the brandy was obtained, and his wife looked children surrounded her, crying with the cold, and with a fearful and painful forboding upon the decanbegging their mother to give them some bread; but ter which contained the fatal poison. He looked alas! she had none to give them. Along side in one upon the brandy, and approaching the table with a corner, covered with a worn out rag lay the husband chair, he sat down and took the decanter in his hand in a beastly state of intoxication with a jug of the he held it up to the light; and observed how beautiful fatal poison at his head—a more distressing and its colour. He then apostrophised thus; "O how I heart-rending scene cannot possibly be conceived have loved thee, thou enticing and misery dispensing

it was one calculated to draw tears from the most spirit; thou hast been my bosom companion from obdurate hearts, and soften the most adamantine soul. morn till night and from night till morning. I have There lay the man whose lofty intellect and splendid loved thee with the love surpassing that of woman, talents were well suited to adorn a senate or rule a and I have grieved as a mother grieves over the dead nation, a victim to the intoxicating draught which has body of her child, when I found that the spirit of the destroyed thousands.

bottle had departed; but I have found thee deceptious What is just described is no fiction; it is truth and ungrateful; thou didst destroy my reputation,

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thou didst rob my pocket. You gave me disease turkey, and twice as tall as the heron, which, in instead of health, and made the heart of my wife some respects, they much resemble, except that they pulsa te with unhappiness. My children wept at the have a large blue and red pouch under the lower ruin you entailed, and my house you made desolate bill, in which, we were told, they keep such food as and sorrowful. Twelve months have I parted from they cannot eat at the moment. These birds share you, and I now renounce thee forever, thou agent of with the jackalls, who enter the fort through the destruction! thou demon of despair !-thou accursed drains, the post of scavenger ; but unlike them, inalluring poison!” With that, he hoisted the window, stead of shunning mankind day and night, they lounge threw the bottle into the street, and declared the vic- about with perfect fearlessness all day long, and altory was won. His wife rushed into his arms, joy most jostled us from our paths." The bishop's inbeaming in her countenance; she could only utter, formation, however, respecting this pouch, is not my husband! who tenderly embraced her, and sealed correct; it having been ascertained that this bag is her forehead with a kiss. The children ran to their not at all connected with the gullet, and has, therefather, climbing on his knees, and their cheerful fore, no reference to food, but is merely an air-vesprattling told how well they partook of the sympa-sel on a very large scale, employed as oocasion rethetick joy. Even Nettuno, on the hearth rug raised quires, either in sustaining the bird in its lofty soarhis head, and gave an encouraging look to his master, ing flights, or assisting it in searching for food in its and wagged his tail with evident delight. Am. Sentinel. original dwelling-places, among marshes and lakes.

Its natural food in these situations consisting of reptiles and amphibia, it must often find it necessary to

go beyond the depth of even its long legs, while NATURAL HISTORY.


from the structure of its limbs it cannot swim, and it is evident that its ponderous awkward beak would prove an additional incumbrance. To overcome ihese difficulties, the bag, when filled with air, may be of great service, by counteracting the weight of this enormous bill, and thus enabling it to procure food in deep water. And this view of the subject seems to be confirmed by the testimony of an experienced witness, by whom a Hurgila was seen, wading in a large piece of water, and proceeding to a distance from the shore, which was afterward found to be beyond its depth. The conclusion, therefore, was, that by filling this pouch with air, it was enabled to support itself.* That its further use may be to supply it with air in its soaring flights, there are also good grounds for supposing. When the dense vapours of the rainy months are dispersed, and the sun has again burst forth with undiminished fervour on the Indian plains, the Hurgilas are observed to avoid the sultry heat of the lower regions, by taking refuge in the higher, rising gradually till they appear mere specks in the firmament, or entirely lost to the sight. In the hot months, when not a cloud obscures the vault of the heavens, hundreds of these gigantick birds may be seen performing their graceful evolutions, and wheeling majestically at a vast height-enabled to remain in so thin an atmosphere, most probably, by the supply of air collected in this bag.

In its appetite the Hurgila is as great a glutton as our heron. Nothing comes amiss to its all-digesting stomach. A leg of mutton, and a litter of live kittens swallowed whole, proved equally acceptable,

with the additional sauce of earth, bones, and hair. THE GIGANTICK CRANE.

picked up between times.

