Participant Observation: A Guide for Fieldworkers
Rowman Altamira, 2002 - Social Science - 285 pages
Participant Observation is a central and defining method of research in cultural anthropology, as well as a common feature of qualitative research in a number of other disciplines sociology, education, health sciences. The authors have written the basic guide to the collection of systematic data in naturalistic settings communities in many different cultures to achieve an understanding of the most fundamental processes and patterns of social life. This book is written for the beginning researcher in qualitative and ethnographic methods, and is a useful reference for the experienced researcher who wishes to develop further field skills. Kathleen and Billie DeWalt provide a summary of the theoretical and historical background of the method, but focus especially on practical applications and acquisition of the techniques of participant observation. Chapters include explanations of becoming a participant (involvement) and an observer (detachment) in fieldwork; sampling techniques; gender and sex issues in the field; designing research; language facility and cross-cultural communication skills; informal interviewing; writing descriptive field notes; analyzing field notes; and dealing with culture shock, dangerous field situations and ethical concerns. The advantages of participant observation exist in enhancing the quality of research data and continual reassessment of research questions. Participant observation is the foundation of ethnographic research design, and supports and complements other types of qualitative and quantitative data collection. This book will be a valuable reference for anthropologists, sociologists, and other researchers who employ qualitative methods in their research."
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able activities Adler Agar American Anthropological Association analysis Anthropological researchers anthropologists approach appropriate asked beans behavior Bourgois cassava chapter confidentiality context conversation Cornerville culture shock dance data collection Dentan detail DeWalt diary discussion Ecuador ethnographer example experience field notes field research fieldwork gender goals he/she head notes his/her identify important individuals informal interviewing informed consent insight interaction interested interpretation issues jot notes Juana Kathleen kinds lives Malinowski materials Mead meeting method of participant organization participant observation particular Pelto Philippe Bourgois professional programs qualitative research rapport record relationships research project research questions research setting responsibility role sampling Sanjek Semai sexual she/he shrimp farms social sociologists talk tape techniques Temascalcingo theoretical things tion tomatoes understanding University of Pittsburgh Whyte women writing