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XII.

XXI.

me in my absence alfo. Should I be great an height, as they can discover a asked whether I chose to have a perfon lustre to the naked eye, speak well of me when ablent or present,

XVII. I thould answer the latter; for were all I am surely more inclined (of the two) men to do so, the former would be inlig- to pretend a false disdain, than an unreal nificant.

esteem. ix.

XVIII. I feel an avarite of focial pleasure, Yet why repine ? I have seen mansions which produces only mortification. I on the verge of Wales that convert my never see a town or city in a map, but I farm-house into an Hampton-court, and figure to myself many agreeable persons where they speak of a glazed window as in it, with whom I could wish to be ac- a great piece of magnificence. All quainted.

things figure by comparison. X.

XIX. It is a miserable thing to be senlible of I do not so much want to avoid being the value of one's time, and yet restrain. cheated, as to afford the expence of being ed by circumstances from making a pro- fo: the generality of mankind being fel. per use of it. One feels one's self some- dom in good-humour but whilst they what in the situation of admiral Hosier. are impuling upon you in some shape or XI.

other. . It is a miserable thing to love where

XX. one bates; and yet it is not inconsistent. I cannot avoid comparing the ease and

freedom I enjoy, to the eale of an old The modern world confiders it as a fhoe; where a certain degree of shabbipart of politeness, to drop the mention nels is joined with the convenience. of kindred in all addresses to relations. There is no doubt, that it puts our ap:

Not Hebrew, Arabic, Syriac, Coptic, probation and estcem upon a less partial nor even the Chinese language, seems footing. I think, where I value a friend, half so difficult to me, as the language of I would not suffer my relation to be ob refusal. literated even to the twentieth generation:

XXII. it ferves to connect us clorer. Wherever I actually dreamt that somebody told I disesteemed, I would abdicate my first. me I must not print my pieces feparate. coulin.

That certain stars would, if fingle, be xint.

hardly conspicuous; which, united in a Circumlocutory, philofophical obsce- narrow compass, form a very splendid nity, appears to ine the molt sauteous of constellation. all' stuff: thall I say it takes away the

XXIII. tpirit from it, and leaves you nothing The ways of ballad - Singers, and the but a caput mortuum? or fall I say, rae cries of halfpenny pamphlets, appeared ther, it is a Sirms in an envelope of fine so extremely humourous, from my lodg. gile-paper, which only railcs expecta. ings in Fleet Street, that it gave me pain tion! Could any be allowed to talk op. to observe them without a companion to Stenely with a grace, it were downright partake. For, alas! laughter is by no country fellows, who ufe an unaffected means a solitary entertainment. language: but even among these, as they

XXIV. grow eld, it partakes again of affectá- Had I a fortune of cight or ten

thousand pounds a year, I would, meXIV.

thinks, make myself a heighbourhood. It is fome loss of liberty to resolve on I would first build a village with a church, schemes before-handa

and people it with inhabitants of some XV.

branch of trade that was suitable to the There are a sort of people to whom country round. I would then, at proone would allot good wilhes and perform per distances, erect a number of genteel good offices: but they are sometimes boxes of about a thousand pounds athose, with whom one would by no means piece, and amuse myself with giving Bare one's time.

them all the advantages they could reXVI.

ceive from taste. These would I people I would have all den elevated to as with a select number of well-choien

F

friends,

tion.

XXVIII.

XXVI.

friends, afligning to each annually the my. Finally, it is a main support of fum of two hundred pounds for life. Simple reputation. The salary Thould be irrevocable, in order to give them independency. The It is a maxim with me (and I would house, of a move precarious tenure, that, recommend it to others alio, upon the in cases of ingratitude, I might intro score of prudeuce). whenever I lose a duce another inhabitant.-How plausi- person's friendship, who generally comble suever this may appear in specala- mences enemy, to engage a fresh friend tion, perhaps a very natural and lively in his place. And this may be best efnovel might be founded upon the incon- fected by bringing over some of one's venient consequences of it, when put in enemies; by which means one is a gainer, .execution,

having the same number of friends as XXV.

