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gentlemen's houses—Protestant gen. why will he not inquire? Is it his tlernen, I mean, with their houses business, or his duty, as a statesman, full of valuable property,-are left, to make a glowing powerful speech, even in the middle of the night, a)(I did not think, by the by, that Charmost without bolt or bar, and certainly lie Grant had it in him to make such much more insecure against invasion a speech,) founded upon statements from without than would be safe in which he well knew to be “overchar, any part of England.

ged?”“Overcharged,” indeed! What It is melancholy to contemplate the a delicate word ! False false is the enormous mischief which is done by word, good St Charlie-but let us these continual exaggerations of the have your own flourish. “There ex. lawless, and wicked, and wretched ists in Ireland, a power, compact, well state of Ireland. People are quite organized, not recognized by the con. frightened at the name of the place. stitution, disavowed and condemned Men who have capital to lay out in by Parliament, usurping the functions agriculture and manufactures sooner of the executive, exercising even final think of going to Van Diemen's Land, authority, extending its dominion over than to a country of which they hear every part of the country, and able at such dreadful descriptions. They its will to command and direct the transport themselves to the Antipodes, movements of the whole people.” Very rather than go three days' journey to fine indeed. The first part of the dea a country, which they are not allowed scription, however, has this advantage to think of, without thinking at the over the latter, tbat it is true, which same time of murder. This is the evil the other is not. But it being true that which the orators bring upon their a power exists, not recognized by the country; and while they take credit constitution, and disavowed and con, to themselves for boundless patriotism, demned by Parliament, why is it sufthey ruin their native land.

fered to exist ? Oh! for one year's As to a general rebellion, there is wise and vigorous decision in the Gono idea of any such thing at present vernment of Ireland ! in Ireland, and if there were, there is no You know, Mr North, I hate a place in the world where it would be long argument, when the pith of it sooner known. The Irish are so com. begins to decline, so I shall not detain pletely abandoned to the influence of you much longer. The state of Irefeeling and passion, that keeping a se land at present, is certainly not an encretis with them quite out of the ques. viable one, for party feeling rankles tion. The gathering storm, too, would with an excessive soreness, of which manifestitself in a variety of ways—the previous times, bad as they have somepeople would not work, they would times been, scarcely afford an examabandon their fields, well knowing that ple. But let Parliament men, newsin a time of disturbance, they would men, or Catholic Association men, say be masters, and no rent would have what they please, I say, much might to be paid. Lettors would be sent to be done for Ireland, without Catholic particular individuals occasioned by Emancipation--and the first thing is, gratitude for some individual act of to let the truth be known, for it is kindness, and warning them of their quite incredible the quantity of false. danger. Disclosures would be made by hood that is abroad, concerning that some, fearing like Donchad of Ossory, country. I wish a Society were estathat others would get before them, blished, to send some of its members and be exclusive sbarers of the reward, regularly into Ireland, for the sake of and many other indications would in- actually beholding what was going on fallibly appear.

there, I will ensure the safety of the Mr Grant is so well pleased with the lives of the travellers at a small pree opportunity for making a fine speech, mium. What a "refreshing" thing which Mr Fitzgerald's statement furan unprejudiced report would be ! nishes, that although he knows it is I am, with great respect, not correct, yet“ he will not inquire to

Mr NORTH, what degree, in some respects, the

Yours, picture may be overcharged.” And 7th June 1828.

X.

P.S.-I annex a note of the proceedings and divisions in Parliament on the Catholic Question, which may be interesting to some of your readers.

CATHOLIC QUESTION.

1805. Mr Fox moved for a Committee to take into consideration the Catholic claims.

Ayes, 124; Noes, 336. Majority against the Catholics, 212. 1806. Question not brought forward. 1807. Question not brought forward. 1808. Motion for a Committee to take into consideration the Catholic claims. Ayes,

128; Noes, 281.-Majority against the Catholics, 153. 1809. Question not brought forward. 1810. Motion for a Committee to take into consideration the Catholic claims. Ayes,

109; Noes, 213.-Majority against the Catholics, 104. 1811. Motion for a Committee. Ayes, 83 ; Noes, 146.-Majority against the Catho.

lics, 63. 1812. April 24. Mr Grattan's motion for a Committee. Ayes, 215; Noes, 300.- Ma

jority against the Catholics, 85. June. Mr Canning's motion for a Committee early in the next Session, to take

into consideration the Catholic claims. Ayes, 235; Noes, 106. Majority for

the Catholics, 129. June. A similar motion in the Lords by Lord Wellesley._The order of the day

being moved in opposition to Lord W.'s motion-Contents, 126; Non-con

tents, 125. Majority against the Catholics, l. 1813. Feb. 3. Debated for three nights.

