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BY HENRY ONDERDONK, A. M.
Maryland Agricultural College.
FOURTH REVISED ENLARGED EDITION.
181 1059 1878 42469
Entered according to Act of Congress, in the year 1877, by
JOHN MURPHY, in the Office of the Librarian of Congress, at Washington.
JOHN MURPHY & Co.
THE former editions of this History having met with such favor from the public that a new edition is demanded, opportunity has been given to make further additions. Biographical sketches of some of Maryland's prominent men have been added. New illustrations have been made, and it has been more thoroughly adapted to the uses of the class room. The portion that relates to the period of the civil war has been re-written, and care has been taken to make it a History of the State during that war. No attempt has been made, and it would be out of place if it were made, to give a history of the war; that belongs to the History of the United States.
The History of the Proprietary government, under which Maryland was established and grew, is full, for it is in that government that we find the germs of those principles of popular liberty that resulted in the Revolution; and it is in the free institutions founded under it that we recognize the school in which our fathers learned both the true objects of government, and their own rights as individuals.
There is perhaps no stimulus to worthy deeds, or at least to the preservation of self-respect, equal to that which is furnished in the legacy of a good name. That our youth should know how rich the History of Maryland is in all that can inspire noble emulation, is not only desirable in itself, but is the surest pledge that they will be animated to deeds worthy of their sires, and that, by "imitating the virtue, the valor, and the liberality of their forefathers,” they will hand down the State to posterity with untarnished lustre.
In the former editions, the hope was expressed that this little book might be instrumental in promoting this
knowledge among the rising generation of the State. The adoption of this History as a text-book by the Public Schools of the City of Baltimore, and the subsequent adoption by the State Board of Education, and their recommendation of its use by all the Schools of the State, justify the hope expressed, and give assurance that it supplies the want so long felt.
With a view of meeting the requirements of the School Law of 1872, the Constitution of the State has been added. The importance of making this a subject of study in the common schools cannot be over estimated. As it is the duty of every man to take a part in the political movements of the day, we trust, that our youth, will be thorougly instructed therein, so that when they come to act their part on the stage of life, they may be amply prepared to discharge the high and holy duties that necessarily devolve upon every free.
The authorities consulted in this work are McMahon, McSherry, Irving, Bancroft, Bozman, and papers of Maryland Historical Society.
HENRY ONDERDONK. COLLEGE OF ST. JAMES.