leaft, if not an enemy the less. Such a I think, I have observed universally method of proceeding should, I think, that the quarrels of friends in the latter be as regularly observed as the distribupart of life, are never truly reconciled. tion of vacant ribbons, upon the death

Malè farta gratia necçu czuam coil, of knights of the garter. rescinditur.' A wound in the friend

XXIX. Ship of young persons, as in the bark of. It has been a maxim with me to adyoing trees, may be to grown over, as mit of an easy reconciliation with a perto leave no Icar. The cafe is very diffe. fon, whole offence proceeded from no rent in regard to old persons and old deprayity of heart : but where I was timber. The reason this may be ac- convinced it did so, to forego, for my countable from the decline of the social own fake, all opportunities of 'revenge: passions, and the prevalence of fpleen, to forget the persons of my enemies as lufpicion, and rancour, towards the lat. much as I was able, and to call to reter part of life.

membrance in their place, the more

pleasing idea of my friends. I am conThere is nothing, to me, more irke vinced that I have derived yo fmall share fome than to hear weak and tervile peo- of happiness from this principle. ple repeat with admiration every silly Ipeech that falls from a mere person of I have been formerly so Gilly as to rank and fortune. It is crambe bis cocła. hope, that every servant I had might The nonsente grows more nauseous be made a friend: I am now convinced through the medium of their admira- that the nature of fervitude generally tion, and shews the venality of vulgar bears a contrary tendency: People's tempers, which can confider fortune as characters are to be chiefly collected the goddess of wit.

from their education and place in life : XXVII.

birth itself does but little. Kings in What pleafure it is to pay one's debts! general are born with the same prupena I remember to have heard Sir T. Lyt. fities as other men ; but yet it is probatelton make the fame observation. It ble, from the licence and flattery that fetins to flow from a combination of attends their education, that they will circumstances, each of which is produc- be more haughty, more luxurious, and tive of pleasure. In the first place, it more fubjected to their paffions, than removes that uneasiness which a true any men betide, I question not but there fpirit feels fiom dependence and obli- are many attorneys born with open and gation. It affords pieasure to the cit. honeft hearts: but I know not one, that ditor, and therefore gratifies our Tocial has had the least practice, who is not afection: it promotes that future coufi. selfish, trickish, and disingenuous. So dence, which is fu very interesting to an it is the nature of servitude to discard all honest mind : it opens a prospect of generous motives of obedience; and to being readily supplied with what we point out no other than those scoundrel want on future occasions : it leaves a ones of intereit and fear. There are consciousness of our own virtue: and it however some exceptions to this rule, is a measure we know to be right, both which I know by my own experience. in point of justice and of found æcono

ESSAY

XXX.

ESSAY XXV.

ON DRESS.

I.

II.

X.

III.

XI.

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excite a degree of ridicule. The same DRE

RESS, like wsiting, should never caution may be requisite in regard to the

appear the effect of too much ftody value of your dress: though splendor be and application. On this account, I not necessary, you must remove all aphave feen parts of dress, in themselves pearance of poverty: the ladies being extremely beautiful, which at the fame rarely enough fagacious to acknowledge time subject the wearer to the character beauty through the disguise of poverty. of foppithnels and affectation,

Indeed, I believe sometimes they mistake

grandeur of dress for beauty of person. Aman's dress in the former part of life should rather tend to set off his per- A person's manner is never easy, fon, than to express riches, rank or dig. whilft he feels a consciousness that he is nity: in the laiter, the reverse. fine. The country-fellow, considered

in some lights, appears genteel ; but it Extreme elegance in liveries, I mean is not when he is drest on Sundays, with such as is exprest by the more languid a large nosegay in his bosom. It is when colours, is altogether absurd. They he is reaping, making hay, or when he ought to be rather gawdy than genteel; is hedging in his hurden frock. It is if for no other realon, yet for this, that then he acts with ease, and thinks himelegance may more strongly diftinguish self equal to his apparel. the appearance of the gentleman. IV.

