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“ succeeding ages, and that it still enriches the “ Romish church with its nutricious streams.”
The church of Rome are with peculiar propriety stiled Gentiles, in the period of time to which this prediction relates, for that is the one in which the Pope was vested with a temporal domi. nion in Rome, and, as the last head of Roman government, came in the place of the Heathen emperors; the period, during which, in this book he is represented by the hieroglyphic of a ravenous beast, chap. xiii. the symbol of a temporal kingdom.
It will appear, that the holy city which the church of Rome shall tread under foot for 42 months, shall at the end of that period be rescued . from their hands, and measured off to the true worshippers of God as certainly as the temple was at the beginning of that period. This will be shewn in the commentary on chap. xxi. 10,21. Upon the principles established in the commentary on chap. ix. 5. the forty-two months here, are 42 prophetic months, that is, 1263 years. But as each of these years consists of twelve months, and each of these months of 30 days, each year must contain 360 days, which is five days and some fractions less than the solar year, which hach for a considerable time also been the civil year. Therefore five times 1260 days, which is 6300 days or 1,7 solar years, must be deducted ftom the 1260
Z z 2
years, by which they will be reduced to 1 243 solar years, the exact time represented by the symbolical number of 42 months. During that long period of time, the church of Rome shall appear in great outward pomp and grandeur, and extend over a great part of the world, whilst the church of Christ during the same period, blessed with all the essentials of true religion, shall be stripped of outward magnificence. And during that period, the church of Rome shall be vested with a temporal as well as an ecclesiastic jurisdiction.
But when did these 42 months commence? They commenced at the time the church of Rome was vested with a temporal dominion, and the Popes received the sceptre of the Heathen emperors, as their predecessors in the government of Rome. This shall be shewn in its proper place, from a prediction in chap, xiii. 18. to have been the year of Christ 756. And it shall be shewn from authentic history, that in that very year Pepin king of France granted to the Pope and his successors the temporal dominion of Rome, under the name of the patrimony of St. Peter.
For the 1034 years of that time which is past, the church of Christ and the church of Rome bave appeared exactly in the situations in which they are represented in this hieroglyphic. And we have no reason to doubt, that those who shall live at the end of that period shall see that this prediction hath been as exactly fulfilled in the last 209 years
of the period, as it has already been in the first 1034 years of it.
This relative situation of the church of Christ and of the church of Rome, the former worshipping God in spirit and in truth, according to the ordinances of divine institution, without external pomp and shew, the latter regulating their worship by many Heathenish rites with great outward pomp and shew, the former persecuted, and the latter persecuting it for the period of 1243 years, commencing in the year of Christ 75', and consequently ending in the year 1999, is represented by five different hieroglyphics in this, the 12th and 13th chapters of this book, and the precise same period of time fixed in every one of them, though mostly in different expressions.
In this verse, it is represented by the Gentiles treading the holy city under their foot for 42 months; -In the third verse, by Christ's two wiinesses prophesying in sackcloth for 1 260 days ;-in chap. xii. 6. by the woman fed in the wilderness 1265 days; --in chap. xii. 1 4. by the woman nourished in the wilderness for a time and times and half a time, that is, for three years and an half ;-and in chap. xiii. 5. by power given to the Beast to continue 42 months. The smallest attention may satisfy every candid person, that all these five denominations of time fignify the same precise length of time. For three years and an half, each year consisting of 1 2 months, are exactly 42 months. And 42 months,
each month consisting of 30 days, are exactly 1260 days. As we proceed it shall appear, that all these different hieroglyphics refer to the relative fituations of the church of Christ and of the church of Rome in the same period of time, but in different points of view.
Verses 31,-14th. And I will give power unto my two witnesses, and they shall prophecy a thousand, two hundred and threescore days, clothed in fackcloth. These are the two olive trees, and the two candlesticks standing before the God of the earth. And if any man will hurt them, fire proceedeth out of their mouth, and devoureth their enemies; and if any man will hurt them, he must in this manner be killed. These have power to shut heaven, that it rain not in the days of their prophecy; and have power over waters to turn them unto blood, and to smite the earth with all plagures, as often as they will. And, when they shall have finished their teftimony, the beast that ascendeth out of the bottomless pit, shall make war against them, and Thall overcome them, and kill them. And their dead bodies shall lie
in the street of the great city, which spiritually is called Sodom and Egypt, where also our Lord was crucified. And they of the people, and kindreds, and tongues, and nations, shall see their dead bodies three days and a half, and shall not suffer their dead bodies to be put in graves. And they that dwell upon the earth shall rejoice over them, and make merry, and shall send gifts unto one another; because these two prophets tormented them, who dwelt on the earth. And after three days and an half, the fpirit of life from God entered into them; and they stood upon their feet, and great fear fell upon them who saw them. And they heard a great voice from heaven, faying unto them, Come up hither. And they ascended up to heaven in a cloud, and their enemies beheld them. And the fame hour was there a great earthquake, and the tenth part of the city fell, and in the earthquake were llain of men, seven thousand: and the remnant were affrighted, and gave glory to the God of heaven: The second wo is past, and behold, the third wo cometh quickly.