The Two Reformations: The Journey from the Last Days to the New World

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Yale University Press, Oct 1, 2008 - Religion - 256 pages
In this last collection of his vital, controversial, and accessible writings, Heiko A. Oberman seeks to liberate and broaden our understanding of the European Reformation, from its origins in medieval philosophy and theology through the Puritan settlers who brought Calvin’s vision to the New World. Ranging over many topics, Oberman finds fascinating connections between aspects of the Reformation and twentieth-century history and thought—most notably the connection to Nazism and the Holocaust. He revisits his earlier work on the history of anti-Semitism, rejects the notion of an unbroken line from Luther to Hitler to the Holocaust, and offers a new perspective on the Christian legacy of anti-Semitism and its murderous result in the twentieth century.

Oberman demonstrates how the simplifications and rigidities of modern historiography have obscured the existential spirits of such great figures as Luther and Calvin. He explores the debt of both Luther and Calvin to medieval religious thought and the impact of diverse features of “the long fifteenth century”—including the Black Death, nominalism, humanism, and the Conciliar Movement—on the Reformation.
 

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Loved it. Brilliant book and convinced me. Oberman at his best, easy to read, beautifully written. Highly recommend.

Contents

I The Gathering Storm
1
The Philosophical Backdrop of the Reformation Breakthrough
21
A Friar in the Lions Den
44
End Time Modern Times Future Times
62
V From Luther to Hitler
81
VI The Controversy over Images at the Time of the Reformation
86
VII Toward the Recovery of the Historical Calvin
97
VIII Toward a New Map of Reformation Europe
106
The Reformation of the Refugees
111
Its Greatness and Limitations
116
Abbreviations
169
Notes
171
Index
227
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