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think they know; perhaps about a

think they ought.” What you might expect, you best know, But this I know, perhaps, better than you. They do mind you, and are very thoughtíul about a succession of lively, faithful Minisers : Men deeply devoted to God, full of faith and the Holy Spirit, who may build up the Church when they rest from their labours. They carefully observe you and your proceedings, and rejoice when they see you truly serious, zealous, and active, in your Master's work, and happily successful therein. Go forth at the door where Providence leads vou, although it be but a strait one, and follow the call of God wheresoever it may be, and be faithful in a little and you shall be made rulers over much, in due timé. Modeft humility will expel high-mindedness, and make you willing for any service that the Lord may call you to, upon any terms. It will make you candid interpreters of the carriage of others toward you, and will lead you to reflekt upon your own unworthiness, rather than upon the misbehaviour of others toward you. Thus, in meekness and lowliness of mind you may possess your fouls, avoiding the dangerous rocks which novices split upon; who are apt to be puffed up. You may enjoy much comfort and peace within, when you meet with little from without.

Thus out of pure love to you, and the blessed work in which you are engaged, I offer these advices, with comfortable expectaiions of a happy issue. And that this may be the case, I would recommend to your serious consideration two particular Scriptures : The first, a promise made to the Church, " Upon this Rock I will build my Church, and the gates of bell shall not prevail against it;” and the second, a promise made to all faithful Ministers, " Lo, I am with you always, even unto the end of the world." From the first you learn, that God has taken his Church under his peculiar protection : And from the second, that the Ministers of Chrift shall be favoured with his gracious presence while they labour in his Vineyard. Let the hand of faith lay hold upon these precious promises. Constantly put the Lord in remembrance, by bringing them before him in prayer, whenever you are about to engage in his work. "If any man love me, faith our Lord, he will keep my word." Shew your love to Christ then, by pleading those promises in prayer, and he will make good what he has spoken, and will shew himself well-pleased with you, in that you remember his word. You will know, that after all your own en. deavours to fit yourselves for your work, whether of reading, meditation, or prayer, (and the more of these the better) yet still the presence of the Lord with you in the Pulpis, is infinitely be. yond every thing besides. The Spirit of grace and supplication will make you fervent in prayer, and wonderfully help you to suitable expression. And the Light of God shining upon your understanding, and the peace and the love of God flowing into your heart, will greally enlarge your views of divine truth and enable you with advantage to publish the same,


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Walk close with God then, and he will be ALL IN ALL to you; lo hall you in due time finish your work with joy, and be for ever with the Lord.

I am molt affectionately, yours, &c.


[Continued from page 95.] M R . BRUCE relates the following ridiculous custom in the

1 Court of Abyslinia. " It is the constant practice in Abyllinia to beset the king's doors a nd windows within his hear. ing, and there, from early morning to night, to cry for justice as loud as pollible, in a diftrefled and complaining tone, and in all the different languages they are masters of, in order to their being admitted to have their supposed grievances heard. In a country fu ill governed as Abyślinia is, and to perpetually involved in war, it may be eally supposed there is no want of people, who have real injuries and violence to complain of: But if it were not for this is to much the constant ufuage, that when it happens (as in the midt of the rainy season) that few people can approach the Cupiral, or fland without in fuch bad weather, a set of vagrants are provided, maintained and paid, whose fole business it is to cry and lment, as if they had been really very much injured and op. pretled; and this they tell you for the king's honour, that he may not be lonely by the puluce being too quiet. Tois, of all their abfurd cuftoms, was the moit grievous and troublesome to me; and, from a knowledge that it was fo, the king, when he was prie vate, often permitted himself a piece of rather odd divertion to be a royal one. There would sometimes, while I was busy in my room in the rainy season, be four or five hundred people, who all at once would begin, fome roaring and crying, as if they were in pain, others demanding juflice, as if they were that moment fuf. fering, or it in the instant to be put to death; and some gioaning and tobbing as it just expiring; and this horrid symphony was fo artfully performed that no ear could distinguish but that it proceed. ed froin real distress. I was often fo surprised as to send the fol. diers at the door to bring in one of them, thinking him come from the country, to examine who had injured him ; many a time he was a fervant of my own, or fone other equally known; or, if be was a ftranger, upon aking him what misto tune had befallen him, he would an wer very composediv, Nothing was the matter with him: that he had been tleeping all day with the hories: that hearing from the foldiers at the door I was retired to my apartment, he and his companions had come to cry and make a noite under my window, to do me koroar before the people, for fear I should be melancholy, by being too quiet when alone; and therefore boped that I would order them drink, that they might cartinue


