At Sea with the Scientifics: The Challenger Letters of Joseph Matkin
Philip F. Rehbock
University of Hawaii Press, Mar 1, 1993 - Science - 424 pages
When HMS Challenger sailed from Portsmouth in 1872, a young assistant ship's steward, Joseph Matkin, was among the crew. Throughout the three-and-a-half-year voyage, Matkin maintained a journal from which he composed the many letters he sent home to his family in England. In his letters he commented on oceanographic operations, reported on shipboard events of special concern to the crew, and discussed at length the history, geography, and peoples of the many exotic and remote ports at which the ship called on its famous circumnavigation of the globe.
The Challenger expedition established the foundations of oceanography and is second only to Darwin's voyage aboard the Beagle for its contributions to nineteenth-century science. The massive quantity of specimens and information acquired was written up in the fity-volume series of Challenger Reports, and personal accounts were published by officers and scientists. No ocean voyage had ever been so well documented.
Yet no account of the seaman's life "below decks" was known to exist until the early 1980s, when two substantial collections of Matkin's letters surfaced. The letters are unique in their perspective and fascinating for their depth and literacy. Matkin, the son of a printer, was well aware of the significance of the voyage and strove to present a learned account in a proper style. His letters convey a wealth of detail about shipboard logistics, the crew's attitudes toward scientific operations, and officer-scientist-crew relations. Unwittingly, Matkin also illuminates himself and the middle-class society of which he was a part.
Matkin's letters, published here for the first time, bring freshness and immediacy to this great Victorian scientific enterprise. Philip F. Rehbock has edited and annotated the letters, providing a particularly readable work of travel literature for anyone interested in oceanography, voyaging, maritime social history, and naval affairs.
What people are saying - Write a review
We haven't found any reviews in the usual places.
Under Way in the Atlantic November 1872March 1873
North Atlantic Transits April 1873October 1873
Farthest South October 1873March 1874
Australia and the South Pacific March 1874November 1874
Two Tastes of Asia November 1874June 1875
Polynesian Islandfalls July 1875November 1875
South American Denouement December 1875June 1876
Calendar of Matkins Challenger Letters
Article from the Hampshire Telegraph December 1872
Article from the Sheerness Guardian 3 June 1876
List of Books for HMS Challenger
Abstract of Voyage of HMS Challenger
Chronology of the Life of Joseph Matkin
Other editions - View all
American anchored appearance arrived Australia Bermuda boat bottom British brought called Cape Captain Challenger Charles Chinese Church close coal coast coming course covered crew deck depth distance dredging England English expect expedition fathoms feet fish French half hands History Hong Kong hope houses icebergs island Japan Joseph land leave letter live London look lost March Matkin Melbourne miles months morning mother mountains natives Natural nearly never night North Officers Pacific party passed present reached received remained round sail scientific seen sent ship ship's shore side sight soon sort sounded South steam Sunday Sydney Table Bay taken tell Tongatabu took town vessel visited vols voyage weather week whole wind write yesterday