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colonnade, which forms the " bar of the house

termed,) within which the members' seats are This edifice is situated in an open square in the all facing inward, fronting the focal point, and city of Indianapolis, the capital of Indiana. It is of er's chair. This general arrangement, (accord the robust, or ancient Dorick order, octastyle, of the the laws of Phonics,) is favourable to the ext amphi-prostyle, pseudo-peripteral species, and ad- and inflection of sound, which, here made son mitting, from its insulated position, of a peribolus, or is yet found free from reverberation, distind platform around it, may be considered the nearest clear. It also affords variety, with an archite approach to the classical spirit of the antiquo yet character to the apartment, while the columns instanced in the Western hemisphere, while the nov- tribute an additional support to the roof. el introduction of antae upon its flank, boldly pro- As an exhibition of classical architectur jecting from the wall, serve to conceal, in a fore-have in the capitol of Indiana, each of the thr shortened view, the many windows, which would, ders appropriated by Greece : the Dorick, le without such projections, give the building the char- and Corinthian:--the robust, chaste, and magnit acter of a factory, as also an appearance, and the In the body of the edifice, we have a resemb reality of instability, in the highest degree in harmo- to the Parthenon of Athens ; in the interiou nious with the surrounding parts, when introduced rich Ionick of the Erectheion ; in the dome, th in a wall crowned by so ponderous an entablature. cular temple of Vesta, at Tivoli; and the lantho

As a matter of taste, the propriety of adding a a model of the Corinthian monument of Lysici dome or cupola to an edifice of so simple a character Nothing tends more to refine the taste, ar as the Grecian temple, is with some reason doubted. divest it of all taint of vulgarity than early fam This addition might be allowed to interfere with the izing both the eye and the mind with those ex 'sober dignity which should reign in a sacred edifice, ite forms of beauty transmitted to us in the ren yet, in the church of the French Protestants, N. Y., of ancient art; and nothing is better calculate no one can wish the dome omitted ; and, in the cap- elevate our ideas, than frequent contemplatio itol of Indiana, this appendage gives the impress of structures, distinguished either by the sublimi a character suiting its destination, and receding from their dimensions,

or the harmony of their proport the front, the pediment retains its full value, while The buildings of the ancients are in architec to the distant observer, the dome and lanthorn, rising what the works of nature are with respect to proudly above surrounding objects enhances the other arts; they serve as models which we sh richness of the scene, while the more simple form imitate, and as standards by which we ough is perhaps shrouded by intervening objects. judge : and sufficient field is open to the man

The building is eighty feet wide, and one hundred genius for original design, and the display of scie and eighty feet long, and contains rooms on three and taste in the judicious arrangement and applica floors: a basement below the level of the portico of ancient members, and in the composition of i and peribolus, and two stories above. The great riours ; and, according to Reynolds, “ true geniu halls of legislation, chambers of the Senate and seen as much in singling out and adapting appro Representatives, are on the upper floor, which ren- examples in the practice of the arts, as in the ders them lofty in the ceilings, and the committee play of original thoughts, or unprecedented in rooms, which are on the first floor, more accessible tion:" and we may safely say more so,

unless s by the free passage from end to end of the building, new associations of ideas should prove upon mat which passage could not be admitted were the great investigation, to be equal or superiour to what rooms below. The Senate chamber is thirty-six been accomplished, as it is much better to be feet by seventy feet, and the hall of Representatives, imitator of good things, than an inventor of bad. forty-eight by seventy, or near these dimensions, The capitol of Indiana was commenced in 18 and the Rotunda, thirty-six feet, with dome and sky- and finished in 1835, from the designs of Iti light. The halls are rectangular oblongs on the Town, and Alexander J. Davis, Architects. It plan, but have a semi-hemispherical concavity, or seventy thousand dollars. half dome in the ceiling, resting on a semicircular



also flagged. The houses generally exhibit in This place derives its name from the town in structure and finish, architectural neatness and which it is situated. The towns, generally, on what taste; some of them are quite elegant. was called “the military tract” in this part of our In the centre of the village is the green, containing state, when originally surveyed, received the names six acres of land, and enclosed with a neat and duof distinguished ancients; the subdivisions have rable fence. Here the publick buildings are situamostly been named in honour of Americans. ted, standing in a direct line, and make a very at

