War on War: Lenin, the Zimmerwald Left, and the Origins of Communist Internationalism
The outbreak of World War I precipitated a schism in the international socialist movement that endures today. Heeding calls for "rational defense," the leading European socialist democratic parties abandoned their vision of peace and internationalism as an integral part of the struggle for social justice and set aside their view of interstate war as the clearest example of the irrational essence of competitive capitalism. Only the Zimmerwald Left, led by Lenin, continued to speak out for internationalism. R. Craig Nation utilizes sources in Dutch, French, German, Italian, Russian, and Swedish to provide the first comprehensive history of the Zimmerwald Left as an international political tendency.
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War on War: Lenin, the Zimmerwald Left, and the Origins of Communist ...
R. Craig Nation
Limited preview - 1989
action affiliates Aksel'rod alternative antiwar April August Balabanoff Balabanov Berlin Bern Bolsheviks bourgeois Brizon Burgfrieden capitalism capitalist Cited committee communist conference congress crisis debate defensism defensist delegates democracy European February German goal Gorter Grimm Hoglund Ibid imperialism imperialist internationalism internationalist issue Karl Karl Radek Kautsky Kiental Lademacher leaders left radical Left's Lenin Liebknecht Luxemburg majority manifesto Martov Marx Marxist mass Menshevik ment merwald moderate Morgari Moscow Nashe Slovo November October October revolution opposition organization Paris party's peace Petrograd Platten political position priorities project resolution proletariat Radek rejected represented revolutionary left Roland-Hoist rsdrp SDKPiL-Regional Presidium Second International September session sfio slogan Social Democratic party Socialist party Soviet Spartacus League Stockholm Stormklockan strategy struggle tactics third International tion tional Trotsky voiny vote wald wing world revolution Zimmer Zimmerwald conference Zimmerwald Left Zimmerwald movement Zimmerwaldist Zinoviev