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MISCELL A N-Y.

ceptance for a hundred francs payable to the bearer.

This acceptance was presented to the cashier, who ARTIFICIAL CRYSTALS AND MINERALS. paid it immediately, and the banker was convinced

that he himself should have taken it. The publick At the meeting of the British association, Mr. treasury has suffered by this discovery. In fact Cross of Bloomfield, Somerset, stated, that he had the sale of stamped paper is not near so“ large as latterly been occupied in improvements in the volta- before, for any one may restore, by means of this ick power, by which he had succeeded in keeping wash leaving the stamp, &c., old which

papers, it in full force for twelve months by water alone, re- no lor.ger of any use. Several chymists are now jecting acids entirely: Mr. Cross proceeded to occupied in preparing an ink which shall be truly state, that he had obtained water from a fine crys- indelible ; others in making a paper which shalt be tallized cave at Holway, and by the action of the vol- proof against this terrible discovery. In the mean taick battery had succeeded in producing from that time government has changed its stamp. The new water, in the course of ten days, numerous rhomboi- one bears the cypher of the year, and must all be dal crystals, resembling those of the cave; in order renewed on the firs: of January. to ascertain if light had any influence in the process, he tried it again in a dark cellar, and produced similar crystals in six days, with one fourth of the voltaick

CAPITAL PUNISHMENTS. power. He had repeated the experiments a hundred times, and always with the same results. He Among the evidences occasionally seen that Euwas fully convinced that it was possible to make rope is advancing in civilization, is the interesting even diamonds, and that at no distant period every fact that publick executions are far less common now kind of mineral would be formed by the ingenuity of than they were some years since. In Bavaria and inan. By a variation of his experiments he had ob- Prussia the number of capital punishments have tained gray and blue carbonate of copper, phosphate been greatly diminished; and in France there has of soda, and twenty or thirty other specimens. been a similar diminution. So in England and

Wales ; and, as far as our information goes, the

-same is true of almost every division in Europe. The IMPORTANT CHYMICAL DISCOVERY.

following is an account of the average number of We are, in France, on the eve of a new kind of persons executed at different periods from 180.5 io

1837 : revolution, which will, without doubt, make the tour of the world. Chymists have just discovered a pro- From 1805 to 1811 Average of seven years 57 cess by which they can remove writing from any

1812 to 1818

ditto

90 paper without leaving the slightest mark which

1819 to 1825

ditto

82 might lead to the suspicion of fraud. No ink can

1826 to 1832

ditio

59 the power of this composition, and no kind of

1831 to 1833

46 paper can retain the character it bears. That the

1834 to 1837

ditto

28 governinent might be satisfied of the dangerous naTure of this discovery, a chymist went to the prefec- victions in France and England for a period oi two

The following is the state of commictals and conture of police, and requested a passport for a stranger, which was immediately granted. "The next day the years, for simple larcenies, viz :same chymist went to the house of the prefecture himself, and showed him a passport in blank, signed with Committals 15,020 Committals 11,597 his own hand. “It was only yesterday,” said he, Convictions 11,568 Convictions 8,591 “ihat this passport was given me at your office; and if this is the avay the police conducts, no wonder Imprisoned for 1 year Transported for life 64 that Don Carlos could traverse from one end of and upward 3,646 Ditto 14 years

225 France to the other, in order to reach Spain!” The Under 1 year 6,861 Ditto 7 years 1,451 prefect, astonished, sent for all the agents of his Fined

771|Imprisoned for 2 yrs. office. All denied that they ever delivered this un- Infants sent to a

and above 1 year

83 fortunate passport; but they finally agreed that it house of correction 290||[mprisoned for 1 yr. was certainly the signature of the prefect which it

and above 6 mths. 698 bore, the particular kind of paper which was used in

Imprisoned for six the office of police, and the royal stamp with which

mths. and under 6,023 it was impressed.

Whipped, fined, nic. 47 It had already become a subject of legal inquiry, of deposition from office, &c., when the chymist appeased the anger of the prefect and the fears of his

POTATOES IN PRUSSIA. agents, by explaining the means which he had used to remove the writing. One of the first bankers of The Prussians appear to excel even the Irish in the capital maintained that the act of washing alone, their fondness for potatoes, as well as in the vari

A recent by means of which a written paper should be re- ous modes of preparing them for use. turned to its virgin whiteness, would leave some traveller states that he has frequently seen them marks by which it could be detected. The same served in six different forms ; the bread made from chymist, who was in epistolary correspondence with them; the soup thickened with them; fried potatoes, this banker, took a letter which he had formerly re- potato salad, and potato dumplings; and last potato ceived from him, removed the writing by this com- cheese, which, besides being extremely palatable, position, except the signature, wrote above it an ac-I will keep some years.

resi

three years

IN FRANCE.

IN ENGLAND

LAP.

LITERARY NOTICES.

