The Greeks and Their Past: Poetry, Oratory and History in the Fifth Century BCE
Ancient Greeks remembered their past before the rise of historiography and after it poetry and oratory continued to serve commemorative functions. This book explores the field of literary memory in the fifth century BCE, juxtaposing the works of Herodotus and Thucydides with samples from epinician poetry, elegy, tragedy and oratory. Various socio-political contexts and narrative forms lent themselves to the expression of diverse attitudes towards the past. At the same time, a common gravitational centre can be observed which is distinct from modern ideas of history. As well as presenting a broad overview on memory in various genres, Professor Grethlein sheds new light on the rise of Greek historiography. He views Herodotus and Thucydides against the background of memory in poetry and oratory and thereby elucidates the tension between tradition and continuity in which the shaping of historiography as a genre took place.
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Achilles Alcibiades ancient Andocides argues argument Athenians Athens audience battle Boedeker claim context contingency of chance continuum contrast critical Croesus Darius deeds defeat deﬁne deliberative diﬀerent diﬃcult eﬀect elegy emphasizes epic epic poetry epinician poetry epitaphios epitaphios logos evoke example exempla exemplary mode expectations experiences ﬁfth century BCE ﬁght ﬁgures ﬁnd ﬁrst foil fragments funeral speeches Gelon Greece Greek Grethlein Herodotus heroes heroic historians historiography Homer Hornblower human idea of history Iliad juxtaposes juxtaposition Kallet Loraux Lysias mentioned Mimnermus mode of memory myth mythical Nicias Nonetheless oﬀ oﬀers Olympian orators oratory parallel passage Peloponnesian Peloponnesian War Pericles Persae Persian Wars Pindar Plataeans poem poetic points polis praise present prolepseis prominent readers recent past reference rhetorical scholars Sicilian Expedition signiﬁcance similar Simonides Smyrneis Spartans speciﬁc suﬀering Syagrus Tegeans temporal tension Thebans Theron Thersander throws into relief Thucydides tradition tragedy Trojan Trojan War tyrannicide Tyrtaeus victory Xerxes καὶ