War on War: Lenin, the Zimmerwald Left, and the Origins of Communist Internationalism

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Duke University Press, Oct 12, 1989 - Political Science - 332 pages
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The outbreak of World War I precipitated a schism in the international socialist movement that endures today. Heeding calls for "rational defense," the leading European socialist democratic parties abandoned their vision of peace and internationalism as an integral part of the struggle for social justice and set aside their view of interstate war as the clearest example of the irrational essence of competitive capitalism. Only the Zimmerwald Left, led by Lenin, continued to speak out for internationalism. R. Craig Nation utilizes sources in Dutch, French, German, Italian, Russian, and Swedish to provide the first comprehensive history of the Zimmerwald Left as an international political tendency.
 

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Contents

1 Marxism War and the International
1
2 Against the Current
27
3 The Zimmerwald Movement
63
4 The Zimmerwald Left
97
5 Zimmerwald Left and Zimmerwald Center
131
6 Petrograd and Stockholm
169
7 The Origins of Communist Internationalism
205
The Enduring Challenge
237
Notes
249
Bibliography
289
Index
305
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About the author (1989)

R. Craig Nation has been Professor of Strategy and Director of Russian and Eurasian Studies at the U.S. Army War College in Carlisle, PA, since 1996. He is a specialist in war and peace studies, with a particular focus on security issues in the European and Eurasian regions.

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