When a man has run all lengths It is a point out of doubt with me, himself with regard to dress, there is but that the ladies are most properly the one means remaining which can add to judges of the men's dress, and the men his appearance. And this consists in of that of the ladies.

having recourse to the utmost plainness

in his own apparel, and at the same time I think, till thirty, or with some a richly garnishing his footman or his lietle longer, people should dress in a horse. Let the fervant appear as fine as way that is molt likely to procure the ever you please, the world must always love of the opposite sex.

consider the master as his superior. And

this is that peculiar excellence so much There are many modes of dress, which admired in the best painters as well as the world esteems handsome, which are poets; Raphael as well as Virgil : where by no means calculated to hew the hu- lomewhat is left to be fupplied by the man figure to advantage.

fpe&tator's and reader's imagination. VII.,

XII. Love can be founded upon_nature Methinks, apparel should be rich in only; or the appearance of it-For this the same proportion as it is gay : it reason, however a peruke may tend to otherwise carries the appearance of some. foften the human features, it can very what unsubstantial: in other words, of feldom make amends for the mixture of a greater desire than ability to make a artifice which it discovers.

figure.

XIII. A rich dress” adds, but little to the Persons are oftentimes milled in re. beauty of a person. It may possibly gard to their choice of dress, by attendcreate a deference, but that is rather an ing to the beauty of colours, rather than enemy to love :

selecting such colours as may encrease Nen benè conveniunt nec in una fede morantur

their own beauty. Majefas & amor.'. Ovid.

I cannot see why a person should be

esteemed haughty, on account of his Simplicity can scarce be carried too talte for fine cloaths, any more than one far; provided it be not so fingular as to who discovers a fondness for birds,

vi.

VIII.

6

XIV.

flowers.

IX.

flowers, moths, or butterflies. Imagi, hence, I presume, that Quin afferted he nation influences both to seck amusement could not afford to go plain. in glowing colours; only the former en

XVII. deavours to give them a nearer relation There are certain shapes and phyfiog to himself. It appears to me, that a nomies, of so entirely vulgar a cast, that person may love fplendour without any they could scarce win respe&t even in the degree of pride; which is never connected country, though they were ein bellished with this taste but when a person de- with a dress as tawdry as a pulpit-cloth. mands bomage on account of the finery

XVIII. he exhibits. Then it ceases to be taite, A large retinue upon a fmall income, and commences mere ambition. Yet like a large cascade upon a finall stream, the world is not enough candid to make tends to discover it's tenuity. this effential distinction.

xix.

Why are perfumes fo much deeryed! The first instance an officer gives you When a person on his approach diffuses of his courage, confifts in wearing them, does he not revive the idea which cloarhs infinitely superior to his rank. the ancients ever entertained concerning

the descent of superior beings, ' veiled Men of quality never appear more • in a cloud of fragrance?' amiable than when their dress is plain.

XX. Their birth, rank, title, and its appen- The lowest people are generally the dages, are at best invidious; and as they first to find fault with thew or equipage; do not need the asistance of dress, 1o, especially that of a person la:ely emerged by their «lisclaiming the advantage of it, from his obscurity. They never once they make their fuperiority fit inore easy. consider that he is breaking the ice for It is otherwise with such as depend alone themselves. on personal merit; and it was from

XV.

XVI,

ESSAY XXVI.

VII.

11.

ON WRITING AND BOOKS.
I.

have appeared on ballad-paper, to make "INE writing is generally the effect their performance appear laudable, ,

of spontaneous thoughts and a laboured ftyle.

