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*03 Aarer tie tin izoi : 1. tigdaa!!
Å se u seenie i ins': 4 age for us, be:w SS18 FE tae cocducted irie, Sur me dorade of the digerite sa measures of the fire other ty ci acto debere on the reci FS S; :: ocide tare ope:ctions, 2.1 borbe cert. We were icierroget, her nede asisor rocas Fras citric lv grani Izi Tassed us for our mopez art oder arride of rage we had about oi be or coverted, to save thein fren of the Bass Sea, who formed a corsis. van be cont's suid were all :/ pertine papers in a small box, tu benessed on our leaving the ress bes, be repeate, alternately lov: ** this is for you ;" * quei, Deart" sod all this for me.' y placed upon a mat in the Rai'. nex stuation.' p. 35.
It is not, as on fortune, that is link cerupied with the povers, it; more intent on immediate : than on calculating its future it's
yes. Hence one of its pompous titles, Bafios os Esclavos, which rout gilding, the pill quite so much, may be plainly rendered by simple word prison. Every fibre trembled, and our limbs tottered
or us, as we traversed the horrid receptacle. The first words * h escaped the keeper after our entrance were, “ whoever is brought stre his house, becomes a slave.” He might as well have added.
Lasciate ogni speranza, voi, che' utrate !* passing through the dark and filthy court yard, we were surcel by a multitude of slaves, bearing about them all the signs of
ned sufferers. They were ragged, lank, and haggard, with will drooping, eyes sunk and distorted, cheeks imprinted by the
of protracted wretchedness, which seem to have withered the by destroying the finer impulses of their nature, left no trace
the sufferings of others, so that we passed without the manifestation of that sympathy so naturally expected in such
Exhausted by long confinement, and wrapt up in a sense melancholy fate, our appearance was viewed with a stunce, unaccompanied by any fellow feeling. During the
unoccupied in the public works they remained shut up,
Sout, like pallid spectres, in this house of darkness, and besides
wat up the prison staircase, was not unlike that of a malecounting the scaffold; but as some indulgence is gene
condemned criminals, the keeper treated us during in particular attention and respect; inviting us into int, and insisting that we should partake of his dinner,
for the anxiety and fasting of the preceding day. e table, besides myself and fellow passengers, three wen many years in captivity, and were persons of -ion. Amongst the rest was Signor Artemate of Sed a mind adorned by education, and a character
uction, and adversity, with the truest ingredients. pur
ciprocal misfortune the consoling voice was not
ttilius Regulus, we also were in servitude, on been
I saw the Roman hero perish for his country ; we could evince the same intrepidity of soul, and on-p. 69.
to read such details as the preceding, and ediately follow it, without a feeling of the deepcon for the numbers of unfortunate beings who
away their existence under circumstances such describes, wherein personal sufferings have been
mental refinement, and resignation to the will of ered by reflections on the cruelty of countrymen and scould suffer them thus to pass their days in sla
Ye heirs of hell
to run the most dangerous parts of his voyage, without convoy, but, even when he had, by dint of mere kindness on the part of the elements, rather than good management on his own, arrived in safety at the island of San Pietro, persisted in leaving it again, regardless of the persuasions of the inhabitants, and fearless of the Algerine squadron which appeared in sight, almost immediately after his leaving the port. It bas been justly remarked, that fool-hardiness is not courage: so far indeed do they diiler, that they are qualities which are scarcely ever united. In this redoubtable naval Hero, they were decidedly distinct; for no sooner had the natural consequence of his rashness and obstinacy ensued, in bis falling into the power of the Algerines, than be became stupified with fear, and incapable of making the slightest effort for the preservation of his vessel or crew. After some hours of agonizing suspense to the passengers, most of whom were within a few days' sail of their homes, the decisive blow was struck; and they were called upon to give themselves up as prisoners, to a power the disgrace of modern times, and more ferocious and unpitying than any whose records stain the historic page of former ages.
On gaining the frigate we had no sooner got upon deck than the barbarians uttered a general cry of victory, usual when any captures are made. A savage joy seemed to play on their cadaverous aspects. A passage being opened for us, between the armed Turks and Moorish sailors, we were conducted into the presence of the grand Rais, supreme commander of the Algerine squadron. He was seated between the captains of the five other frigates, who had assembled in close council to deliberate on the measures necessary to be taken with us; to combine future operations, and finally to exult in their horrible celebrity. We were interrogated in brief and haughty terms, hut neither insult nor rudeness was offered to any of the party. The grand Rais very civilly asked us for our money, watches, rings, aud every other article of value we had about our persons; in order, as he obligingly observed, to save them from the rapacity of the people of the Black Sea, who formed a considerable part of the crew, and whom he cordially said were all ladri. He then deposited our respective property in a small box, faithfully assuring us, that all should be returned on our leaving the vessel. During the distribution in the box, he repeated, alternately looking at the captives, “ questo per ti," “ this is for you;" “ questo altro per ti ;” but perhaps in his heart, “ and all this for me." We were then ordered to retire ; and, placed upon a mat in the Rais's outer cabin, began to reflect on our new situation.' p. 35.
