Ancient Records of Egypt: The first through the seventeenth dynasties

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James Henry Breasted
University of Illinois Press, 2001 - History - 400 pages
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Around the turn of the last century, James Henry Breasted took on the challenge of assembling all the available historical documents of ancient Egypt and translating them into English. This prodigious undertaking involved traveling to the monuments extant in the Nile valley and in outlying areas of Egyptian conquest, as well as to museums throughout Europe where Egyptian relics were housed. Breasted made his own copies of hundreds of Egyptian records inscribed on papyrus or leather or carved in stone and engaged in a thorough study of the published records of Egyptian history in conjunction with his own transcription of the documents themselves. This five-volume compendium is the result.

Breasted's monumental work, originally published from 1906 to 1907, encompasses twenty-six dynasties spanning more than three millennia: from ca. 3050 B.C. to 525 B.C. For each document, Breasted provides information on location, condition, historical significance, and content. Beginning with the earliest known official annals of Egypt, the Palermo Stone, Breasted catalogs the realm's official activities, including royal succession, temple construction, property distribution, and foreign conquest. He tracks the careers of scores of kings, queens, government officials, military leaders, powerful statesmen, and influential courtiers, reproducing their autobiographies, letters of favor, paeans, mortuary gifts, and tomb inscriptions. Clearly annotated for the lay reader, the documents provide copious evidence of trade relations, construction activities, diplomatic envoys, foreign expeditions, and other aspects of a vigorous, highly organized, and centrally controlled society.

Breasted's commentary is both rigorously documented and accessible, suffused with a contagious fascination for the events, the personalities, the cultural practices, and the sophistication these records indicate. A herculean assemblage of primary documents, many of which have deteriorated to illegibility in the intervening century, Ancient Records of Egypt illuminates both the incredible complexity of Egyptian society and the almost insuperable difficulties of reconstructing a lost civilization.

This first paperback edition of Ancient Records of Egypt features a new introduction and supplementary bibliographies by Peter A. Piccione. Setting Breasted's work in the context of the development of American Egyptology, Piccione discusses Breasted's establishment of the Oriental Institute of the University of Chicago, with corporate support by John D. Rockefeller and other benefactors, and surveys the ambitious body of publications with which Breasted laid the foundation for future Egyptian studies.
 

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Ancient records of Egypt

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In 1906, Breasted, America's first noted Egyptologist, published this series in which he presents a history of the golden age of Egypt gleaned from its records, many of which he was the first scholar ... Read full review

Contents

Reign of Amenemhet II 594613
4
CHRONOLOGY 3857
38
Plan of the Reliefs of Seti I on the North Wall of
39
Reign of Thutmose I 544
54
CHRONOLOGICAL TABLE 5875
58
Showing Two Superimposed Figures
61
Reign of Ramses I 7479
74
THE ELEVENTH DYNASTY 415459
80
Coronation by Atum 226227
226
Reception of the Crowns and the Names 228230
228
Reign of Ramses V 473
230
His Mortuary Priesthood 231235
231
Reign of Ramses VII 484485
236
THE TWENTIETH DYNASTY 1603
237
Coronation before the Court 132239
239
Second Purification 240241
240

Reign of Seti I 80250
81
THE FIRST TO THE FIFTH DYNASTIES 76167
90
Plan of Punt Reliefs
105
Introduction 182183
110
Reign of Thutmose II 115127
115
Reign of Sesostris III 640748
125
The Ebony Shrine of Der elBahri 126127
126
Reign of Thutmose III and Hatshepsut 128390
128
Inscription of the Coronation Buildings and Offerings 131166
131
to Amon 135139
140
The Modern Mound of Kadesh
152
Wadi Haifa Stela 157161
157
Memphite Section 305351
161
Semneh Temple Inscriptions
167
Renewal of Sesostris Ill1s List of Offerings 168172
168
Dedication to Dedun and Sesostris III 173176
173
Biography of Nebwawi
177
The Statue Inscription 178183
178
Abydos Stela 184186
184
The Birth of Queen Hatshepsut 187191
187
The Council of the Gods
192
Interviews Between Amon and Thoth 193194
193
Amon with Queen Ahmose 195198
195
Historical Section 397412
198
Interview Between Amon and Khnum 199201
199
Reign of Thutmose III 391779
201
Khnum Fashions the Child 202203
202
Interview Between Thoth and Queen Ahmose
204
Queen Ahmose is Led to Coniinement
205
The Birth 206207
206
Presentation of the Child to Amon
208
Council of Amon and Hathor
209
The Nursing of the Child
210
The Final Scene
212
Statue of Enebni
213
Vase Inscription
214
The Coronation of Queen Hatshepsut
215
The Purification
216
Amon presents the Child to All the Gods 217220
217
The Practicers of Magic 4544S6
220
The Northern Journey 221225
221
Mortuary Temple at Abydos 225243
225
Concluding Ceremonies
242
Southern Pylon Inscription at Karnak 243245
243
Temple Model of Heliopolis 244246
244
THE SIXTH DYNASTY 282390
274
Reign of Pepi I 2953
295
The Asiatic War 294391
296
First Dynasty 91116
297
Shaft Inscriptions Middle Columns 308311
308
Reign of Mernere 316336
310
Reign of Amenhotep II 780
313
High Priesthood of Menkheperre 650661
316
Reliefs of Transportation of Obelisks
322
High Priesthood of Pesibkhenno 688692
334
FROM THE THIRTEENTH DYNASTY TO THE HYKSOS 751787
339
Biography of AhmosePenNekhbet
344
Karnak Building Inscription 803806
345
Reign of Thutmose IV 810840
352
Inscriptions of Khui
362
Reign of Ikhnaton 9321018
367
Inscription of Thutiy 369378
369
Reign of Sheshonk III 756777
377
Reign of Pemou 778781
390
Reign of Ity 386387
392
Relations of Egypt with the Hittites after the War 392491
394
Records of NileLevels at Karnak 793794
403
Inscription of Kheti II 405414
405
Reigns of Intef III and NibkhrureMentuhotcp II 424426
424
Reign of NibtowereMentuhotep IV 434459
434
Reign of Snefru 168175
447
Fifth Campaign Year 29 454462
454
Reign of Userkaf 213235
455
THE TWELFTH DYNASTY 460750
460
Reign of Amenhotep III 841931
464
Reign of Tanutamon 919934
467
Bet elWalli Temple 45S477
477
Building Inscriptions 492537
492
Reign of Necho 974980
497
Twelfth Campaign Year 37
500
Inscription of Amenemhet Ameni 515523
509
THE EIGHTEENTH DYNASTY 11043
514
Reign of Siptah 639650
518
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A History of Ancient Egypt
Nicolas Grimal
No preview available - 1994
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About the author (2001)

James Henry Breasted (1865-1935), the first American scholar to hold a professorship in Egyptology, was the author of The Battle of Kadesh, A History of Egypt, Development of Religion and Thought in Ancient Egypt, Ancient Times: A History of the Early World, and The Conquest of Civilization.Peter A. Piccione is an Egyptologist and professor of comparative ancient history at the University of Charleston, South Carolina, and director of the University of Charleston Serapis Research Institute Theban Tombs Publication Project.

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