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that, as the progress of cultivation has broken the The genus Boher, is, in all probability, the oryx domesticated ruminantia of Europe into many varie. of the ancients, and may (indeed must) in their days ties, the progress toward desolation has done the have been much more widely distributed than it is same with the wild ruminantia of the districts under now. It is said still to exist not only in that part of notice. Africa which lies opposite the south of Arabia, but

This species is rather stout in the body. Its genin the latter country, and in Persia, as far as the eral colour is white, variously marked with black Indies, being, in all its localities, the southern neigh on the forehead and brush in which the tail termibour of the gazelle and its varieties. The data are nates, with brown on the legs, and with rust-colour not complete enough for certainty ; but this is prob- between the brown and white. The horns are long, able, as the isothermal line does tend in that direc- slender, and very slightly bent from the curve of the tion; and it is all, partially at least, within the forehead throughout their length. This is the aniaction of the rains. In former times it must, from mal, the profile of which with the horns seen as the extent of plain which has been converted into one, is supposed to have suggested the notion of the desert, have extended much farther, and it is not fabled unicorn ; and the robust make, the long tail possible to suppose that any one acquainted with with a brush, the mane, though that is much exagEgypt could have been ignorant of it. It is a gre- gerated, and all the characters of the animal, give garious animal, and an inhabitant of the plains; but some probability to a conjecture which can neither it browses on the leaves of trees, principally those be established nor refuted. of the acacias, and not the saline plants, like the gazelle; and therefore when, in its progress toward

THE STING-RAY. the desert, the country came to produce only ga

It would be almost an endless task to enumerate zelle's food, the abu-harb (the oryx) must have de- all the animals to whom dangerous and fatal properparted or perished. As its general habits resemble ties have been attributed by the ignorant; and even those of the gazelle, it is highly probable that there now, though experiment after experiment has been are, as in that animal, many climatal varieties ; and made, proving the falsehood of the greater part of that what have been sometimes described as differ. these assertions, many exist, who, fond of the marent species are the same. It must not be forgotten vellous, and unwilling to relinquish old prejudicos,

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still believe in all these wonderful tales. We quote from an old author, a prose description of this fish, in which its dangerous qualities are exaggerated.

“ The inhabitants of the sea that are large enough to devour men are very many, but those which have a power of hurting otherwise, more than by the absolute wound of their bite, are very few. In the first place among these, however, is to stand the fierceflair, or fireflair, as it is commonly called.

The tail is the creature's weapon of defence, but it is a mischievous fish, and will use it offensively. The method in which it does this, is by drawing the tail swiftly round the person's leg or body, as a man of judgement would draw the long lash of a hunting-whip to make it cut; and it thus strikes the end of the bone deep into the flesh."

The large notched bone beneath the tail of this creature is capable, no doubt, of inflicting a severe wound; but in this consists all the danger, and the poisonous qualities supposed to belong to it are merely imaginary. The sting-ray is found in almost every part of the world; in the European seas it seldom attains a large size, but in some parts of the world, particularly New Holland, it is found weighing as much as four hundred pounds.

In some parts of America, the notched bone of this fish is used instead of a saw. In Japan, although the venomous properties of this bone are still considered real, yet with strange inconsistency it is employed as a remedy against the bite of serpents.

COME in, little sister, so healthful and fair,
Come, take in our father's best parlour a share ,
You've been kept long enough at the nurse's, I trow,
Where the angry lakes roar, and the northern winds blow
Come in-we've a pretty large household, 'tis true,
But the twenty-five children shall make room for you.
A present, I see, for our sire you have brought,
To add to his dessert-how kind was the thought-
A treat of ripe berries, both crimson and blue,
And wild flowers to stick in his button-hole too;
The rose from your prairie—the nuts from your tree-
What a good little sister !-come hither to me.
You've a dowry, beside, very cunningly stored,
To fill a nice cupboard, or spread a broad board ,
Detroit, and Chicago, Ann-Arbour, and more-
For the youngest, methinks, quite a plentiful store ;
You're a prog, I perceive-it is true to the letter,
And your sharp Yankee sisters will like you the better.
But where are your Indians, so feeble and few-
So fall'n from the heights where their forefathers grew!
From the forests they fade-o'er the waters that bore
The names of their baptism, they venture no more;
Oh, soothe their sad hearts, ere they vanish afar,
Nor quench the faint beam of their westering star!
Those ladies who sit on the sofa so high,
Are the stateliest dames of our family;
Your thirteen old sisters-don't treat them with scorn-
They were notable spinsters before you were bore ,
Many stories they know, most instructive to hear
Go, Make them a court'sy, 'twill please them, my dear.
They can teach you the names of those great men to spell,
Who stood at the helm, when the war-tempest fell;
They will show you the writing that gleam'd to the sky
In the year seventy-six, on the fourth of July,
When the flash of the Bunker-hill flame was red,
And the blood gush'a forth from the fields of dead.
There are some who may call them both proud and oid,
And say they usurp what they cannot hold;
Perhaps their bright locks have a sprinkle of gray-
But then, little Michy, don't hint it, I pray!
For they'll give you a frown, or a box on the eai
Or send you to stand in the corner, I fear.
They indeed bore the burden and heat of the day,
But you've as good right to your penny as they ;
Though the price of our freedom they better have known,
Since they paid for it out of their purses alone,
Yet a portion is saved for the youngest, I ween,
So, hold up your head, with the "old thirteen."


