Ancient Records of Egypt: The first through the seventeenth dynasties

Front Cover
James Henry Breasted
University of Illinois Press, 2001 - History - 400 pages
Around the turn of the last century, James Henry Breasted took on the challenge of assembling all the available historical documents of ancient Egypt and translating them into English. This prodigious undertaking involved traveling to the monuments extant in the Nile valley and in outlying areas of Egyptian conquest, as well as to museums throughout Europe where Egyptian relics were housed. Breasted made his own copies of hundreds of Egyptian records inscribed on papyrus or leather or carved in stone and engaged in a thorough study of the published records of Egyptian history in conjunction with his own transcription of the documents themselves. This five-volume compendium is the result.

Breasted's monumental work, originally published from 1906 to 1907, encompasses twenty-six dynasties spanning more than three millennia: from ca. 3050 B.C. to 525 B.C. For each document, Breasted provides information on location, condition, historical significance, and content. Beginning with the earliest known official annals of Egypt, the Palermo Stone, Breasted catalogs the realm's official activities, including royal succession, temple construction, property distribution, and foreign conquest. He tracks the careers of scores of kings, queens, government officials, military leaders, powerful statesmen, and influential courtiers, reproducing their autobiographies, letters of favor, paeans, mortuary gifts, and tomb inscriptions. Clearly annotated for the lay reader, the documents provide copious evidence of trade relations, construction activities, diplomatic envoys, foreign expeditions, and other aspects of a vigorous, highly organized, and centrally controlled society.

Breasted's commentary is both rigorously documented and accessible, suffused with a contagious fascination for the events, the personalities, the cultural practices, and the sophistication these records indicate. A herculean assemblage of primary documents, many of which have deteriorated to illegibility in the intervening century, Ancient Records of Egypt illuminates both the incredible complexity of Egyptian society and the almost insuperable difficulties of reconstructing a lost civilization.

This first paperback edition of Ancient Records of Egypt features a new introduction and supplementary bibliographies by Peter A. Piccione. Setting Breasted's work in the context of the development of American Egyptology, Piccione discusses Breasted's establishment of the Oriental Institute of the University of Chicago, with corporate support by John D. Rockefeller and other benefactors, and surveys the ambitious body of publications with which Breasted laid the foundation for future Egyptian studies.
 

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Contents

THE DOCUMENTARY SOURCES OF EGYPTIAN HISTORY 137
1
THE TWENTIETH DYNASTY 1603
3
THE ELEVENTH DYNASTY 415459
4
Plan of Scenes and Inscriptions in Medinet Habu Temple
5
closed in halfbrackets the dashes so inclosed indicate
7
Enactment Against Stealing of Hides by
32
CHRONOLOGY 3857
38
Reign of Thutmose I 544
54
Reign of Ramses VII 484485
236
Inscriptions of Puemre
237
Coronation before the Court 132239
239
THE EIGHTEENTH DYNASTY 11043
258
Reign of Ramses XII 557603
274
THE SIXTH DYNASTY 282390
282
Reign of Pepi I SS
295
The Asiatic War 294391
296

CHRONOLOGICAL TABLE 5875
58
Laudation of the King and Conclusion Left
67
Reign of Ramses I 7479
74
Assuan Inscription
77
Reign of Seti I 8025o
81
THE FIRST TO THE FIFTH DYNASTIES 76167
90
Introduction 182183
110
Weighing and Measuring the Gifts to Amon
111
Reign of Thutmose II 115127
115
Rock Inscription in Wadi Maghara
117
Reign of Sesostris III 640748
125
Reign of Thutmose III and Hatshepsut 128390
128
VOLUME III
137
Heliopolitan Section 247304
140
Wadi Halfa Stela 157161
157
Memphite Section 305351
161
THE THIRD DYNASTY 168175
168
THE FOURTH DYNASTY 176212
176
The Birth of Queen Hatshepsut 187191
187
Speech of the Divine Ennead ll 2024
191
Summary 383396
192
Historical Section 397412
198
Reign of Thutmose III 391779
201
Record of the Royal Jubilee 413415
206
Council of Amon and Hathor
209
The Coronation of Queen Hatshepsut
215
Biography of AhmosePenNekhbet
220
The Northern Journey 221225
221
Mortuary Temple at Thebes Kurna 2II22I
222
Inscription of Thutiy
229
Reign of Ramses V 473
230
His Mortuary Priesthood 231235
231
The Expeditions Inscription 297298
297
Reign of Nesubenebded 627630
308
Reign of Mernere 316336
316
High Priesthood of Paynozem II 662687
322
Reign of HorusNakhtnebTepneferIntef II 423A423G
327
Reign of Amenhotep II 780
334
Reign of Ikhnaton 9321or8
340
Reign of Sheshonk I 699728
344
Karnak Building Inscription 803806
345
Reign of Thutmose IV 810840
352
Inscriptions of Khui
362
Treaty with the Hittites 367391
367
Reign of Osorkon II 742751
369
Reign of Sheshonk III 756777
377
Reign of Imhotep 388390
390
Records of NileLevels at Karnak 793794
403
Inscription of Kheti II 405414
405
THE FIFTH DYNASTY 213281
416
Message of the Chief of Kheta to the Chief
425
THE TWENTYFOURTH DYNASTY 884
447
Fifth Campaign Year 29 454462
454
Bet elWalli Temple 458477
458
THE TWELFTH DYNASTY 460750
460
Reign of Amenhotep III 841931
464
Reign of Tanutamon 919934
467
Reign of Psamtik I 935973
477
Building Inscriptions 492537
492
Reign of Necho 974980
497
Temple of Serreh
500
Temple of Dcrr
503
Reign of Siptah 639650
518
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About the author (2001)

James Henry Breasted (1865-1935), the first American scholar to hold a professorship in Egyptology, was the author of The Battle of Kadesh, A History of Egypt, Development of Religion and Thought in Ancient Egypt, Ancient Times: A History of the Early World, and The Conquest of Civilization.Peter A. Piccione is an Egyptologist and professor of comparative ancient history at the University of Charleston, South Carolina, and director of the University of Charleston Serapis Research Institute Theban Tombs Publication Project.

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