with a little more fpirit. The violent anger which this did often put me into did not fail to be punctually reported to the king, at which he would laugh heartily; and he himself was often hid not far off, for the sake of being a spectator of my heavy dif. pleasure." ;

During Mr. Bruce's residence at Gondor, he made an exa cursion, with proper guides, to the Nile, in order to view the great Cataract of Alata, on that river, which he thus describes : “ The first thing they carried us to was the bridge, which consists of one arch of about twenty-five feet broad, the extremities of which were strongly let into, and rested on the folid rock on boilr fides“; but fragments of the parapets remained, and the bridge itself seemed to bear the appearance of frequent repairs, and many attempts to ruin it; otherwise, in its confiruction, it was exa ceedingly commodious. The Nile here is confined between two rocks, and runs in a deep trough, with great roaring and impe. tuous velocity. We were told no crocodiles were ever seen fo High, and were obliged to remount the stream above half a mile before we came to the Cataract, through trees and bushes of a beautiful and delightful appearance.

The Cataract itself was the most magnificent sight that ever I bebeld. The height has been rather exaggerated. The Missio. naries say the fall is about fixteen ells, or fitiy feet. The measuring is, indeed, very difficult, but, by the position of long sticks, and poles of different lengths, at different heights of the rock, from 'the water's edge, I may venture to say that it is nearer forty feet than any other measure. The river had been considerably in. creased by rains, and fell in one sheet of water, without any in. terval, above half an English mile in breadth, with a force and noise that was truly terrible, and which stunned and made me, for a time, perfectly dizzy. A thick fume, or haze, covered the fall all round, and hung over the course of the stream both above and below, marking its track, though the water was not feen, The river, though swelled with rain, preserved its natural clear. ness, and fell, as far as I could discern, into a deep pool, or bason, in the solid rock, which was full, and in twenty different eddies to the very foot of the precipice, the stream, when it fell, feeming part of it to run back with great fury upon the rock, as well as forward in the line of its course, raising a wave, or vio. leni ebullition, by chaffing against each other. . .. . . • Jerome Lobo pretends, that he has sat under the curve, or arch, made by the projectile force of the water rushing over the precipice. He says he sat calmly at the foot of it, and looking through the curve of the stream, as it was falling, saw a number of rainbows of inconceivable beauty in this extraordinary prism. This however I, without hefitation, aver to be a downright" false.' hood. A deep pool of water, as I mentioned, reaches to the very foot of the rock, and is in perpetual agitation. No:v, alVol. XIX, April 1796. .


lowing that there was a feat, or bench, which there is not, in the iniddle of the pool, I do believe it absolutely impossible, by any exertion of human strength, to have arrived at it. Although a very robust man, in the prime and vigour of life, and a hardy, pra&tised, indefatigable swiinmer, I am perfectly confident I could not have got to that feat from the shore through the quietest part of that bason. And, supposing the friar placed in his imaginary feat under the curve of that immense arch of water, he must have had a portion of firmness, more than falls to the share of ordinary men, and which is not likely to be acquired in a monastic life, to philosophise upon optics in such a situation, where every thing would seem to his dazzled eyes to be in molion, and the stream, in a noise like the loudest thunder, to make the solid rock (at least as to sense) shake to its very foundation, and threaten to tear every nerve to pieces, and to deprive one of other senses besides that of hearing. It was a most magnificent fight, that ages, added to the greatest length of human life, would not deface or eradi. care from my memory; it struck me with a kind of stupor, and a total oblivion of where I was, and of every other fublunary concern. It was one of the most magnificent, ftupendous sights in the creation.

