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• My Lord, I do not believe that it is the King's pleasure, for he is a just and gracious Prince, and will not have his subjects tortured against law. I do affirm upon my salvation that my purpose was not known to any man living ; but if it be his Majesty's pleasure, I am ready to suffer whatever his Majesty will have inflicted upon me. Yet this I must tell you by the way, that if I be put upon the rack, I will accuse you, my Lord of Dorset, and none but yourself.'

" This firm and sensible speech silenced them.' The Judges were consulted, and came to a decision condemnatory of the continual practice of the Government, namely, that • Felton ought not to be tortured by the rack, no such pú. nishment being known or allowed by Law: so much more

exact reasoners with regard to Law,' bad the Judges, says Hume, become from the jealous scruples of the House of Com

mons.' The rack, as our Author shews, on several authorities, had been much more frequently used as a state engine, than has ? reached the knowledge of our Historians' Both Elizabeth and her successor had recourse to this terrible instrument of arbitrary cruelty.

The prognostics' which preceded the assassination of Buckingham, were enough, one would have imagined, to alarm the most rash and dauntless spirit.

• About a month before the Duke was assassinated, occurred the murder by the populace of the man who was called " The Duke's Devil.” This was a Dr. Lambe, a man of infamous character; a dealer in magical arts, who lived by shewing apparitions or selling the favours of the devil, and whose chambers were a convenient rendezvous for the curious of both sexes. This wretched man, who openly exulted in the infamous traffic by which he lived, when he was sober, prophesied that he should fall one day by the hands from which he received his death; and it was said he was as positive about his patron's. At the age of eighty, he was torn to pieces in the City, and the City was imprudently fined £6000, for not delivering up those, who, in murdering this hoary culprit, were heard to say that they would handle his master worse, and would have minced his flesh, and have had every one a bit of him. This is one more instance of the political cannibalism of the mob. The fate of Dr. Lambe served for a ballad, and the printer and singer were laid in Newgate. * Buckingham, it seems, for a moment contemplated his 'own fate in his wretched creature's, more particularly as another omen obtruded itself on his attention; for on

* 'Rushworth has preserved a burthen of one of these Songs.

Let Charles and George do what they can,

The Duke shall die like Dr. Lambe, And on the assassination of the Duke, I find two lines in a ws. letter,

The Shepherd's struck, the sheep are Aed!
For want of Lamb, the Wolf is dead.'

the very day of Dr. Lambe's murder, his own portrait in the Councilchamber was seen to have fallen out of its frame; a circumstance as awful, in that age of omens, as the portrait that walked from its frame in the Castle of Otranto, but perhaps more easily accounted for.'

• About this time a libel was taken down from a post in Colemanstreet by a constable, and carried to the Lord Mayor, who ordered it to be delivered to none but his Majesty. Of this libel the manuscript letter contains the following particulars :

“ Who rules the Kingdom? The King.

Who rules the King? The Duke.

Who rules the Duke? The Devil.” Let the Duke look to it; for they intend shortly to use him worse than they did the Doctor ; and if things be not shortly reformed they will work a reformation themselves."

• The only advice the offended King suggested, was, to set a double watch every night!

It is a great descent from Dukes and Kings, but we must make room for a short extract from the article respecting our old friend Robinson Crusoe. • This picture of self-education, self

inquiry, self-happiness,' remarks Mr. D'Israeli, is scarcely

a fiction, although it includes all the magic of romance; and it ' is not a mere narrative of truth, since it displays all the forcible

genius of one of the most original ininds our literature can 6 boast.'

The reception which this extraordiņary production has met with, is somewhat singular. In the author's life-time it was considered as a mere idle romance; after his death, it was supposed to have been pillaged from the papers of Alexander Selkirk, in disparagement alike of De Foe's honour and his genius.

The adventures of Selkirk were first published in the year 1712, in the Voyages of Woodes Rogers, and Edward Cooke, by whom he was found on the desert island of Juan Fernandez. This interesting narrative is given entire in Captain Burney's fourth volume of “ Voyages of Discovery to toe South Sea,' ” and it is also to be found in the Encycopledia Britannica.

year

after this account was published, Selkirk and his adven. tures attracted the notice of Steele, who was not likely to pass unobserved a nan and a story so strange and so new.

Io his piper

of “ The Englishman,” Dec. 1713, he communicates further particulars of Selkirk. Steele became acquainted with him: he says, that " he should discern that he had been much separated from compuny, from his aspect and gesture. There was a strong but cheerful seriousness in his looks, and a certain disregard to the ordinary things about him, as if he had been sunk in ihought. The man frequently bewailed his return to the world, which could not, he said, with all its enjoyments, restore him to the tranquility of his solitude.”. Steele adds another curious change in this wild man, which occurred some time after he had seen him. “ Though I had frequently conversed with him, after

The

a few month's absence, he met me in the street, and though he spoke to me, I could not recoilect that I had seen him. Familiar converse in this town had taken off the lor eliness of his aspect, and quite altered the air of his face.” De Foe could not fail of bing struck by these interesting particulars of the character of Selkirk; but probably it was another observation of Steele, which threw the germ of Robinson Crusoe into the mind of De Foe. “ It was matter of great curiosity to hear him, as he was a man of sense, give an account of the different resolutions in his own mind in that long solitulle.

