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nour of being esteemed the great master with a fine style, upon the same principle and improver of Roman eloquence, even that it prefers regularity to confusion, to the glory of many triumphs. and beauty to deformity. A taste of

* But to add reason to precedent, and to this fort is indeed so far from being a view this art n it's use as well as it's dig- mark' of any depravity of our nature, nity; will it not be allowed of some im- that I Mould rather consider it as an eviportance, when it is considered that elo- dence, in some degree, of the moral recquence is one of the most considerable titude of it's conftitution, as it is a proof auxiliaries of truth? Nothing in decdcon- of it's retaining some relish at least of tributes more to subdue the mind to the harmony and order. force of reafon, than her being fupported One might be apt indeed to suspect by the powerful assistance of masculine that certain writers amongst us had conand vigorous oratory. As on the con- fidered all beauties of this fort in the trary the most legitimate arguments may fame gloomy view with Malbranche; or be disappointed of that fuccels they de- at lealt that they avoided every refineserve, by being attended with a spirit- ment in style, as unworthy a lover of Jess and enfeebled expresion. Accord- truth and philosophy. Their fentiments ingly, that most elegant of writers, the are funk by the lowest expreslions, and inimitable Mr. Addison, observes, in seem condemned to the firit curfe, of one of his essays, That there is as much creeping upon the ground all tbe days of difference between comprehending a their life. Others, on the contrary, thought cloathed in Cicero's language miltake pomp for dignity; and, in order and that of an ordinary writer, as be- to raise their expressions above vulgar tween seeing an objeet by the light of a language, lift them up beyond common taper and the light of the sun.

apprehensions, esteeming it (one should 'It is surely then a very frange con- imagine) a mark of their genius, that it ceit of the celebrated Malbranche, who requires fome ingenuity to penetrate their seems to think the pleasure which arises meaning. But how few writers, like from’perusing a well written piece, is of Euphronius, know to hit that true methe criminal kind, and has it's fource dium which lies between those distant in the weakness and effeminacy of the extremes? How seldom do we meet human heart. A man must have a very with an author, whose expreffions, like uncominon severity of temper indeed, those of my friend, are glowing, but not who can find any thing to condemn in glaring; whose metaphors are natural, adding charms to truth, and gaining but not common; whofe periods are har. the heart by captiva ing the ear; in unit- monious, but not poetical; in a word, ing roles with the thoins of science, and whole sentiments are well fet, and shewn joining pleasure with initruction. to the understanding in their truest and

The truth is, the mind is delighted most advantageous luftre. I am, &c.


TO ORONTES. Intended to have closed with your Timoclea was once a beauty; but ill I prepolat , azodh patiedofed fe vehementer

thole charms which time would yet with you at ***; but some unlucky af. faw's have intervened, which will engage have spared. However, what has {poilme, I fear, the remaining part of this ed her for a mistress, has improved her season.

as a companion; and he is far more Among the amusements which the conversable now, as she has much less frene you,

e affords, I should have beauty, than when I used to see her onceefter vuld pret

Serlacion of Timoclea a week_triumphing in the drawing. tentertainment; and room. For, as few women (whatever ond of fingular cha- they may pretend) will value theu felven d that lady to your upon their minds, while they cao gain

admirers by their perfüns, Timoclea ne

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ver thought of charming by her wit, till of colouring, than is to be found either The had no chance of making conquests in Theophrastus or Bruyere. by her beauty. She has seen a good She has an inexhaustible fund of wit: deal of the world, and of the beft com. but if I may venture to distinguish, pany in it, as it is from thence she has where one knows not even how to define, derived whatever knowledge the por. I Mould say, it is rather brilliant than feffes. You cannot, indeed, Aatter her itrong. This talent renders her the ter. more, than by seeming to consider her ror of all her female acquaintance; yed as fond of reading and retirement. But she never facrificed the absent, or morthe truth is, nature formed her for the tified the present, merely for the sake joys of society, and she is never so tho- of displaying the force of her fatire: if roughly pleased as when she has a circle any feel it's fting, it is those only who round her.

