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have you provided me here half a dozen sufficient make as many holes in an enemy's battle, as they men?

hast done in a woman's petticoat? Shal. Marry, have we, sir. Will you sit? Feeble. I will do my good will, sir; you can Fal. Let me see them, I beseech you.

have no niore. Shal. Where's the roll? where's the roll : 5 Fal. Well said, good woman's taylor! well said, where's the roll ?-Let me see, let me see, let me courageous Feeble! Thou wilt beás valiant as the see. So, so, so, so: Yea, marry, sir :-Ralph wrathful dove, or most magnanimous mouse. Mouldy :- let them appear as I call; let them do Prick the woman's taylor wel, master Shallow: 80.--Let me see; Where is Mouldy?

deep, master Shallow, Moul. Here, an't please you.

110 Feeble. I woulu, Wart might have gone, sir. Shal. What think you, Sir John? a good-limh’d Fal. I would, thou wert a man's taylor; that fellow :

: young, strong, and of good friends. thou might'st inend him, and make him fit to go. Fal. Is thy name Mouldy?

I cannot put him to a private soldier, that is the Moul. Yea, an't please you.

leader of so many thousands: Let that suffice, most Fal. 'Tis the more time thou wert us'd. 15 forcible Feeble.

Shal. Ha, ha, ha! most excellent, i faith! Feeble. It shall suffice, sir. things, that are mouldy, lack use: Very singular Fal. I am bound to thee, reverend Feeble.good !-Well said, Sir John; very well said. Who is next? Fal. Prick hiin.

Shal. Peter Bull-calf of the green! Moul. I was prick'd well enough before, an 20 Ful. Yea, marry, let us see Bull-calf. you could have let me alone: my old dame will Bull. Here, sir. be undone now, for one to do her husbandry, and Fal. Trust me, a likely fellow!-Come, prick her drudgery: you need not to have prick'd me; me Bull-calf, till he roar again. there are other men titter to go out than I. Bull. Ob! good my lord captain,

Fal. Go to; peace, Moudy, you shall go 25 Ful. What, dost thot roar before thou art prick’de Mouldy, it is time you were spent.

Bull. O lord, sir! I am a diseas d man. Moul. Spent !

fal. What disease last thou ? Shal. Peace, fellow, peace; stand aside; Know Bull. A whoreson cold, sir; a cold, sir; which you where you are?-For the other, Sir John: I caught with ringing in the king's affairs, upon let me see:--Simon Shadow!

30 his coronation day, sir. Fal. Ay marry, let me have him to sit onder: Ful. Come, thou shalt go to the wars in a gown; he's like to be a cold soldier.

we will have away thy cold; and I will take such Shal. Where's Shadow

order, that thy friends shall ring for thee.—Is here Shad. Here, sir.

all? Fal. Shadow, whose son art thou?

135 Shal. There is two more call'd than your num. Shad. My moiher's son, sir.

ber, you must bave but four here, sir;--and so, I Fal. Thy mother's son! like enough; and thy pray you, go in with me to dinner. father's shaclow: so the son of the female is the tal. Come, I will go drink with you, but ! shadow of the male: It is often so, indeed; but cannot tarry dinner. I am glad to see you, in not inuch of the father's substance.

40 good troth, master Shallow. Shal. Do you like him, Sir John'

Shil. O, Sir John, do you remember since we Fal. Shadow will serve for suinmer,-prick lay all night in the wind-mill in St. George's-tields? him ;-for we have a number of shadow's io till Ful. No more of that, goud muster Shallow, no up the muster-book!

more of that. Shal. Thomas Wart!

45 Shal. Ha, it was a merry night. And is Jane Fal. Where's he?

Night-work alive? Wurt. Here, sir.

Ful. She lives, master Shallow. Fal. Is thy name Wart?

Shuil. She could never away with me. Wart. Yea, sir.

Ful. Never, never: she would always say, she Fal. Thou art a very raggedl wart.

jo could not abide master Shallow. Shal. Shall I prick lim, Sir John?

Shal. By the mass, I could anger her to the Fil. It were superfluous; for his apparel is heart. She was then a bona-roba. Doth she hold built

upon his back, and the whole frame stands her own well! upon pins: prick him no more.

