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Althing Andro Arthour Sinclair Article assyiss aucht auld awin Ayth barrell beand befoir Bishop bismeyre Burray Butter callit causit Christopheir clayth Commissionaris Commownis compellit Complayntis complenis Court Crown cuntrie cuttell deponis dewitie dolouris Donatary Duchemen Earl Earldom Erasmus examinit Fetlair feudal foirsaid followis Fowdis furth fyve giff giffin gudis gudling gudlingis haill haldin houss Impignoration Inhabitaris Islands James Jarl Jarl of Orkney Johne Johnsoun King Kirkwall Laird Laird of Cultemalindie lands Laurence Bruce Lawman Lawrichtman Lispunds Lord Robert Lordis Magnus Magnussoun mair Nichole Odal Olaw oppressioun Orkney and Zetland parochin Parochinaris payit payment pennyland persounis quha quhair quhen quhilk Quhytness Regentis Grace Rental ressauit saidis Scalloway scheip Scotland Scottish selff servandis Skatt suld sworne tane thai thair thairfoir thairoff thame thir Thomas thre Tingwall Trondra tuik twelff tyme Unst vpon vther wadmell wald whilk Williame wrang wyff zeir zeiris Zell
Page xxxi - He was a peasant, for he tilled his own land and claimed no distinction among his free neighbours ; but he was also noble, for there was no hereditary order superior to his own. The king might wed the Odaller's daughter or match his own daughter to the Odalborn without disparagement, for he himself was but the Odal-born of a larger Odal. . . . The King might enforce the military services of the Jarl — the Odaller owed none to any of them.
Page 5 - himself to be as free lord and heritor of Orkney and Zetland as the king of Scotland is in his own realm, or the queen of England, or the king of France in France...
Page 90 - JAMES, be the Grace of God King of Scottis, to all and sindry quhom it efferis.
Page 127 - An Official chosen by the Vard-Thing, and charged with the custody and application of the Standards of Weight and Measure, and the general interests of the Herad or Parish, especially in the Law-thing, where he acted as Assessor of the Lawman or Foud. The name was latterly given to the inferior local umpires of minor questions of Scandal, Marches, or breaches of the Sheep Acts, more correctly called EANCELMENL.55ANGEK, N.
Page xvii - Scandinavian society, without trade, manufacture, or commerce, land was the only wealth, its ownership the sole foundation of power, privilege, or dignity. As no man could win or hold possession without the strong arm to defend it, every landowner was a warrior, every warrior a husbandman. King Sigurd Syr tended his own hay harvest, and Sweyn of Gairsay and Thorkell Fostri swept the coasts of Britain or Ireland, while the crop which they and their rovers had sown grew ready for their reaping.
Page xxvi - the little Court of Orkney was the most elegant and refined in Europe, and adorned with the official services of many proud Scottish nobles...
Page xxvii - On reference to the Earldom Rental of 15oo (Peterkin's " Rentals," No. i), the oldest one extant, which enumerates the Earldom lands of 1471, it will be found that udal quoys paid no rent to the Earl, and that only those quoys paid rent to the Earl which belonged to, or had been purchased...
Page 54 - Lawrichtraen of the cuntrie of Zetland, that quhair the Laird of Cultemalindie, sen his entres, hes rasit ane new exactioun upon the cuntrie, quhilk was never tane of befoir be na Fowde, of certane oxin and scheip zeirlie furth of ilk parochin at the tyme of the haldin of the lawting.