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Take one gallon of common fat or slush, and one

ILLUSTRATIONS OF SCRIPTURE. quart of spirits of turpentine, let them be put togeth- In the twenty-fifth chapter of Exodus, we have er in a tight barrel, (having one head out,) and be the description of the ark of the Covenant, as ordering well stirred, add half a bushel of unslacked lime. ed to be made by the Israelites. In this condition, the lime should be carefully slack- “And they shall make an ark of shittim-wood: ed, and intimately mixed with the other ingredients, two cubits and a half shall be the length thereof, and water gradually added until the barrel is full. and a cubit and a half the breadth thereof, and a cu

As soon as the corn makes its appearanco above bit and a half the height thereof. And thou shalt the ground let a portion of the mixtures be applied overlay it with pure gold, within and without shalt by means of a common watering pot, to the amount thou overlay it, and shalt make upon it a crown of of about a teacup full to each hill of corn, and there gold round about. And thou shalt cast four rings of is scarcely a doubt but that the worms will vacate gold for it, and put them in the four corners thereof. the identical spot from the abhorence that all kinds and two rings shall be in the one side of it, and two of worms and insects have to even the very smell of rings in the other side of it. And thou shalt make turpentine.

staves of shittim-wood, and overlay them with gold.

And thou shalt put the staves into the rings by the · Norway.—Mr. Everest says of Norway :-"I sides of the ark, that the ark may be borne with them. have often felt that I could live and die contented The staves shall be in the rings of the ark : they among its rocks, and woods, and dales, in the midst shall not be taken from it. And thou shalt put into of its quiet and virtuous people. No one ever left the ark the testimony which I shall give thee. And Norway without regret. It is a country, in many thou shalt make a mercy seat of pure gold : two cuparts of which a child might walk about with a bag bits and a half shall be the length thereof, and a cuof gold, and no one would molest him ; where the bit and a half the breadth thereof. And thou shalt stranger, by day or by night, may knock at any door make two cherubims of gold, of beaten work shalt he comes to, and be welcome.” But he describes thou make them, in the two ends of the mercy-seat. them as

destitute of every comfort. With one And make one cherub on the one end, and the other large bed, like a deal box, into which they all creep cherub on the other end : even of the mercy-seat some straw is spread at the bottom, and sheep-skins shall ye make the cherubims on the two ends there.' serve for covering. Their wainscots are composed of. And the cherubims shall stretch forth their of trees, with moss stuffed in the chinks; and in wings on high, covering the mercy-seat with their some houses, the whole slock of utensils were, one wings, and their faces shall look one to another ; to large pot, an axe, one knife, and half a dozen wood- ward the mercy seat shall the faces of the cherubi en bowls and spoons. Still they were very happy. be. And thou shalt put the mercy seat above upon We usually found two or three religious books in the ark; and in the ark thou shalt put the testimony

that I shall give thee.

every house."

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USEFUL KNOWLEDGE. cleanse the metal by washing it with diluted xaridt..

ick acid, that the copper may adhere the more readTo Make Loaf Rice Bread.—Boil a pint of rice ily. If the steel thus ornamented be held over a soft, and add a pint of leven, then three quarters of charcoal fire, the copper figures become blue first the flour, put it to rise in a tin or earthen vessel, and, when the steel becomes blue, the copper takes until it has risen sufficiently, divide it into three a gold colour ; but is restored again to its original parts, then bake it as other bread, and you will have colour by diluted muriatick acid. three large loaves

To Give Iron the Whiteness of Silver.—To nitrick Rice Cake.—Mix ten ounces of ground rice, three acid, diluted with an equal quantity of water, add as ounces of flour, eight ounces of powdered sugar;

much mercury as the acid will dissolve ; then add then sift those articles into eight yolks and six to the solution three or four times as much water, whites of eggs, and the grated peel of a lemon. Mix and having given the iron a coat of copper, as directthe whole well together in a tin stew-pan over a

ed in the last experiment, brush it over in the same very slow fire with a whisk, then put it immediately manner with the diluted nitrate of mercury ; its apinto the oven in the same pan, and bake forty min-pearance will be equal, if not superiour, to that of

real silver. In this manner any common or rough

iron work may be apparently silvered at a most inPlain Rice Pudding.-Wash and pick some rice; significant expense. . throw among it some allspice finely powdered, but not much ; tie the rice in a cloth, and leave plenty

To Wash Iron with Tin.-Small pieces of iron room for it to swell. Boil it in a quantity of water may be tinned, after being filed bright, by washing for an hour or two; when done, eat it with butter them with a saturated solution of muriate of ammoand sugar, or milk. Put in a lemon peel if

nia in water, and dipping them, while moist, in a

you choose.

