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The oldest sins the newest kind of ways?

(IIow troublesome it sat upon my head: Be happy, he will trouble you no more:

To thee it shall descend with beiter quiet, England shall double gilil his treble guilt; Better opinion, better contirmation; England shall give him office, honour, might: For all the soil of the atchievement goes For the fifth Harry from curb'd licence plucks 5 With me into the earth. It seem'd in me,

The puzzle of restraint, and the wild dog But as an honour snatch'd with boisterous hand; Shall nesh his tooth in every innocent.

And I had many living, to upbraid O my poor kingdom, sick with civil blows ! My gain of it by their assistances; When that my care could not withhold thy riots, which daily drew to quarrel, and to blood-shed, What wilt thou do when riot is thy care'? 10 Wounding supposed peace: all these bold fears', 0, thou wilt be a wilderness again,

Thou see'st, with peril I have answered: Peopled with wolves, iny old inhabitants !

For all my reign latlı been but as a scene P. Henry. O, pardon me, iny liege! but for my Acting that argument; and now my death tears,

[h'neeling: Changes the mode: for what in me was purchasida The moist impediments unto my speech, 15 Falls upon thee in a more fairer sort, I had fore-stall’d this dear and diep rebuke, So obou the garland wear’st' successively. [do, Ere you with grief liad spoke, and I had heard Yet, thoirgh thou stand'st more sure than I could The course of it so far. There is

your crown; Thou art not firm enough, since griefs are green; And Hethat wears the crown immortally, ind all thy friends, which thou must make thy Long guard it yours! If I affect it more,

friends, Than as your honour, and as your renown, Have but their stings and teeth newly ta'en out; Let me no more from this obedience rise, By whose fell working I was tirst advanc'd, Which my most true? and inward-cuteous spirit Ind by whose power I well might lodge a fear Teacheth, this prodrate and exterior bending' To be again displac'd: which to avoid, Heaven witness with me, when I here came in, 251 cut them off'; and had a purpose now And found no course of breath within your majesty, To lead out many to the Holy Land; How cold it struck my heart! If I do feign, Lest rest, and lying still, might make them look O, let me in my present wildness die;

Too near into my state. Therefore, my Harry, And never live to shew the incred ulous world Be it thy course, to busy giddy minds (out, The noble change that I have purposed ! 30 With foreign quarrels; that action, hence borne Coming to look on you, thinking you dead, May waste the memory of the former days. (And dead almost, my liege, to think you were) More would I, but my lungs are wasted so, I spake unto the crown, as having sense,

That strength of speech is utterly deny'd me. And thus upbraided it. The care on thee depending, How I came by the crown, O God, forgive! Hath fed upon the body of my father ;

35 And grant it may with thee in true peace live. Therefore, thou, best of gold, art worst of gold. | P. Henry. My gracious liege, Other, less fine in currat, is more precious, You won it, wore it, kept it, gave it me; Preserving life in med'cine potable:

Then plain, and right, must my possession be: But thou, most fine, most honour'd, most renorend, Which 1, with more than with a common pain, Hust eat thy bearer up. Thus my most royal liege, 10 Gainst all the world will rightfully maintain. Accusing it, I put it on my head;

Entcr Lord John of Lancaster, Waruick, &c. To try with it, -as with an enemy,

K. Henry. Look, look, here comes my John of That had before my face murder'd my father,


(father! The quarrel of a true inheritor.

Lan. Health, peace, and happiness to my royal But if it did infect my blood witli joy,

45 K. Henry. Thou bring'st me happiness, and Or swell my thoughts to any strain of pride;

peace, son John; If any rebel or vain spirit of nine

Bait health, alack, with you:hful wings is flown Did, with the least affection of a welcome, From this bare, wither'd trunk: upon thy sight, Give entertainment to the might of it,

My worldly business makes a period.Let heaven for ever keep it from my

head! 50 Where is my lord of Warwick? And make me as the poorest vassal is,

P. Henry. My lord of Warwick! That doth with awe and terror kneel to it!

K. Henry. Doth any name particular belong K. Henry. O my son;

into the lodging where I first did swoon? Heaven put it in thy mind to take it hence,

Hur. 'Tis called Jerusalem, my noble lord. That thou might'st win the morethy father's love.f.55 K. Henry. Laud be to God: -even there my Pleading so wisely in excuse of it.

lite must end. Come hither, Harry, sit thou by my bed; It hath been prophesy'd to me many years, And hear, I think, the very latest counsel

I should not die but in Jerusalem; That ever I shall brearhe, Ilearen knows, my son, Which vainly I suppos'd the Bloly Land:By what by-paths, and indirect crook'd ways, 60 But, bear me to that chamber; there \'n lie; I met this crown; and I myself know well, In that Jerusalem shall llarrý die: {Exeunt.

