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SCENE I. A Room in the Palace.
Enter Duke Frederick, Oliver, Lords, and
Oli. O, that your higliness knew my heart in this ! I never lov'd my brother in
life. Duke F. More villain thou. Well, push him out
of doors; And let my officers of such a nature Miake an extent
upon his house and lands : Do this expediently;' and turn him going:
an absent argument -- ] An argument is used for the contents of a book, thence Shakspeare considered it as meaning the subject, and then used it for subject in yet another sense.
4 Make an extent-] “ To make an extent of lands,” is a legal phrase, from the words of a writ, (extendi facias,) whereby the sheriff is directed to cause certain lands to be appraised to their full extended value, before he delivers them to the person entitled under a recognizance, &c. in order that it may be certainly known how soon the debt will be paid. MALONE.
e.rpediently,] That is, expeditiously.
. Enter ORLANDO, with a paper. Orl. Hang there, my verse, in witness of my love:
And, thou, thrice-crowned queen of night, suryey With thy chaste eye, from thy pale sphere above,
Thy huntress' name, that my full life doth sway. O Rosalind! these trees shall be my books,
And in their barks my thoughts I'll character; That every eye, which in this forest looks,
Shall see thy virtue witness'd every where. Run, run, Orlando; carve, on every tree, The fair, the chaste, and unexpressive she. [Exit.
Enter Corin and TOUCHSTONE. Cor. And how like you this shepherd's life, master Touchstone?
Touch. Truly, shepherd, in respect of itself, it is a good life; but in respect that it is a shepherd's life, it is naught. In respect that it is solitary, I like it very well ; but in respect that it is private, it is a very vile life. Now in respect it is in the fields, it pleaseth me well; but in respect it is not in the court, it is tedious. As it is a spare life, look you, it fits my humour well; but as there is no more plenty in it, it goes much against my stomach. Hast any philosophy in thee, shepherd ?
Cor. No more, but that I know, the more one sickens, the worse at ease he is; and that he that wants money, means, and content, is without three good friends : That the property of rain is to wet, and fire to burn: That good pasture makes fat
6 unexpressive --] For inexpressible.
sheep; and that a great cause of the night, is lack of the sun: That he, that hath learned no wit by nature nor art, may complain of good breeding, or comes of a very dull kindred.
Touch. Such a one is a natural philosopber. Wast ever in court, shepherd ?
Cor. No, truly.
Touch. Truly, thou art damn'd; like an ill-roasted egg, all on one side.
Cor. For not being at court? Your reason.
Touch. Why, if thou never wast at court, thou never saw'st good manners; if thou never saw'st good manners, then thy manners must be wicked ; and wickedness is sin, and sin is damnation : Thou art in a parlous state, shepherd.
Cor. Not a whit, Touchstone : those, that are good manners at the court, are as ridiculous in the country, as the behaviour of the country is most mockable at the court. You told me, you salute not at the court, but you kiss your hands; that courtesy would be uncleanly, if courtiers were shepherds.
Touch. Instance, briefly; come, instance.
Cor. Why, we are still handling our ewes; and their fells, you know, are greasy.
Touch. Why, do not your courtier's hands sweat? and is not the grease of a mutton as wholesome as the sweat of a man? Shallow, shallow : A better instance, I say ; come.
- may complain of good breeding,] May complain of a good education, for being so inefficient, of so little use to him..
8 like an ill-roasted egg,] Of this jest I do not fully comprehend the meaning. Johnson.
Shakspeare's similies hardly ever run on four feet. Malones
Cor. Besides, our hands are hard.
Touch. Your lips will feel them the sooner. Shallow, again: A more sounder instance, come.
Cor. And they are often tarr'd over with the surgery of our sheep; And would you have us kiss tar? The courtier's hands are perfumed with civet.
Touch. Most shallow man! Thou worms-meat, in respect of a good piece of flesh: Indeed !-Learn of the wise, and perpend: Civet is of a baser birth than tar; the very uncleanly flux of a cat. Mend the instance, shepherd.
Cor. You have too courtly a wit for me; I'll rest.
Touch. Wilt thou rest damn'd? God help thee, shallow man! God make incision in thee !! thou art
Cor. Sir, I am a true labourer; I earn that I eat, get that I wear; owe no man hate, envy no man's happiness; glad of other men's good, content with my harm: and the greatest of my pride is, to see my ewes graze, and my lambs suck.
Touch. That is another simple sin in you; to bring the ewes and the rams together, and to offer to get your living by the copulation of cattle : to be bawd to a bell-wether ;and to betray a she-lamb of a twelvemonth, to a crooked-pated, old cuckoldly ram, out of all reasonable match. If thou be'st not damn'd for this, the devil himself with have no shepherds; I cannot see else how thou shouldst 'scape.
9— make incision in thee!] Warburton says, to make incision was a proverbial expression then in vogue for to make to understand. But Steevens thinks the allusion is to that common expression, of cutting such a one for the simples. In either case we regret the profaneness.
- thou art raw.] i. e. thou art ignorant, unexperienced. 2 bawd to a bell-wether ;] Wether and ram had anciently the same meaning. Johnson.
Cor. Here comes young master Ganymede, my new mistress's brother.
Enter ROSALIND, reading a paper.
No jewel is like Rosalind.
in mind, But the fair* of Rosalind. Touch. I'll rhyme you so, eight years together ; dinners, and suppers, and sleeping hours excepted : it is the right butter woman's rank to market."
Ros. Out, fool !
If a hart do lack a hind,
-fuirest lin’d,] i. e. most fairly delineated. 4 But the fair -] Fair is beauty, complexion.
rank to market,] Sir T. Hanmer reads-rate to market, which Mr. Malone approves. The hobbling metre of these verses, (says Touchstone,) is like the ambling, shuffling pace of a butterwoman's horse, going to market.