The New Encyclopedia of Islam

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AltaMira Press, 2001 - History - 534 pages
The New Encyclopedia of Islam is the only single-volume work in print which so comprehensively encompasses the beliefs, practices, history and culture of the Islamic world, in over 1300 entries. It has the further unique advantage of being written by a Western scholar of the Islamic faith, and has thus been already widely praised for straddling the cultures with an understanding and respect for the themes and topics covered. All aspects of religious belief, ritual, practices, prayer, significant political movements, spiritual and political leaders, art, architecture, sects, law, social institutions, history, ethnography, nations and states, languages, science, major cities and centers of learning are covered. Order outside North America, contact Stacey International Publishers, London --Worldwide coverage --Nearly 1300 accessible entries --Assumes no previous knowledge of Islam --24 pages of full-color photographs --16 pages of color maps, dynastic charts, and diagrams --The most comprehensive single-volume reference on Islam available --60 new or substantially revised entries from the last edition New or substantially revised entries in the 2001 edition: Abd al-Qadir, Amir Ahkam Ahmad of Rae Bareilly Alexander's Wall Albania Algerian Democratic Republic Ali Shir Nava'i Amir Khusraw Dihlawi Aqsaqalism Atabat Azad Bangladesh Barabanschiki Bareilly Barilwis Basmachis Beloshaposhniki Bosnia and Herzegovina Constitution of Medina Deoband Dsnmeh Dungan Elkhasaios Faraidi Movement Faramush Khaneh Fundamentalism Ghalib, Mirza Asad Allah Khan Hafiz Hamas Harrah Herat Ibn Masarrah Khaksars Ilyas Isfahan Istanbul JamaO Kalmuck Kazakhstan Khiva Khomeini Kirghiz Kubra, Najm ad-Din Kumun Kurds Lahore Lakhmids Mawardi Ossetians Ovliad Rabitah al-Islamiyyah Rudaki Russia de Sacy Sahmi-i Imam Tablighi JamaO aat Tajiks Taliban Turkmenistan Zikrism

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Contents

AUTHORS PREFACE
4
Reference Maps
498
The Umayyads
518
Copyright

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About the author (2001)

Born in 1944, Cyril Glasse, author of The New Encyclopedia of Islam, is an American citizen of mainly Russian descent. He is currently an international lecturer on comparative religion, and is preparing a timeline of Islamic history (alongside other works). He has recently lectured at the University of Saratov, Russia; the Oriental Institutes in St Petersburg and Moscow; at the Grand Mosque, Tashkent; the Badshahi Mosque, Lahore; the University of Calabria, Italy; the Open Center and Cooper Union in New York; and at Lund Sweden. He is the author of The Berlitz Guide to Saudi Arabia, editor of A Pilgrim's Guide to Mecca for the Hajj Research Center of King Abd al-'Aziz University in Jeddah. His graduate degree in Islamic Studies from Columbia College in 1991 had been preceded 15 years earlier with a degree, also from Columbia, in Russian. As a young man, Cyril Glasse worked in Morocco as a volunteer on a United Nations development project. It was in Ouzzanne, the religious center in the foothills of the Rif mountains in Morocco, and site of age-old Arabo-Islamic institutions, that Glasse converted to Islam. In the late 1960s, he studies there with traditional teachers, and faqihs. At the same period of early life he conversed or studied with the heads of various important mosques and centers of pilgrimmage, including Moulay Idriss Zerhoun, the Imam of the Qarawiyyin, Sidi Boush'arah (one of the last surviving representatives of the Shaykh Tayyib Darqawi), Sidi Ahmad al-'Alawi (of Algeria), and various other 'ulama (scholars of theology). His acquaintanceship and region of studies included association with wandering dervishes and Sufis of various orders. In parallel, he studied the full range of Western academic authorities on Islam (and the other major religions), in the five langauges of which he has a fluent command. From this period Glasse has continued to travel extensively throughout the Islamic world, attending spiritual centers in Maurentia, Algeria, Egypt, Turkey, Arabia, India, Pakistan, Indonesia, and the republics of Central Asia. He has an intimate acquaintance with Mecca. From 1972-1978 his main residential base was Switzerland, as editor of an international journal. He now lives in New York City, with his wife and son.

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