'j. e. curator : a bold figure. . e. loyal. ' Dr. Johnson says, “ There has long prevailed an opinion, that a solution of goli has great medicinal virtues, and that the incorruptibility of gold might be communicated to the body impregiated with it. Sone have pretended to make potable gold, among other frauds practised on creilulity.” * i. e. turpiude, reproach. Si. e. counterfeited, imagined. Fear is here used for that which causes year. i. e. by order of succession, • Per. Fraps me should read my friends,


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man, I have but very little credit with your wor. Shallow's Seat in Glostershire.

ship. The knave is mine honest friend, sir;

therefore, I beseech your worship, let him bé Enter Shallow, Falstaff, Bardolph, and Page. countenanc'd. Shal. By cock and preysir

, you shall not away

| 5

Shal. Go to; I say, he shall have no wrong. to-night. -What

Look about, Davy. Where are you, Sir John? Fal. You must excuse me, master Robert Shal Come, off with your boots.-Give me your hand, low.

master Bardolph. Shal. I will not excuse you; you shall not be Burd. I am glad to see your worship. excus'd; excuses shall not be adinitted: there is no Shul. I thank thee with all my heart, kind no excuse shall serve; you shall not be excus'd. master Bardolph:- and welcome, my tall fellow. Why, Davy!

[to the page.] Come, Sir John. Enter Dary.

Ful. I'll follow you, good master Robert ShalDary. Here, sir.

low. Bardolph, look to our horses. (Exeunt ShalShal. Davy, Davy, Davy,--let me see, Davy: 15 lozu, Bardolph, &c.]-If I were saw'd into let me see :--yea, inarry, William cook', bicil quantities, I should make four dozen of such him coine hither. -Sir Jolin, you shall not be ex- bearded hermit's staves as master Shallow. It is a cus'd.

wonderful thing, to see the seinblable coherence Dacy. Marry, sir, thus ;-those precepts' can of his men's spirits and his: They, by observing of not be serv'd: and, again, sir,--Shall we sow the 20 him, do bear themselves like foolish justices; he, head-land with wheat?

by conversing with them, is turned into a justice Sual. With red wheat, Davy. But for William like serving-man: their spirits are so married in cook; are there no young pigeons?

conjunction with the participation of society, that Daty. Yes, sir.-ilere is now the smith's they llock together in consent, like so many wildnote, for shoeing, and plough-irons.

25 geese. If I had a suit to master Shallow, I would Shal. Let it be cast, and paid:-Sir John, you humour his men, with the imputation of being shall not be exçus'd.

near their master: if to his men, I would curry Davy. Now, sir, a new link to the bucket must with master Shallow, that no man could better Deeds be had :-And, sir, do you mean to stop any command his servants. It is certain, that either of William's wages, about the sack he lost the 30 wise bearing, or ignorant carriage, is caught, as other day at Hinckley fair ?

men take diseases, one of another: therefore, let Shal. He shall apswerit: Some pigeons, Davy; men take heed of their company. I will devise a couple of short-legg'd hens; a joint of mutton; matter enough out of this Shallow, to keep prince and any pretty little tiny kickshaws, tell William Darry in continual laughter, the wearing-out of cook.

35 six fashions (which is four terms, or two actions), Dary. Doth the man of war stay all night, sir : and he shall laugh without intervallums. 0, it is

Shal. Yes, Davy. I will use him well; A much, that a lie, with a slight oathi, and a jest friend i' the court is better than a penny in purse.

with a sad brow, will do with a fellow that never Use his men well, Davy; for they are arrant had the ache in bis shoulders! 0, you shall see knaves, and will backbite.