vessel of melted tin. If the iron is of such form as cannot be conveniently filed, it may be immersed in

nitrick acid, diluted with as much water as acid ; To Preserve the Brightness of Polished Steel.

when the acid begins to act sensibly on every part, Grind an ounce of native plumbago, (such as is used it may be washed with water, and then with the for making lead pencils,) very fine, in a gill of spirits muriate of ammonia, and if a little fine rosin be of turpentine ; then add an ounce of clean beeswax; sprinkled on it previous to dipping it in the tin, it apply a gentle heat, till the wax is melted, and con

Brush over

may tinue stirring it till it is nearly cold.

be an advantage. The iron must remain in the the steel with this composition, and when the spirits, it will be coated too thick. Muriatick acid may

tin till it becomes nearly as hot as the tin, otherwise have evaporated, rub the work hard with a piece of glove leather, and wipe off nearly all the wax, that and if the iron is not filed, it will answer a better

sometimes be used, instead of muriate of ammonia, • the metal may retain its brightness. This may be applied to iron or steel in machinery, or other work, tinned as follows:-Cleanse the iron by scouring or

purpose. The inside of cast iron vessels may be and will be found to answer a much better purpose than oil, as it is less liable to colleci dust from the rubbing it with a sharp grained stone, keeping the

iron wet with diluted nitrick acid.

As the most atmosphere, and is, in general, much more durable. prominent parts of the iron will be first brightened

by the stone, the acid will also commence its action To Print Gold Letters on Morocco.—First wet on the same parts, which will very much facilitate the morocco with the whites of eggs ; when this is the work, while the hollows, and deeper parts of the dry, rub the work over with a little olive oil, and surface, will remain untouched till the iron is nearly lay on gold leaves. Then take some common print- smooth. When this is accomplished, wash the iron ing types, and heat them to the temperature of boil- with water, and then with clear muriatick acid; turn ing water, and impress the letters on the gold ;-rub the vessel over to drain off the superfluous acid; the whole with a piece of flannel, and the superflu- then set it upright, and fill it with melted tin, which ous gold will come off, leaving the letters handsome- must be poured in cautiously, directly on the bottom ly gilt. Another method is, to strew powdered rosin of the vessel first, and the stream of tin increased over the morocco previous to laying on the leaf; the till the vessel is full; then pour out the tin suddenly, heat of the types melts the rosin, which occasions and invert the vessel till it is cold. Sheets of iron the gold to adhere in the impressions, while the are tinned, in the manufactories of tin plate, bv imother may be brushed off.

mersing the sheets, endwise, in a pot of melted tin,

the top of which is covered with about two inches To Wash Iron or Steel with Copper.—Dissolve depth of tallow. This tallow answers a better pursulphate of copper in water, in the proportion of one pose, after it has become brown by use, than it does to three; wash the iron or steel with it, and it will at first. The only preparation of the iron sheets is instantly be covered with reduced copper. This is to scour them perfectly clean and bright. best performed by applying the solution with a brush, which must be followed directly with a sponge of To Restore Old Writing that is nearly Defaced.-clear water. In this manner any letters or figures Boil one ounce of powdered nutgalls, for an hour or may be drawn with a camel-hair pencil or pen, and more in a pint of white wine ; filter the liquor, and if on steel, the letters or flowers will assume the when cold, wet the paper with it, or pass it on the brilliancy of the steel, and appear like highly pol- lines with a camel-hair pencil, and the writ'ng will ished copper.

It may sometimes be requisite to be much revived.


Stones. -No stone or mineral has life

substances enlarge, but do not grow. Their The Harmattan. The harmattan is a periodical ment is always by exteriour accretion—by wind, which blows from the interiour parts of Africa cessive addition of particles from without t] toward the Atlantick ocean. It prevails, in Decem- never by development from within, nor ! ber, January, and February, over a line of two thou- cular elaboration ; nor by a functional cl sand miles of coast, and comes from the north-east. varying in each species, and producing It is accompanied by a fog, which leaves a dry produots. whiteness, and affords neither dew nor moisture. It destroys all vegetation, and renders every thing

Flowers. Some flowers follow the pat so dry, that the natives then set fire to the high sun. The ripe ears of corn in a whole f grass, to clear the country; and the destruction be found during the daylight to incline to t1 spreads with frightful rapidity.

though they return to a different position The covers of books, and even of trunks, are Sir J. Smith observes, “ It is an invariable shrivelled up; household furniture is much damaged, stance, that plants always turn their stem a and the panels of doors and wainscots are split; to the light, not toward the air. If in a h the joints of floors open, and ships become leaky; the door of which is left open, we shall y casks, too, let out their contents, and require con- find them inclining to that side where the stant attention to their hoops.

let the air come in whence it may.”
The eyes, nostrils, lips, and mouth, are rendered
dry and uneasy, and the very scarf-skin peels off.