Fal. Oid, oli), master Shallow. Shul. Ha, ha, ha!—you can do it, sir: you can 35 Shal. Nay, she must be old; she cannot chuse do it. I commend you well.–Francis leeble! but be old; certain, she's old; and had Robin Feeble. Here, sir.

Night-work by Old Night-work, before I came to Fal. What trade art thou, Feeble?

Clement's-inn. Feeble. A woman's taylor, sir.

Sil. That fifty-five years ago. Shal. Shall I prick him, sir?

160 Shal. Ila, cousin Silence, that thou hadst seen Ful. You may: but if he had been a man's that that this kniglit and I have seen! -Ha, Sir taylor, he would have prick'd you.-Wilt thou John, said I well? That is, we have in the muster-book many names for which we receive pay, though we have not ? This is an expression of dislike.

Fal.

1

the men.'

Fal. We have heard the chimes at midnight, And this same half-fac'd fellow Shadow,-gireme master Shallow.

this man; he presents no mark to the eneny; the Shal. That we have, that we have, that we fore-man may with as great aim level at the edge hare; in faith, Sir John, we bave; our watch of a pen-knife: And, for a retreat,-how swiftly word was, Hen, boys !--Come, let's to dinner; 5 will this Feeble, the woman's taylor, run off? 0, come, let's to dinner :-(), the days that we have give me the spare men, and spare me the great seen! -Come,come. (Creuni FalstallandJustices. ones. ---Put me a' caliver into Wart's hand,

Bull. Good master corporate Bardo!ph, stand Bardolph. my iriend; and here is four Harry ten shillings in Bard. Hold, Wart, traverse ; thus, thus, thus. French crowns for you. In very truth, sir, I had 10 Ful. Come, manage me your caliver. So:as liet belang’d, sir, as go : and yet for mine own very well:-goto:-very good:-exceeding good: part, sir, I do not care: but, rather, because I am -O, give me always a little, lean, old, chopp’d, unwilling, and, for mine own part, have a desire bald shot':-teli sairl, Wart; thou’rt a good to stay with my friends; else, sir, I did not cure, scab: hold, there's a tester for thee. for nine own part, so much.

15. Shal. lle is not his craft's master, he doth not Bard. Go to; stand aside.

do it rigit. I remember at Mile-end green, when loul. And, good master corporal captain, for I lay ai Clement’s-im, (I was then Sir Dagonet my old dame's sake, stand my friend: she lia: 110. in Arthur's show.) there was a little quiver fellow, bouy to do any thing about her, when I am gone; and ’a would manage you his piece thus: and 'z and she is old, and cannot help herself: you shall 20, would about, and about, and come you in, and have forty, sir.

come you in: rah, tah, tah, would 'a say; bounce, Bard. Go to; stand aside.

would 'a say; and away again would ’a go, and Feeble. I care not ;-a man can die but once; again would ’a come; --1 shall never see such a we owe God a death:--l'll ne'er bear a base follow. mind:-an't be my destiny, so: an't be not, so:25 fal. These fellows will do well, master ShalNo man's too good to serve bis prince: and let it low.- God keep you, master Silence; I will not go which way it will, he that dies this year, is use many words with you:-Fare you well, quit for the next.

gentlemen both : I thank you: I must a dozen Bard. Well said ; thou'rt a good fellow. mile to-night.Bardolph, give the soldiers Feeble. 'Faith, P'li bear no base mind.

30 coats. [Re-enter Falstaff, and Justices. Shal. Sir John, heaven bless you, and prosper Fal. Come, sir, which men shall I have? your aitairs, and send us peace! As you return, Shal. Four of which you please.

visit my house; let our old acquaintance be reBard. Sir, a word with you :- have three new'd: peradventure I will with you to the court. pound to free Mouldy and Bull-calf.

35 Ful. I Would you would, master Shallow. Fal. Go to; well.

Shal. Go to; I have spoke, at a word. Fare Shul. Come, Sir John which four will you

have:
you well.

[Exeunt Shallow and Silence. Ful. Do you chuse for me.

