Choosing Homes, Choosing Schools
Annette Lareau, Kimberly Goyette
Russell Sage Foundation, Mar 31, 2014 - Social Science - 352 pages
A series of policy shifts over the past decade promises to change how Americans decide where to send their children to school. In theory, the boom in standardized test scores and charter schools will allow parents to evaluate their assigned neighborhood school, or move in search of a better option. But what kind of data do parents actually use while choosing schools? Are there differences among suburban and urban families? How do parents’ choices influence school and residential segregation in America? Choosing Homes, Choosing Schools presents a breakthrough analysis of the new era of school choice, and what it portends for American neighborhoods. The distinguished contributors to Choosing Homes, Choosing Schools investigate the complex relationship between education, neighborhood social networks, and larger patterns of inequality. Paul Jargowsky reviews recent trends in segregation by race and class. His analysis shows that segregation between blacks and whites has declined since 1970, but remains extremely high. Moreover, white families with children are less likely than childless whites to live in neighborhoods with more minority residents. In her chapter, Annette Lareau draws on interviews with parents in three suburban neighborhoods to analyze school-choice decisions. Surprisingly, she finds that middle- and upper-class parents do not rely on active research, such as school tours or test scores. Instead, most simply trust advice from friends and other people in their network. Their decision-making process was largely informal and passive. Eliot Weinginer complements this research when he draws from his data on urban parents. He finds that these families worry endlessly about the selection of a school, and that parents of all backgrounds actively consider alternatives, including charter schools. Middle- and upper-class parents relied more on federally mandated report cards, district websites, and online forums, while working-class parents use network contacts to gain information on school quality. Little previous research has explored what role school concerns play in the preferences of white and minority parents for particular neighborhoods. Featuring innovative work from more than a dozen scholars, Choosing Homes, Choosing Schools adroitly addresses this gap and provides a firmer understanding of how Americans choose where to live and send their children to school.
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academic affluent African American American Community Survey Asians attend Author’s black-white borhoods Boston census tracts charter schools Chicago child community racial composition context Crowder daughter DeLuca demographic discrimination economic segregation Education elementary school enrolled in private example factors Gentrification groups high school Hispanic households income increased inequality interviews Journal kids Kimelberg Kingsley Krysan Lareau levels live low-income magnet schools Massey metropolitan areas middle middle-class parents minority move neigh neighbor Neighborhood High parents neighborhood schools networks nonpoor options outcomes patterns percent policies poor population private school enrollment programs PUMAs racial and ethnic racial segregation residential choice residential decisions Residential Mobility residential preferences residential segregation residents respondents Review risk sample Saporito school choice school districts school quality social class Sociology suburban Table teachers test scores tion U.S. Census Bureau U.S. Department urban public schools variables White Flight white students working-class zoned