Mr Grattan's motion for a Committee to take into serious consideration the Ca.

tholic claims. Ayes, 264; Noes, 224.Majority for the Catholics, 40. March 9. First reading of the Bill. Ayes, 186; Noes, 119.-Majority for the

Catholics, 67.
May 11. Motion by Sir J. C. Hippesley to inquire into the state of the laws af-

fecting Roman Catholics._Opposed by Mr Canning, on the ground of its
being a manæuvre to delay the

Bill. For the motion, 187 ; Against it, 235.
Majority for the Catholics, 48.
May 13. Second reading.
On the motion that it should be read that day three months. Ayes, 203; Noes,

245. Majority for the Catholics, 42.
May 24. Bill in Committee. On the motion to omit the clause enabling Catho.

lics to sit in Parliament-Ayes, 251 ; Noes, 247.—Majority against the Ca.

tholics, 4; and the Bill withdrawn. 1814. Question not brought forward. 1815. May 31. Sir Henry Parnell's motion for a Committee. Ayes, 147; Noes, 228.

-Majority against the Catholics, 81. 1816. May 21. Mr Grattan's motion for a Committee early in the next Session. Ayes,

141 ; noes, 172.Majority against the Catholics, 31. 1817. May 9. Mr Grattan's motion for a Committee. Ayes, 221; Noes, 245..Ma.

jority against the Catholics, 24. 1818. Question not brought forward. 1819. May 4. Mr Grattan's motion for a Committee. Ayes, 241 ; Nocs, 243.—Ma.

jority against the Catholics, 2. 1820. Question not brought forward. 1821. Feb. 28. Mr Plunkett's motion for a Committee. Ayes, 227 ; Noes, 221.

Majority for the Catholics, 6.
March 16. Second reading of the Bill. Ayes, 254 ; Noes, 243.--Majority in

favour of the Catholics, 11.
March 23. Division on first clause of the Bill. Ayes, 230; Noes, 216.-Ma.

jority in favour of the clause, 14.
March 26. Mr Bankes' amendment to exclude Catholics from Parliament.

Ayes, 211; Noes, 223. Majority for the Catholics, 12.
April 2. Third reading. Ayes, 216; Noes, 197.—Majority for the Catholics,

19.Bill passed the Commons.
House of Lords.-Second reading of the Bill. Contents, 120; Non-contents,

159. Majority against the Catholics, 39.—Bill thrown out. 1822. April 30. Mr Canning's motion for a Bill to enable Catholic Peers to sit in the

Upper House. Ayes, 249; Noes, 244.—Majority for the Catholics, 5.
May 13. Second reading of the Bill. Ayes, 235 ; Noes, 223. Majority for the

Bill, 12.
May 17. Bill passed without a division.
June 21. House of Lords.-Second reading of the Bill. Contents, 129; Non-
contents, 171.

Majority against tlue Bill, 42.Bill thrown outa

1823. April 18. Mr Plunkett's motion for a Committee. Sir Francis Burdett, and

several other Whigs, abruptly left the House. Motion met by a countermotion for an adjournment. Ayes, 313; Noes, 111.-Majority against the

Catholics, 202. 1824. Question not brought forward. 1825. Feb. 28. Sir Francis Burdett's motion for a Committee. Ayes, 247 ; Noes, 234.

-Majority for the Catholics, 13.
April 22. Second reading of the Bill. Ayes, 268; Noes, 241.—Majority for

the Catholics, 27.
May 10. Third reading of the Bill. Ayes, 248 ; noes, 227.-Majority for the

Catholics, 21.–Bill passed.
May 17. House of Lords. Contents, 130 ; Non-contents, 178. Majority against

the Catholics, 48.--Bill thrown out. 1826. Question not brought forward. Parliament dissolved. 1827. New Parliament.—March 5. Sir Francis Burdett's motion for a Committee,

Ayes, 272; Noes, 276.-Majority against the Catholics, 4.

SIEGE OF BHURTPORE.