Fal. Fare you well, gentle gentlemen.-On, Shal. Marry then,-Moulds, Bull-calf, Feeble, Bardelph;leadthemen away.-- [Exeunt Bardolph, and Shadow.

40 Recruits, sc]-As I return, I will fetch off these Ful. Mouldy, and Bull.call: For you, Mouldy, jestices; I do see the bottom of justice Shallow. stay at home till you are past service:--and, tor Loril

, lord, how subject we old men are to this vice your part, Pull-calf,-grow'rill you come unto it; of lying! This same starved justice bath done 10I will none of you.

thing but prate lo me of the wildness of his youth, Shul. Sir John, Sir John. do not yourself wrong: 45 and iheivats he bath done about Turnbull-street'; they are your likeliest men, and I would have you and every third word a lie, duer paid to the bearer serv'd with the be:t.

than the Turk's tribute. I do remember him at Fil. Will you tell me, master Shallow, how to Clement's-inn, like a man made aiter supper of a chuse a man? Care ( for the limb, the thewes',' cheese-aring; when he was naked, he was, for the stature, bulk, and big assemblance of a man: 50 all the world, like a fork'd radish, with a lead fangive me the spirit, master Shallow.-liere's Wart; tastically carvid upon it with a knife: he was so

you see what a ragged appearance it is: he shall forlorn, inat his dimensions to any thick sight were clārge you, and discharge you, with the motion of invisible: he was the very Genius of famine; yet a pewierer's ha!nmer; come oil, and on, swifter! lecierous as a monkey, and the whores calld him than lie that gibbets on the brewer's bucket?. 55.--mandrake: he came ever in the rear-ward of

'i. e. the muscular strength or appearance of manhood, ? That is, swifter than he who carries bcer from the vat to the barrel, in buchets hung upon a gibbet or beam crossing his shoulders. 3A hand-gun. * Shot is used for shoot:r, one who is to fight by shooting. • Dr. Johnson observes, that the story of Sir Dagonet is to be found in La Jori di Arthure, an old romance much celebrated in our author's time, or a little before it. In this romance Sir Dagonet is king Arthur's tool (Dr. Warburton says, his squire). Shakspeare would not have shewn his Justice capable of representing any higher cha

Turnbull or Turnmill-street is near Cow-Cross, West Sinithield, which was forinerly called Ruthan's Hall, where turbulent tellows met to try their skill at sword and buckler, and was notorious for the number of its houses of ill-fame.

the

racter.

the fashion; and sung those tunes to the over- might have truss'd him, and all his apparel, into scutcht' buswives, that he heard the carmen an eel-skin: the case of a treble hantboy was a whistle, and sware-they were his fancies, or his inansion for him, a court: and now he hath land good-nights’. And now is this vice's dagger be- and beeves. Well; I will be acquainted with him, come a squire; and talks as familiarly of John of 5 if I return: and it shall go hard, but I will make Gaunt, as if he had been sworn brother to him: and him a philosopher's two stones to me: Ifthe young I'd be sworn he never saw him but once in the dace be a bait for the old pike, I see no reason, Tilt-yard; and then he burst* his head, for croud in the law of nature, but I may snap at him'. ing among the marshal's men. I saw it; and told Let time shape, and there an end. [Ereunt. John of Gaunt, he beat his own name': for you iol

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SCENE I.

201 Mess. West of this forest, scarcely off a mile, A Forest in Yorkshire.

In goodly forin cores on the enemy:

Ind, by the ground they hide, I judge their number Enter the Archbishop of York, Mozbray, Hlas

l'pon, or near, the rate of thirty thousand. (out. tings, and others.

woub. The just proportion that we gave them York. WHAT is this forest calla: 25 Let us swaye on, and face them in the field. Ilast. 'Tis Gualtree forest, an't

Enter Westmoreland. shall please your grace. [forth, York. Whatwell-appointed leader frontsus here! York. Here stand, my lords:and send discoverers Mowb. I think, it is my lord of Westmoreland. To know the numbers of our enemies.

West. Health and fair greeting from our general, llast. We have sent forth already.