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Of the tribe of waders, there is one which, from

LUMP-FISH. its extraordinary size, shape, and appearance, de

The lump-fish belongs to the sucker class of
serves to be particularly noticed. It is called the fishes : it grows to the length of nineteen inches,
gigantick crane, (Ardea argila,) a native of the East and has sometimes been known to weigh seven

, and was the first of birds to meet the eye of pounds. The shape of the body is like that of the
Bishop Heber, on his landing in India. “In the bream, deep and very thick, and it swims edgeways.
morning, as the day broke,” says he, " we were The back is sharp and elevated; the belly flat, of a
much struck by the singular spectacle before us.
Besides the usual apparatus of a place of arms, the bright crimson colour. Along the body there run
walks, roofs, and ramparts of the fort, swarmed with
picantick birds, the Hurgila, larger than the largest applicable in part to similar purposes.

* It appears to be analogous to the pouch of the emeu, and

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(Lump-Fish.] several rows of sharp bony tubercles, and the whole Pliny, and other early writers on natural history, th. skin is covered with small ones. 'The pectoral fins present name should be preserved, and with the are large and broad, almost uniting at their base. greater reason, as it was given with a classical alluBeneath these is the part by which it adheres to the sion to the celebrated expedition of Jason in the ship rocks, &c. It consists of an oval aperture, sur

Argo, to recover the golden fleece ; in which all rounded with a fleshy, muscular, and obtuse soft those who accompanied him were called Argonauts,

and to whom the art of navigation is poetically desubstance, edged with many small threaded

appendages, which concur as so many claspers. The scribed as having been pointed out, in the skilful tail and vent fins are purple. By means of this management exhibited by the instinctive little sailor, part it adheres with vast force to any thing it inhabiting the Argonauta, while steering its frail bark pleases. As a proof of its tenacity, it hath been through ocean's trackless paths. known, that in flinging a fish of this species just

"For thus to man the voice of nature spake, caught into a pail of water, it fixed itself so firmly

Go, from the creatures thy instruction take, to the bottom, that on taking the fish by the tail, the Learn of the little Nautilus to sail, whole pail by that means was lifted, though it held Spread the thin oar, and catch the driving gale."-Popr. some gallons, without once making the fish quit its hold. These fish resort in multitudes during spring In fine calm weather when the bosom of the sea to the coast of Sutherland near the Ord of Caith- is unruffled, the Argonauta is said to have been ob

The seals which swarm beneath, prey great served gently rising with the keel of the shell turn. ly upon them, leaving the skins ; numbers of which, ed upward, in order, it may be supposed, to present thus emptied, float ashore at that season. It is easy less opposition in its ascent through the water ; this to distinguish the place where the seals are devour- may be mechanically effected by the animal ejecting hg this or any other unctuous fish, by a smoothness a portion of the water contained in its shell, thereby of the water immediately above the spot. This fact rendering it specifically more buoyant; but what pe

; is now established ; it being a tried property of oil culiar organization enables it either to rise to ihe to still the agitation of the waves and render them surface, or sink into the depths of the ocean, cannot smooth. Great numbers of lump-fish are found in yet be satisfactorily explained. When it has reach. the Greenland seas during the months of April and ed the surface, it gradually assumes its sailing posiMay, when they resort near the shore to spawn. tion, extending three tentacular appendages, which Their roe is remarkably large, which the Green-passing over the thickened auriform notch on either landers boil to a pulp and eat. They are extremely side of the shell

, serve as so many oars, while in fat, which recommends them the more to the natives, the centre of these, two spoon-shaped membranes who admire all oily food. They call them nipisets are elevated, acting as sails, to catch the passing or cat-fish, and take quantities of them during the breeze ; and thus this pretty boat is propelled and

The fish is sometimes eaten, but it is both guided on its way through the azure main. On the flabby and insipid,

approach of any sudden danger, or of tempestuous weather, the little mariner lowers the sails and with

drawing the oars, retires into the hull of its vessel, ARGONAUTA.

again sinking to the bottom of the ocean, undismayThis interesting and elegant shell is generally ed by the perils of the deep, a circumstance elegantwell known to collectors by its trivial name of the ly alluded to by Byron, when describing the danPaper Nautilus ; some authors indeed have suggest-gerous vicissitudes of a sailor's life. ed the propriety of calling it the Argo nauta papyramea, as being more descriptive of its delicate paper- “ The tender Nautilus, who steers his prow,

The sea-born sailor of this shell canoe; like structure ; but as this shell was known and de

The ocean Mab, the fairy of the sea, scribed with considerable accuracy by Aristotle,

Seems far less fragile, and alas ! more free!


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