I was awakened from one of the most profound reveries that ever I fell into, by my companions, who now put to me a thous fand impertinent questions. It was after this I measured the fall, and believe, within a few feet, it was the height I have men. tioned; but I confess I could at no time in my life less promise upon precision; my reflection was suspended, or subdued, and while in sight of the fall I think I was under a temporary alie. nation of mind; it seemed to me as if one element had broke loose from, and become superior to all laws of subordination ; that the fountains of the great deep were extraordinarily opened, and the destruction of a world was again begun by the agency of water."

ON CHRISTIAN SOBRIETY. “Teaching us, &c.--that we should live SOBERLY.” Tit. i. 12. THE noun, from whence the adverb owopows, soberly, is

1. formed, signifies, one of a found mind, one that is master of himself, having his appetites and passions in due order and subjection ; fince, of every one of these, if suffered to domineer, instead of obeying, may be said, what has been often said of one of them, that it is a temporary madness. Thus, when the pro. digal in the parable is described, as repenting of his profligacy, the expression is, napos OEAUTOV nads, he came to himself. The phrase' intimates, that, while engaged in his former course, he was not himself. The governing principle had been dethroned, and he had been carried away captive, at the will of his conquerors, The question, therefore, will stand thus ; whether they are likely us vid purity, tehere we lea a luggard, fol.

to make the best members of society, who possess the use of their reason; or they, who have lost it?

If we consider Sobriety, as implying the regulation of our appetites, it supplies us with the viriues of temperance, as opposed to intemperance of every kind, and industry, as opposed to sloth. And where is the state, that would not wish all it's subjects to be temperate and industrious ? Look at the generations of old, and consult the ages that are past. Enquire of kingdons that were once mighty upon earth, and of empires that now live only in the records of history. Ask them, and with one voice they will tell you, that by these virtues they all arose to greatness, glory, and honour ; by their contrarieś they sunk into ruin, Thame, and reproach. Learn we, then, as good citizens, duly to value the religion, that, upon the grounds of true reason, and eternal wisdom, with such persuasive energy recommends and en. joins the practice of these virtues, holding them forth to view, in the example of our Divine Master, and those of his first fol. lowers. A glutton, a drunkard, a debauchee, a sluggard, are monsters in the Gospel system. There we see a religion, which is, all over, fobriety and purity, fervour and alacrity. There we find prescribed to us ftrict temperance always, prudent abstinence often. And why? That we may not be brought under the power of an appetite, and enslaved to so merciless and unrelente ing a tyrant. There we are directed, whether we eat, or drink, or whatever we do, to do all to the glory of God; as if the world were one vast temple, and every good man, through the course of his actions, a kind of perpetual officiating prieit in it. There none are permitred to be idle ; every one is to be active and diligent in some employment, not only innocent, but useful to the community. If any do not work, it is declared that he should not eat ; and the portion of the unprofitable is said to be with that of the disobedient.

But Sobriety goes farther. It comprehends the government not of the bodily appetites only, but of the pasions and affec. tions of the mind. The use of these is, to stir up the soul, and put it upon action, to awaken the understanding, to excice the will, and to make the whole man vigorous and attentive in the prosecution of his designs. He whose designs are righi, and who, being master of his passions, can direčt their force that way, proceę.is like the mariner, who understands his compass, and commands The winds : he raises or finks his affcctions, ac. cording to his judgment, and carefully adjusts them to the nature of things : he applies them, with all their energy, to the prose cution of his greatest interest; and makes them militate, with all their force, against whatever might obstruct it, Christianity informs us of the proper objects, on which the passions should be fixed ; and enables us to fix thein on those objects. It's injunction runs thus" Set your affections on things above;" on objects, in the pursuit of which they may put forth all their strength, and

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