30 The prince, lord John, and duke ot Lancaster. York. 'Tis well done.

York.Sayon, my lordof Westmoreland, in peace; My friends and brethren in these great affairs, What doth concern your coming? I must acquaint you, that I have receiv'd

West. Then, my lord, New-ciated leiters from Northumberland; l'nto your grace do I in chief address Their cold intent, tenour, and substance, thus:- 35 The substance of my speech. If that rebellion Here doth he wish his person, with such powers Came like itself, in base and abject routs, As might hold sortance with his quality,

Led on by bloody youth", guarded" with rage, The which he could not levy; whereupon And countevanc'd by boys, and beggary; Ilois reur), to ripe bis growing fortunes, I say, if damn'd commotion so appeard, 'lo Scotland: and concludes in hearty prayers, 10 In his true, native, and most proper shape, That your attempts may over-live the hazard, You, reverend father, and these noble lords, And learful meeting their opposite. [ground, Had not been here, to dress the ugly form

Moz:b. Thus do the hopes we had in hiin touch Of base and bloody insurrection And daslı theinselves to pieces.

With your fair honours. You, lord archbishop,Enter a lessenger.

45 W'hose see is by a civil peace maintain'd ; Hast. Now, what news?

| Whose beard the silver hand of peace hath touch'd; 1. e. according to Mr. Pope, whipt, carted; though Dr. Johnson rather thinks that the word means dirty or grimed; and that the word huswires agrees better with this sense. Ray, however, among his north-country words, confirms Pope's meaning, by saying that an overstitch'd huswife is a strumpet. a Funirs and Goodnighls were the titles of little poems. T'ice was the name given to a droll tigure, her lotore nauch sliewn upon our stage, and brought in to play the fool and make sport for the popuface. llis dress was always a long jerhin, a fool's cap with asses' ears, and a thir wooden dagger, such as is still retained in the inocern figures of Harlequin and Scaramouch. The word is an abbrevation of de rice; tor in our old dramatic shows, where he was first exhibited, he was nothing more than an artificial figure, a puppet moved by machinery, and then originally called device or rice. The snith's machine called a rice, is an abbreviation of the same sort. It was very satirical in Falstaff to compare Sballou's activity and impertinence to such a machine as a wooden dagger in the hanels and management of a buffoon. “To break and to burst were, in our poet's time, synonimously used. To brasi had the same meaning. * That is, beat guunt, a fellow so slender, that his name might have been Gauni. * One of which was an universal medicine, and the other a transmuter of base metals into

? That is, if it be the law of nature that the stronger may seize upon the weaker, Falstafi may, with great propriety, clevour Shallow. Dr. Johnson thinks this word, which is used in Holinshet, was intended to express the uniform and forcible motion of a compact body. Well-appointed is completely accoutred

.. Bloody youth means only sanguine youth, or youth full of blood, and of those passions which blood is supposed to incite or nourish. Guarded is an expression taken from dress and means the same as faced, turned up.

gold.

8

Whose learningand good letters peace hath tutord, West. When ever yet was your appeal deny'd?
Whose white investments' figure innocence, Wherein have you been galled by the king?
The dove and very blessed spirit of peace,-

What
peer

bath been suborn'd to grate on you? Wherefore do you so ill translate yourself

That

you

should seal this lawless bloody book Out of the speech of peace, that bears such grace, 5 Of forg'd rebellion with a seal divine, Into the harsh and boist'rous tongue of war? And consecrate commotion's civil edge'? Turning your books to graves', your ink to blood, York. My brother-general, the common-wealth, Your pens to lances; and your tongue divine To brother boru an lousehold cruelty, To a loud trumpet, and a point of war?

I make my quarrel in particular*. York. Wherefore do I this:-—so the question 10 West. There is no need of any such redress; stands.