first provoke it. Still however it must It is upon those occasions she appears be owned, that her resentments are freto full advantage; as I never knew any quently without just foundation, and person who was endued with the talents almost always beyond measure. But for conversation to a higher degree. If though she has much warmth, the has I were disposed to write the characters of great generosity in her temper; and with the age, Timoclea is the first person in all her faults she is well worth your the world to whose assistance I hould ap- knowing. py. She has the happiest art of mark- And now, having given you this ge. ing out the distinguishing cast of her ac. Deral plan of the strength and weakness quaintance that I ever met with; and of the place, I leave you to make your I have known her, in an afternoon's approaches as you shall see proper. I conversation, paint the manners with 'am, &c. greater delicacy of judgment and ftrength



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Look upon verbal criticism, as it is he extract for a satire on critical erudithan a sort of learned legerdemain, by he see cruelly banished from their right. which the sense or nonsense of a passage ful poffeffions, merely because they hapa is artfully conveyed away, and fonie pened to disturb fome unmerciful philo. other introduced in it's itead, as best logist? On the other hand, he would un. fuits with the purpose of the profound doubtedly smile at that penetrating fa- · juggler. The differtation you recom- gacity, which has discovered meanings mended to my perusal has but ferved to which never entered into his thoughts, confirm me in these sentiments: for and found out concealed allusions in his though I admired the ingenuity of the most plain and artleis expreßions. arritt, I could not but greatly fufpect the One could not, I think, set the general justness of an art, which can thus press absurdity of critical conje&tures in a any author into the service of any hypo- ftronger light, than by applying them to thesis.

fo.nething parallel in our own writers. I have sometimes amused myself with If the English tongue should ever beconsidering the entertainment it would come a dead language, and our bes auafford to those antients, whose works thors be raised into the rank of classic have had the honour to be attended by writers; much, of the force and proour commentators, could they rise out priety of their expressions, especial of of their sepulchres, and peruse some of such as turned upon humour, or alluded those curious conjectures that have been to any manners peculiar to the age, raised upon their respective compositions. would inevitably be loft, or, at best, Were Horace, for instance, to read over would be extremely doubtfút. llow only a few of those numberless restorers would it puzzle, for instance, fuiure of his text, and expofitors of his mean- commentators to explain Swift's epi. ing, that have infested the republic of gram upon our mufical contests? I ima. letters; what a fund of pleasantry might ginc one might find them descanting



upon that little humourous 'sally of our Thomas. Waddle and Wbeedle are likeEnglish Rabelais, in some fuch manner wise classical words. Thus Pope as this

As when a dab-chick waddles thro' the copse. EPIGRAM

Obliquely wadding to the mark in view.

Dun. ij. 59



Ib. ii. 15C

And though indeed I do not recollect to Strange all this diff'rence should be Twixt Tweedle-dum and Tweedle-dee!

have met with the verb to wbeedle, in

any pure author, yet it is plain that it NOTES OF VARIOUS AUTHORS. was in use, fince we find the participle TWEEDLE-dum and Tweadle-dee.]. wheeding in an antient tragedy com

! am persuaded the poet gave it poled about these times Twiddle drum and Twidille key. To A Taughing, toying, wbeedling, whimp'ring twiddle signifies to make a certain ridi

the, culous motion with the fingers: what will make him amble on a goflip's message, word, therefore, could be more proper to

And hold the diftaff with a hand as patient express this epigram-writer's contempt

As e'er did Hercules. JANT SHORE, of the performances of those musicians, Thomas and Theodore, therefore, were and of the folly of his contemporaries moflcertainly the Christian names of theie in running into parties upon lo absurd two musicians, to the contractions of an occafion? The drum was a certain which the words wheedle and waddle are martial instrument used in those times; added as characteristical of the persons as the word key is a technical term in and dispositions of the men; the former music, importing the fundamental note implying that Toin was a mean fycowhich regulates the whole compontion. phant, and the latter that THE had an It means also those little pieces of wood aukward and ridiculous gait. F. J.2. which the fingers strike against in an organ, &c. in order to make the initru

