Knighthoods of Christ: Essays on the History of the Crusades and the Knights Templar, Presented to Malcolm Barber
Routledge, May 15, 2017 - History - 280 pages
During the Central Middle Ages Catholics had the opportunity to take part in Holy War in the Latin East in two different but related ways, by taking the Cross and by entering the Order of the Temple. Both crusaders and Knights Templar were dubbed by contemporary panegyrists milites Christi, knights engaged in combat for the cause of Christ. On numerous battlefields in the Middle East crusaders and Templars fought side by side. By the late thirteenth century both modes of Holy War faced critical situations. Crusading failed to save the mainland states of Palestine and Syria from Muslim conquest in 1291, while the Knights Templar entered a period of internal demoralisation and external attack that culminated in the suppression of their Order in 1312. This collection of essays by distinguished historians of the Crusades and the Order of the Temple covers the whole span of their historical evolution and offers numerous insights into the ideologies, practicalities and ramifications of Christian Holy War in the Middle Ages.
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Acre Aléaume Ambroise Annales Antioch Aragon Armenian artist Baldwin II Baldwin of Bourcq Barber Bauduin Belchite Berenguer bilateral icon Bohemond brothers Byzantine Byzantium castle chanson de geste Christ Christendom Christian Chronicle Church commander commandery Constantinople Count CRDT Crusade Cycle Culla Cyprus d’Aragon east eastern Edessa emperor empire Eugenius evidence Fatimids Folda Forey France Frankish Gesta Francorum Godfrey Greeks Henry Henry’s History Holy Land Hospitallers hostility Ibid Islam James of Molay king Kingdom of Jerusalem knights l’ordre later Latin letter London manuscripts Medieval Melisende military Mongols Montesa mounted soldier saints Muslims ordre Otto papal Peñíscola Perg Peter Pope preceptor provincial master qu’il Quantum praedecessores Raymond of Aguilers Rethel RHC Oc Rome royal ruler Saladin Saphadin Saracens Sebourg Second Crusade Sinai sources St George St Sergios Templars Temple templiers testimony thirteenth century trans Turks Valencia vols Paris western whilst William of Tyre witness