40 him laugh 'till his face be like a wet cloak il! Davy. No worse than they are back-bitten, sir ; for they have marvellous foul linen.

Shul. [within] Sir John! Shal. Well conceited, Davy. About thy busi Ful. I come, master Shallow; I come, master ness, Davy.


[Erit Falstuij: Dary. I beseech you, sir, to countenance Wil- 15

SCENE II. liam Visor of Woncot, against Clement Perhes oi

The Court, in London. the hill.

Enter the Earl of Warcrick, and the Lord Chief Shal. There are many complaints, Davy, against

Justice. that Visor ; that Visor is an arrant knave, on my Wur. Ilow now, my lord chief justice; whither knowledge.

50 away? Davy. I grant your worship that he is a knave, Ch. Just. How doth the king? [ended, sir: but yet, God forbid, sir, but a knave should War. Exceeding well; bis cares are now all have some countenance at his friend's request. An Ch. Just. I hope, not dead. honest man, sir, is able to speak for himself, when War. He's walk'd the way of nature; aknave is not. I have serv'd your worship truly, 55 And, to our purposes, he lives no more, sir, these eight years; and if I cannot once or twice Ch. Just. I would his majesty had calld me in a quarter bear out a knave against an honesi

with him: : 'See note', p. 48. * Anciently, the lower orders of people had no surnames, but in their stead were content to adopt the titles of their several professions. Precept is a justice's warrant,


aid up.

you not.

The service that I truly did his life,

War. Here comes the prince. liath left me open to all injuries.

Enter King Henry. War. Indeed, I think, the young king love: Ch. Just. Good morrow; and heaven save your

inajesty! Ch. Just. I know, he doth not; and do arm 5 K. Henry: This new and gorgeous garment, myself,

majesty, To welcome the condition of the times

Sits not so easy on me as you think. Which cannot look more hideously upon me Brothers, you inix your sadness with some fear; Than I have drawn il iu my fantasy.

This is the English, not the Turkish court; Enter Lord Johm of Lancaster, Gloster, and Cla-10 Not Amurath ản Amurath succeeds, rence, &c.

But Harry, Harry:-Yet be sad, good brothers, War. Here come the heavy issue of dead For, to speak truth, it very well becomes you ; Harry:

Sorrow so royally in you appears, 1, that the living Harry had the temper

That I will deeply put the fashion on,
Of him, the worst of these three gentlemen! 15 And wear it in my heart. Wly then, be sad:
How many nobles then should hold their places, Butentertain no more of it, good brothers,
That must strike sail to spirits of vile sort! Than a joint burthen laid upon us all.

Ch. Just. Alas, I fear, all will be overturn'd. For me, by heaven, I bid vou be assur'd,
Lan. Good morrow, cousin Warwick.

I'll be your father and your brother too ;
Glo. Chr. Good morrow, cousin.

20 Let me but bear your love, I'll bear your cares. Lan. We meet like men that had forgot to speak. Yet weep that Harry's dead; and so will I:

War. We do remember ; but our argument But Harry lives, thai shall convert those tears, Is all too heavy to admit much talk.

By number, into hours of happiness. Lun. Well, peace be with him that hath made Lun. &c. We hope no other from your majesty; us heavy!

25 K. Henry. You all look strangely on me:-and Ch. Just. Peace be with us, lest we be heavier!

you most;

[To the Ch. Just. Glo. O, good my lord, you have lost a friend You are, I think, assur'd I love yon not. indeed:

Ch. Júst. I am assur’d, if I be measur'd rightly, And I dare swear, you borrow not that face Your majesty bathi no just cause to hate me. Of seeming sorrow; it is, sure, your own. (find, 30 K. Henry. No! How might a prince of my Lan. Though no man be assur'd what grace to

great hopes forget You stand in coldest expectation:

So great indignities you laid upon me! I am the sorrier; 'would, 'twere otherwise. What! rate, rebuke, and roughly send to prison Cla. Well, you must now speak Sir John Fal The immediate heir of England! Was this easy. statt fair;

35 May this be wash'd in Lethe, and forgotten? Which swims against your stream of quality.

Ch. Just. I then did use the person of your Ch. Just. Sweet prínces, what I did, I did in


The image of his power lay then in me:
Led by the impartial conduct of my soul; And, in the administration of his law,
and never shall you see, that I will beg 40 Wbiles I was busy for the commonwealth,
A ragged and forestalld remission'.-

Your highness pleased to forget my place,
If truth and upright innocency fail me,

The majesty and power of law and justice, I'll to the king my master that is dead,

The image of the king whom I presented, .Ind tell him who hath sent me after him. And struck me in my very seat of judgmento;

Whereon, Meaning, a base, ignominious pardon, begged by a voluntary concession of offence, and anticipation of the charge.

