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trat which he ditliked or deipaed, his love of freedom on all fubieéts, and in every fituacion forbade him to conceal. It is probable that he underwent a temporary ruitication.

and poetry, intead of

K L IE, and other old treacles on logic, a track of learning -ben ega d o, ad Eeit etientally necefiary for arg a degree. See 233 Pict. Pore's remarks on this fubje& in His Natarsi Pes 779, . 103; one trideres parted on the Univerise of Europe is eazy times, ad wäich were not much better in azr; bo be acis, in regard to Orford, the jbsis die forms were in a zuzease brken up ander the reign of Cromwel, but the old fyftem was re shed with the rezurn of the Saarts, . 264.

Ita carica tiz more than a century febieqpeas, we find another curent czoar, asoft rezeascg the line complaints on the continued e czce of the same fpitem, keeping so far beáind the advanced spirit of This however is certain,—that all misunderstanding was removed, and that he soon acquired the kindness and respect of the society with which he lived: he says, “It hath given me an apt occasion to acknowledge publicly with all grateful mind that more than ordinary favour and respect, which I found above any of my equals at the hands of these courteous and learned men, the fellows of the college wherein I spent some years; who, at my parting, after I had taken two degrees, as the manner is signified many ways, how much better it would content them, if I would stay, as by many letters full of kindness, and loving respect, both before that time and long after, I was assured of their singular good affection towards me :" --and in another place he speaks of himself as

u Sa W. Jones's active imagination had articipated the forms and repi ions of the Uniteity rather incorretty; and the facilities provided item for learning did not coincide with his firft hafty expectations. He had cicilated on a Samner or an Akew in every Master of Arts, and on an order of üterature in the students generally equal to his own. But hia dilappointment was not entirely owing to extravagant expectations. The P15.ic Lectures were really below the standard of his attainments, ad in fact were confidered as merely formal. He complained, that irrad of having his understanding interested by a systematic exhibition of the principles of elegant arts and useful knowledge, he was compelled to hear dall comment on artificial Etbies and Logic, expressed in such bartaroas Latin, that he professed to recognise in it no more meaning than in Arabic, of which he had but just touched the surface. The only lesje then in fashion was that of the schools. An anecdote is preserved in one of Jones's Memorandums of a Fellow of a College, who, while he a. Ated to read Locke with his pupils, carefully suppressed every passage in which that great metaphysician derides the scholastic logic.” v. Life prefized to Poems, p. 27. On the subject, “That from the Univerfic and the Church in any country, no improvement in philosophy can be capered," see Hallam's Hift. of Literature, vol. ïï. p. 138. In the Memoir of Barrow, prefixed to Hugbes's edition, is a sketch of studies pursued at Cantab. from the 12th to the 17th century. No alteration in the statutes as far as related to ftudy was made after the time of Henry the Eighth or Edward the Sixth. See do. vol. iv. p. 110.

* Procul omni flagitio, bonis omnibus probatus.'


In 1628 he wrote fome lines on the subject, Naturam non pati fenium,' as an Academical exercise, to oblige one of the fellows of the college; and T. Warton says of it, “that it is replete with fanciful and ingenious allusions, it has also a vigour of expression, a dignity of sentiment, and elevation of thought rarely found in very young writers.' This praise is just: but its Latinity is not so flowing, or elegant, as that of his later poems. To this account, as the subject is of much interest, I now add the result of a fuller inquiry which I subsequently gave to it :

« The first point in Milton's life, which has been the subject of debate, is his supposed quarrel with the authorities of his college at Cambridge, and the ignominious consequences conjectured to have resulted from it. I think, however, that the conclusions which Johnson first invidiously advanced, have been rejected; and that the truth has been gradually brought to light. To any Cowley first became inspired by the muse, and the book that excited his youthful imagination. There is a fingular coincidence between those two great contemporaries, in the dates assigned by their respective biographers.

Vix dum decennis,' says Sprat, “Poeta factus est. We shall be less surprised to hear that Spenser was alike the object of their early admiration, ' legendo Spensero nostro, Scriptore fane illustri, et vel adultis difficili.' Happy had it been for Cowley's fame, had he not early wandered away from the instructor of his youth ; and left for Epic, and Pindaric flights, that which even now delights, and must for ever please, his moral song, the voice of nature and of truth, the language of the heart.

In 1623 Milton produced his translations of the 114th and 136th Psalms ;13 and in his seventeenth year he was sent from St. Paul's school, and admitted a pensioner at Christ's College, Cambridge, on the 12th of February,

says Mr. Wordsworth, that can now endure to read the Creation of Dubartas, yet all Europe once resounded with his praise; he was caressed by Kings, and when his Poems were translated into our language, the Fairy Queen faded before it."