Attila. BY THE AUTHOR OF THE GIPSEY, ONE IN a Thou.

SAND, &c. New York, published by Harper and Brothers, 82 A History of New York, for Schools. By William Dun- Cliff street. It is truly refreshing in the present dearth of pub

In two volumes, 18 mò. Collins, Keese, & Co., 1837. lications to be treated with a work from the pen of the accomHardly a more acceptable service of the kind, could have plished James, than whom no one is more popular both in this been rendered the rising youth of this American republick, than country and abroad. We like Attila as well as any of Mr. the publication of these two manageable volumes, by this James'a books, and cordially recommend it to our readers. well-known and judicious author. Among the things most to be desired for the literary wants of the present generation, is a

The Eye, with reference to natural theology. BY WILLIAM series of books of a character and object such as the volume nuw

WALLACE, M. D. Oculist. New York, Wiley & Long. This before us. We have long been accustomed to the pabulum of unpretending little volume conveys a better description of the instruction from English and other foreign sources, even when

eye than is to be found in any other book, and although many the topicks upon which we looked for information, concerned books have been written upon this important organ, yet it was our own immediate historical and physical resources, and our reserved for Dr. W. to give the best account of the formation youth have too generally been permitted' to grow up satisfied of the retina. Dr. Wallace deserves to be encouraged. with the scanty and erroneous knowledge of crude, and prejudiced, and ignorant writers, whose lucubrations have for the most part, proved whelly inadequate to the end proposed, and whose Peter Parley's Book of the United States, Geographical, Po information wher, correct, is saturated with prejudices and specu- litical and Historical, with a comparative view of other counlations of a most detrimental tendency

trics. Boston, published by C. J. Hendee, 1837. Another of The work before us is wholly free from objections of this the capital series of books so well adapted for the instruction of sort: the excelient author evinces throughout a close and se- youth. Truly, Peter Parley is always conjuring up some new vere examination of historical data, and occurences, and while mode of conveying information and amusement to the minds of he betrays a proper and wholesome predilection for his native the young. The present, one of his most successful efforts, is country and its government, is remarkably free from prejudices, rendered more attractive by numerous cuts. and assumes the character of a faithful and impartial writer. His materials are drawn from the most authentick records, and in many instances we are furnished with novel and interesting

Live and let live. BY THE AUTHOR OF THE POOR RICH MAN, particulars now for the first time made publick. The author for is the last book issued from the press of the Harpers. This is many of his details is indebted we believe to the archives of the truly a very valuable, and a most important book to be read by a New York Historical Society, and in stating this circumstance young housekeeper, or in fact by any one who is called upon to we feel that we do no more than justice to that valuable institu- exercise authority over others. The moral which it conveys is tion whose labours for years, have been steadily directed to the excellent. accumulation of matters which must prove of singular utility to every one who contemplates becoming the historian of the

The Harcourts, or Stories from Real Life, published by S. American people. We are informed that Mr. Dunlap's work is

Colman, 114 Fulton street N. Y, and Weeks, Jordan & Co. rapidly making its way into the publick schools, and seminaries

Boston, is another of those useful and interesting publications of general instruction. we rejoice at so wholesome'a measure ;

belonging to the series of the “ Three Experiments.” Twentywhich cannot fail to prove of lasting utility to the generation five cents can hardly be better employed, than in purchasing such now coming onward.

a book as this.

.

The Madisonian.-Ere this number reaches them, most of our readers will have heard of the “Madisonian' a new political

Travels in Egypt, Palestine and the Holy Land, by a young paper recently issued at Washington, D. C. by a gentleman American, 2 vols. New York, Harper & Brothers, 1837. whose name and writings are familiar to most of our subscri- These are two the most interesting volumes the present bookbers. The editor and proprietor Thomas Allen, Esq., was for- prolifick age has brought forth. We have read them again and merly editor of the Family Magazine, he now enters the arena again, and marked more extracts for the Family Magazine than of politichs.

would make up a whole number. We can at this time merely If a thorough classical education, followed by several years of notice the publication ; but shall endeavour to give some exclose application to the study and practice of law, united to tal tracts in a future No. The Christian reader will be delighted ents of no common order, gentlemanly address and deportment- with the descriptions given by Mr. Stephens of many of the be qualifications which a political editor ought to possess. Mr. places mentioned in scripture. The visit to the tomb of Aaron, Alen will kold an elevated situation in the fraternity to which on Mount Hor ; and the journey through the land of Edom; he is attached.

to the Dead Sea, etc. etc., are exceedingly interesting

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THE WESTERN MOTHERS.

