Samuel T. Turvey
OUP Oxford, May 28, 2009 - Science - 366 pages
The extent to which human activity has influenced species extinctions during the recent prehistoric past remains controversial due to other factors such as climatic fluctuations and a general lack of data. However, the Holocene (the geological interval spanning the last 11,500 years from the end of the last glaciation) has witnessed massive levels of extinctions that have continued into the modern historical era, but in a context of only relatively minor climatic fluctuations. This makes a detailed consideration of these extinctions a useful system for investigating the impacts of human activity over time. Holocene Extinctions describes and analyses the range of global extinction events which have occurred during this key time period, as well as their relationship to both earlier and ongoing species losses. By integrating information from fields as diverse as zoology, ecology, palaeontology, archaeology and geography, and by incorporating data from a broad range of taxonomic groups and ecosystems, this novel text provides a fascinating insight into human impacts on global extinction rates, both past and present. This truly interdisciplinary book is suitable for both graduate students and researchers in these varied fields. It will also be of value and use to policy-makers and conservation professionals since it provides valuable guidance on how to apply lessons from the past to prevent future biodiversity loss and inform modern conservation planning.
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3 Holocene mammal extinctions
4 Holocene avian extinctions
5 Past and future patterns of freshwater mussel extinctions in North America during the Holocene
6 Holocene extinctions in the sea
threat processes and wider ecosystemscale implications
anecdotes models and speculation
is evidence for prehistoric historical and presentday extinction really comparable?
a history of humanenvironmental interactions climate change and extinction
nonnative mammalian predators and the fate of island bird diversity
is the past the key to the future?
14 Holocene extinctions and the loss of feature diversity
9 Probabilistic methods for determining extinction chronologies
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14C age anthropogenic assemblages biodiversity Biological bird species BirdLife International 2000 Burney Caribbean Cave Chatham Islands Cheke cies climate change coextinction conservation Cuba decline difcult diversity ecological ecosystems environmental Epioblasma etal evidence example extinct species extinction events faunas forest fossil record freshwater mussel Glacial global Greenway habitat habitat loss Hawai’i Holocene host human arrival human impacts increased inuence Island New Zealand IUCN Late Pleistocene Late Quaternary loss MacPhee Madagascar mammalian predators mammals marine Martinson 2006 megafauna megafaunal middens models Muridae mussel native non-native North America Oahu occurred Ocean Olson and James Oryzomyini Pacic parasites passenger pigeon patterns petrel populations prehistoric procellariiforms Pterodroma Quaternary Radiometric date Rallidae recent reect refugia region relatively remains Réunion River Science seabirds sheries signicant South Island Steadman 2006b stratigraphic association subfossil survived taxa taxonomic Tennyson and Martinson terrestrial thylacine tion undescribed species vertebrate Worthy and Holdaway Zealand