13 Birch has given the dates of the appearance of Milton's earliest poems :

1623. Psalms.
1624. Latin Ode on the Death of the Lord Chancellor.
1627. The 7th of Latin Elegies.
1628. Philosophical Verses.
1629. On Christ's Nativity.

1630. On Shakespeare. The earliest PRINTED writing of Milton, 1632, says Mr. Hunter, are the lines on Shakespeare. See Notes on Shakespeare, p. 336. On these lines see Hurd's Cowley, i. 168 : “Milton, in his younger days, fell into this delusion, affecting harsh numbers, and uncouth expreslion. See his Poem on Shakespeare ; but the vigour of his genius or perhaps his course of Life, enabled him to break through the snare-exemplar vitiis imitabile.”

14 Anthony Wood and Toland assert that he was sent to Cambridge in his fifteenth year, but erroneously. See Birch's Life, p. 3.

1624.15 He was there early distinguished for the elegance of his versification, and his unusual skill in the Latin tongue. A well known passage in his first Elegy certainly betrays some displeasure which he felt, or alludes to some indignities which he suffered from the severity of Collegiate discipline : this was probably occasioned by the freedom of his censures on the established system of education, 16 and his reluctance to conform to it. In his Reason of Church Government, he says, “their honest and ingenuous nature coming to the Universities to store themselves with good and solid learning, are there unfortunately fed with nothing else but the scragged and thorny lectures of monkish and miserable fophiftry; were sent home again with such a scholastical bur in their throats, as hath stopped and hindered all true and generous philosophy from entering; cracked their voices for ever with metaphysical gargarisms, hath made them admire a sort of formal outside men, prelatically addicted, whose unchaltened and over wrought minds were never yet initiated, nor subdued under the true love of moral or religious virtue, which two are the best, and greatest points of learning : but either slightly trained up in a kind of hypo

15 He was admitted Pensionarius minor, under Mr. William Chappell, afterwards provost of Trinity College, Dublin, and Dean of Cassels, and at last bishop of Cork, to whom among others, the celebrated treatise of the Whole Duty of Man has been imputed. See Birch's Life, p. 111. Henry More calls Chappell a learned, vigilant, skilful, pious, and prudent

Tutor. v. Biog. Britannica. note. Lightfoot. Milton took his first degree in Jan. 1628-9, and that of Master of Arts, in 1632. See Symmons's Pref. to Life, p. 5–7. He was transferred from Mr. Chappell, (though contrary to the rules of the college), to Mr. Tovell. (Tovey) v. Aubrey Lett. iii. p. 445, he was admitted A. M. at Oxford, in 1635, v. Wood's Fafti, i. p. 262.

16 The author of ' A modest confutation against a slanderous and scurrilous libel' first charged him with being vomited out of the university, after an inordinate and riotous youth spent there, and the author of

„i.p. 26-itation agaited out


offences against College discipline, connected with laxity of moral conduct, it would be unjust, indeed absurd, to look; and it would show a total ignorance of Milton's character- in all that reipects purity of life, confiitent from youth to age. Certainly he entered the academic bowers, rich in every youthful and virtuous accomplishment, nursed by his parents and preceptors in all pure and lofty contemplations, and filled with the most honourable ambition. He had been educated under two persons, both of sound and elegant literature, and one of them of poetical talent; from them he had imbibed an early and correct taste for the beauties of ancient literature; and his progress in such studies had already marked the constancy of his application, and the congeniality of his mind. Aubrey says he studied very hard in school; and his taste and knowledge were at that time more than usually perfected. When he entered at Cambridge, he found a very different system of education pursued. The old scholastic studies of the Church were still in vogue; the antiquated logic and barren metaphysics of the schoolmen, employed the attention of the students; and Milton, no doubt either neglected to perform such ungrateful tasks, or added such expoftulation to his refulal, as was resented by his superiors. Of this I feel quite certain, that this was the point of his offence, and this was all; for in a very short time he not only regained the favour of his tutors, but stood high in their estimation. In one passage quoted

19 See Coleridge's Literary Remains, vol. i. p. 168, Lecture x. “There are some persons (observes a divine, a contemporary of Milton) of whom the grace of God takes early hold, and the good spirit inhabiting them carries them on in an even constancy through innocency into virtue, &c. Their Christianity bearing equal date with their manhood, and reason and religion, like warp and woof, running together, make up one web of a wise and exemplary life,” &c. This beautiful passage, Mr. Coleridge justly applies to Milton.

Their ligion, like warp and "&c. This bea

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