room of which was tenanted by the old lady herself,

together with two grown sons, and a widowed daughNor was it man alone who boldly adventured | ter, at that time suckling an infant, while the other into the untrodden forests of the west, to found new was occupied by two unmarried daughters from sixstates and cities. Woman, gentle and confiding teen to twenty years of age, together with a little woman, was present, to share the dangers and perils girl not more than half grown. The hour was of the lords of creation. The legends of the west, eleven o'clock at night. 'One of the unmarried the tales of chivalry and adventure, which are in- daughters was still busily engaged at the loom, but timately connected with the formation and progress the other members of the family, with the exception of those members of the confederacy which at some of one of the sons, had retired to rest. future period are destined to exercise an immense toms of an alarming nature had engaged the atteninfluence on the fortunes of our country, often pre- tion of the young man for an hour before any thing sent woman as taking an active part in the perils or of a decided character took place. The cry of Indian warfare; and it is by no means unusual, for owls were heard in the adjoining wood, answering the traveller in wandering over the western frontier, each other in rather an unusual manner. The horto hear a thrilling narrative of a devoted wife, stand- ses, which were inclosed as usual in a pound near

a ing up at her husband's side, and perilling her life the house, were more than commonly excited, and with a generous devotion which none but woman by repeated snorting and galloping, announced the can know, and rendering to the beloved of her bo- presence of some object of terrour. The young som, assistance which was often of vital importance man was often upon the point of awakening his to him.

brother, but was as often restrained by the fear of M'Clung in his interesting Sketches of Western incurring ridicule and the reproach of timidity, at Adventure has recorded among many others of a that time an unpardonable blemish in the character kindred character, the following sketch, an illustra- of a Kentuckian. At length, hasty steps were tion of which, we have selected as the frontispiece heard in the yard, and quickly afterward, several for the present number of the Family Magazine. loud knocks at the door, accompanied by the usual

During the summer, the house of Mr. John Mer- exclamation, “ who keeps house ?” in very good Enril, of Nelson county, Ky., was attacked by the In- glish. The young man, supposing from the landians, and defended with singular address and good guage, that some benighted settlers were at the door, fortune. Merril was alarmed by the barking of a hastily arose, and was advancing to withdraw the dog about midnight, and upon opening the door in bar which secured it, when his mother, who had order to ascertain the cause of the disturbance, he long lived upon the frontiers, and had probably dereceived the fire of six or seven Indians, by which tected the Indian tone in the demand for admission, his arm and thigh were both broken. He instantly instantly sprung out of bed, and ordered her son not sunk upon the floor and called upon his wife to close to admit them, declaring that they were Indians. the door. This had scarcely been done, when it She instantly awakened her other son, and the two was violently assailed by the tomahawks of the young men seizing their guns, which were always enemy, and a large breach soon effected. Mrs. charged, prepared to repel the enemy. The InMerril, however, being a perfect Amazon both in dians finding it impossible to enter under their asstrength and courage, guarded it with an axe, and sumed characters, began to thunder at the door with successively killed or badly wounded four of the great violence, but a single shot from a loophole, enemy as they attempted to force their way into the compelled them to shift the attack to some less excabin. The Indians then ascended the roof and at- posed point; and, unfortunately, they discovered the tempted to enter by way of the chimney, but here, door of the other cabin, which contained the three again, they were met by the same determined en-daughters. The rifles of the brothers could not be emy. Mrs. Merril seized the only feather bed, brought to bear upon this point, and by means of which the cabin afforded, and hastily ripping it several rails taken from the yard fence, the door was open, poured its contents upon the fire. A furious forced from its hinges and the three girls were at blaze and stifling, smoke instantly ascended the the mercy of the savages. One was instantly sechimney, and quickly brought down two of the en- cured, but the eldest defended herself desperately emy, who lay for a few moments at the mercy of with a knife which she had been using at the loom, the lady. Seizing the axe, she quickly despatched and stabbed one of the Indians to the heart, besore them, and was instantly afterward summoned to the she was tomahawked. In the mean time the little door, where the only remaining savage now appeared, girl, who had been overlooked by the enemy in their endeavouring to effect an entrance while she was eagerness to secure the others, ran out into the yard, engaged at the chimney. He soon received a gash and might have effected her escape, had she taken in the cheek, which compelled him with a loud yell advantage of the darkness and filed, but instead of to relinquish his purpose. He returned to Chil- that the terrified tle creature ran around the house icothe, whero, from the report of a prisoner, he gave wringing her hands, and crying out that her sisters an exaggerated account of the fierceness, strength were killed. The brothers, unable to hear her cries, and courage of the long-knife squaw!"

without risking every thing for her rescue, rushed The following is another thrilling story from to the door and were preparing to sally out to her M'Clung's book.

assistance, when their mother threw herself before “On the night of the eleventh of April, 1787, the them and calmly declared that the child must be house of a widow, in Bourbon county, became the abandoned to its fate that the sally would sacrifice scene of an adventure, which we think deserves to the lives of all the rest without the slightest benefit. be related. She occupied what is generally called to the little girl. Just then the child uttered a loud

double cabin, in a lonely part of the county, one scream, followed by a few faint moans and all was

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