Or, if there were, it not belongs to you. Briefly, to this end :--We are all diseas'd;

Morb. Why not to him, in part; and to us all, And, with our surfeiting, and wanton hours, That feel the bruises of the days before; Have brought ourselves into a burning fever, And sutter the condition of these times And we must bleed for it: of which disease

15 To lay a heavy and unequal hand Our late king, Richard, being infected, dy'd. Upon our honours? But, my most noble lord of Westmoreland,

West. O my good lord Mowbray, I take not on me here as a physician:

Construe the limes to their necessities,
Nor do I, as an enemy to peace,

And
you

shall say indeed, -it is the time, Troup in the throngs of military men:

20 And not the king, that doth you injuries. But, rather, shew a while like feartul war,

Yet, for your part, it not appears to me, To diet rank miyds, sick of happiness;

Either from the king, or in the present time, And purge the obstructions, which begin to stop That you shall have an inch of any ground Our very veins of life. Hear me more plainly. To build a grief on: Were you not restor'd I have in equal balance justly weigh'd

25 To all the duke of Norfolk's seigniories, What wrongs our arms may do, what wrongs we Your noble and right-well-remeinber'd father's ? suller,

Mozob. What thing, in honour, had my

father And find our griefs heavier than our offences.

lost, We see which way the stream of time doth run, That need to be reviv’d, and breath'd in me? And are enforc'd from our most quiet sphere 30 The king, that lov'd him as the state stood then, By the rough torrent of occasion;

Was, force perforce, compellid to banish him: And have the sunimary of all our griefs,

And then, when Harry Bolingbroke, and he, When time shall serve, to shew in articles; Being mounted, and both roused in their seats, Which, long ere this, we otier'd to the king, Their neighing coursers daring of the spur, And might by no suit gain our audience: 35 Their armed staves in charge, their beavers down, When we are wrong'd, and would unfold our griefs, Their eyes of fire sparkling through sights of We are deny'd access unto his person

steel, Even by those inen that most liave done us wrong. And the loud trumpet blowing them together; The danger of the days but newly gone,

Then, then, when there was nothing could have (Whose memory is written on the earth

40

staid With yet appearing blood), and the examples My father from the breast of Bolingbroke, Of every minute's instance, (present 110w) 0, when the king did throw his warder down, Have put us in these ill-beseeming arms; Dis own life hung upon the stati he threw : Not to break peace, or any branch of it;

Then threw he down himself, and all their lives, But to establish here a peace indeed,

15 That, by indictment, and by dint of sword, Concurring both in name and quality.

Have since miscarried under Bolingbroke. Formerly, all bishops wore white even when they travelled. The achite investment meant the episcopal rochet: ? For grūtes Dr.Warburton very plausibly reads gl rives, and is followed by Sir Thomas Hanmer. Mr. Steevens says, “We might perhaps as plausibly readgreuves, which is spelled graves in Warner's Albion's England,” i. e. armour for the legs, a kind of boots: and adds, that the metamorphosis of leathern covers of books into greaves, i. e. boots, seems to be more appositethan the conversion of them into instruments of war. Glave is the Erse word for a broud-sword, and glaif is Welsh for a hook. • It was an old custom, continued from the time of the first croisavles, for the pope to consecrate the general's sword, which was employed in the service of the church. To this custom the line in question alludes. * Dr. Warburton explains this passage thus: “ My brother general the comnionwealth, which ought to distribute its benents equally, is become an enemy to those of his own house, to brothers born, by giving some all, and others none; and this (says he) I make my quarrel or grievance, that honours are unequally distributed;" the constant birth of male-contents, and source of civil commotions. Dr. Johnson, however, believes there is an error in the first line, which perbaps may be rectified thus: “My quarrel general, the common-wealth, &c. That is, my general cause of discontent is public mismanagement; my particular cause a domestic injury done to my natural brother, who had been beheaded by the king's order;" a circumstance mentioned in the First Part of the Play.

5 An armed staff is a lance. To be in charge, is to be fixed in the rest for the encounter.. Or, the risiers, i. e. the perforated part of their helmets, through which they could see to direct their aimi.

1

West.

is weary.

A

Go West. You speak, lord Mowbray, now you know That no conditions of our peace can stand. not what:

Hast. Fear you not that: if we can make our peace The earl of Hereford was reputed then

Upon such large terms, and so absolute, In England the most valiant gentleman :

As our conditions shall insist upon, Who knows, on whom fortune would then have 5 Our peace shall stand as firm as rocky mountains.