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Tongue of the Duck. When we consider the particular use which the duck makes of his tongue, we shall immediately perceive that it is endowed with great and unusual sensibility. The duck, unlike all other birds, discriminates its food, not by sight or by smell, but by the touch of its tongue. It thrusts its bill into the mud, just as a fisherman throws his net into the sea, and brings up whatever it contains; froin the mouthful of stuff it selects by the tongue alone, what is good, and every thing else is rejected.

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name of Epirus. From the lake of Janina, arise

the rivers Acheron and Cocytus, not far from the The above cut represents a party of Albanians, mouth of which lies Parga. Epirus, especially in natives of Albania, called in the Turkish language the neighbourhood of the sea, is a fertile country ; it Arnaut; in the Albanian, Skiperi; (Epirus and produces wine, corn, and fruit. In ancient times, Illyria ;) a province in Arnaut-Wilajeti, extending its horses were famed for swiftness, its cows for size, from the Drino to the Acroceraunian mountains along and its dogs for strength and courage. These races the coast of the Adriatick and Ionean seas. It has seem now to be extinct. The Albanian countenance a delicious climate, and produces in abundance, is peculiarly characteristick, as is shown in the acwine, grain, oil, tobacco, cotton, wood, mineral salt, companying portrait, drawn by a late traveller. and horned cattle. The principal mountains are the Before the Greek revolution, Ali Pacha ruled in Montenegro and the Chimera ; the principal rivers, are the Drino, Bojana, Somini, &c. The three hundred thousand inhabitants are composed of Turks, Greeks, Jews, and Arnauts; the last of which constitute the boldest soldiers in the Turkish armies. The country is divided into the pachalicks of Janina, Ilbessan, and Scutari, and the sangiacats of Aulona and Delvino. The principal cities are Janina, Delvino, Scutari, Durazzo, Argyro-Castro, Valona, &c. The authority of the Porte in this region is very uncertain, being more or less relaxed in proportion as the independent communities and beys enlarge or contract their possessions, in opposition to the pachas whom it appoints. The vast mountainous coast of Albania is very little known. The Venetian government, while the republick of Venice existed, defended it against any permanent conquest by the Turkish pachas. Here Greek and Catholick Christians, and Mohammedans likewise, live in a half savage state, and under the most varied forms of government. At the time of the revolt of the Greeks the most southern part of Albania took the ancient

(The Head of an Albanian.) VOL. V.--7

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Janina. In Scutari, there are yet independent com- means of obtaining it, by incursions into the neiga munities, the inhabitants of Mount Montenegro, the bouring territory, or military service in foreign counSuliots, and others in the neighbourhood of the for- tries. The sons of influential families, or distinmer Venetian, now Austrian territory. These small guished soldiers, collect a troop, and, like the forfree tribes enjoyed, as long as the republick of Ven- mer condottieri of Italy, sell their aid to any one who ice existed, the secret protection of that government; will pay them well. This migration of armed to which is to be attributed their success in main- hordes, caused by the want of landed property suffitaining themselves against the Turkish force, and cient to support them, is a national instinct, common the violence of private feuds. The same policy was to the Greek, Catholick, and Mohammedan Arnauts. pursued likewise by the French Illyrian government. For this reason, the communities in the most fertilo În the country itself, the Arnauts are called Skype- valleys rarely increase, and there is a great disprotars. They are bold and indefatigable, but merce- portion of unmarried females. But in case of attack, nary and perfidious warriours. They once consti- the women defend their homes and property with tuted the flower of the Turkish army. Every one masculine courage. The political influence of the who has no landed property, seeks to acquire the clergy is great among the Christian Arnauts