The chief justice, in this play, was Sir William Gascoigne, of whom the following memoir is given by Sir John Hawkins: "While at the bar, Henry of Bolingbroke had been bis client; and upon the decease of John of Gaunt, by thw above Henry, his heir, then in banish3*, he was appointed his attorney, to sue in the coori of Wards the livery of the estates descended is him. Richard II. revoked the letters patent for this purpo-e, and deteated the intent of them,

d thereby furnished a ground for the invasion of his kingdom by the heir of Gaunt; who becoming literwards Henry IV. appointed Gascoigne chief justice of the King's Bench in the first year of his Tiin. In that station Gascoigne acquired the character of a learned, an upright, a wise, and an in***prind judge. The story so frequently aliuded to of his committing the prince for an insult on his

tson, and the court whierein he presiided, is thus related by Sir Thomas Elvot, in his book entitled, The Governour: “The moste renomed prince king lienry ibe fyfte. late kyuge of Englande, durynge the Jyte of his father, was noted to be fiers and of wanion courage: it hapned, that one of his

- jantes, whoin he well fauoured, was for felony by him committed, arrained at the kynges Sunche: whereof the prince being aduertised, and juicensed by lyzhte persones aboute him, in furious i came hastily to tie barre, where his seruaut store as a prisoner, and commaunded hym to be

sed and set at libertie: wherat all men were abashed, reserved the chiefe justice, who humbly prorted the prince, to be contented, that is seruaunt mought be ordred, accordynge to the u.cente lawes of this realme; or if how wolde haue hym 320ed from the rigour of the lawes, that


Whereon, as an offender to your father, Into the hands of justice.-You did commit me: I gave bold way to my authority,

For which, I do coinnut into your hand And did commit you. If the deed were ill, The unstained sword that you have us'd to bear; Be you contented, wearing now the garland, With this* remembrance, -That you use the same To have a son set your decrees at nought; 5 With the like bold, just, and impartial spirit, To pluck down justice from your awful bench; As you have done 'gainst me. There is my hand; To trip the course of law', and blunt the sword You shall be as a father to my youth: That guards the peace and safety of your person:

My voice shall sound as you do prompt mine ear;
Nay, more; to spurn at your most royal image, And I will stoop and hunible my intents
And mock your workings in a second body?. 10 To your well practis'd, wise directions.-
Question your royal thoughts,makethe case yours; And, princes all, believe me, I beseech you;-
Be now the father, and propose a son':

My father is gone wild into his grave,
Hear your own dignity so inuch protan'd, for in his tomb lie my affections';
See your most dreadful laws so loosely slighted, And with his spirit sadly • I survive,
Behold yourself so by a son ciisclained; 15 To mock the expectations of the world;
And then imagine me taking your part,

To frustrate prophecies; and to raze out And, in your power, so silencing your son: Rotten opinion, who hath writ me down After this cold considerance, sentence me; After my seeming. The tide of blood in me And, as you are a king, speak in your state, Ilath proudly flow'd in vavity, 'till now: What I liave done, that misbecame my place, 20 Now doth it turn, and ebb back to the sea; My person, or my liege's sovereignty.

Where it shall mingle with the state of floods', K. Henry. You are right, justice, and you weigh And low henceforth in formal majesty. this well;

Now call we our high court of parliament: Therefore still bear the balance, and the sword: And let us chuse such limbs of noble counsel, And I do wish your honours may increase, 25 That the great body of our state may go "Till you do live to see a son of mine

In equal rank with the best-govern’d nation; Otfend you, and obey you, as I did.