YO smil'd:

Alowb. Ay, but our valuation shall be such,
But, if your father had been victor there, That every slight and false-derived cause,
He ne'er had borne it out of Coventry:

Yea, every idle, nice, and wanton reason,
For all the country, in a general voice,
Shall, to the king, taste of this action:

21
Cry’dhate upon him; andalitheir prayers and love, 10 That, were our loyal faiths martyrs m love,
Were set on Heretord, whom they doated on, We shall be winnow'd with so rough a wind,
And bless'd, and grac'dindeed, more than the king. That even our corn shall seem as light as chal,

5 But this is mere digression troin my purpose.-

And good from bad tind no partition. Here come I from our princely general,

York. No, no, my lord; Note this,-the king To know your griefs; to tell you from his grace, 15

EX That he will give you audience : and wherein Of dainty and su h picking grievances :

1 • It shall appear, that your demands are just, For he hath sound, -to end one doubt by death,

You shall enjoy them; every thing set off, Revives two greater in the heirs of life,
That might so inuch as think you enemies. And therefore will he wipe his tables clean“;

Mowb. But he hath forc'd us to compel this offer; 20 And keep no tell-tale to his memory,
And it proceeds from policy, not love.

That may repeat and history his loss West. Mowbray, you over-ween, to take it so; To new remeinbrance: For full well be knows, This offer comes from mercy, not from lear: He cannot so precisely weed this land, For, lo! within a ken, our army lies;

As his misdoubts present occasion : Upon mine honour, all too contident

|25 His foes are so evrooted with his friends, To give admittance to a thought of fear.

That, plucking to intix an enemy,
Our battle is more full of names than yours, Ile doth unfasten so, and shake a friend:
Our men more perfect in the use of arins,

So that this land, like an offensive wife,
Our armour all as strong, our cause the best; That hath enrag'd him on to offer strokes;
Then reason wills, our hearts should be as good: 30 As he is striking, holds his infant up,
Say you not then, our offer is compell’d.

And hangs resolv'd correction in the arm
Alowb. Well, by my will, we shall admit no That was upreard to execution.
parley.

Flast. Besides, the king hath wasted all his rods West. That argues but the shame of your offence: On late offenders, that he now doth lack A rotten case abides no handling.

35 The very instruments of chastisement: Hast. Hath the prince John a full commission, So that his power, like to a fangless lion, In-very ample virtue of his father,

May olfer, but not hold. To hear, and absolutely to determine

York. 'Tis very true;Of what conditions we shall stand upon ?

And therefore be assured, my good lord marshal,
West. That is intended' in the general's name: 40 If we do now make our atonement well,
I muse, you make so slight a question.

Our peace will, like a broken limb united,
York. Then take, my lord of Westmoreland, Grow stronger for the breaking.
this schedule;

Mlowb. Be it so.
For this contains our general grievances : Here is return’d my lord of Westmoreland.
Each several article herein redress'd;

45

Re-enter Westmorelund. All members of our cause, both here and hence, West. The prince is here at hand: Pleaseth your That are insinew'd to this action,

lordship, Acquitted by a true substantial forin’;

To meet his grace just distance 'tween our armies! And present execution of our wills

Níorub. Your grace of York, in heaven's name To us, and to our purposes, confin'd';

50

then set forward. We come within our awful banks again,

York. Before, and greet his grace:—my lord, And knit our powers to the arm of peace.

we cojne. West. This will I shew the general. Please

[Exeunt. you, lords,

SCENE II.
In sight of both our battles we may meet ; 53
And either end in peace, which heaven so frame!

Another part of the forest.
Or to the place of difference call the swords Enteron one side Mozubray,the Archbishop, Hast-
Which must decide it.

ings, and others: from the other side, Prince York. My lord, we will do so. [Erit West. John of Lancaster, Westmoreland, Officers, &c. Mowb. There is a thing within my bosom 60 Lan. You are well encounter'd here, my cousia

Mowbray S Meaning, included in the office of a general. That is, by a pardon of due form and legal validity. * For confined, Mr. Steevens proposes to read confirm’d. Awful banks are the proper limits of reverence. Perhaps we might read-lateful. li. c. piddling, insignificant grievances,' Alluding to a table-book of slate, ivory, &c.

Good

tells me,

1

4

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