Structure and Mobility: The Men and Women of Marseille, 1820-1870
Cambridge University Press, Apr 26, 1985 - History - 377 pages
This book traces the processes and social consequences of rapid economic and urban growth in the great French port of Marseille during the nineteenth century. Basing his analysis primarily on a detailed examination of marriage registers and other forms of quantitative data, the author describes changes both in the major structures of urban society - economic, occupational, residential, and demographic - and in patterns of social mobility. Professor Sewell's analysis of migration into Marseille challenges the commonly held notion that migration to cities during the nineteenth century led to widespread social and personal deterioration. He demonstrates instead that many immigrants were surprisingly well-prepared for urban life and took full advantage of the opportunities for upward mobility afforded by rapid economic growth. He pays particularly close attention to the social experience of women, providing the most detailed quantitative study of women's social mobility to be found in the literature of social history.
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Marseille and urban history
The economic structure
The occupational structure
The urban framework
The demography of urban growth
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Agriculture birthplace born Bouches-du-Rhone bourgeois backgrounds bourgeois occupations bourgeoisie brides and grooms Business and professional census of 1851 century changes city's Commerce de Marseille criminality daughters district domestic servants domestic service downward mobility economic elite employed factory female immigrants figures France French growth higher hinterland illiterate immigrant brides immigrant grooms important increase industry Italian Italian immigrants large number listes nominatives literacy rates literate longshoremen maker marchand maritime quarter maritime workers marriage registers Marseillais Marseille's migration Miscellaneous nineteenth nineteenth-century Marseille non-Italian immigrants number of workers occupational backgrounds occupational categories occupational distribution occupational structure Octroi old city Paris patterns peasants percent in 1869 Percentage petite bourgeoisie population port proprietors Provence rates of upward Rentier rose Sales and clerical scale Second Empire seille service workers Small business small businessmen social mobility sons status scores Table theft Total trades unmarried unskilled workers upward mobility urban vagrancy Vaucluse women's occupations working-class