Letter from an Infantry Officer. SIR, I OBSERVE in your last Number a to decide without trial. Certain I am, letter from “ A Bengal Engineer," “ The Bengal Engineer” had seldom complaining of the article in your (if ever) an opportunity of seeing a April Number, “The Siege of Bhurt, ditch, such as that at Bhurtpore, full pore," as attaching much blame to the of water, crossed in the neat way he operations of the engineers. Being the undoubtedly could have advised. author of the journal referred to, con- Speaking of the curtains being low, sequently the culpable person, I re- was in reference to the bastions, seve. quest you will insert, for his informa- ral of which were from 80 to 93 feet tion, in your next Number, the follow- high-by his own account the curtains ing explanation and remarks:

were from 50 to 55 feet. The journal in question was never That the points of attack, at first intended as a full and minute account, chosen, were two curtains, I now well but merely a rough sketch taken on remember, and stand corrected accordthe spot, when duty permitted, during ingly; still I cannot refrain from think. the siege. The little information con- ing it would have proved equally protained therein I was in nowise indebte fitable to his comments, had he been ed to the engineers for, who, by the blessed with a short memory on this by, were singularly reserved in their occasion, unless he had explained, communications to infantry officers on “why two curtains” were fixed on, the most trivial subjects. Before I in preference to two salient bastions. proceed further, I must disclaim any That the two curtains were ill selectintention of throwing blame to the ed, and contrary to the common prindegree stated on that distinguished ciples of fortification to form breaches corps, " The Bengal Engineers." The in, is indisputable, when the flank fire operations were, generally speaking, of the bastions, as well as the bastions carried on with talent, as the result themselves, were complete and occuproved, and with zeal, as no one can pied. That I am borne out in this deny. That an engineer should necese statement, is evident from the fact, sarily be better acquainted with his pe- that, after eight days' struggling to culiar department and details than an form a sort of breach, they were given infantry officer, no one will question, up entirely, and the bastions, which but that he is not liable to error in ought to have been attacked at first, judgment at times, he will scarcely were at last determined on. The gunaffirm.

breach to the left of the long-necked Regarding his remark," that had bastion I examined the day after the the ditch been filled with water, no fort fell, and have no hesitation in failure would have taken place,” it is a stating, that had it been attacked, there strong assertion-at best, a matter of was great chance of failure in that opinion-failures not many years since quarter, from the impossibility of a occurred under as favourable circum- sufficient number of men being able stances, and this is a point impossible to reach its summit at once. At the

bottom was a great quantity of fine His next paragraph requires notice.
dust, that hid an entire escarp of 30 The sap crowning the counterscarp
feet, although at a distance it had the opposite the left breach, (if it could be
appearance of an easy slope up to the so called,) was very badly constructed,
breach. To the remark, that the ta- and without excavation, on the morn:
king of Kuddum Kundie, &c. is ex- ing of 12th January, (unless a foot
tremely incorrect, I answer, the chances in depth, and as much in breadth,
are, the “ Bengal Engineer” was not is deemed sufficient.) The gabions,
at the post during the day, or he would stuffed with cotton, were in no part
have seen four guns instead of two, musket proof,“ having no earth be-
under Lieutenant H. of the artillery; hind them.” I had the pleasure of
also the guns in question were free twenty-four hours duty in it, soon af-
quently fired that day against the fort. ter its construction, and can speak to
That an attempt to make a battery of its qualities, and found it necessary to
sand-bags and cotton-bales, is correct, request both sand bags and tools might
I assert, and was only prevented by be sent to complete it-it was by the
the heavy fire from the fort. Had the soldiers in it, that it was rendered fit
engineer been behind these bales a few to hold the firing party, after some
hours, he would have had an opportu, loss.
nity of seeing specimens of Bhurtpore I do not mean to say.

the
sap

lead gunnery, and witnessed round shot ing to it was not tolerable, or the core pass through them, though two da ner where the shafts were sinking a breast, at 600 to 700 yards; that the very snug birth, and where I observed loss is exaggerated in regard to men I the engineers most part of the day, of am aware, and was occasioned by mise course superintending the mining. take ; but many bullocks were de That the quantity of water at the foot stroyed. His remarks concerning the of the gun-breach, on the left attack, ramparts I have since learnt to be to. was known on 8th January, I was not lerably exact; still the breach at the aware. On the 12th, at four o'clock long-necked bastion was composed of in the evening, an attempt was in a heap of stones and masonry, mixed contemplation, but laid aside. The onwith mud, &c. Two days after the ly method I had of obtaining an idea storming I was obliged to leave Bhurts of the powder used in the various pore, and could not ascertain how far mines, was, by observing the number ibe above description answered the of bags passing, and making a calcularamparts in general.

tion from them. When the engineer Bly observation, regarding the ese states 28° to be the angle the left carp being 60 feet, was a matter of breach formed with the horizon, his conjecture. This remark I noted down instrument must have been out of ore on 6th January. Now, by his own der, or he took his base-line at the account, the real height was not known extreme clod thrown into the ditch; before the 8th January. Considering it appeared nearer 38° or 40°, than that my view was from the advanced 28o. This I had no time to determine. trenches, and his, perhaps, quietly Not being certain of the disposition measured after the place was in our made for the two small columns, I possession, the difference of six feet omitted mention of them on that ac. was not worth mentioning—this re- count only. In conclusion, I humbly mark is equally applicable to the coun- conceive, that, had the “Bengal Engiterscarp.

