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Remonst. Those verbal exceptions are but light froth, and will sink alone.

Antw. O rare subtlety, beyond all that Cardan ever dreamed of! when, I beseech you, will light things fink? when will light froth sink alone? Here in your phrase, the same day that heavy plummets will swim alone. Truft this man, readers, if you please, whose divinity would reconcile England with Rome, and his philosophy make friends nature with the chaos, fine pondere habentia pondus.

Remonft. That scum may be worth taking off which follows.

Answ. Spare your ladle, sir, it will be as the bishop's foot in the broth; the scum will be found upon your own remonstrance.

Remonst. I shall desire all indifferent eyes to judge, whether these men do not endeavour to cast unjust envy upon me.

Answ. Agreed.

Remonst. I had said that the civil polity, as in general notion, hath sometimes varied, and that the civil came from arbitrary imposers'; these gracious interpreters would needs draw my words to the present and particular go. vernment of our monarchy.

Answ. And deservedly have they done so; take up your logic else and see: civil polity, say you, hath sometimes varied, and came from arbitrary imposers; what proposition is this? Bishop Downam in his dialectics will tell you it is a general axiom, though the universal particle be not expressed, and you yourself in your defence so explain in these words as in general notion. Hence is justly inserred, he that says civil polity is arbitrary, says that the civil polity of England is arbitrary. The infe. rence is undeniable, a thesi ad hypothesin, or from the general to the particular, an evincing argument in logic.

Remonft. Brethren, whiles ye desire to seem godly, learn to be less malicious.

Answ. Remonstrant, till you have better learnt your principles of logic, take not upon you to be a doctor to others. Kemonst. God bless all good men from such charity.



Answ. I never found that logical maxims were uncharitable before ; yet should a jury of logicians pass upon you, you would never be saved by the book.

Remonft. And our sacred monarchy from such friends. Answ. Add, as the prelates.

Remonft. If episcopacy have yoked monarchy, it is the insolence of the persons, not the fault of the calling.

Answ. It was the fault of the persons, and of no calling: we do not count prelaty a calling.

Remonft. The testimony of a pope (whom these men honour highly).

Answ. That sanderous insertion was doubtless a pang of your incredible charity, the want whereof you lay lo often to their charge; a kind token of your favour lapped up in a parenthesis, a piece of the clergy benevolence laid by to maintain the episcopal broil, whether the 1000 horse or no, time will discover: for certainly had those cavaliers come on to play their parts, such a ticket as this of highly honouring the pope, from the hand of a prelate, might have been of special use and safety to them that had cared for such a ransom.

Remonst. And what says Antichrist?

Answ. Ask your brethren the prelates, that hold intelligence with him, ask not us. But is the pope antichrift now? Good news! take heed you be not shent for this; for it is verily thought, that had this bill been put in against him in your last convocation, he would have been cleared by most voices.

Remonft. Any thing serves against episcopacy.

Answ. See the frowardness of this man, he would persuade us, that the succession and divine right of bishopdom hath been unquestionable through all ages; yet when they bring against him kings, they were irreligious ; popes, they are antichrift. By what era of computation, through what fairy land, would the man deduce this perpetual beadroll of uncontradicted episcopacy? The pope may as well boast his ungainfaid authority to them that will believe, that all his contradicters were either irreligious or heretical.

Remonft. If the bishops, faith the pope, be declared to be of divine right, they would be exempted from regal power; and if there might be this danger in those


kingdoms, why is this enviously upbraided to those of ours? who do gladly profess, &c.

Answ. Because your diffevered principles were but like the mangled pieces of a gashed serpent, that now begun to close, and grow together popish again. Whatfoever you now gladly profess out of fear, we know what your drifts were when you thought yourselves fecure.

Remonft. It is a foul slander to charge the name of episcopacy with a faction, for the fact imputed to some few.

Answ. The more foul your faction that hath brought a harmless name into obloquy, and the fact may juftly be imputed to all of ye that ought to have withstood it, and did not.

Remonft. Fie brethren! are ye the presbyters of the church of England, and dare challenge episcopacy of faction?

Answ. Yes, as oft as episcopacy dares be factious.

Remonst. Had you spoken such a word in the time of " holy Cyprian, what had become of you?

