Oppressions of the Sixteenth Century in the Islands of Orkney and Zetland: from Original Documents, Volume 14

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David Balfour
1859 - Orkney (Scotland) - 129 pages
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Page xxxi - He was a peasant, for he tilled his own land and claimed no distinction among his free neighbours ; but he was also noble, for there was no hereditary order superior to his own. The king might wed the Odaller's daughter or match his own daughter to the Odalborn without disparagement, for he himself was but the Odal-born of a larger Odal. . . . The King might enforce the military services of the Jarl — the Odaller owed none to any of them.
Page xxxvi - Orknay and Lordship of Schetland, nocht to be gevin away in time to cum to na persain or persainis, excep alenarily to ane of the kingis sonnis of lauchful bed" (20th February 1471), and the Archbishop of St.
Page 5 - himself to be as free lord and heritor of Orkney and Zetland as the king of Scotland is in his own realm, or the queen of England, or the king of France in France...
Page 90 - JAMES, be the Grace of God King of Scottis, to all and sindry quhom it efferis.
Page 127 - An Official chosen by the Vard-Thing, and charged with the custody and application of the Standards of Weight and Measure, and the general interests of the Herad or Parish, especially in the Law-thing, where he acted as Assessor of the Lawman or Foud. The name was latterly given to the inferior local umpires of minor questions of Scandal, Marches, or breaches of the Sheep Acts, more correctly called EANCELMENL.55ANGEK, N.
Page xvii - Scandinavian society, without trade, manufacture, or commerce, land was the only wealth, its ownership the sole foundation of power, privilege, or dignity. As no man could win or hold possession without the strong arm to defend it, every landowner was a warrior, every warrior a husbandman. King Sigurd Syr tended his own hay harvest, and Sweyn of Gairsay and Thorkell Fostri swept the coasts of Britain or Ireland, while the crop which they and their rovers had sown grew ready for their reaping.
Page xxvi - the little Court of Orkney was the most elegant and refined in Europe, and adorned with the official services of many proud Scottish nobles...
Page xxvii - On reference to the Earldom Rental of 15oo (Peterkin's " Rentals," No. i), the oldest one extant, which enumerates the Earldom lands of 1471, it will be found that udal quoys paid no rent to the Earl, and that only those quoys paid rent to the Earl which belonged to, or had been purchased...
Page 54 - Lawrichtraen of the cuntrie of Zetland, that quhair the Laird of Cultemalindie, sen his entres, hes rasit ane new exactioun upon the cuntrie, quhilk was never tane of befoir be na Fowde, of certane oxin and scheip zeirlie furth of ilk parochin at the tyme of the haldin of the lawting.
Page 58 - Lasting is the principall court haldin in the cuntrie in the haill zeir, to the quhilk all men aucht to cum, bayth Mayneland and Yles, that hes land and heritage or grit takkis of the King.