It is not, as our Author justly remarks, the first shock of misfortune, that is most severely felt ; the mind is in fact then more occupied with the novelty of the situation, than with the evils of it; more intent on immediate contemplation of its peculiarities, than on calculating its future results. The first few days of
their captivity, the Author and his companions were diverted in some measure from dwelling on their own misfortunes, by sym
pathy in the fate of others who were attacked and captured by ; the ferocious Algerines, who shewed their merciless nature, in
striking off the head of the commander of a Tunisian Corvette, who had made a gallant resistance. The Author's reflections in this part of his narrative, are in the true spirit of philosophy; a cheerful determination to make the best of every thing, appears to have actuated him; and under this enviable frame of mind, which is in itself a shield against calamity, he is enabled to see things in so impartial a light, as to acknowledge, that even among the Algerines, there are to be found some honourable exceptions to their general character, and that the treatment of the prisoners on board the vessel, was not only free from insult or inhumanity, but that the females in particular were treated with the utmost deference. On landing at Algiers, the prisoners were brought, in long and pompous procession, with the Rais at their head, to the palace, where the captives are examined, and prizes condemned. The party consisted, besides the captain and his crew, of our Author, the Chevalier Rossi, his wife, and children, who were returning to their native country, after a long residence in England, a Mr. Terreni, of Leghorn, who was taking out merchandize from this country, bis. brother Antonio, an artist of distinguished merit, who was going to make a picturesque tour in Sicily, a Calabrese, who had served many years in our navy, a lady, who was going to join her husband on his return from the East Indies, and a young female, whose romantic history inspires a sentiment of deep regret at its melancholy termination. After achieving the laudable purpose for which she came to England, and hastening back to her lover, in Sicily, with the competence the want of which had been the only bar to their union, having cheerfully endured every hardship of the voyage, she fell a victim to her grief, during her detention in Algiers from the object of her choice. Our readers may now have some idea of the following scene.
• A large awning being extended in front of the house, the scene: shortly opened, exhibiting the members of the Regency in barbarous pomp, and horrid majesty, seated before us, accompanied by the Ulemas, or expounders of the law, and principal agas of the divan. We were then, without further ceremony or preamble, asked for our papers, which were duly examined ; nor was that canting gravity wanting on this occasion, which is usually assumed to justify acts of rapine and plunder. They were then presented to the English Consul, whose presence is always required on these examinations to verify any claims he may have to make. This gentleman soon saw the insufficiency of our documents; but stimulated by the goodness of his heart, and sentiments of pity for persons in our uphappy condition, he made every possible exertion to extricate us from the appalling dilemma with which we were now threatened. The circumstance of some of the party being natives of a country united to the dominion of France, did not restrain the Consul's generous efforts. We were unfortunate, and that was sufficient to ensure the protection of an Englishman. But Rais Hamida boldly sustained the remorseless laws of piracy: drawing the finest distinction imaginable between domiciliation and nationality, he proved himself a most able juriconsult, according, at least, to the African code of public laws.
"" A good prize! prisoners ! slaves !” was now murmured through the council, and soon communicated to the crowd assembled without ; which by its cries and vociferation seemed to demand such a decision. The British Consul then formally demanded the English lady, and her children ; upon this being accorded, the Chevalier Rossi, her husband, advanced a few steps, and with dignified courage, supported his claim to liberation, on the principle of having married an English woman, and of also being the father of two British subjects, his children: this application being successful, he soon rejoined his anxious wife and children. Another attempt was made in favour of us all, by the Consul, but without effect : this was followed by a cry in the ball of Schiavi! Schiavi ! “ Slaves, Slaves ;" which horrible word was echoed by the multitude. The members of the council then rose, and on the assembly's being dissolved, the consul and his attendants, together with the Chevalier Rossi and family departed, leaving us the devoted victims of slavery, in a state of immoveable insensibility, as one who scarcely hears the thunder when he is enveloped by the Jurid glare of its lightning.
Before we had recovered from our stupor, we were led off under the Grande Scrivano and Guardian Basha, who conducted us over a considerable part of the city, accompanied by a great number of spec. tators. It being Friday, the Moorish sabbath, hundreds of the infidels, in coming from the mosque, were soon attracted in every direction to enjoy this new spectacle of degraded Christianity.
• Arrived at Pascialick, or palace of the Pasha, inhabited at preseat by the Dey, the first object that struck our eyes were six bleeding heads ranged along before the entrance !!! And, as if this dreadful sight was not sufficient of itself to harrow up the soul, it was still farther aggravated by the necessity of our stepping over them, in order
into the court. They were the heads of some turbulent Agas, who had dared to murmur against the Dey's authority. Our fears naturally suggested them as having been severed from the heads of Christians, and purposely placed there to terrify the new inmates of this fatal region. * A dead silence prevailed within the walls of the building, in which suspicion seemed to have made her abode; while fear was depicted in every face. Being ordered to range ourselves before the Dey's window, to feast the despot's eyes, he soon ap· proached, looking at us with a mingled smile of exultation and contempt; then making a sign with his hand, we were ordered to depart; and, after a third circuit of the town, arrived before a large dark look. ing building, on entering which we stumbled, as if by an involuntary impulse. It was the great Bagno, a house of reception for Christian