Fish.If fish and the other occupier Salt-of-tartar, which is usually damp from absorbing occan are sensitive to pain and fear, the its moisture from the atmosphere, remains dry by susceptive of pleasurable feelings. They day and night, and when previously liquified, be appearance of a placid and contented state comes dry in two or three hours. The evaporation ence. No bird or quadruped seems happie of all moisture is excessive, indeed nearly four have fewer wants ; none require less means times that in other countries.

to be comfortable : they need only food ; It is, however, salubrious to the human constitu- they can subsist without this when abst tion. It recovers invalids in many disorders, and necessary. They suffer nothing from in stops


progress of epidemics. It is supposed to of weather, or variations of the seasons proceed from some mountains called Caphas, and to from heat, cold, frost, rain, or bitter wind be loaded with the arid pulverized dust of the great seem to be generally exempted from diseas desert of Sahara. The south-west wind in the are always in one even temperature; they Mediterranean, called the Sirocco, is also believed longer continuity of health and strength ti to have the same origin.

other animals ; and from these causes The Fantees, or black natives of Africa, divide possess a natural longevity, which in som the year into the names of the prevailing winds, classes surpasses that of man which they call by the names of the stars.

The Growth of Fish. The growth of fis The Sturgeon.—The sturgeon, with a form as ter- size of a willow-leaf; in the next, four i

gradual in some. A carp is, in the first rible, and a body as large, as the shark, is yet harm: the three following years, they grow, ond less. Incapable and unwilling to injure others, it each; and after five, they increase in the flies from the smallest fishes. It is a harmless fish, and no way voracious. It never attempts to seize years according to the nature of their pon any of the finny tribe, but lives by rooting at the seafish, fishermen allege that they must be bottom of the sea, where it makes insects and sea- mackerel, in the first year, is of the size of

a the
plants its whole subsistence. This great fish must which it doubles in the second ; in the
therefore be a very slender feeder. Hence has
arisen the German proverb, which is applied to a

it enlarges, but is without melt or roe

man extremely temperate, when they say, “ He is five and six, it is of the length we eat.
as moderate as a sturgeon.” The sturgeon ought to in the second, will cover the palm of the h

and barbel are in the first


like a crow be as numerous as it is powerful ; for Leuwenhoek between five and six, are fit to be dressed. professes to have reckoned one hundred and fifty ihousand millions of eggs in a single roe. This

Living without Food.—The striped hyer seems extravagance : yet Catesby declares that the female frequently contains

a bushel of spawn. long without food,

it will tear up bodies from burying-grounds Either estimate is surprising.

The sloth, bradypdus, can live a prodig

without food ; Kircher says, forty days. Nourishment of Plants.--In respect to nourish- The bear fasts from the middle of Nov inent, plants differ from animals. In the latter, full- the end of winter, ness of feeding advances productivity ; but, in plants, In the bird order, Wilson states of t1 where they receive abundant nourishment, their breasted hawk, “One lived with me sever flowers and fruit are long in appearing; but, when but refused to eat. Though he lived so ld the nourishment is feeble, and the vegetable lan- out food, he was found, on dissection, to b guishes, its reproductive powers act with rapidity. ingly fat.” Those animals which live on The less nourishment it receives, the more ready it roots, herbs, or insects, can have this food is to reproduce.

the season while these things are existing

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II. How far facts justify the opinion that there is an established relation between the volume of brain and the powers of the

mind. Elements of Natural Philosophy: Embracing the General Principles of Mechanicks, Hydrostaticks, Hydraulicks, Pneu

III. How far it is possible to ascertain the volume of the brain maticks, Acousticks, Opticks, Electricity, Galvanism, Magnet- in the living subject, by measurement or observation. ism, and Astronomy. Illustrated by several hundred Engravings.

IV. How far it is possible to ascertain the relative degree of Designed for the Use of Schools and Academies. By Leonard development of the different parts of the brain, by the examinaD. Gale, M. D., Professor of Geology, and Mineralogy, in the tion of the living head. University of the City of New York, and Lecturer on Chemis- V. Notice a few facts which have been used in supprrt of try, and Natural Philosophy. New York : Collins, Keese & Co. phrenology, and conclude with some general remarks."