This village began to be settled in 1796 by people tractive and commanding appearance. First in from New England. There were a few families order on the north, is the Episcopal church; (see who had previously settled in other parts of the cut) second, Cortland academy; third, the Congretown. The first house (a log-house,) was built in gational church ; fourth, the old academy, now the that year by James Moore; others were shortly Methodist church. A view of this, in the cut, is after erected. The first frame house was put up in obstructed by Mechanicks' Hall, its steeple appear1799 by Major E. Stimson on the ground now occu- ing to stand on the ridge at the east end of the hall; pied by the third house (two stories high, four chim- and fifth, the Baptist church. From the high ground neys,) from the lest one, see cut. The inhabitants in the vicinity, the village exhibits to its beholder had then to go thirty or forty miles to get their mil- an air of neatness and unostentatious elegance, not ling done. A grist-mill was ere long built, and was surpassed by any village in western New York. considered a very important acquisition to the settle

'The inhabitants are generally New Englanders ment. It served the people for a mill and also for a and their immediate descendants, and ovince some place to hold religious meetings, until they could of the peculiar characteristicks of the people in erect a house large enough for that purpose. The their “ father land." The population of the village first sermon preached in this town was delivered by is eleven hundred, and has increased during the last the Rev. Dr. Hillyer of Jersey, about the year ten years at a ratin that will double every ten years. , 1794, at the raising of a log barn on the hill east of The village was incorported in 1835, and includes the village. The reverend gentleman was on an the whole of lot No. 45, in the old township of exploring tour for the purpose of viewing a lot of Homer. land of which he was the owner, and which is still The Homer cotton factory does an extensive called by his name; falling in company with the business, and manufactures large quantities of cloth men who were erecting the barn, while there he for calico-printers. The capital invested is $40,000 preached to them, standing by the side of a tree, his and is owned almost exclusively by persons residing auditors being seated about him in the form of a in the village and vicinity...) kind of semicircle. The tree v was marked for the

in Other manufactures are prosecuted to considerable purpose of perpetuating a knowledge of the location extent. Flour, linseed oil, leather, shoes, woollen of the event. Subsequently the tree was cut down cloth, axes, scythes, edge tools, stone-ware, ploughs, by an owner who considered it of more value to castings of various kinds, tin-ware, carriages, furhim, to use it for timber or fuel, than to let it stand niture, combs, bread, crackers, &c. &c. There is 23 a memento of past events.

no distillery in the town ; previous to the commence. From the first settlement of this place, it has con- ment of the temperance reforın there were five or tinued to increase gradually in population and busi- six. There is one brewery. A great amount of

New accessions have been made yearly by business is done by the merchants. There are now emigrants from Massachusets and Connecticut, and in the village three clergymen, five lawyers, and soine from the eastern part of this state. It was with four physicians. There are three public and two much difficulty that they made their way through private schools, where the common branches of edthe wilderness to this then new settlement. The ucation are taught. early seillers were industrious, frugal, and moral; Cortland academy has been for some time one were proverbial for their friendly intercourse, and the state. It has coming institutions of the kind in acts of kindness and hospitality to each other and two ladies) and as many departments. The course to," new comers." Several of ihe first inhabitants of study pursued in this institution is designed to have remarked to me, that, notwithstanding the de- present a thorough preparation for admission to colprivations they had to endure, those were happy lege, and for active business in the various spheres days. Under God, we are indebted in no small de- in which the youth of our country are called to act. gree to those Pilgrims for the distinguished, reli- It is furnished with a valuable philosophical and gious, moral, and intellectual privileges, which, as a chymical apparatus, an extensive and valuable cabipeople, we now enjoy, and for the good order that net of minerals and geological specimens, and a prevails throughout our community.

library. Lectures are delivered on chymistry, natHomer village is pleasantly situated in the very, ural philosophy, and geolo . The healthful situarich and fertile valley of the Tioughnioya. The tion of the institution, the very few inducements to west branch of this stream passes through the vil- vice, the moral character of the community, and lage, and adds much to its beauty and business. the assiduous attention of the teachers to the duties The village extends from north to south about a devolving on them, exert a very favourable and manmile; its principal (Main) street passes through the ifest infinence over the habits of the students. length of it, running a south-westerly direction, and 'This institution was founded February 2, 1819, is to a considerable extent lined on either side with The whole number of students who attended during shade-trees, and through the whole distance with the year ending December 1836, was 366—males lagged side-walks. This street is intersected by 211, females 155. S. B. Woolworth A. M. prinwhers at right angles, the side-walks of which are cipal.

S. S. B.


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