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1 In the course of last summer, I met with several Pegu, the former capital of the kingdom of that persons as well as families, whom I could not comname, was formerly a large and magificent city : in pare to any thing else than what in America we un1757, however, it was attacked by the Burmese con- derstand by the appellation of squatters. The methqueror, Alompra, who destroyed it, dispersed a por- ods they employed to accumulate property form the tion of its inhabitants and led the others away cap- subject of the observations which I now lay before tive. The numerous temples of Pegu, were the only you. buildings which were left; although the city was Our schooner lay at anchor in a beautiful basin rebuilt in 1790, all these edifices were neglected, on the coast of Labrador, surrounded by uncouth except the great temple of Schoe-Madou or the god rocks of granite, partially covered with stunted vegof gold, undoubtedly one of the loftiest and most re

etation. While searching for birds and other obmarkable buildings in Asia, curious from the charac- jects I chanced one morning to direct my eye to. ter of its architecture, the antiquity of its construc. ward the pinnacle of a small Island, separated from tion, and the profound veneration in which it is held the mainland by a very narrow channel; and presby the natives of Pegu..

ently I commenced inspecting it with my telescope. Among the Burmese, gold is the symbol of excel- There I saw a man on his knees, with clasped lence : they consecrate it to their gods and attribute hands, and face inclined heavenward. Beiore him its qualities to their king. All that belongs to him, was a small monument of unhewn stones, supporting and also their temples, have the epithet Schue, which a wooden cross. In a word, reader, the person signifies golden. 'The name of the emperour is never whom I thus unexpectedly discovered, was engaged mentioned except in connexion with this precious in prayer. Such an incident in that desolate land metal. When a Burmese states that the emperour was affecting, for there one seldom finds traces of has heard of any thing, he remarks," that has reach- human beings, and the aid of the Almighty, although ed the ears of gold.” One who has had an audience necessary every where, seems there peculiarly rewith his sovereign, has been “ admitted to the feet quired to enable them to procure the means of subof gold.” A noble Burmese once remarked to an sistence. My curiosity having been raised, I betook English ambassador, that the perfume of otto of rose, myself to my boat, landed on the rock, and scramwas grateful to the nose of gold.

bled to the place, where I found the man still on Thus the epithet Schoe, is characteristick of the his knees. When his devotions were concluded, temple of Pegu, only by the association of the word he bowed to me, and addressed me in very indifferMadon, which seems to be a corruption of Mahadeva, ent French. I asked him why he had chosen so or God. This temple is built on a double terrace : dreary a spot for his prayers. · Because," answered the first is ten feet high, the second, twenty: both he, “ the sea lies before me, and from it I receive form a parallelogram. "The lower one measures my spring and summer sustenance. When winter thirteen hundred and ninety-one feet on one of its approaches, I pray fronting the mountains on the faces, and the upper, six hundred and eighty-four main, as at that period the karaboos come toward feet. You ascend to these terraces by large and the shore, and I kill them, feed on their flesh, and sloping stone steps : at the base of the staircase are form my bedding of their skins.” I thought the two lions which seem to guard the entrance.

On answer reasonable, and as I longed to know more of each side are the residences of the rhahaans or

him, followed him to his hut. It was low and very priests, which rise four or five feet above the ground small, formed of stones plastered with mud to a and comprise a single spacious room on which are considerable thickness. The roof was composed benches to rest on.

of a sort of thatching made of weeds and moss. Α. The temple is a pyramid built of brick and mortar, large Dutch stove filled nearly one-half of the place, in which there is neither hollow nor opening of any a small port-hole, then stuffed with old rags, served kind. It forms at its base an octagon, which be- at times instead of a window; the bed was a pile of comes round as it rises. Each face of the octagon, deer-skins; a bowl, a jug, and an iron pot were is one hundred and sixty-two feet broad : but the im- placed on a rude shelf ; three old and rusty muskets, mense diameter of the pyramid diminishes rapidly; their locks fastened by thongs, stood in a corner; it rises three hundred and thirty-one feet above the and his buck-shot, powder, and flints, were tied up terrace on which it is situated and is consequently in bags of skin. Eight Esquimaux dogs yelled and three hundred and sixty-one feet high. It is crown- leaped about us. The strong smell that emanated ed by a kind of iron parasol, termed tée, without from them, together with the smoke and filth of the which no temple is complete. This tee is fifty-six apartment, rendered my stay in it extremely disafeet in circumference, and a large number of bells greeable. are attached to it, which when agitated by the wind

Being a native of France, the good man shewed keep up a constant tinkling.

much politeness, and invited me to take some reThe Peguans believe this temple to have been freshment, when, without waiting for my assent, he founded two thousand three hundred years ago. Be took up his bowl and went off I knew not whither. this as it may, it is certainly curious and of

No sooner had he and his strange dogs disappeared,

great antiquity.

than I went out also, to breathe the pure air, and gaze on the wild and majestick scenery around. I was struck with the extraordinary luxuriance of the

plants and grasses that had sprung up on the scanty SQUATTERS OF LABRADOR.

soil on the little valley which the squatter had Go where you will, if a shilling can there be pro- chosen for his home. Their stalks and broad blades cured, you may expect to meet with individuals in reached my waist. June had come, and the flies, search of it.

mosquitoes, and other insects filled the air, and

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