Pinhanithorhandler inte en ce Ansiv. They had neither been haled into your Gehenna at Lambeth, nor strapadoed with an oath ex officio by your bowmen of the arches : and as for Cyprian's time the cause was far unlike, he indeed succeeded into an episcopacy that began then to prelatize; but his perfonal excellence like an antidote overcame the malig. nity of that breeding corruption, which was then a disease that lay hid for a while under show of a full and healthy conftitution, as those hydropic humours not difcernible at first froin a fair and juicy fieshiness of body, or that unwonted ruddy colour, which seems graceful to a check otherwise pale ; and yet arises from evil causes, either of fome inward obstruction or inflammation, and might deceive the first physicians till they had learned the sequel, which Cyprian's days did not bring forth; and the prelatism of episcopacy, which began then to burgeon and spread, had as yet, especially in famous men, a fair, though a false imitation of Aourilhing.

Remonst. Neither is the wrong lels 'to make application of that which was most justly charged upon the VOL. I.



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practices and combinations of libelling separatists, whom Í deservedly censured, &c.

Answ. To conclude this section, our Remonstrant we see is resolved to make good that which was formerly said of his book, that it was neither humble nor a remonstrance, and this his defence is of the same complexion. When he is constrained to mention the notorious violence of his clergy attempted on the church of Scotland, he Nightly terms it a fact imputed to some few; but when he speaks of that which the parliament vouchsafes to name the city petition, " which I," saith he, (as if the ftate had made him public censor) “ deservedly censurcd.” And how? As before for a tumultuary and underhand way of procured subscriptions, so now in his defence more bitterly, as the practices and combinations of libelling separatists, and the miszealous advocates thereof, juftly to be branded for incendiaries. Whether this be for the honour of our chief city to be noted with such an infamy for a petition, which not without some of the magistrates, and great numbers of sober and considerable men, was orderly and meekly presented, although our great clerks think that these men, because they have a trade, (as Christ himself and St. Paul had) cannot therefore attain to some good measure of knowledge, and to a reason of their actions, as well as they that spend their youth in loitering, bezzling, and harlotting, their studies in unprofitable questions and barbarous fophiftry, their middle age in ambition and idleness, their old age in avarice, dotage, and diseases. And whether this reflect not with a contumely upon the parliament itself, which thought this petition worthy, not only of receiving, but of voting to a commitment, after it had been advocated, and moved for by some honourable and learned gentlemen of the house, to be called a combination of libelling separatists, and the advocates thercof to be branded for incendiaries; whether this appeach not the judgment and approbation of the parliament I leave to equal arbiters.


S E C T. 11. Remonft. After the overflowing of your gall, you descend to liturgy and episcopacy.

Answ. The overflow being past, you cannot now in your own judgment impute any bitterness to their following discourses.

Remonft. Dr. Hall, whom you name I dare say for honour's sake.

Answ. You are a merry man, fir, and dare say much.

Remonst. And why should not I speak of martyrs, as the authors and users of this holy liturgy?

Answ. As the authors ! the transators, you might perhaps have said: for Edward the sixth, as Hayward hath written in his story, will tell you upon the word of a king, that the order of the service, and the use thereof in the English tongue, is no other than the old service was, and the same words in English which were in Latin, except a few things omitted, so fond, that it had been a Thame to have heard them in English; these are his words: whereby we are left uncertain who the author was, but certain that part of the work was esteemed so absurd by the translators thereof, as was to be ashamed of in English. O but the martyrs were the refiners of it, for that only is left you to say. Admit they were, they could not refine a scorpion into a fish, though they had drawn it, and rinced it with never so cleanly cookery, which made them fall at variance among themselves about the use either of it, or the ceremonies belonging to it.

Remonft. Slight you them as you please, we bless God for such patrons of our good cause.

Answ. O Benedicite! Qui color ater erat, nunc est contrarius atro. Are not these they which one of your bishops in print scornfully terms the Foxian confessors ? Are not these they whole acts and monuments are not only so contemptible, but so hateful to the prelates, that their story was almost come to be a prohibited book, which for these two or three editions hath crept into the world by stealth, and at times of advantage, not without the open regret and vexation of the bithops, as many M 2


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