That war, or peace, or both at once, may be So shall I live to speak my father's words ; Is things acquainted and familiar to us;Happy am I, that huve a man so boli,

In which you, fuiher, shall have foremost hand. That dares do justice on my proper son:


[70 the Lord Chief Justice. And not less happy, having such a son,

Our coronation done, we will accite, That would deliver up his greatness so.

As I before remember'd, all our state: he shulde opteyne, if he moughte, of the kynge his father, his gratious pardon, wherhy no lawe or istyce shulde be derogate. With whiche answere the prince nothynge appeased, but rather more intained, endeuored him selfe to take away his seruant. The iudge considering the perillous example, and inconuenience that mought therby insue, with a valvant spirite and courage, commanded the prince upon his alege.jnce, to leaue the prisoner, and depart his way. With which commandinent the prince being set all in a fury, all chafe and in a terrible maner, came vp to the place of iugement, men thynking that he wold hauie slayne the inge, or have done to byin some damage: but the iuge sittynge styll without mouing, declaring the maiestie of the kynges place of iugement, and with an assured and bolde countenat nce, had to the prince, these wordes foliowyng, ‘Syr, remembre your selfe, I kepe here the place of the kyng your soueraine lorde and father, to whom ye owe double obedience, wherfore eftesoones in his name, 1 charge you desyste of your wylfulnes and vnlaufull enterprise, & from hensforth give good example to those, wliyche bereafter shall be your propre subiectes. And nowe, for your contempte and disobedience, goo you to the prysone of the kynges benche, wherevnto I commyttee you, and remayne ve there prisoner vntyll the pleasure of the kynge your father be further knowen.' 'With whiche worries beinge abashed, and also wopdrynge at the meruaylous grauitie of that worshypfulle justyce, the noble prince layinge his weapon aparte, doynge reuerence, departed, and wente to the Kynges benche, as he was commanded. 'Wliereat his seruauntes disdaynynge, came and shewed to the kynge all the hole affaire. Whereat he awhyles studyenge, after as a man all rauyshed with gladnesse, noldynge his eien and handes vp towarde heuen, abraided, saying with a loude voice, O mercyfull God, howe moche am I, aboue all other men, bounde to your infinite goodnes, specially for that ye haue gyuen me a iuge, who feareth nat to minister iustyce, and also sonne, who can suffre sembl and obeye iustyce?” And here it may be noted, that Shakspeare has deviated from history in bringing the chief justice and Henry V. tógether; for it is expressly said by Fuller, in his Il'orthies in Yorkshire, and that on the best authority, that Gascoigne died in the life-time of his tather, viz. on the first day of November, 14 Henry IV. See Dugel. Origines Juridic. in the Chronica Series, fol. 54. 56. Mr. Malone adds, that in the foregoing account of this transaction, there is no mention of the prince's having struck Gascoigne, the chief justice.-Speed, however, who quotes Elyot, says, on I know not what authority, that the prince gave the judge a blow on the face. To deteat the process of justice.

? i. e. to treat with contempt your acts executed by a representative. 'i. e. image to yourself a son. *i. e. admonition. "The ineaning seems to be-My wild dispositions having ceased on my father's death, and being now as it were buried in his tomb, he and wildness are interred in the saine grave. *i. e. seriously, gravely, Sad is opposed to wild. 'i. e. the assembly, or general meeting of the floods: for all rivers, running into the sea, are there represented as holding their sessions.


And (heaven consigning to my good intents)

Re-enter Davy. No prince, nor peer, shall have just cause to say, Davy. There is a dish of leather-coats for you. Heaven shorten Harry's happy life one day! [Exe.

[Setting them before Bardolpk. SCENE III.

Shal. Dary,

5 Shallow's Seat in Glostershire.

Davy. Your worship?I'll be with you

straight.-A cup of wine, sir? Enter Fulstaff, Shallow, Silence, Bardolph, the

Sil.(Singing] A cup of wine, that's briskundfine, Page, and Dury.

And drink unto the leman mine ;Shal. Nay, you shall see mine orchard: where,

And a merry heart lires long-a. in ay arbour, we will cat a last year's pippin of 10 Fot. Well said, master Silence. my own grafting, with a dish of carraways', and Sil. An we shall be merry, now comes in the so forth;-come, cousin Silence ;--and then to sweet of the night. bed.

