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will recollect the interpretation which was -given of it on its first appearance. Whenever the same hieroglyphic or fymbol 'occurred, it hath always been used in the same sense, which is a strong proof that it hath been rightly interpreted. It will also appear in the commentary, that the symbols and hieroglyphics are used in the same sense in the prophecies of Isaiah, of Jeremiah, of Ezekiel, of Daniel, of Hosea, of Paul, and of Peter, in which they are used by John in this book.

The book of Revelation consists of two great or general divisions. These are made by · Christ himself, when, chap. i. 19. he said to

John, “ Write the things which thou hast “ feen, even the things which are, and the " things which shall be hereafter." .:· 117, “ The things which are,” or the history of things which were then in existence. Chap. i. is a general introduction to the whole book, and chap. ii. and iii. are the historical part, relating to the present state of the seven Christian churches then in Asia. ? And, 2d, “The things which shall be here'after," or prophecies of future events. These fill up all the remainder of the book,


from the beginning of the fourth chapter. The prophecies of this book are of that spec cies which is called vifion. This is the clear. est kind of prophecy. It is like the testimony of the sense of sight. The impressions were made upon the mind of John by the Spirit of God, in the same way, and of the fame nature with those which would have been made, if he had actually seen with his bodily eyes the very objects themselves, which are represented by the various vifions which are narrated in this book.

These prophecies were revealed to John in fourteen distinct and successive visions : But they seem to have been all communicated to bim in the same place, the isle of Patmos, and in the space of one Lord's day. In chap. i. 9, 10, 11, he expressly says that he was in the isle of Patmos, and that it was on the Lord's day, when he saw the visions which he was commanded to write in a book, and to send to the feven churches in Asia. That book, as is shewn in the commentary, is the whole book of the Revelation. In no part of that book does he mention any other place or time, in which any of these visions


were made to him. He repeatedly specifies the particular scenes of particular visions: Such for instance, as chap. x. 2. “ his right “foot upon the sea, and his left foot on the earth; chap. xiii. 1. “the sand of the fea;" chap. xiv. 1. “Mount Zion;" chap. xvii. 3. “the wilderness;" and chap. xxi. 10. “a “ great and high mountain.” But, as is fully shewn in the commentary, all these scenes represent the particular times when the events predicted in these particular vifions shall actually happen, and neither the times nor places in which these visions appeared to John.

The following are the fourteen visions, into which the prophecies of this book are divided, as they appeared in succession to the mind of John in the space of one day. .

Vision first, narrated in chap. iv. v. vi. which contains the general introduction to the prophecies of this book, the opening of the sealed book in general, and the opening of the fix seals in particular.

Vol. I.


Vision SECOND, narrated in chap. vii. which contains the sealing of the servants of God.

Vision THIRD, narrated in chap. viii. and ix. which contains the founding of the six trumpets.

VISION FOURTH, narrated in chap. X. which co:tains the little opened book, and the general introduction to the prophecies, which respect the history of the world and of the church, from the year of Christ 756 to the end of the world.

VISION FIFTH, narrated in chap. xi. which contains the two witnesses prophesying in fackcloth.

VISION Sixth, narrated in chap. xii. which contains the woman in the wilderness, and the red dragon.

VISION SEVENTH, narrated in chap. xiii. which contains the beast with seven heads

and and ten horns, with crowns upon his horns, and the name of blasphemy upon his heads.

VISION EIGHTH, narrated in chap xiv, which contains the Lamb standing upon Mount Zion, and the introduction to the fall of Babylon.

VISION NINTH, narrated in chap. XV. and xvi. which contains the seven vials and seven last plagues.

VISION TENTH, narrated in chap. xvii. which contains the woman sitting upon the scarlet coloured beast.

VISION ELEVenth, narrated in chap. xviii. which contains the fall of Babylon.

Vision TWELFTH, narrated in chap. xix. which contains the marriage of the Lamb.

VISION THIRTEENTH, narrated in chap. xx. which contains the reign of Christ for a thousand years on earth.

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