Even the personage Friday' is not a mere coinage of the • brain : a Mosquito Indian described by Dampier was the pro

totype.'-Robinson Crusoe was published in 1919, seven years after the publication of Selkirk's adventures. Selkirk, therefore, could obviously have no claims en D: Foe.

• He had only supplied the man of genius with that which lies open to all; and which no one hud, or perhaps could have converted into the wonderful story we possess, but De Foe himself. Had De Foe not written Robinson Crusoe, the name and story of Selkirk bad been passed over like others of the same sort ; yet Selkirk has the merit of having detailed his own history, in a manner so interesting as to have attracted the notice of Steele, and to have inspired the genius of De Fue. After this. the originality of Robinson Crusoe will no longer be suspected, and the idle tale which Dr. Beattie has repeated, of'Selkirk having supplied the naterials of his story to De Foe, from which our Author borrowed his work, and published for his own profit, will be finally put to rest."

There is an article curious enough, on that race of singular mendicants known by the name of Tom o' Bedlams. These poor creatures were roving lunatics, who were, in fact, tout-door

pensioners of Bedlam, sent about to live as well as they could . with the pittance granted them by the Hospital.' This is the assumed character of Edgar in King Lear, and the fact accounts for the number of inad songs which are to be found in our ancient poetry. Bishop Percy bas preserved no fewer than six in bis “ Reliques." Mr. D'Isracli presents to us one from a very scarce collection, which, when read with a reference to the personated character, will appear worthy of preservation for its fantastic humour. 'We extract a few verses.

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ijestic scene,
espot ne'er hath been.
le expansive breast
11, gleams,
y drest
poet's dreams;
lad mountain pours
their foam,
ded shores,
ylvan home :
Id retreat
Indian huntsman's feet,
heir pride,
aty waves ;
ng o'er the tide,
ves,
r his head
pled bowers,
foliage spread,
towers,
housand tones
ce through Nature's temple

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hter days,
grief,

meet his gaze,
ief.

boundless plain ad power ;

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We must now take leave of this amusiug volume, and then tude to the compiler, we wish to part with him in goede We cannot, however, but express our regret that his teeb prejudices should so often bare trumbet eserlinit his better judgement and that he slould ever inte hugulis pedient to testify his attachment to literature the heart, lys Jumniating those whom he is pleased to consider aan het la enemies. We confess we are Puritanical enough to object against his very motto, as carrying with it the air di libertina, but

his tower.
ree,
are
are wildly free.
у

there
s exile blest ?
ens, or summer-air,
rest?
f mood,
al glow,
e,
woe,
brightest ray,
e flush of day.
n foreign shore,
ales,
ean's roar,
ods and vales,
у dwells with thee,
ted as thou art :

a few month's absence, he met me in the street, and though he spoke to me, I could not recoilect that I had seen him. Familiar converse in this town had taken off the lor eliness of his aspect, and quite altered the air of his face." De Foe could not fail of bing struck by these interesting particulars of the character of Selkirk; but probably it was another observation of Steele, which threw the germ of Robinson Crusoe into the mind of De Foe. “ It was matter of great curiosity to hear him, as he was a man of sense, give an account of the different resolutions in his own mind in that long soliiuile."

Even the personage Friday is not a mere coinage of the • brain : a Mosquito Indian described by Dampier was the pro

totype.'-Robinson Crusoe was published in 1719, seven years after the publication of Selkirk's adventures. Selkirk, therefore, could obviously have no claims on De Foe.

• He had only supplied the man of genius with that which lies open to all; and which no one had, or perhaps could have converted into the wonderful story we possess, but De Foe himself. Had De Foe not written Robinson Crusoe, the name and story of Selkirk bad been passed over like others of the saine sort ; yet Selkirk has the merit of having detailed his own history, in a manner so interesting as to have attracted the notice of Steele, and to have inspired the genius of De Fue. After this. the originality of Robinson Crusoe will no longer be suspected, and the idle tale which Dr. Beattie has reputed, of Scikirk having supplied the naterials of his story to De Foe, from which our Author borrowed his work, and published for his own profit, will be finally put to rest."

There is an article curious enough, on that race of singular mendicants known by the name of 'num o' Bedlams. These poor creatures were roving lunatics, who were, in fact, 'out-door pensioners of Bedlam, sent about to live as well as they could with the pittance granted them by the Hospital. This is the assumed character of Edgar in King Lear, and the fact accounts for the number of mad songs which are to be found in our ancient poetry. Bishop Percy bas preserved no fewer than six in bis “ Reliques.” Mr. D’Isracli presents to us one from a very scarce collection, which, when read with a reference to the personated character, will appear worthy of preservation for its fantastic humour. 'We extract a few verses.

"A TOM-A-BEDLAJI SONG. . From the Hag and hungry goblin That into rags would rend ye,

All the spirits that stand

By the naked man,
In the book of moons defend ye!
That of your five sound senses
You never be forsaken;

Nor travel from

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