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Degrees, Observances, customs and laws,
Scene II. A Friend forsaken.
As wę do tụśn our backs
(4) A dedicated, &c.] In Romeo and Juliet, at the beginnings he speaks prettily of a bud bit by an envious worin,
Ere he can spread his fweet wings to the air,
Or dedicate his beauty to the sun, In the next line, the author seems to have had his eye on that trite and well-known line of Ovid's;
Nullus ad amiffas ibit amicus opes.
Scene SCENE HIT. On Gold.
(5) What is here? Gold ? yellow, glittering, precious gold? (6) No, gods, I am no idle votarist. Roots, you clear heavens ! thus much of this will make: Black, white; foul, fair ; wrong, right; Base, noble; old, young; coward, valiant. You gods! why this? what this? you gods! why,
(5) What is, &c.} See page 27 of this volumes Ben Johnson, in his Volpone, speaking of gold, says,
Thou art virtue, fame,
He shall be noble, valiant, honeft, wife
Act 1. Sc. 1. Which lines are an exact trandation of the following from Ha
Omnis enim res
L. 2. S. 3. I leave the learned reader to judge, which of the two, this claffical bard, or our illiterate one, with bis small Latin and Greek, have best expreft the fpirit and meaning of Horace.
(6) No, &c.] This is well explained, Mr. Wa burton observesy, by the fol'owing lines of Perlius-Sat. 2. v. 10.
Er o fi
Subraftio crapet argenti feria dextro
Make the hoar leprosy ador'd; place thieves,
SCENE IV. Timon to Alcibiades,
Go on, here's gold, go on ;
(7) W'aped, 1. e. sorrowful, mournful. Ben Johnson, in the 5th act of the same play we mentioned but now, observes,
That gold transforms
As 'twere the strange poetical girdle.
Ex!977Oxford editor, vulg, exhauf.
Think it a bastard, whom the oracle
To the Courtezans.
Consumptions sow In hollow bones of man, strike their sharp shins, And mar mens spurring Crack the lawyer's voice, That he may never more false title plead, Nor found his quillets shrilly. (8) Hoar the Flamen,
(8) Hoar, &c.7 Mr. Upton, plainly perceiving there was some.. thing wrong in this pamage, propoles to read,
Hoarse the Flamen. i e. make hoarse : for to be boary claims reverence: this, not only the poets but the scripture teaches us : Levit. xix 32. Thou fhalt rise up before the boary bead." Add to this, that boa-se, is here most proper, as opposed to scolds. The poet could never mean-“ Give the Flamen the hoary leprosy that scolds; boar, in this sense is so ambiguous, that the construction hardly admits it, and the opposition plainly requires the other reading.' See Crit. Observations, p. 198. Tho', I must confess Mr. Up!or's conjece t ure very ingenious, and acknowledge with him, boar, as it stands, can never be Shakespear's word ; yet neither can I think, boarje, . to be fo: tho' perhaps it may seem unreafonable in me to conciemn it, without being able to offer a better in its place. But I am apt to imagine there is a word by some means or other Dipt : out of the text, and wanted where I have plac'd the afterisk.
Nor sound his quillets shrilly. . * the hoar. Flamen
That scolds, &c. What the word so loft is, or how it must be supplied, can be only conjecture, so that every reader will have a pleasing opportunity of trying his critical fagacity : the epithet is very proper for th:
That scolds againk the quality of flesh,
SCENE V. Timon's Reflections on the Earth.
Whereon Flamen, and it seems to me, if we allow bóirse, there is none, or very little difference between what he and the lawyer were to suf. fer : it seems probable, scolds, in the next line, has been misplacd; and, indulging conjecture, we may at least be allowed to Tuppose the passage originally stood thus ;
Nor sound his quillets shrewdly. Scald the boar Flamen,
And not believes himself,
(9) To foresee] As men by foreseeing, provide for and take care of their affairs, Shakespear uses the word in that sense, " of him that to foresee, provide for and see after] his own particular ada vantage, c."
(10) Crifpcrispus, crispatus, curled; alluding to the clouds that appear curled, and to which he gives that epithet in the Tempeft.