We introduce the full title of this school-book to our readers, The volume is embellished with several graphick prints. and recommend it to their particular attention. We remember the delight we experienced, when we took up, for the first time, the “Grammar of Useful Knowledge,” by Blair, and the avidity The Harpers have recently issued the twelfth and thirteent! with which we studied its.contents. This work is on a similar volumes of Paulding's works. They contain the popular tale of plan with that of Blair, though much improved, and brought " The Dutchman's Fireside," which was issued with distinguish down to the present state of science. To the student who is ed success, and which although presented to the publick many thirsting after the the elements of general science, this new vol- years since, still retains its popularity, and is a favourite with ume of Dr. Gale's, will afford a fund of useful knowledge, every body. abounding with simple, and interesting experiments, and illustrated by a great variety of new, and beautiful engravings ; bythe-bye, this with us, is a particular recommendation—the book

We have received from the same publishers, several new is furnished with good engravings—a matter that has been too works which have recently been issued in the Classical Library much overlooked by the publishers of other works of a simi- The histories of Herodotus, as rendered by Belve, are embraced lar kind. In schools and families, this book will be found ex. in the twenty-ninth, thirtieth, and thirty-first numbers. The poems tremely valuable, and cannot be too confidently recommended of Homer, as translated by Pope in the thirty-second, thirtyto the notice of those who are engaged in the interesting though third and thirty-fourth volumes, while the admirable satires of arduous duty of instruction.

Juvenal as translated by Badham, and those of Persi's as given by Drummond, are both embraced in the thirty-fifth rolume.

Three Experiments in Drinking. Boston: Otis, Boaders, & Co. Another book of experiments ! and a good one toom We are indebted for our brief notice of the pretty village o: in our judgment the best. This is a"" hit palpable," at the “three Homer, a view of which is given on the fifth page of the presen cent indiwiduals"--and exhibits intemperance in all its different number, to the polite attention of S. S. Bradford, Esq. of thai stages. Reader, if you know one fond of drink, put this book place. in his hands ; if the subject be not reformed, he is a candidate for the madhouse.

The proprietors of the Philadelphia Saturday Courier, eve l'he Knickerbocker sustains its well-merited reputation, either anxious to gratify their numerous subscribers, propose to pub in hard or easy times. The good taste of the Editors and the lish “ the lions of Philadelphia,” a series of views of the pubabilities of their contributors, combine to form the most interest- lick buildings in the city of brotherly love. The editors remark ing Literary Magazine with which we are acquainted, and the in regard to them :only one, indeed, in which there is sufficient variety to suit all “ The architectural beauty of many of the publick buildings classes of readers.

of this city is proverbial. They have not only been the pride The beautifully written "Letters from Palmyra,” the papers of the city, but excite the attention of all strangers. Believing on “ American Society,” and “ Illustrations of American Soci- it would be highly acceptable to our numerous patrons, scattered ety,” and the contributions of the ever eloquent Dewey can not as they are from the lakes to the ocean—to be presented with fail to delight any reader ; while the out-pourings of Ollapod and splendid illustrations, from the hands of first rate artists—we Penny-a-Liner have a wonderful knack of bestirring one's sides have made arrangements to bring out a complete series. They in the anti-dispepsy style.

will embrace a correct and well-executed view of all the publick

edifices, of our city and its vicinity, forming in the end a collec

tion, that may well be termed the lions of Philadelphia, and An examination of Phrenology, in two lectures ; delivered to which will be presented to our patrons, without trenching upon the Students of the Columbian college, D. C: Feb, 1837. By the usual variety of our columns. Where it may be expedient, Thomas Sewall, M. D., Professor of Analomy and Physiolo- we will accompany ihe engravings with such descriptions as gy. Published by request. Washington city, 1837.

may be of interest. This volume, by a gentleman of distinguished attainments in his profession, and whose reputation is deservedly great, commends itself to the notice and respect of both advocates and opponents The Lydias. D. Appleton & Co., of New York have pubof Phrenology. The Dr. is ranked among the latter, and at- lished another volume the series of the “ Ladies' Closet Litempts to prove the fallacy of the science : his remarks are com- brary,” by Rev. Robert Philip. This series already includes prised under five heads, and in pursuing his investigation, Prof. the Marys, the Marthas, and the Lydias. They are very handSewall inquires :

some little volumes, and the author is descrvedly popular in the "I. How far Phrenology is sustained by the structure and or religious world. We are are gratified to learn that these volganization of the brain.

umes meet with an extensive sale.



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