Crusader Castles in Cyprus, Greece and the Aegean 1191-1571
Crusader castles and other fortifications in Cyprus, the south-western coast of Turkey, and Greece are among the best examples of late medieval military architecture to be seen in Europe. These important fortifications, erected by the Hospitallers during the 15th century to face the growing Ottoman Turkish threat, vary considerably from those in the Middle East. Despite there being many visible remains of fortifications in Cyprus, Greece, and the Aegean, few studies exist of these areas compared to the fortifications of the Holy Land.
Providing numerous architectural plans, maps, and color illustrations, this book seeks to redress this imbalance and complement the previous bestselling treatments of Crusader fortifications in the Fortress series.
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14th century Acrocorinth Acropolis Aegean Amasra army artillery Athens attack Author's photograph Bilhorod-Dnistrovsky Black Sea built Byzantine empire Byzantine fortifications cannon Catalan central Greece Chlemutzi Christian citadel Clairmont coast coastal colonial outposts conquest Constantinople constructed crenellated crossbows Crusader castles Crusader fortifications Crusader period curtain wall Cypriot Cyprus defences dominated donjon Duchy of Athens eastern enceinte entrance fleet fortified wall fortress Fourth Crusade garrisons gate Genoa Genoese Genoese colonial Genoese outposts Greek harbour Hospitaller inner island Italy Izmir Kaffa Karytaina keep Kiliya knights Kyrenia land walls late 14th later Latin Lemnos Lesbos Limassol Lusignan machicolation Magusa mainland Mamluk Mamluk Sultanate mercenaries Methoni Mistra moat Monemvasia mountain-top castle Nauphlia naval Ottoman Turkish Ottoman Turks outer wall Paphos Patras Peloponnese port Principality of Achaea raiding remained Rhodes rulers ships side siege southern Greece St Hilarion structures survives Syria Thebes threat town Turkey vault Venetian walls and towers western European