Ful. Health and long life to you, master Silence! Fal. You have here a goodly dwelling, and a rich. Sil. Fill the cup, and let it come;

Shal. Barren, barren, barren; beggars all, beg-15 I'll pledge you a mile to the boitom. gars all, Sir John :-marry, good air. -Spread, Shul. Honest Bardolph, welcome: If thou Dars, spread, Davy: well said, Davy.

want'st any thing, and wilt not cal!, beshrew tlıy Föl. This Davy serves you for good uses: he is heart.-Welcome, my little tiny thief;[to the page] your serving-man, and your husband-man.

and welcome, indeed, too. ---I'll drink to master Shal. A good variet, a good varlet, a very good 20 Bardolph, and to all the cavaleroes about London. varlet, Sir John. By the mass, I have drank too

Davy. I hope to see London once ere I die. much sack at supper:--good varlet. Now Bard. An I might see you there, Davy, sit down, now sit down:-coine, cousin.

Shal. You'll crack a quart together. Ha! will Sil. Ah, sirrah ! quoth-a,

you not, master Bardolph? We shal do nothing but eat, and make good chear, 125 Bard. Yes, sir, in a pottle pot.

[Singing Shal. I thank thee:-The knave will stick by And praise heaven for the merry year ; thee, I can assure thee that: he will not out; he When flesh is cheap and females dear,

is true bred. And lusty lads roam here and there;

Bard. And I'll stick by him, sir.
So merrily, and ever among so merrily, &c. 30

(One knocks at the door. Fal. There's a merry heart !-Good master Si hal. Why, there spoke a king. Lack nothing: lence, I'll give you a health for that anon. be merry. Look who's at door there: Ho! who

Shal. Give niaster Bardolph some wine, Davy. knocks?

Duvy. Sweet sir, sit:-I'll be with you anon; Fal. Why, now you have done me right. -mosi sweet sir, sit.-Master page, good master 35

[To Silence, who drinks a bumper. page, sit : Proface! What you want in meat,

Sil. [Singing) Do me right',and dub me knight: we'll have in drink. But you must bear; The Samingo'. Is't not so? heart'st all.


Fal. 'Tis so. Shal. Be merry, master Bardolph ;~and my

Sil. Is't so? Why, then say, an old man can do little soldier there, be merry.

40 somewhat.

[Re-enter Dary. Sil.(Singing]Bemerry, be merry, mywife has all;

Dary. An it please your worship, there's one For women are shews, both short and tall :

Pistol come from the court with news. 'Tis merry in hall, when beards wag all,

Fal. From the court? let him come in.-
And welcome merry shrove-tide.
Bemerry, be merry, &c.


Enter Pistol. Fal. I did not think, master Silence had been a Ilow now, Pistol? man of this mettle.

Pist. Sir John, 'save you, sir! Sil. Who, I? I have been inerry twice and Fal. What wind blew you hither, Pistol? once, ere now.

Pist. Not the ill wind which blows no man ' A comfit or confection so called in our author's time, according to Dr. Warburton; but a dish of apples of that name, according to Dr. Goldsmith; and Mr. Steevens says, there is a pear called a car. rawa!, which may be corrupted from caillouel, Fr. ? Here the double sense of the word dear must be remembered. s Italian, from profaccia ; that is, much good may it do you. *That is, the intention with which the entertaininent is given. 5 This was the term by which an airy, splendid, irre. gular fellow was distinguished. 6 To do a man right and to do him rcuson, were formerly the usual expressions in pledging healths. He who drank a bumper expected a buinper should be drank to bis toast. It was the custom of the good fellows in Shakspeare's days to drink a very large draught of wine, and sometimes a less palatable putation, on their knees, to the health of their mistress. He who performed this exploit was dubb’d a knight for the evening. Samingo, that is, Sun Domingo, as Sir T. Hanmer has rightly observed. But what is the meaning and propriety of the name here, h.s not been shewn. Justice Silence is here introduced as in the midst of his cups: and Mr. Warton says, he remembers ahiack-letter ba'lad, in which either a San Domingoor a signior Domingo, is celebrated for his miraculous fe ts in drinking. Silence, in the abundance of his festivity, touches upon soine old song, in which this convivial saint or signior was the burden. Perhaps too the pronunciation is here suited to the character.


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