J.R. Brandle, D.L. Hintz, J.W. Sturrock
Elsevier, Dec 2, 2012 - Technology & Engineering - 608 pages
This book contains a selection of papers presented at the first International Symposium on Windbreak Technology, summarising the available worldwide literature on windbreaks and the response, both positive and negative, to wind protection. State-of-the-art information is presented on general design criteria, and principles of planting and establishment for a wide range of conditions and objectives. It provides descriptive information of tree and shrub species for arid, semi-arid, temperate and tropical areas, and their use in windbreaks.
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Agric agroforestry air exchange areas artiﬁcial beneﬁts birds Caborn climate conifers crop yields Dakota damage density downwind drought Ecosystems Environ efﬁciency Eimern energy erosion control establishment farm farmstead ﬁeld ﬁrst ﬂow Forest Forestry green ash growth habitat heat height herbicides inﬂuence insect irrigation land leaf leeward livestock Martin and Vohs microclimate moisture Nebraska North North Dakota northern Great Plains orchard pests pine Pinus porosity potential Proc production proﬁle Publ quiet zone reduced regions reported Research resistance rows Science Publishers B.V. seed seedlings semi-arid shelter shelterbelts shrubs Siberian elm Siddoway signiﬁcant single-row snow fences snow management soil water spacing speciﬁc studies Sturrock sufﬁcient surface temperature terbelts tolerant trees and shrubs tropical turbulence upwind vegetation wildlife wind direction wind erosion wind erosion control wind protection wind velocity windbreak plantings windbreaks windspeed windward winter wheat Woodruff Yahner yield increases