The Growth of Biological Thought: Diversity, Evolution, and Inheritance
No one in this century can speak with greater authority on the progress of ideas in biology than Ernst Mayr. And no book has ever established the life sciences so firmly in the mainstream of Western intellectual history as The Growth of Biological Thought. Ten years in preparation, this is a work of epic proportions, tracing the development of the major problems of biology from the earliest attempts to find order in the diversity of life, to modern research into the mechanisms of gene transmission.
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adaptation analysis animals and plants Aristotle authors Bateson behavior believed biologists birds botanists Buffon causation causes cell Chapter characters chromosomes cladistic claim classification common descent completely controversy Cuvier cytoplasm Darwin discontinuous discovery diversity division entirely essentialist evidence evolutionary biology evolutionists existence explain extinction fact factors faunas fertilization fossil function gametes gene genera geneticists genotype genus geographic gradual groups higher taxa hybrids ideas important individual instance interpretation isolation Lamarck later laws Linnaeus logical Lyell major mammals Mayr mechanisms Mendel Mendelian method molecular morphological mutation natural selection natural theology naturalists nineteenth century nucleus organisms origin paleontologists particularly period phenomena phenotype philosophers physiological populations postulated principle problem questions refuted reproductive result role scientific scientists single soft inheritance speciation species concept spermatozoon structure T. H. Morgan taxa taxon taxonomic taxonomists teleology term theory of evolution thinking tion transmission genetics variation Vries Weismann