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" and Jesus, which is called Justus, who are of the circumcifion,(iv. 10,11). Then follow also 66 Epaphras, Luke the beloved

physician, and Demas.” Now as this description, “who are of the circumcision,” is added after the three first names, it is inferred, not without great appearance of probability, that the rest, amongst whom is Luke, were not of the circumcision. Now can we discover any expression in the Acts of the Apostles, which ascertains whether the author of the book was a Jew or not? If we can discover that he was not ja Jew, we fix a circumstance in his character, which coincides with what is here, indirectly indeed, but not very uncertainly, intimated concerning Luke: and we fo far confirm both the testimony of the primitive church, that the Acts of the Apostles was written by St. Luke, and the general reality of the perfons and circumstances brought together in this epistle. The text in the Acts, which has been construed to thew that the writer was not a Jew, is the nineteenth verse of the first chapter, where, in describing the field which had been purchased with



the reward of Judas's iniquity, it is said, 66 that it was known unto all the dwellers sat Jerusalem ; insomuch as that field is “ called, in their

proper tongue, Aceldama, " that is to say, the field of blood.” These words are by most commentators taken to le the words and observation of the historian, and not a part of St. Peter's speech, in the midst of which they are found. If this be admitted, then it is argued that the expresfion, in their proper tongue,” would not have been used by a Jew, but is suitable to the pen of a Gentile writing concerning Jews*. The reader will judge of the probability of this conclusion, and we urge

the coincidence no farther than that probability extends. The coincidence, if it be one, is so remote from all possibility of design, that nothing need be added to satisfy the reader upon that part of the



* Vide Benfon's Dissertation, vol. i. p. 318 of his works, Ed. 1756,

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No. IV.

Chap. iv. ver. 9.

" With Onesimus, a “ faithful and beloved brother, who is one of

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Observe how it may be made out that Onefimus was a Coloffian. Turn to the epistle to Philemon, and you will find that Onefimus was the servant or slave of Philemon. The question therefore will be to what city Philemon belonged. In the epistle addressed to him this is not declared. It appears only that he was of the same place, whatever that place was, with an eminentchristiaci named Archippus. “Paul, “ a prisoner of Jesus Christ, and Timothy “ our brother, unto Philemon our dearly “ beloved and fellow-labourer ; and to “ our beloved Apphia, and Archippus our “ fellow-soldier, and to the church in thy “ house.” Now turn back to the epistle to the Colossians, and you will find Archippus saluted by name amongst the Christians of that church “ Say to Archippus, take

66 heed

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s heed to the ministry which thou hast re* ceived in the Lord that thou fulfil it (iv. 17). The necessary result is, that Onefimus also was of the same city, ágreeably to what is said of him, “ he is one of

you.” And this result is the effect, either of truth which produces consistency without the writer's thought or care, or of a contexture of forgeries confirming and falling in with one another by a species of fortuity of which I know no example. The supposition of design, I think, is excluded, not only because the purpose to which the design must have been directed, viz. the verification of the passage in our epistle, in which it is said concerning Onesimus, “he is one of you," is a purpose which would be loft upon ninety-nine readers, out of a hundred; but because the means made use of are too circuitous to have been the subject of affectation and contrivance. Would a forger, who had this purpose in view, have left his readers to hunt it out, by going forward and backward from one epistle to another, in order


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to connect Onefimus with Philemon, Philemon with Archippus, and Archippus with Coloffe ? all which he must do before he arrives at his discovery, that it was truly said of Onesimus, " he is one of you."


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