There is no word in the Latin lan,

guage, that signifies a female friend. Long fentences in a short composition Amica' means a mistress; and pere are like large rooms in a little house.

haps there is no friendship betwixt the III.

sexes wholly disunited from a degree of The worid may be divided into peolove, ple tha rrad, people that write, people

VIII. that think, and fox-hunters,

The chief advantage that ancient writI.

ers can boast over modern ones, seems In fhead of whining complaints eon. owing to fimplicity. Every noble cerning the imagined cruelty of their truth and sentiment was expressed by mistresses, if poets would address the the former in the natural manner; in fame to their 'Muse, they would act word and phrase, fimple, perspicuous, more agreeably to nature and to truth. and incapable of improvement, : What V.

then remained for later writers but afs Superficial writers, like the mole, fe&tation, witticism, and conceit? ofron fancy themselves deep, when they

IX, are exceeding near the furface.

One can, now and then, reach an

author's head when he loops; and, in Sumite matiriam veftris, quiftribitis, aquem duced by this circumftance, aspire to 6 Viribus."

measure height with him. Author's ofren fail by printing, their works on a demi-royal, that would The national opinion of a book

creatik

VI.

XII.

XIII.

XXIII.

treatife is not always rightest ubi and Shaftesbury, agreed in the same
• peccat.'-Milcon's Paradise Loft is one opinion.
initance. I mean, the cold reception it

XIX.
met with at firtt.

. It is often obferved of wits, that they XI.

will lose their best friends for the fake • Perhaps, an acquaintance with men of a joke. Candour may discover, that of genius is rather reputable than fatis. it is their greater degree of the love of factory. It is as unaccountablo, as it fame, not the leis degree of their bene. is certain, that fancy heighiens fenfibi. volence, which is the cause. lity; fenfibility ftrengthens paffion; and

XX. paffion makes people humourists. People in high or in diftinguished life

Yer a perion of genius is often ex. ought to have a greater circumspection pected to thew more discretion than an- in regard to their most trivial actions, other man; and this on account of that For instance, I saw Mr. Pope and very vivacity, which is his greatest im. what was he doing when you saw him? pediment. This happens for want of why, to the best of my memory, he diftinguishing betwixt che fanciful ta- was picking his nose. lents and the dry mathematical opera.

XXI. tions of the judgment, each of which

Even Joe Miller in his jefts has an eye indiscriminately give the denomination to poetical justice; generally gives the of a man of genius.

victory or turns the laugh on the side of

merit. No small compliment to manAn actor never gained a reputation kind! by acting a bad play, nor a mulician by

XXII. playing on a bad inftrument.

To say a person writes a good Ayle,

is originally as pedantic an expression Puets seem to have fame, in lieu of as to say he plays a good fiddle. molt temporal advantages. They are too little formed for business, to be re

The first line of Virgil seems to patter fpected: too often feared or envied, to like an hail-storm-Tityre, tu patula, be beloved,

&c. XIV.

XXIV. Tully ever seemed an instance to me, The vanity and extreme self-love of how far a man devoid of courage may the French is no where more observable be a fpirited writer.

than in their authors; and among these,

in none more than Boileau; who, besides One would rather be a stump of lau- his rhodomontades, preserves every the sel than the tump of a church-yard most infipid reading in his notes, though yew-tree.

he have removed, it from the text for the

sake of one ever so much better. « Degere more feræ*.' Virg. Van

XXV. brugh feems to have had this of Virgil

The writer who gives us the best idea in his eye, when he introduces Mils of what may be called the genteel in style. Hoyden envying the liberty of a grey: and manner of writing, is, in my opie hound bitch.

nion, my Lord Shaftesbury. Then Mre

Addison and Dr. Swift,
There is a certain Alimziness of poetry, fact, "emphatically related, has a more

A plain narrative of any remarkable
which seems expedient in a song.
XVIII.

Atriking effect without the author's com, Dido, as well as Desdemonat, seems ment. to have been a mighty admirer of strange

XXVI, atchievements:

Long periods and short seem analoHeu! quibus ille gous to Gothic and modern fair.cases:

the former were of such a fize as our Jastarus faris! que bella exbaufia canebat! heads and legs could barely command; Si mibi non,' &e.

the latter fuch, that they might com, This may shew that Virgil, Shakespeare, mand half a dozen. • To lead the life of a beast. + Lerd Shaftelbusy.

I think

XV.

XVI.

XVI.

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