Mamma Angola: sociedade e economia de um país nascente

Front Cover
EdUSP, 2000 - Angola - 409 pages
Submetida a um cruel colonialismo, por mais de 500 anos, Angola teve sua população escravizada e trazida para o Brasil até o fim do século XIX, influenciando profundamente nossos hábitos e costumes e toda nossa estrutura cultural. Este livro é um importante vetor de informações para que tomemos conhecimentos e nos aproximemos um pouco desse país, tão ligado e, ao mesmo tempo, ainda tão distante de nós.
 

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COMMUNITARY HORIZONS ON THE ANGOLAN ECONOMIC AND SOCIAL SYSTEM
By Benjamin Abdala Junior
The globalization of the capitalist economy divides the world into those included in the networks of
articulation and those excluded. It is not always that this territorialization is perfectly configured and there occur peripheries in the countries of the center and of point centers in the areas of the peripheral States. The flux of the network goes from those who possess hegemony to the subordinates. The effect is perverse: either one accepts hegemony or one is excluded. In order to enter the network, forms of power are discarded, including national sovereignty.
By weakening national sovereignties, the new networks of computerized capitalism have favored the articulation of communitary order. Looked at from the hegemonical side, the growth of the power of the corporations which have their feet in determined territories under the aegis of imperial North America; from the subordinate side, the supernational community movements are looking to counterbalance this corporate logic of imperial power. It is in this way that the Brazilians can raise two forms of articulations: that which steers towards the Latin American countries and that which articulates itself with the theme of the publicationMamma Angola: Society and Economy of a Rising Country by Solival Menezes - the community of the countries of the Portuguese language.
They are articulations which reverberate politically in two organisms as yet of little activity: the Community of Portuguese Language Speaking Countries and the so called Ibero-American Crowns where the African Portuguese language speaking countries are observers. This book is a good opportunity for the brazilians to understand the economic and social history of Angola, which maintains harmonies with Brazil. In this way, to cast an eye over Angola signifies discovering a Brazil which is there. Few people know that Angola was practically colonized by Brazil until its independence in 1822. The Brazilian economic influence could be felt in this country until the end of the 19th century, harnessed to the slave trade. There were demonstrations by the Angolan elite to form a confederation with Imperial Brazil.
From the symbolic point of view,Mamma Angola is an expression of the identity of Angola, a female identity associated with mother earth, contrary to the paternal power which dominated it, linked to colonial political representation. At this symbolic level, it can be said that the Angolan writers saw in Brazilian literature manifestations of a phratry community. For the author ofMamma Angola , from this side of the Atlantic, Angola should not be seen only as a brother country, but as a "Mother country", alongside Portugal.
Solival Menezes presents in this book a systematic vision of the political, economic and social dependence of Angola, from colonial times until the new forms of current dependence, after the impasses of the period of independence in 1975. Angola, one of the richest countries in Africa for its mineral wealth (extraction of petroleum and diamonds) as well as its favorable soil for agriculture (it was a large producer of coffee), had everything in its favor to build a strong national State after independence.
It became a victim of the cold war which exacerbated ethnic rivalries, giving origin to a civil war which destroyed all of the economy - a situation which they are trying to reverse with problematic agreements of peace under UNO mediation, necessary so that they can overcome the perversity of the state of war and of the military destination to the major part of the Angolan GNP.
Benjamin Abdala Junior is a professor of Comparative States of Literature of the Portuguese Language at the University of São Paulo.
 

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BOOKS
Mamma Angola: sociedade e economia de um país nascente.
Angola as a nation former of Brazil
Print edition 60 - 12.2000
Pesquisa FAPESP -
Communitary horizons on the Angolan economic and social system
By: Benjamin Abdala Junior
The globalization of the capitalist economy divides the world into those included in the networks of articulation and those excluded. It is not always that this territorialization is perfectly configured and there occur peripheries in the countries of the center and of point centers in the areas of the peripheral States. The flux of the network goes from those who possess hegemony to the subordinates. The effect is perverse: either one accepts hegemony or one is excluded. In order to enter the network, forms of power are discarded, including national sovereignty.
By weakening national sovereignties, the new networks of computerized capitalism have favored the articulation of communitary order. Looked at from the hegemonical side, the growth of the power of the corporations which have their feet in determined territories under the aegis of imperial North America; from the subordinate side, the supernational community movements are looking to counterbalance this corporate logic of imperial power. It is in this way that the Brazilians can raise two forms of articulations: that which steers towards the Latin American countries and that which articulates itself with the theme of the publicationMamma Angola: Society and Economy of a Rising Country by Solival Menezes - the community of the countries of the Portuguese language.
They are articulations which reverberate politically in two organisms as yet of little activity: the Community of Portuguese Language Speaking Countries and the so called Ibero-American Crowns where the African Portuguese language speaking countries are observers. This book is a good opportunity for the Brazilians to understand the economic and social history of Angola, which maintains harmonies with Brazil. In this way, to cast an eye over Angola signifies discovering a Brazil which is there. Few people know that Angola was practically colonized by Brazil until its independence in 1822. The Brazilian economic influence could be felt in this country until the end of the 19th century, harnessed to the slave trade. There were demonstrations by the Angolan elite to form a confederation with Imperial Brazil.
From the symbolic point of view,Mamma Angola is an expression of the identity of Angola, a female identity associated with mother earth, contrary to the paternal power which dominated it, linked to colonial political representation. At this symbolic level, it can be said that the Angolan writers saw in Brazilian literature manifestations of a phratry community. For the author of Mamma Angola , from this side of the Atlantic, Angola should not be seen only as a brother country, but as a "Mother country", alongside Portugal.
Solival Menezes presents in this book a systematic vision of the political, economic and social dependence of Angola, from colonial times until the new forms of current dependence, after the impasses of the period of independence in 1975. Angola, one of the richest countries in Africa for its mineral wealth (extraction of petroleum and diamonds) as well as its favorable soil for agriculture (it was a large producer of coffee), had everything in its favor to build a strong national State after independence.
It became a victim of the cold war which exacerbated ethnic rivalries, giving origin to a civil war which destroyed all of the economy - a situation which they are trying to reverse with problematic agreements of peace under UNO mediation, necessary so that they can overcome the perversity of the state of war and of the military destination to the major part of the Angolan GNP.
Benjamin Abdala Junior is a professor of Comparative States of Literature of the Portuguese Language at the University of São Paulo.
Mamma Angola: Society and Economy of a Rising Country
Author: Solival Menezes
Edusp/Fapesp
 

Contents

Lista de tabelas e figuras
13
MAMMA ANGOLA
21
DESENVOLVIMENTO ECONÓMICO E DEPENDÊNCIA
43
ECONOMIA DEPENDENTE COLONIAL E TRANSIÇÃO PARA
91
LIBERTAÇÃO COLONIAL
163
CONSOLIDAÇÃO DO ESTADO NACIONAL
205
REORIENTAÇÃO ECONÓMICA ESPECIFICIDADES
333
Bibliografia
389
Abstract
409
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