I know not, Orontes, how I thall ment found. The alteration here pro escape your satire, for venturing to be posed is to obvious and natural, that I thus free with a science which is fome. am furprised none of the commentators times, I think, admitted into r share of hit upon it bef re. L. C. D.

your meditations: yet, tell me honestly, Tweedle dum and Tweedle-dee. ] There is not this a faithful specimen of the fpi. words nave greatly embarratsed the cri- rit and talents of the general class of cri. tics, who are extremely 'expert in find. tic.writers? Far am 1, however, from ing a difficulty where there is none. thinking irreverently of those useful Tweedle-dum and Tweedle-dee are most members of the republic of letters, who undoubtedly the names of the two muti. with modesty and proper distidence have cians: and though they are filed by dif. offered their aslistance in throwing a light ferent appellations in the title of this upon obscure passages in antient auepigram, yet that is no obječtion; for it thors. Even when this fpirit breaks out is nell known that persons in thole times in it's highest pride and perulance of had more surnames than one. S.M. - reformation, if it confines itfeif to claffiAblurt! here is evidently an error of cal enquiries, I can be contented with the press, for there is not a single hint treating it only as an object of ridicule. in all an:iquity of the family of the But, I must confess, when I find it, Tweedle-dums and Tweedle dees. The with an assured and confident air, suplearnea S M therefore nodded when he porting religious or political doctrines undertook t explain this The

upon the very uncertain foundation of lenle will be very pin if we read with various readings, forced analogies, and a email alteration. Wieedil Tom and precarious conjectures, it is not without Waddie THE; THE being a known some difficulty I can fuppress iny indiga contraction for Theodore, as Tom is for nation. Farewe!. I am, &c.




TUNBRIDGE, AUGUST 4 Think I promised you'a letter from this might be apt to suspect, that each party

place: yer I have nothing more mate- was endeavouring to qualify itself for rial to write than that I got safe hither. acting in the opposite character: for the Toany other man I Mould make an apo- infirm cannot labour more earnell, to logy for troubling him with an informa. recover the strength they have lott, than tion so trivial; but among true friends the robust to dissipate that which they there is nothing indifferent, and what poffefs. Thus the disealed pass not would seem of no consequence to others, inore anxious nights in their beds, than has in intercourses of this nature it's the healthy at the hazard-tables; and I weight and value. A by-stander, unac- frequently see a game at quadrille occaquainted with play, may fancy, per- fion as severe disquietudes as a fit of the haps, that the counters are of no more gout. As for myself, I perform a fort of worth than they appear; but those who middle part in this motley drama, a d ani are engaged in the game, know they are sometimes disposed to join with the into be confidered at a higher rate. You valids in envying the healthy, and fome. see I draw my allusions from the scene times have spirits enough to mix with before me: a propriety which the critics, the gay in pitying the splenetic. I think, upon some occasions recom- The truth is, I have found some bemend.

nefit by the waters; but I shall not be I have often wondered what odil whim fo fanguine as to pronounce with cercould first induce the healthy to follow tainty of their effe&s, tili I see how they the fick into places of this sort, and lay enable n.e to pass through the approachthe scene of their diversions amidit the ing winter. That season, you know, is moft wretched part of our species: one the time of triat with me; and if I get hould imagine an hospital the latt spot over the next with more ease than the in the world, to which those who are in last, I shall think myfelf obliged to cepursuit of pleasure would think of re- lebrate the nymph of tacte Springs in forting. However, so it is; and by this grateful fonne: means the company here furnish out a But let times andi easons operate as tragi.comedy of the most fingular kind. they may, there is one part of me over While some are literally dying, others which they will have no power; and in are expiring in metaphor; and in one all the changes of this uncertain confti. 'scene you are presented with the real, tution, my heart will ever continue fixed and in another with the fantastical pains and firmly yours. I am, &c. of mankind. An ignorant spectator