neer" waited till the fall account apHis next remark refers to what was peared, he so exultingly announces to evidently an error in printing from the be at hand, he would have had at manuscript, (it scarcely requires an least more chance of triumph than has engineer's abilities or education to dise attended his present attempt. tinguish between scarp and counter- Sir, I am, yours, &c. scarp, much less to suppose a mine un

An INFANTRY OFFICER. der a bastion could blow in the coun- 12th June, 1828. terscarp,) and adds no weight to his review by noticing it. The loss of ma- P.S.-If the Bengal Engineer" terials by the explosion, I had no could inform me when the Bhurtpore means of ascertaining the amount of, prize-money is to be paid, I shall and thought it of no importance to do willingly excuse, and patiently bear 30, when abundance of wood was at his corrections. hand to replace them.

THE RISE AND PALI. OF THE LIBERALS.

We have this month to congratu- because they were the fashion. But late our readers, that is to say, all the when, by one vigorous step of the good men and true who live under the noble Dúke at the head of the GoBritish flag in every quarter of the vernment, which, like every public act world, upon a most important change of his, was at once wise, decisive, and which has taken place in the constitue promptly to the purpose, the Liberals tion of his Majesty's Ministry. We have been deprived of official power, have at last, thank God, got rid of the and the people have begun to speak Liberals, and once more have the their sentiments to one another conhappiness to live under a pure Tory cerning them, it turns out that every government. Not a remnant, we re- one is well pleased at their dismissal; joice to say, of that bastard political and whatever the newspapers may say, sect, that cunning, cowardly, compro- there is throughout Great Britain an mising, conciliatory school, has been almost universal exultation at the releft to divide and weaken the measures turn of a decided unanimous Govern. of the Cabinet. The Liberals are ment. gone, one and all-root and branch Nor is this at all surprising, when have been plucked up and cast forth, we consider the character of the policy to the unspeakable relief of the coun- which those, calling themselves Liber try. If these people had been down- als, profess to adopt,—a policy which, right decided enemies, we might have whatever we may think of it upon felt some qualms of conscience, in res general principles, seems particularly joicing with such exceeding great joy objectionable, when viewed with reupon their overthrow, but there never ference to the temper and disposition was anything bold, or decided, or of the people of Great Britain. The manly, or straight-forward, about disposition of a genuine Briton is to them; they were infinitely more dans make up his mind upon what he ought gerous ; they hung about the Govern- to do, and having once determined ment, shifting and shifting, and lea- that, to adhere to his resolution with ving everything as it were trembling a fixedness of purpose, which more upon a balance, so that one could not frequently proceeds to the length of tell what was to preponderate. Thus obstinacy, than deviates into vacillathe Government was weakened, its old tion and uncertainty. Now this is a friends were cooled or disgusted, its character quite opposite to that of the enemies were encouraged, and the Liberals, and much to be preferred pretty gentlemen, the Liberals, were before it; for while the Briton of the so busy in showing how vastly clever old school may possibly carry his printhey were themselves, that they did ciple to an extent which is not right, not perceive how fast the Government he of the new or Liberal school will was losing that, without which no Go- most probably tumble through sheer vernment can be useful, namely its weakness into what is wrong. In the energy. The satisfaction, and good Liberal there is a total absence of the humour, and confidence which this sound healthy firmness, which is aboverthrow of the Liberals has diffused solutely essential to eminent usefulover the country, are much greater ness; he yields this; he concedes and more general than any one could that; he compromises the other thing; have previously calculated upon. There he winds, and twists, and hesitates; was throughout society a suppression and when he wants to accomplish a of feeling respecting these men, for thing, chooses rather to do it by a they had so praised themselves, and trick or stratagem, than by candour had got the newspaper press so much and plain dealing. You are never into their hands, that each individual, sure of him; you are doubtful as to however satisfied he himself was, that, his object, and quite uncertain as to as a political sect, none could be more the means he will adopt. Even his pernicious, yet hád a notion that pube principles he yields to circumstances, lic opinion was somehow in their fa- and he is particularly deferential to a vour, and that for the present they vague impalpable something, which should be submitted to, like cigars or he is pleased to call the spirit of the big bonnets, or any other nuisance, age," but which, on investigation, ap.

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