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ample poffeffions you enjoy: suffer plies of my own more limited finances. me to say, that it is your application of Nihil habet (to speak of you in the same them alone which renders either them language that the firit of orators ador you valuable in my estimation. Your dreffed the greatett of emperors) fortuna {plendid roofs and elegant accommoda- tua majus, quàm ut poffis; nec natura tions I can view without the least emo melius, quàm ut velis fervare quamplu: tion of envy: but when I observe you rimos. To be able to soften the calain the full power of exerting the no- mities of mankind, and inspire gladble purposes of your exalted generosity- nefs into a heart oppressed with want, is it is then, I confess, I am ajit to reflect, indeed the noblest privilege of an en


Jarged Larged fortune: but to exercise that pri- I have seen charity (if charity it might vilege in all it's generous refinements, be called) insult with an air of pity, and is an instance of the most uncommon wound at the same time that it healed. elegance both of temper and understand. But I have seen too the highest munifi. ing.

cence dispensed with the most refined In the ordinary dispensations of boun- tenderness, and a bounty conferred with ty, little address is required: but when as much address as the most artful would it is to be applied to those of a superior employ in soliciting one. Suffer me, rank and more elevated mind, there is Orontes, upon this single occalion, to as much charity discovered in the man- gratify my own inclinations in violence ner as in the measure of one's benevo- to yours, by pointing out the particular lence. It is something extremely mor- instance I have in my view; and allow tifying to a well-formed spirit, to see it. me, at the same time, to join my acself considered as an object of compassion; knowledgments, with those of the unas it is the part of improved humanity to fortunate person I recommend to your kumour this honelt pride in our nature, protection, for the generous affiftance and to relieve the necessities without of you lately afforded him. I am, &c. fending the delicacy of the distressed.



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SEPTEMBER S, 1737. HALL I own to you that I cannot till I am spoken to, and then generally

répent of an offence which occafioned answer, like Banco's ghost in Macbeth, so agreeable a reproof? A censure con- with a deep sigh and a nod. Thus abveyed in such genteel terms, charms stracted from every thing about me, I inore than corrects, and tempts rather am yet quite ruined for a herinit, and than reforms. I am sure, at least, though find no more fatisfaction in retirement, I hould regret the crime, I Mall always than you do in the company of admire the rebuke, and long to kiss the How often do I wish myself in por. hand that chasteneth in so pleasing a session of that famous ring you were manner. However, I thall for the fu- mentioning the other day, which had ture strictly pursue your orders, and have the property of rendering those who fent you in this second parcel no other wore it invisible! I would rather be books than what my own library sup- master of this wonderful unique, than of plied. Among there you will fiud a col. the kingdom which Gyges gained by lection of letters: I do not recommend means of it; as I might then attend them to you, having never read them; you, like your guardian angel, without nor indeed am I acquainted with their censure or obstruction. How agreeable characters; but they presented themselves would it be to break out upon you, like to my hands as I was tumbling over Æneas from his cloud, where you least some others: fo I threw them in with expected me; and join again the dear the rest, and gave them a chance of companion of my fortunes, in spight of adding to your amusement. I wish I that relentless power who has raised fo could meet with any thing that had even many cruel storms to deftroy us! But the lead probability of contributing to whilft I employed this extraordinary mhine. But

ring to these and a thousand other please Forlorne of thee,

ing purposes, you would have nothing Whither shall I betake me, where subGA?

to apprehend from my being invested Milt.

with such an invisible faculty. That

innocence which guards and adorns iny Time, that reconciles one to most things, Cleora in her molt

gay and public hours, has not been able to render your absence attends her, I well know, in her most in any degree less uneasy to me. I may private and retired ones; and the who rather be said to haunt the house in always acts as under the eye of the best which I live, than to make one of the of Beings, has nothing to fear from the family. I walk in and out of the rooms secret inspection of any mortal. Adieu. like á restless {pirit: for I never speak I am, &c.


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